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Bible Commentaries
Deuteronomy 11

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Verses 1-7


Deuteronomy 11 is the last chapter of the first part of the book. This can be seen in the first verse Deuteronomy 12 (Deuteronomy 12:1). In Deuteronomy 1-11 we have a retrospect on the wilderness journey and a look ahead to the land that Israel will take possession of. First they are taught what they are themselves, what is in their hearts, and what the flesh, that is sinful nature, is. Then the gaze is turned to the land they will inherit to warm the hearts of the people to take possession of it. Both aspects are discussed again in Deuteronomy 11.

Deuteronomy 11 can be divided into three sections:
1. Deuteronomy 11:1-1 Samuel : look back on what lies behind them, so that they may learn lessons from it.
2. Deuteronomy 11:10-Ecclesiastes : show what lies before them, a description of the land, to awaken the people to long to enter the land.
3. Deuteronomy 11:22-Jonah : suggest that the people are responsible for making the right choice now: the blessing or the curse.
The love of God occurs in every section (Deuteronomy 11:1; Deuteronomy 11:13Deuteronomy 11:22). God has every reason to ask us for the answer of love.

The deeds of the LORD for the people

Moses addresses the word to those who have seen with their own eyes (Deuteronomy 11:7) what the LORD has done in Egypt (Deuteronomy 11:3) and in the wilderness (Deuteronomy 11:5). They do not belong to the family condemned to die in the wilderness because of their disobedience to Kadesh-barnea (Deuteronomy 1:35-Zephaniah :). They are people who were then between zero and twenty years old (Numbers 14:29-Amos :) and have remained alive (Numbers 14:31). Although young at the time, they have seen the great redemptive acts of God as a result of which they are now about to enter the promised land.

Moses speaks to men aged between forty and sixty, the most responsible, a generation rich in experience. Their children don’t have that experience. He repeats his exhortation to love the LORD and to keep his commandments. Love and obedience always belong together.

The constant repetition of thoughts, words and sentences is characteristic of the message of this book. The repetition shows the intensity of the LORD’s desire to form His people so that they are ready to conquer Canaan and settle there. Through this repetition Moses tries to imprint the necessity of a full adherence to the LORD in the minds of the people. This chapter is a remarkable illustration of this hammering repeating style. We find the exhortations to love, to remember, to perceive, to worship and serve, to obey, to learn, and to walk in the ways of the LORD.

In the retrospective of the past, Moses points to three special lessons:
1. The redemption from Egypt (Deuteronomy 11:3-Numbers :).
2. The journey through the wilderness (Deuteronomy 11:5).
3. The rebellion of Dathan and Abiram (Deuteronomy 11:6-Judges :).

The LORD has destroyed Egypt “completely”, literally “till this day”. Although the extermination of the Egyptians took place forty years ago, its effect is noticeable on the day when Moses speaks his words to the people. A spiritual application is that what God did to the world when His Son died on the cross (Galatians 6:14) must have its effect on every day of our lives.

The lesson of Egypt is that the wisdom of the world has come to an end. The letter to the Colossians shows the danger of it. Everything of God is in Christ, of Whom it is said to us: “And in Him you have been made complete, and He is the head over all rule and authority” (Colossians 2:10). Anyone who believes that the wisdom of the world can contribute something to taking possession of the land has not learned the lesson of what God has done with Egypt.

The second lesson is the journey through the wilderness, where I meet the second enemy: my own flesh. Do I know and recognize that enemy? Do I give the flesh the place where it belongs, death, that is to say, do I “consider” myself “to be dead to sin” (Romans 6:11)? To take possession of the land, an enemy must always be expelled.

The third enemy we find in Dathan and Abiram, where we learn the third lesson. This enemy is among the people of God, considered as the Christian testimony. Dathan and Abiram have postured the authority of Moses and rebelled against it. [Korah is not mentioned, possibly because his sons have been spared (Numbers 26:9-1 Kings :).] This rebellion has been seen in the posturing of the roman catholic church since the Middle Ages. The question we can attach to it is: Does Christ have all authority with us?

