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Bible Commentaries

Scofield's Reference Notes

Psalms 22

Verse 1

Aijeleth Shahar

Or, Ay-ys-leth Shachar, "hind of the morning," a title, not a musical instrument.

My God, My God

Psalms 22., Psalms 22:23., and 24. form a trilogy. In Psalms 22:0, the good Shepherd gives His life for the sheep John 10:11; John 10:11 in Psalms 23:0 the great Shepherd, "brought again from the dead through the blood of the everlasting covenant." Hebrews 13:20 tenderly cares for the sheep; in Psalms 24:0, the chief Shepherd appears as King of glory to own and reward the sheep 1 Peter 5:4.

Verse 7

All they that see me

Psalms 22:0. is a graphic picture of death by crucifixion. The bones (of the hands, arms, shoulders, and pelvis) out of joint (Psalms 22:14) the profuse perspiration caused by intense suffering (v. 14); the action of the heart affected (v .14); strength exhausted, and extreme thirst (Psalms 22:15); the hands and feet pierced (Psalms 22:16) partial nudity with hurt to modesty (Psalms 22:17), are all incidental to that mode of death. The accompanying circumstances are precisely those fulfilled in the crucifixion of Christ. Psalms 22:14-19.22.17. The desolate cry of ; Psalms 22:1; Matthew 27:46; Matthew 27:46 the periods of light and darkness of ; Psalms 22:2; Matthew 27:45 the contumely of ; Psalms 22:6-19.22.8; Psalms 22:12; Psalms 22:13; Psalms 22:18; Matthew 27:29-40.27.43 the casting lots of verse Psalms 22:18 (Matthew 27:35), all were literally fulfilled. When it is remembered that crucifixion was a Roman, not Jewish form of execution, the proof of inspiration is irresistible.

Verse 22

I will declare

At verse 22 the Psalm breaks from crucifixion to resurrection; fulfilled in the "Go to my brethren," etc., of John 20:17. The risen Christ declares to His brethren the name, "Father."

Verse 28

For the kingdom is

CF.v. 30. The kingdom is Jehovah's. In verse 30 Adonai is in view as ruling on behalf of Jehovah. See Psa 110., with Matthew 22:42-40.22.45. The great end and object of the rule of Adonai (Lord) is the restoration of the kingdom to Jehovah (Lord).

See 1 Corinthians 15:23; 1 Corinthians 15:24. See "Names of Deity,"

1 Corinthians 15:23; 1 Corinthians 15:24 (See Scofield "1 Corinthians 15:24- :") , See Scofield "1 Corinthians 15:24- :".

Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Psalms 22". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". 1917.