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Jer 32:1 The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD in the tenth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, which [was] the eighteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar.
Ver. 1. The word that came to Jeremiah. ] What this word was, see Jeremiah 32:26 .
In the tenth year of Zedekiah. ] The city had now been a year at least besieged; and yet these "sinners against their own souls" went on to do wickedly, and held the prophet prisoner, for the faithful discharge of his duty. Full forty years had he been prophesying to them, and for many years he had foretold this siege, and the following deportation, but could never be believed. a And now he is imprisoned, but not left destitute by God of prison comforts, such as made his prison a paradise, and his sleep sweet unto him. as Jer 31:26
a Notanda est tam diutina populi pertinacia.
Jer 32:2 For then the king of Babylon’s army besieged Jerusalem: and Jeremiah the prophet was shut up in the court of the prison, which [was] in the king of Judah’s house.
Ver. 2. And Jeremiah the prophet was shut up in the court of the prison. ] Where he had some liberty more than at some other times. Jeremiah 37:16 ; Jer 37:20-21 So had Paul at Rome, Acts 28:16 ; Act 28:30 Bradford in the counter, &c.; this was a mercy, and so they esteemed it. Good people were suffered to come about them; and they made use of that opportunity to do what good they could.
Jer 32:3 For Zedekiah king of Judah had shut him up, saying, Wherefore dost thou prophesy, and say, Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall take it;
Ver. 3. For Zedekiah had shnt him up. ] He who before had set him at liberty, and thereby haply hoped to have stopped his mouth; but that might not be.
Behold, I will give this city. ] This holy city, as the false prophets styled it, and therefore held this prophecy little better than blasphemy.
Jer 32:4 And Zedekiah king of Judah shall not escape out of the hand of the Chaldeans, but shall surely be delivered into the hand of the king of Babylon, and shall speak with him mouth to mouth, and his eyes shall behold his eyes;
Ver. 4. And Zedekiah king of Judah shall not escape. ] As he hoped to have done, either by his wiles or by his wealth; and accordingly attempted it, but all in vain.
And he shall speak with him mouth to mouth. ] This was no small punishment to Zedekiah, that he must look him in the face from whom he had so perfidiously revolted, even against oath; and hear his taunts, before he felt his fingers. How, then, will graceless persons do to stand before the King of kings, whom they have so greatly offended, at that great day? See Revelation 9:17 .
Jer 32:5 And he shall lead Zedekiah to Babylon, and there shall he be until I visit him, saith the LORD: though ye fight with the Chaldeans, ye shall not prosper.
Ver. 5. And there shall he be until I visit him. ] sc., With death; but the prophet useth a general term, that might be taken either in good part or bad for his own safety’s sake.
Jer 32:6 And Jeremiah said, The word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
Ver. 6. The word of the Lord came unto me, saying. ] He had God’s word for his warrant, and this bore him out against the jeers of the ungodly, who would easily think it a very simple part in him who prophesied a desolation of the whole land to go about to buy land.
Jer 32:7 Behold, Hanameel the son of Shallum thine uncle shall come unto thee, saying, Buy thee my field that [is] in Anathoth: for the right of redemption [is] thine to buy [it].
Ver. 7. Behold, Hanameel the son of Shallum. ] This Shallum and Hilkiah the father of Jeremiah were brethren. And it was no less an honour to Hanameel to have such a kinsman as Jeremiah, than afterwards it was to Mark to be Barnabas’s sister’s son.
Buy thee my field that is in Anathoth. ] The priests, though they had no grain fields, yet they had meadows for their cattle, gardens and orchards in the suburbs of their cities, which in some cases they might sell one to another, till the year of jubilee howsoever. Some say that if such a field were so sold to a kinsman as here, it remained to him for ever. But the possession of the Levites might at any time be redeemed. Lev 25:32
For the right of redemption is thine. ] See Leviticus 25:25 ; Leviticus 25:32 Ruth 3:12 ; Ruth 4:3-4 .
Jer 32:8 So Hanameel mine uncle’s son came to me in the court of the prison according to the word of the LORD, and said unto me, Buy my field, I pray thee, that [is] in Anathoth, which [is] in the country of Benjamin: for the right of inheritance [is] thine, and the redemption [is] thine; buy [it] for thyself. Then I knew that this [was] the word of the LORD.
Ver. 8. So Hanameel my uncle’s son came to me.] God ruleth and boweth men’s wills and all second causes according to the good pleasure of his will; he doth also so frame and contemper them among themselves, that there may be a harmony and correspondence between them.
Then I knew that this was the word of the Lord. ] Or, That it was a business of God - sc., for the better settling of the faithful in the assurance of a return out of captivity.