Verses 8-12

Difference Between Egypt and Canaan

Keeping the Word of God gives spiritual strength (1 John 2:14). If we take to heart the lessons of Deuteronomy 11:1-Judges :, the Word of God is given the opportunity to give us strength to take possession of the land: “Strengthened with all power, according to His glorious might, for the attaining of all steadfastness and patience; joyously giving thanks to the Father, who has qualified us to share in the inheritance of the saints in Light” (Colossians 1:11-2 Kings :).

The inheritance speaks of the kingdom of peace that encompasses both the earth and heaven and over which, according to God’s counsel, we will reign together with the Lord Jesus. Of this Paul says: “Which He purposed in Him with a view to an administration suitable to the fullness of the times, [that is,] the summing up of all things in Christ, things in the heavens and things on the earth. In Him 11also we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to His purpose who works all things after the counsel of His will” (Ephesians 1:9-1 Kings :).

There is also an inheritance in the light that is already our part and can be enjoyed by us. That is the kingdom of the Son of the love of the Father, Who “rescued us from the domain of darkness, and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son” (Colossians 1:13). That is where we are already. The fruits of the land of Canaan are a picture of the blessings there.

In addition to the characteristic “flowing with milk and honey”, a special land feature is added, namely that the land will drink water “from the rain of heaven” (Deuteronomy 11:11). The rain of heaven makes the fruit grow well in the land (Deuteronomy 11:14; Deuteronomy 11:17). This characteristic is the big difference with the way Egypt is supplied with water. Egypt has practically no rain. Fertility is obtained in Egypt by an annual overflowing of the river Nile and its irrigation by man. This means that fertility in Egypt is mainly the result of own efforts and is not exclusively caused by the rain of heaven as in Israel.

Egypt says that the Nile is his (Ezekiel 29:3). He does not think about its origin. Egypt represents the man of the world who believes that he derives all his blessing from natural sources. The natural man hogs this blessing without thinking of God. He believes he is entitled to it and sees it as the result of his own efforts.

The blessing of the promised land just comes from the heaven of God. The land is under His constant care. His eyes are always on it, all year round (Psalms 65:9-1 Chronicles :). Wouldn’t these eyes notice all the needs of His children? And are not His love and His power great enough to meet these needs?

The rain has to do with doctrine, teaching. The teaching of Moses is also a rain (Deuteronomy 32:2). It represents the blessing we receive through the preaching that emanates from the glorious Head in heaven and through His gifts comes to us to perfect us as saints.

The rain is here in connection with the land. This blessing is also present but obvious. It requires the coming down of the heaven, without natural resources. In all ecclesiastical systems where ‘the water’ is conducted through human regulations and statutes, very little can be heard about the heavenly blessings. That is not for nothing. Providing or obtaining blessing from the Lord does not involve theological instruction and diplomas, but obedience of the heart.

Verses 13-15

Promise of Blessing

The rain does not come on call, but on God’s time, when He gives it. He connects the rain to obedience. The early rain is the time for us to see for the first time something that goes beyond the forgiveness of sins. We live in the time of late rain, since the Lord in His goodness at the beginning of the nineteenth century again gave sight to the blessings of the land. Did we drink and taste it?

The rain of the heaven is needed to collect “your grain and your new wine and your oil”. In Psalm 104 we see that grain is meant for food, wine is linked to joy, and oil gives a glistening face (Psalms 104:14-Ezra :).

For us this means that we may constantly feed ourselves with the food of the land, which for us is the Lord Jesus as the bread from heaven (John 6:47-Hebrews :). Feeding with Him as eternal life means that we realize inwardly that He is our life and that thereby we have fellowship with the Father and the Son. The Father and the Son are of eternity in that land. With this we may strengthen ourselves, we may share in a practical way with the Father of the things heart is full of.

