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Bible Commentaries
Psalms 102

Haydock's Catholic Bible CommentaryHaydock's Catholic Commentary

Verse 1

Himself. All agree that David wrote this psalm as a model of resignation. The occasion is not known. (Berthier) --- It may express the sentiments of the captives, (Calmet) or of converts to Christianity, (Eusebius) and is written with inimitable sweetness.

Verse 3

Diseases. He had described captivity as an illness, Psalm ci. (Calmet) --- God graciously forgives sin, and removes bad habits. He preserves us from falling, and grants us the victory, with all our reasonable requests. (Worthington)

Verse 5

Eagle’s. Which get fresh feathers every year, like other birds, Isaias xl. 31. (Calmet) --- The eagle retains its vigour for a long time, (Haydock) though many fabulous accounts have been given of its renovation. (Berthier) --- The new birth in baptism, (Theodoret) or by faith, (Eusebius) or the resurrection of Christ are thus insinuated, (St. Leo, ser. i.) as well as (Haydock) our resurrection and state of grace. The one is necessarily connected with the other, and both senses are good. (Worthington)

Verse 6

Mercies. Hebrew, "Justice" in protecting the innocent.

Verse 9

Ever. He executes his threats, but soon pardons us. (Calmet) --- Hebrew, "he will not plead always, nor watch to surprise us for ever;" (Calmet) or "retain" his anger. (Berthier) --- He is inclined to pity us, and only inflicts a temporal punishment on the penitent, as Christ has paid their ransom. (Worthington)

Verse 10

Iniquities. Which deserved eternal reprobation.

Verse 11

Earth. There is no proportion between God’s mercy and our crimes. (Calmet) --- Sins are perfectly washed away, (Worthington) and not barely covered, as the east cannot be the west. (Berthier) --- Sin remitted "sets for ever." (St. Augustine)

Verse 14

He remembereth. Roman Septuagint and psalter, &c., "Remember." Other copies agree with us. (Calmet) --- God compassionates the frailty of those who fear him. Origen falsely inferred from ver. 9., that the devils and the damned would one day be saved. But this is contrary to Scripture, ver. 17., Matthew xxv., and Apocalypse xx., &c. (Worthington)

Verse 16

In him. Or "over it;" the flower. Or the spirit of God’s indignation will overwhelm him. The soul of man departs, and cannot naturally be reunited with the body, though it greatly desire that union. (Calmet) --- The longest life is but like the duration of a flower, (Isaias xl. 6.; Haydock) and the splendour of the noblest families is not better in the sight of God. (St. Augustine)

Verse 17

Justice. In protecting the oppressed, (Calmet) and rendering to every one according to his deserts abundantly. (Haydock) --- God never punishes more than a person’s crimes have merited, Exodus xx. 5., and xxxiv. 6. (Calmet)

Verse 19

All. When Christ shall sit in judgment, (Berthier) and the wicked be suffered no longer to disturb the order of things, and the joy of the elect. (Haydock)

Verse 20

His angels. You who have executed the orders of God for our delivery, help us to return him thanks. (Calmet) --- Hearkening. Literally, "to hear," (Haydock) or that all may learn to obey God’s mandates when they perceive how carefully the angels put them in execution. (Berthier)

Verse 21

Hosts. Sun, &c., which never deviate from their regular course.

Verse 22

Soul. In vain should we behold all nature praising God, if we neglected that duty. (Berthier) --- All the works of the Most High praise him, being under his dominion. (Worthington)

Verse 28


Thanksgiving to God for his mercies.

Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Psalms 102". "Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/hcc/psalms-102.html. 1859.
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