Jer 32:9 And I bought the field of Hanameel my uncle’s son, that [was] in Anathoth, and weighed him the money, [even] seventeen shekels of silver.
Ver. 9. And I bought the field. ] This was bravely done, to make a purchase at such a time, when the enemy was seizing upon all. That Roman is famous in history who dared to purchase that field near Rome wherein Hannibal had pitched his camp. a Verum eorum res non erant ita deplorates; but the Romans were nothing near so low at that time as the Jews were at this.
And weighed him the money. ] That was the manner of payment in those times. b Hence the Hebrew shekel from shakal, to weigh Gen 23:16 - our English word scale seemeth to come from it), the Greek στατηρ from ισταναι ponderare to weigh Exo 30:13 Mat 27:9 or of statera, for a balance the Dutch and English mark c cometh from a similar origin.
Even seventeen shekels of silver. ] No great sum, not much over forty shillings; but it might be as much as the thing was worth, considering the times especially.
a Liv., lib. xxvi. Plutar. in Annib. Flor., lib. ii. c. 6.
b Olim moneta librabatur. Pater puellae id aurum in dotem viro appendit
c Unde et nomen marcharum hodie nobis superest. - Zegedin.
Jer 32:10 And I subscribed the evidence, and sealed [it], and took witnesses, and weighed [him] the money in the balances.
Ver. 10. And I subscribed the evidence. ] Heb., I wrote in the book, and sealed it. Men love to be upon sure grounds in things temporal; oh that they were as wise for their souls!
Jer 32:11 So I took the evidence of the purchase, [both] that which was sealed [according] to the law and custom, and that which was open:
Ver. 11. So I took the evidence of the purchase, both that which was sealed, &c. ] There were then two copies of these contracts and covenants, for preventing of later claims and quarrels.
Jer 32:12 And I gave the evidence of the purchase unto Baruch the son of Neriah, the son of Maaseiah, in the sight of Hanameel mine uncle’s [son], and in the presence of the witnesses that subscribed the book of the purchase, before all the Jews that sat in the court of the prison.
Ver. 12. And I gave the evidences of the purchase unto Baruch. ] Who was Jeremiah’s household servant, and his scribe or notary, such as was afterwards Paulus Coneordiensis to Cyprian.
In the sight of Hanameel, &c. ] Here was good husbandry, which Bishop Andrews was wont to say was good divinity. a
Before all the Jews who sat in the court of the prison. ] Whither they came likely to hear the prophet, as the well affected here did to hear and see the martyrs in Queen Mary’s days. To Mr Bradford (by his keeper’s courtesy) there was such resort at his lecture and ministration of the sacrament, that commonly his chamber was well nigh filled therewith. b
a Fuller’s Church Hist.
b Acts and Mon., 1457.
Jer 32:13 And I charged Baruch before them, saying,
Ver. 13. And I charged Baruch. ] See on Jeremiah 32:12 .
Jer 32:14 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Take these evidences, this evidence of the purchase, both which is sealed, and this evidence which is open; and put them in an earthen vessel, that they may continue many days.
Ver. 14. That they may continue many days. ] Even beyond the seventy years of captivity, and then be produced again.
Jer 32:15 For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Houses and fields and vineyards shall be possessed again in this land.
Ver. 15. Houses and fields and vineyards, &c. ] However unlikely it may seem, like as it did to Moses, that the people should eat flesh a month together. He thought that God had made an unadvised promise, and prays him to consider that the people were six hundred thousand footmen, and that the flocks and herds would not suffice them. Jeremiah seemeth to object some such matter in his following prayer, especially Jeremiah 32:25 . But God answereth them both alike - viz., that his hand was not waxen short, that nothing was too hard for him, that he was never nonplussed, &c. See Jeremiah 32:27 Numbers 11:23 .
Jer 32:16 Now when I had delivered the evidence of the purchase unto Baruch the son of Neriah, I prayed unto the LORD, saying,
Ver. 16. I prayed unto the Lord, saying. ] His heart began to boil with unbelief and carnal reasonings; he therefore setteth himself to pray down those distempers. As a man may sleep out his drunkenness, so he may pray away his perturbations. It was Job’s restraining of prayer, Eliphaz thought, that made him so far to forget himself, and to extravagant. Job 15:4
Jer 32:17 Ah Lord GOD! behold, thou hast made the heaven and the earth by thy great power and stretched out arm, [and] there is nothing too hard for thee:
Ver. 17. Ah Lord God! ] This interjection in the beginning of his prayer showeth that his heart was greatly grieved and perplexed. Nevertheless he reineth in his passions, and runneth not out into a brawl instead of a prayer, as Jonah did. Jon 4:1 See Trapp on " Jon 4:1 "
Thou hast made the heaven and earth by thy great power. ] God’s might and mercy are the good soul’s Joachin and Boaz, whereon it ever resteth. These two doth Jeremiah in this prayer of his chiefly plead and flee to.
