Isaiah 25:1-12. Continuation of the twenty-fourth chapter. thanksgiving for the overthrow of the apostate faction, and the setting up of Jehovah‘s throne on Zion.
The restoration from Babylon and re-establishment of the theocracy was a type and pledge of this.
wonderful — (Isaiah 9:6).
counsels of old — (Isaiah 42:9; Isaiah 46:10). Purposes planned long ago; here, as to the deliverance of His people.
truth — Hebrew, Amen; covenant-keeping, faithful to promises; the peculiar characteristic of Jesus (Revelation 3:14).
palace — Babylon regarded, on account of its splendor, as a vast palace. But Maurer translates, “a citadel.”
of strangers — foreigners, whose capital pre-eminently Babylon was, the metropolis of the pagan world. “Aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, strangers from the covenants of promise” (Isaiah 29:5; Ephesians 2:12; see in contrast, Joel 3:17).
never be built — (Isaiah 13:19, Isaiah 13:20, etc.).
strong people — This cannot apply to the Jews; but other nations on which Babylon had exercised its cruelty (Isaiah 14:12) shall worship Jehovah, awed by the judgment inflicted on Babylon (Isaiah 23:18).
city — not Babylon, which shall then be destroyed, but collectively for the cities of the surrounding nations.
heat — calamity (Isaiah 4:6; Isaiah 32:2).
blast — that is, wrath.
storm — a tempest of rain, a winter flood, rushing against and overthrowing the wall of a house.
Translate, “As the heat in a dry land (is brought down by the shadow of a cloud, so) thou shalt bring down the tumult (the shout of triumph over their enemies) of strangers (foreigners); and as the heat by the shadow of the cloud (is brought low), so the branch (the offspring) of the terrible ones shall be brought low.” Parkhurst translates the Hebrew for “branch,” the exulting song. Jerome translates the last clause, “And as when the heat burns under a cloud, thou shalt make the branch of the terrible ones to wither”; the branch withering even under the friendly shade of a cloud typifies the wicked brought to ruin, not for want of natural means of prosperity, but by the immediate act of God.
in this mountain — Zion: Messiah‘s kingdom was to begin, and is to have its central seat hereafter, at Jerusalem, as the common country of “all nations” (Isaiah 2:2, etc.).
all people — (Isaiah 56:7; Daniel 7:14; Luke 2:10).
feast — image of felicity (Psalm 22:26, Psalm 22:27; Matthew 8:11; Luke 14:15; Revelation 19:9; compare Psalm 36:8; Psalm 87:1-7).
fat things — delicacies; the rich mercies of God in Christ (Isaiah 55:2; Jeremiah 31:14; Job 36:16).
wines on the lees — wine which has been long kept on the lees; that is, the oldest and most generous wine (Jeremiah 48:11).
marrow — the choicest dainties (Psalm 63:5).
well refined — cleared of all dregs.
Quoted in 1 Corinthians 15:54, in support of the resurrection.
swallow up in victory — completely and permanently “abolish” (2 Timothy 1:10; Revelation 20:14; Revelation 21:4; compare Genesis 2:17; Genesis 3:22).
rebuke — (Compare Mark 8:38; Hebrews 11:26).
And it shall be said in that day, etc. — “After death has been swallowed up for ever, the people of God, who had been delivered from the hand of death, shall say to the Lord, Lo, this is our God, whom unbelievers regarded as only a man” [Jerome]. “The words are so molded as to point us specially to the person of the Son of God, who ‹saves‘ us; as He vouchsafed to Israel temporal saving, so to His elect He appears for the purpose of conferring eternal salvation” [Vitringa]. The Jews, however, have a special share in the words, This is our God (see on Isaiah 25:6).
we have waited — “Waited” is characteristic of God‘s people in all ages (Genesis 49:18; Titus 2:13).
we will be glad and rejoice in his salvation — compare Psalm 118:24, which refers to the second coming of Jesus (compare Psalm 118:26, with Luke 13:35).
rest — as its permanent protector; on “hand” in this sense; compare Ezra 7:6, Ezra 7:28.
Moab — while Israel is being protected, the foe is destroyed; Moab is the representative of all the foes of God‘s people.
under him — Rather, “in his own place” or “country” (Exodus 10:23; Exodus 16:29).
for the dunghill — Rather, “in the water of the dung heap,” in which straw was trodden to make it manure (Psalm 83:10). Horsley translates either, “in the waters of Madmenah,” namely, for the making of bricks; or as the Septuagint, “as the threshing-floor is trampled by the corn-drag” (see Margin; Micah 4:11-13).
he — Jehovah shall spread His hands to strike the foe on this side and on that, with as little effort as a swimmer spreads forth his arms to cleave a passage through the water [Calvin]. (Zechariah 5:3). Lowth takes “he” as Moab, who, in danger of sinking, shall strain every nerve to save himself; but Jehovah (and “he”) shall cause him to sink (“bring down the pride” of Moab, Isaiah 16:6).
with the spoils of hands — literally, “the craftily acquired spoils” of his (Moab‘s) hands [Barnes]. Moab‘s pride, as well as the sudden gripe of his hands (namely, whereby he tries to save himself from drowning) [Lowth]. “Together with the joints of his hands,” that is, though Moab struggle against Jehovah hand and foot [Maurer].
fortress — the strongholds of Moab, the representative of the foes of God‘s people [Barnes]. Babylon [Maurer]. The society of infidels represented as a city (Revelation 11:8).
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Isaiah 25". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Third Week after Epiphany