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1. sacrifices—or, "feasts" made with part of them (compare Proverbs 7:14; Leviticus 2:3; Leviticus 7:31).
strife—its product, or attendant.
2. (Compare :-).
causeth shame— ( :-).
shall . . . inheritance—that is, share a brother's part (compare Numbers 27:4; Numbers 27:7).
3. God only knows, as He tries (Psalms 12:6; Psalms 66:10) the heart.
4. Wicked doers and speakers alike delight in calumny.
5. (Compare :-).
glad at calamities—rejoicing in others' evil. Such are rightly punished by God, who knows their hearts.
6. Prolonged posterity is a blessing, its cutting off a curse (Proverbs 13:22; Psalms 109:13-15), hence children may glory in virtuous ancestry.
7. Excellent speech—(Compare Margin). Such language as ill suits a fool, as lying (ought to suit) a prince (Proverbs 16:12; Proverbs 16:13).
8. One so corrupt as to take a bribe evinces his high estimate of it by subjection to its influence (Proverbs 18:16; Proverbs 19:6).
9. seeketh love—(Compare Margin). The contrast is between the peace-maker and tale-bearer.
10. Reproof more affects the wise than severe scourging, fools.
11. Such meet just retribution (1 Kings 2:25).
a cruel messenger—one to inflict it.
12. They are less rational in anger than wild beasts.
13. (Compare Psalms 7:4; Psalms 35:12).
evil—injury to another (Proverbs 13:21).
14. letteth . . . water—as a breach in a dam.
before . . . meddled with—before strife has become sharp, or, by an explanation better suiting the figure, before it rolls on, or increases.
15. abomination . . . Lord—as reversing His method of acting (Proverbs 3:32; Proverbs 12:2).
16. Though wealth cannot buy wisdom for those who do not love it, yet wisdom procures wealth (Proverbs 3:16; Proverbs 14:24).
17. To the second of these parallel clauses, there is an accession of meaning, that is, that a brother's love is specially seen in adversity.
18. (Compare Proverbs 6:1-5; Proverbs 11:15).
in the presence, &c.—that is, he either fails to consult his friend, or to follow his advice.
19. strife—contention is, and leads to, sin.
he that exalteth his gate—gratifies a vain love of costly building.
seeketh—or, "findeth," as if he sought (compare "loveth death," :-).
20. The second clause advances on the first. The ill-natured fail of good, and the cavilling and fault-finding incur evil.
21. (Compare :-). Different words are rendered by "fool," both denoting stupidity and impiety.
22. (Compare Proverbs 14:30; Proverbs 15:13). The effect of the mind on the body is well known.
medicine—or, "body," which better corresponds with "bone."
drieth—as if the marrow were exhausted.
23. a gift . . . bosom—Money and other valuables were borne in a fold of the garment, called the bosom.
to pervert—that is, by bribery.
24. Wisdom . . . him—ever an object of regard, while a fool's affections are unsettled.
25. a grief—or cross, vexation (compare Proverbs 17:21; Proverbs 10:1).
26. Also—that is, Equally to be avoided are other sins: punishing good subjects, or resisting good rulers.
27, 28. Prudence of speech is commended as is an excellent or calm spirit, not excited to vain conversation.
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19