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Bible Commentaries
Esther 10

Old & New Testament Restoration CommentaryRestoration Commentary

Introduction

Esther Chapter 10

Esther 10:1 "And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and [upon] the isles of the sea." Possibly, this was a re-assessing of the tribute. The king of Persia had lost part of his territory in a battle with Greece. This, perhaps, is to re-adjust the tribute to a more fair amount.

Esther 10:2 "And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, whereunto the king advanced him, [are] they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia?" It appears, that Mordecai became a very powerful second in command. The record book for Persia, also, contains the events of Media. This explains that Mordecai found favor with the king. The only way the king could advance him was in the money he made and in the authority. Since he was second in command, the only office left if he were promoted would have been king.

Esther 10:3 "For Mordecai the Jew [was] next unto king Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and accepted of the multitude of his brethren, seeking the wealth of his people, and speaking peace to all his seed." Mordecai in Persia was much like Joseph in Egypt. As long as he lived, he helped his people.

Verses 1-3

Est 10:1-3

Esther 10:1-3

A FINAL NOTE ON THE GREATNESS OF MORDECAI

"And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and upon the isles of the sea. And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the full account of the greatness of Mordecai, whereunto the king advanced him, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia? For Mordecai the Jew was next unto king Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and accepted of the multitude of the brethren, seeking the good of his people, and speaking peace to all his seed."

The purpose of the author in this very short chapter is that of stressing the greatness of Mordecai, the key word being that, in all the world, no one was any greater than Mordecai except the king. "Mordecai was next unto king Ahasuerus"! This required a preliminary note on how great was Ahasuerus. He was the ruler of most of the world as it was known then, from India to Ethiopia, with one hundred twenty-seven provinces, and here is added a note that he laid tribute upon the land and the isles of the sea. After the Grecian campaign, in which Xerxes suffered defeat, his dominion over the isles of the sea was reduced, but still existed. "Cyprus and Aradus were among the isles he still ruled."

Not only was Mordecai next to king Ahasuerus, but his mighty deeds were written in the book of the chronicles of the Medo-Persian empire, along with that of their mighty kings. Incidentally, we have here the most conspicuous evidence that the Medo-Persian Empire was never two empires, but only one; the record of all their kings was in the same book!

"The author of Esther here emphasized the great power and wealth of Xerxes in order to show the marvelous providence of God in elevating a despised Jew to a position of honor and trust in such an empire."

Many things we would like to know. For example, how long did Esther remain on the throne as queen? How many years did Mordecai continue as Prime Minister? "But Esther was not written to record the lives of emperors, queens, or prime ministers, but to preserve the record of a great national deliverance of God’s people, a deliverance which would bring comfort and hope to millions of Jews through millenniums of time."

"Seeking the good of his people, and speaking peace to all his seed" (Esther 10:3). "The meaning of these two phrases is that Mordecai procured both by word and deed the good and prosperity of his people. This is the way in which honor and fortune are attained, the way indicated in the 34th Psalm (Psalms 34:13-15), when teaching the fear of the Lord."

Joyce Baldwin pointed out that, "These three verses are couched in thoroughly Biblical terms. Zechariah 9:10 speaks of the Messiah that, `He shall speak peace to the nations (Zechariah 9:10)’; and no earthly ruler could have done more than to speak peace to his people."

"Speaking peace to all his seed" (Esther 10:3). In all probability Mordecai was a eunuch, and therefore we understand `his seed’ here to be a reference to God’s Israel.

E.M. Zerr:

Esther 10:1. The land means the main body of the empire. The authority of Ahasuerus was so extensive that he put the islands under this tribute or tax also.

Esther 10:2. For comments on chronicles see 1 Kings 14:19. Such important transactions as those about the Jews would certainly be made a part of the royal records. The reason for making this statement by the inspired writer, is the fact that we are interested in the history of Mordecai and his connection with the people of Persia.

Esther 10:3. Mordecai the Jew was next unto king Ahasuerus. The book of Esther furnishes us with at least two important facts and lessons. It shows the complete destruction of the descendants of the Amalekites (Esther 3:1; Esther 7:10; Esther 9:12), which fulfilled the prediction made in Exodus 17:14. It gives also a clear example of the truth spoken by Jesus, that, "whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted." (Luke 14:11.)

Bibliographical Information
"Commentary on Esther 10". "Old & New Testament Restoration Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/onr/esther-10.html.
 
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