And there is nothing too hard for thee. ] Heb., Nothing is hidden from thee, or wonderful with thee. But for my part I am at a great stand, neither know I how to bring both ends together.
Jer 32:18 Thou shewest lovingkindness unto thousands, and recompensest the iniquity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after them: the Great, the Mighty God, the LORD of hosts, [is] his name,
Ver. 18. Thou showest lovingkindness. ] See on Jeremiah 32:17 .
And recompensest the iniquity. ] Thou art not made all of mercy either, as silly folk are apt to conceit it.
Into the bosom of their children. ] Who have it in full measure, long though it be first sometimes. Such parents are parricides.
The great, the mighty God. ] Surgit hic oratio. Let us learn to represent the Lord to ourselves in prayer under fit notions and attributes; this will both increase faith and inflame affection.
Jer 32:19 Great in counsel, and mighty in work: for thine eyes [are] open upon all the ways of the sons of men: to give every one according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings:
Ver. 19. Great in counsel and mighty in work. ] See on Isaiah 9:6 ; Isaiah 28:29 .
For thine eyes are upon all the ways of the sons of men. ] Oh that we could always look upon these eyes of God as looking on us! it would be a notable retentive from evil and incentive to good.
To give unto every one according to his ways. ] God’s providence (which is nothing else but the carrying on of his decree) is that helm which turneth about the whole ship of the universe.
Jer 32:20 Which hast set signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, [even] unto this day, and in Israel, and among [other] men; and hast made thee a name, as at this day;
Ver. 20. Who hast set signs and wonders. ] Psalms 78:43 ; Psalms 106:22 ; Psalms 135:9 .
Even unto this day. ] Oresius writeth a that the tracks of Pharaoh’s chariot wheels are yet to be seen at the Red Sea. Fides sit penes authorem.
a Oros., lib. i. cap. 10.
Jer 32:21 And hast brought forth thy people Israel out of the land of Egypt with signs, and with wonders, and with a strong hand, and with a stretched out arm, and with great terror;
Ver. 21. And hast made thee a name. ] As Isa 63:11-13 Psa 136:10-21 Psa 105:44 Nehemiah 9:24 ; Nehemiah 9:26 .
Jer 32:22 And hast given them this land, which thou didst swear to their fathers to give them, a land flowing with milk and honey;
Ver. 22. See Trapp on " Jer 32:21 "
Jer 32:23 And they came in, and possessed it; but they obeyed not thy voice, neither walked in thy law; they have done nothing of all that thou commandedst them to do: therefore thou hast caused all this evil to come upon them:
Ver. 23. See Trapp on " Jer 32:21 "
Jer 32:24 Behold the mounts, they are come unto the city to take it; and the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans, that fight against it, because of the sword, and of the famine, and of the pestilence: and what thou hast spoken is come to pass; and, behold, thou seest [it].
Ver. 24. Behold the mounts. ] Raised by the enemies as high as the walls, that they might fight with the besieged upon even ground.
Jer 32:25 And thou hast said unto me, O Lord GOD, Buy thee the field for money, and take witnesses; for the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans.
Ver. 25. And thou hast said unto me. ] Which now I cannot but seriously wonder at, seeing how things are carried; yet I have obeyed thee without questioning.
For the city is given. ] Or, Though the city be given.
Jer 32:26 Then came the word of the LORD unto Jeremiah, saying,
Ver. 26. Then came the word of the Lord. ] See on Jeremiah 32:1 .
Jer 32:27 Behold, I [am] the LORD, the God of all flesh: is there any thing too hard for me?
Ver. 27. Behold, I am the Lord, the God of all flesh. ] Yea, of the "spirits of all flesh"; Num 16:22 but what can weak flesh do against the Almighty?
Is there anything too hard for me? ] See on Jeremiah 32:15 ; Jeremiah 32:17 . Still God is careful to confirm and comfort his ministers, and here he doth Jeremiah much what in his own words.
Jer 32:28 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the Chaldeans, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and he shall take it:
Ver. 28. Behold, I will give this city. ] As Jeremiah 32:3 .
Jer 32:29 And the Chaldeans, that fight against this city, shall come and set fire on this city, and burn it with the houses, upon whose roofs they have offered incense unto Baal, and poured out drink offerings unto other gods, to provoke me to anger.
