Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, June 20th, 2024
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
For 10¢ a day you can enjoy StudyLight.org ads
free while helping to build churches and support pastors in Uganda.
Click here to learn more!

Bible Commentaries
Deuteronomy 22

Peake's Commentary on the BiblePeake's Commentary


Deuteronomy 12-26, 28. A code of laws (Deuteronomy 1-26) followed by promises to the obedient and threats of punishment for the rest (Deuteronomy 28): see Introd., p. 231. The great Deuteronomic law of one sanctuary is taught or implied in Deuteronomy 12:1 to Deuteronomy 19:13 and hardly in any other part of Dt. This section may, therefore, represent essentially the original Deuteronomic code (see Introd.).

Verses 1-12

Deuteronomy 22:1-4 . See Exodus 23:4 f.* (JE) and Leviticus 6:1-7 * (P), and cf. CH. §§ 9– 13.

Deuteronomy 22:5. Peculiar to Dt. In one of the rites of Canaanite, Phœ nician, and Syrian heathenism the sexes changed dresses (see references in Driver).

Deuteronomy 22:6 f. Respect for parenthood, so prominent in Dt. ( Deuteronomy 21:18-21, cf. Deuteronomy 5:16) is the probable source of this law (peculiar to Dt.).

Deuteronomy 22:8 . Another example of the hunianitarianism ( Deuteronomy 15:12-18 *) so characteiistic of Dt. In the East people spend much of their evenings on the flat roof of their houses ( Judges 16:27, 1 Samuel 9:25, 2 Samuel 11:2, etc.). They were used for religious ceremonies ( Nehemiah 8:16, Jeremiah 19:13, Zephaniah 1:5) and for private prayer ( Acts 10:9). Without such a parapet as is here prescribed, accidents would be common. The present writer has spent many a social evening in Palestine on such a house-top, always protected by a parapet or surrounding wall.— blood: Deuteronomy 19:10.

Deuteronomy 22:9-11 . Leviticus 19:19 * (H).

Deuteronomy 22:12 . See Numbers 15:37-41 *.— fringes: an inaccurate rendering due to LXX ( cf. Matthew 9:20, “ hem” ) [RV, “ border” ]. What is meant is a kind of tassel found still attached to the Jewish talith or prayer-shawl.

Verses 13-30

Deuteronomy 22:13-30 . Sins against Pure Marriages.

Deuteronomy 22:14 . tokens of virginity: their absence is now known not to be necessarily a proof of pre-nuptial unchastity, though the ancient peoples held the contrary, as some peoples do still (see J. D. Michaelis, The Laws of Moses, i. p. 478ff.; Burckhardt, The Bedouins, etc., p. 62f.; Westermarck, History of Human Marriage, p. 123f.). The severe punishment for unchastity before ( Deuteronomy 22:21) and after ( Deuteronomy 22:22-29) marriage shows the uncompromising attitude of Dt. towards sexual sins— a striking contrast to the prevailing customs of surrounding nations: why the difference?

Deuteronomy 22:22 . See Leviticus 18:20 *, cf. CH, § 129.

Deuteronomy 22:23 f . In CH (§ 130) the man is put to death, the woman set free.

Deuteronomy 22:28 f. See Exodus 22:16 f.* (JE).

Deuteronomy 22:30 . See Leviticus 18:8 *, Leviticus 20:11 (H).— skirt: bedsheet; in Leviticus 18:8, “ nakedness.” Among the ancient Hebrews a man inherited his father’ s wives and concubines as his other property ( Genesis 35:22; Genesis 49:4, etc.), cf. W. R. Smith, Kinship 2 , p. 104f.

Bibliographical Information
Peake, Arthur. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 22". "Peake's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/pfc/deuteronomy-22.html. 1919.
Ads FreeProfile