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2 Kings 15:1-7 . Reign of Azariah (Uzziah).— The long reign of this king passes almost unnoticed in this book. He is called Uzziah elsewhere in Chronicles and Isaiah, except 1 Chronicles 3:12.
2 Kings 15:5 . Yahweh smote the king with leprosy. The isolation of men thus afflicted was enforced ( 2 Kings 7:3; see Leviticus 13:46, Numbers 5:3). It is uncertain what is meant by a several house. The Heb. word means “ free.” Azariah reigned but did not rule during his latter years. If most of the sixteen years of Jotham’ s reign fell within his father’ s lifetime, the discrepancy of the totals of the regnal years of Israel and Judah, reckoned from Jehu to the fall of Samaria, is sensibly diminished.
2 Kings 15:8-38 . Last Kings of Israel.— Zechariah, the son of Jeroboam, reigned but six months ( 2 Kings 15:8), and was killed by Shallum, probably, as LXX (L) reads, “ in Ibleam,” instead of the Heb., which is doubtfully rendered “ before the people” ( 2 Kings 15:10). After a month 2 Kings 15:8 reign Shallum was killed by Menahem ( 2 Kings 15:14-22).
2 Kings 15:19 . Pul, the king of Assyria, has been identified with Tiglath-pileser III (58f., 70f.), who ravaged Northern Israel ( 2 Kings 15:29). This is the first direct mention of an Assyrian king by name in the Bible. Menahem’ s name occurs in an Assyrian inscription 738 B.C.
2 Kings 15:20 . The tribute was exacted from the wealthy men (AV renders “ mighty men of valour,” the last word, both in Heb. and English, having the twofold meaning of “ bravery” and “ property” ).
2 Kings 15:23 . Menahem’ s son, Pekahiah, after a short reign was murdered by Pekah, who is also mentioned in Tiglath-pileser’ s annals under 733 B.C.
2 Kings 15:29 . The district ravaged by the Assyrians (p. 29) corresponds with that attacked by Ben-hadad of Syria ( 1 Kings 15:20). Pekah had made an alliance with Rezin of Syria against Judah ( 2 Kings 16:5, Isaiah 7 and Isaiah 9:1).
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Peake, Arthur. "Commentary on 2 Kings 15". "Peake's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/
Second Sunday after Epiphany