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the righteous man from the east
The reference here seems to be to Cyrus, whose victories and rapid growth in power are here ascribed to the providence of God. Isaiah 41:5-7 describe the effect upon the nations of the rise of the Persian power. They heartened each other, and made (Isaiah 41:7) new idols. At verse 8 the prophet addresses Israel. Since it was their God who raised up Cyrus, they should expect good, not evil, from him (Isaiah 41:8-20). Isaiah 41:21-24 form a contemptuous challenge to the idols in whom the nations are trusting.
Three servants of Jehovah are mentioned in Isaiah:
(1) David Isaiah 37:35
(2) Israel the nation Isaiah 41:8-16; Isaiah 43:1-10 ; Isaiah 44:1-8; Isaiah 44:21; Isaiah 45:4; Isaiah 48:20
(3) Messiah Isaiah 42:1-12; Isaiah 42:1-12 Is 49., entire chapter, but note especially Isaiah 49:5-7; Isaiah 49:5-7 where the Servant Christ restores the servant nation; Isaiah 50:4-6; Isaiah 52:13-15 Isaiah 52:1-12. Israel the nation was a faithless servant, but restored and converted will yet thresh mountains. Against the Servant Christ no charge of unfaithfulness or failure is brought. (See Scofield "Isaiah 52:1-23.52.12- :") .
Heb. "goel," Redemp. (Kinsman type). (See Scofield " :-") .
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Isaiah 41". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/
the Third Week after Epiphany