Ver. 29. With the houses, upon whose roofs. ] Such was their impudence, and so far was this now from being, as once, the holy city. It was become a very Poneropolis, excessively superstitious, as was afterwards Athens. Act 17:22
Jer 32:30 For the children of Israel and the children of Judah have only done evil before me from their youth: for the children of Israel have only provoked me to anger with the work of their hands, saith the LORD.
Ver. 30. Have only done evil before me. ] Have made it their whole practice to provoke me, like as Jer 32:23 they are said to have "done nothing of all that God commanded them to do," so cross grained they were, and "to every good work reprobate."
Jer 32:31 For this city hath been to me [as] a provocation of mine anger and of my fury from the day that they built it even unto this day; that I should remove it from before my face,
Ver. 31. From the day that they built it. ] Ever since Solomon beautified it, and made it the metropolis. Nevertheless Hegesippus was out, in saying that Jerusalem was so called quasi ιερον Sολομωντος . Solomon made it famous by his magnificence; but odious by his idolatry there.
Jer 32:32 Because of all the evil of the children of Israel and of the children of Judah, which they have done to provoke me to anger, they, their kings, their princes, their priests, and their prophets, and the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
Ver. 32. Because of all the evil. ] Their omissions Jer 32:23 and commissions, Jer 32:30 doing evil as they could.
Jer 32:33 And they have turned unto me the back, and not the face: though I taught them, rising up early and teaching [them], yet they have not hearkened to receive instruction.
Ver. 33. And they have turned unto me. ] See Jeremiah 2:27 .
Though I taught them. ] See Jeremiah 7:13 ; Jeremiah 25:3 ; Jeremiah 26:3 .
Jer 32:34 But they set their abominations in the house, which is called by my name, to defile it.
Ver. 34. In the house which is called by my name. ] Templi periphrasis haec est emphatica, atque argumentosa.
Jer 32:35 And they built the high places of Baal, which [are] in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to cause their sons and their daughters to pass through [the fire] unto Molech; which I commanded them not, neither came it into my mind, that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin.
Ver. 35. And they built. ] See Jeremiah 7:31 ; Jeremiah 19:5 .
Jer 32:36 And now therefore thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, concerning this city, whereof ye say, It shall be delivered into the hand of the king of Babylon by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence;
Ver. 36. And now therefore. ] Or, Yet now notwithstanding, when God thus cometh in with his non-obstante what may not he do?
Jer 32:37 Behold, I will gather them out of all countries, whither I have driven them in mine anger, and in my fury, and in great wrath; and I will bring them again unto this place, and I will cause them to dwell safely:
Ver. 37. Behold, I will gather them. ] See Jeremiah 16:15 ; Jeremiah 23:3 . This was fulfilled especially in that golden age, and perpetual jubilee of the gospel, that began five hundred years after.
Jer 32:38 And they shall be my people, and I will be their God:
Ver. 38. And they shall be my people. ] See Jeremiah 24:7 ; Jeremiah 31:33 .
Jer 32:39 And I will give them one heart, and one way, that they may fear me for ever, for the good of them, and of their children after them:
Ver. 39. And I will give them one heart. ] Oneness or singleness of heart in my service, and unanimity among themselves, until they all come unto that oneness of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, &c. Eph 4:13
That they may fear me for ever. ] This the Jews say (but falsely) a man may do by the power of nature. See Jer 32:40 Ezekiel 36:26-27 .
Jer 32:40 And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me.
Ver. 40. And I will make. ] See Jer 31:31 Ezekiel 39:29 .
Jer 32:41 Yea, I will rejoice over them to do them good, and I will plant them in this land assuredly with my whole heart and with my whole soul.
Ver. 41. Yea, I will rejoice over them. ] Volupe mihi erit; it shall be as great a pleasure to me to bless them, as it can be to them to obey me. See Jer 24:7 Psalms 119:2 ; Psalms 119:10 .
Jer 32:42 For thus saith the LORD; Like as I have brought all this great evil upon this people, so will I bring upon them all the good that I have promised them.
Ver. 42. So will I bring upon them. ] Jeremiah 29:10 ; Jeremiah 31:28 .
Jer 32:43 And fields shall be bought in this land, whereof ye say, [It is] desolate without man or beast; it is given into the hand of the Chaldeans.
Ver. 43. And fields shall be bought. ] For an assurance whereof I have caused thee to buy this field now.
Jer 32:44 Men shall buy fields for money, and subscribe evidences, and seal [them], and take witnesses in the land of Benjamin, and in the places about Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, and in the cities of the mountains, and in the cities of the valley, and in the cities of the south: for I will cause their captivity to return, saith the LORD.
Ver. 44. Men shall buy fields for moneg. ] All shall be statu quo prius in that great restoration of all things. And with this chapter endeth the commentary of Jerome upon Jeremiah.
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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 32". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 12 / Ordinary 17