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:-. Here begins the second part of the book, :-, which, with the third, :-, contains series of proverbs whose sense is complete in one or two verses, and which, having no logical connection, admit of no analysis. The parallelisms of :- are mostly antithetic; and those of :-, synthetic. The evidences of art in the structure are very clear, and indicate, probably, a purpose of facilitating the labor of memorizing.
1. wise [and] foolish—as they follow or reject the precepts of wisdom.
maketh . . . father—or, "gladdens a father."
2. Treasures . . . nothing—that is, Ill-gotten gains give no true happiness (compare Proverbs 4:17; Matthew 6:19).
righteousness—especially beneficence (Psalms 112:9).
death—the greatest of all evils.
3. (Compare :-). The last clause is better: "He will repel the greedy desires of the wicked."
4. slack—literally, "deceitful," failing of its purpose (compare :-).
maketh rich—(compare :-).
5. son—as Proverbs 1:8; Proverbs 1:10, and often.
sleepeth—in indolence, and not for rest.
causeth shame—literally, "is base" (compare Proverbs 14:35; Proverbs 17:2).
6. Blessings—literally, "Praises." The last clause is better: "The mouth of the wicked covereth (or concealeth) violence (or mischievous devices)" to be executed in due time (Psalms 5:9; Psalms 10:7; Romans 3:14), and hence has no praises (compare Romans 3:14- :).
7. blessed—literally, "for a blessing," or praise.
shall rot—literally, "be worm-eaten," useless and disgusting.
8. wise, c.—(compare Proverbs 9:8 Proverbs 9:9; Proverbs 9:16), opposed to
prating fool—or, "fool of lips of wicked language."
9. perverteth his ways—acts deceitfully.
known—discovered and punished.
10. Two vices contrasted; hypocrisy, or insinuating evil against one (Proverbs 6:13; Psalms 35:19), and rashness of speech. In each case, the results are on the evildoers.
11. a well—or, "source" of good to himself and others (John 7:37; John 7:38). On last clause, see on Proverbs 10:1.
12. strifes—or, "litigations."
covereth—by forgiveness and forbearance.
13. In the lips . . . found—hence, not beaten, as the wicked-speaking fool.
void of understanding— (Proverbs 6:32; Proverbs 7:7).
14. lay up knowledge—that is, as treasures for good use.
mouth . . . destruction—or, "as to the mouth," c., destruction is near they expose themselves to evil by prating.
15. Both by trusting in "uncertain riches" ( :-), or by the evils of poverty ( :-), men, not fearing God, fall into dangers.
16. The industry of the righteous is alone truly successful, while the earnings of the wicked tempt and lead to sin.
17. keepeth—observes (Proverbs 3:18; Proverbs 4:22).
refuseth—or, "turns from reproof," which might direct him aright.
18. Both vices must one day be known and punished, and hence their folly.
19. Much speech involves risk of sin; hence the wisdom of restraining the tongue (Psalms 39:1; James 1:26).
20. Right speech is the fruit of a good heart, but the wicked show theirs to be useless.
21. Fools not only fail to benefit others, as do the righteous, but procure their own ruin (compare Proverbs 10:11; Proverbs 10:17; Hosea 4:6).
22. it maketh, c.—"it" is emphatic. Riches from God are without the sorrow of ill-gotten wealth (compare Ecclesiastes 2:21-23 1 Timothy 6:9; 1 Timothy 6:10; 1 Timothy 6:17).
23. Sin is the pleasure of the wicked; wisdom that of the good.
24. it—the very thing. The wicked get dreaded evil; the righteous, desired good.
25. (Compare Psalms 1:4; Psalms 37:9; Psalms 37:10; Psalms 37:36).
righteous . . . foundation—well laid and firm (Matthew 7:24; Matthew 7:25).
26. that is, causes vexation.
27. (Compare Proverbs 9:11; Psalms 55:23).
28. gladness—in confidence of realizing it.
expectation . . . perish—in disappointment.
29. The way, &c.—that is, God's providence sustains the righteous and overthrows the wicked ( :-).
30. (Compare Proverbs 12:3; Psalms 37:9-11; Psalms 102:28).
earth—or, "land of promise."
31. bringeth forth—literally, "germinates" as a plant.
froward—(Compare Proverbs 2:12; Proverbs 2:14).
cut off—as an unproductive plant.
32. know—regard and provide for (Psalms 1:6).
frowardness—all kinds of deceit and ill-nature. The word is plural.
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
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