The new wine represents the complete joy that we may know as a consequence of fellowship with the Father and the Son. That too is a blessing of the eternal life (1 John 1:1-Numbers :). The oil represents yet another aspect of eternal life. Something of it we see in Psalm 133:
“1 A Song of Ascents, of David.
Behold, how good and how pleasant it is
For brothers to dwell together in unity!
2 It is like the precious oil upon the head,
Coming down upon the beard,
[Even] Aaron’s beard,
Coming down upon the edge of his robes.
3 It is like the dew of Hermon
Coming down upon the mountains of Zion;
For there the LORD commanded the blessing—life forever.”

In this psalm eternal life is enjoyed by brothers and sisters who dwell together. It is a place where the LORD commands the blessing. That place is the heavenly places. Here that is enjoyed in a place where brothers dwell together. In the beginning of 1 John 1 there is not only fellowship with the Father and the Son, but also with our brothers and sisters (1 John 1:3). What can separate us on earth has disappeared there.

What unites us gives us an intense love for each other. That is because of the possession of the same eternal life. It is precisely where we are together that we can most intensely experience that fellowship with the Father and the Son. Our unity is incorporated into the closed unity of the Father and the Son. Because of our divisions we often do not experience this, but in principle it is there and can therefore also be enjoyed. There the oil comes down.

Verses 16-17

Warning of Idolatry

The blessing comes when the people are obedient. But if the people turn away from the LORD to serve other gods, then the anger of the LORD will be kindled against them. If they think that other gods will give them the blessing, the LORD will withhold from them the blessing.

Verses 18-21

Impressing and Making Visible

The warning words of Deuteronomy 11:16-Esther : should be an extra incentive for God’s people to imprint God’s words on themselves and their children. They must be visible in the houses in which they live, in the families they form, and they must be taught by the children they have.

It takes a lot of energy to keep all this alive. It should permeate the whole of life. We can only talk about it fruitfully with our children when it can be seen with ourselves. Eternal life is not only a delight in the meetings, but can be there every day of our life in all circumstances. Then we already experience the days of heaven on earth. “As long as the heavens [remain] above the earth” not only means the quality of life, but also its duration: this life is lived as long as the heavens remain above the earth, that is, always, as long as the earth exists.

Verses 22-25

Victory Through Obedience

Obedience will give victory, while the previous blessings will be lost through disobedience. But first comes the encouragement resulting from obedience. We must take possession of what is still in the hands of enemies, who must be driven out. What areas in our hearts and lives still need to be conquered? Which enemies still reign there? We must break down strongholds “taking every thought captive to the obedience of Christ” (2 Corinthians 10:3-Deuteronomy :).

Verses 26-28

The Choice Between Blessing and Curse

This is not a repetition, but a new aspect in the speech of Moses. After all he has said, the people are now faced with the choice. It is a conclusion.

Verses 29-32

Mount of the Blessing and Mount of the Curse

The blessing and curse are linked to two mountains. These mountains are situated in the land. Mount Gerizim is located on the south side, Mount Ebal on the north side. On Mount Gerizim the blessing is pronounced, possibly because the mountain lies on the south side, the side of the warmth and light. Mount Ebal lies on the north side, the side of cold and darkness.

God places us before the choice “opposite Gilgal”. Gilgal is the place where the people were circumcised just after entering the land. When this circumcision has taken place, the LORD says: “Today I have rolled away the reproach of Egypt from you” (Joshua 5:9). Spiritually speaking, circumcision means that the judgment of the flesh is exercised (Colossians 2:11).

“Moreh” means “teaching”, for us: spiritual teaching. The word for “oak” has the meaning of “strong” or “hard” which is indicated in the long life of that tree. In the ‘oaks’ we can see in this context the spiritual power that is the result of the teaching received. If we take to heart the teaching of God’s Word, the choice between blessing or curse, between eternal life or destruction becomes simple.

Bibliographical Information
de Koning, Ger. Commentaar op Deuteronomy 11". "Kingcomments on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/kng/deuteronomy-11.html. 'Stichting Titus' / 'Stichting Uitgeverij Daniël', Zwolle, Nederland. 2021.
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