15 million Ukrainian are displaced by Russia's war.
Millions miss a meal or two each day.
Help us change that! Click to donate today!

Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Isaiah 27



At the time when Israel shall be delivered, and the ungodly nations punished, God shall punish also the great enemy of the Church.

Verse 1

1. sore—rather, "hard," "well-tempered."

leviathan—literally, in Arabic, "the twisted animal," applicable to every great tenant of the waters, sea-serpents, crocodiles, c. In Ezekiel 29:3 Ezekiel 32:2; Daniel 7:1; Revelation 12:3, c., potentates hostile to Israel are similarly described antitypically and ultimately Satan is intended (Revelation 20:10).

piercing—rigid [LOWTH]. Flying [MAURER and Septuagint]. Long, extended, namely, as the crocodile which cannot readily bend back its body [HOUBIGANT].


dragonHebrew, tenin; the crocodile.

sea—the Euphrates, or the expansion of it near Babylon.

Verse 2

2. In that day when leviathan shall be destroyed, the vineyard ( :-), the Church of God, purged of its blemishes, shall be lovely in God's eyes; to bring out this sense the better, LOWTH, by changing a Hebrew letter, reads "pleasant," "lovely," for "red wine."

sing—a responsive song [LOWTH].

unto her—rather, "concerning her" (see on :-); namely, the Jewish state [MAURER].

Verse 3

3. lest any hurt it—attack it [MAURER]. "Lest aught be wanting in her" [HORSLEY].

Verse 4

4. Fury is not in me—that is, I entertain no longer anger towards my vine.

who would set . . . in battle—that is, would that I had the briers, c. (the wicked foe Isaiah 9:18; Isaiah 10:17; 2 Samuel 23:6), before me! "I would go through," or rather, "against them."

Verse 5

5. Or—Else; the only alternative, if Israel's enemies wish to escape being "burnt together."

strength—rather, "the refuge which I afford" [MAURER]. "Take hold," refers to the horns of the altar which fugitives often laid hold of as an asylum (1 Kings 1:50; 1 Kings 2:28). Jesus is God's "strength," or "refuge" which sinners must repair to and take hold of, if they are to have "peace" with God (Isaiah 45:24; Romans 5:1; Ephesians 2:14; compare Ephesians 2:14- :).

Verse 6

6. He—Jehovah. Here the song of the Lord as to His vineyard ( :-) ends; and the prophet confirms the sentiment in the song, under the same image of a vine (compare Psalms 92:13-15; Hosea 14:5; Hosea 14:6).

Israel . . . fill . . . world— (Romans 11:12).

Verse 7

7. him . . . those—Israel—Israel's enemies. Has God punished His people as severely as He has those enemies whom He employed to chastise Israel? No! Far from it. Israel, after trials, He will restore; Israel's enemies He will utterly destroy at last.

the slaughter of them that are slain by him—rather, "Is Israel slain according to the slaughter of the enemy slain?" the slaughter wherewith the enemy is slain [MAURER].

Verse 8

8. In measure—not beyond measure; in moderation (Job 23:6; Psalms 6:1; Jeremiah 10:24; Jeremiah 30:11; Jeremiah 46:28).

when it shooteth—image from the vine; rather, passing from the image to the thing itself, "when sending her away (namely, Israel to exile; Jeremiah 46:28- :, God only putting the adulteress away when He might justly have put her to death), Thou didst punish her" [GESENIUS].

stayeth—rather, as Margin, "when He removeth it by His rough wind in the day," c.

east wind—especially violent in the East (Job 27:21 Jeremiah 18:17).

Verse 9

9. By this—exile of Israel (the "sending away," :-).

purged—expiated [HORSLEY].

all the fruit—This is the whole benefit designed to be brought about by the chastisement; namely, the removal of his (Israel's) sin (namely, object of idolatry; Deuteronomy 9:21; Hosea 10:8).

when he—Jehovah; at the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, His instrument. The Jews ever since have abhorred idolatry (compare Hosea 10:8- :).

not stand up—shall rise no more [HORSLEY].

Verse 10

10. city—Jerusalem; the beating asunder of whose altars and images was mentioned in :- (compare :-).

calf feed— ( :-); it shall be a vast wild pasture.

branches—resuming the image of the vine (Isaiah 27:2; Isaiah 27:6).

Verse 11

11. boughs . . . broken off—so the Jews are called (Romans 11:17; Romans 11:19; Romans 11:20).

set . . . on fire—burn them as fuel; "women" are specified, as probably it was their office to collect fuel and kindle the fire for cooking.

no understanding—as to the ways of God (Deuteronomy 32:28; Deuteronomy 32:29; Jeremiah 5:21; Hosea 4:6).

Verse 12

12. Restoration of the Jews from their dispersion, described under the image of fruits shaken from trees and collected.

beat off—as fruit beaten off a tree with a stick ( :-), and then gathered.


stream of Egypt—on the confines of Palestine and Egypt (Numbers 34:5; Joshua 15:4; Joshua 15:47), now Wady-el-Arish, Jehovah's vineyard, Israel, extended according to His purpose from the Nile to the Euphrates (1 Kings 4:21; 1 Kings 4:24; Psalms 72:8).

one by one—gathered most carefully, not merely as a nation, but as individuals.

Verse 13

13. great trumpet—image from the trumpets blown on the first day of the seventh month to summon the people to a holy convocation ( :-). Antitypically, the gospel trumpet (Revelation 11:15; Revelation 14:6) which the Jews shall hearken to in the last days (Zechariah 12:10; Zechariah 13:1). As the passover in the first month answers to Christ's crucifixion, so the day of atonement and the idea of "salvation" connected with the feast of tabernacles in the same seventh month, answer to the crowning of "redemption" at His second coming; therefore redemption is put last in 1 Corinthians 1:30.

Assyria—whither the ten tribes had been carried; Babylonia is mainly meant, to which Assyria at that time belonged; the two tribes were restored, and some of the ten accompanied them. However, "Assyria" is designedly used to point ultimately to the future restoration of the ten fully, never yet accomplished (1 Corinthians 1:30- :).

Egypt—whither many had fled at the Babylonish captivity (Jeremiah 41:17; Jeremiah 41:18). Compare as to the future restoration, Isaiah 11:11; Isaiah 11:12; Isaiah 11:16; Isaiah 51:9-16 ("Rahab" being Egypt).

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Isaiah 27". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". 1871-8.