15 million Ukrainian are displaced by Russia's war.
Millions miss a meal or two each day.
Help us change that! Click to donate today!

Bible Commentaries

Scofield's Reference Notes

Romans 5

Verse 7


See Romans 1:1; Romans 1:19 (See Scofield "Romans 1:19- :") .

Verse 10


See Romans 5:10,Romans 5:11 2 Corinthians 5:18-20; Colossians 1:21.

Verse 12

The "wherefore" relates back to Romans 3:19-23 and may be regarded as a continuation of the discussion of the universality of sin, interrupted ; Romans 3:24-11; by the passage on justification and its results.

have sinned

The first sin wrought the moral ruin of the race. The demonstration is simple.

(1) Death is universal (Romans 4:12; Romans 4:14), all die: sinless infants, moral people, religious people, equally with the depraved. For a universal effect there must be a universal cause; that cause is a state of universal sin (Romans 5:12).

(2) But this universal state must have had a cause. It did. The consequence of Adam's sin was that "the many were made sinners" (Romans 5:19)--"By the offence of one judgment came upon all men unto condemnation" (Romans 5:18).

(3) Personal sins are not meant here. From Adam to Moses death reigned (Romans 5:14), although, there being no law, personal guilt was not imputed (Romans 5:13). Accordingly, from Genesis 4:7 to Exodus 29:14 the sin-offering is not once mentioned. Then, since physical death from Adam to Moses was not due to the sinful acts of those who die (Romans 5:13), it follows that it was due to a universal sinful state, or nature, and that state is declared to be out inheritance from Adam.

(4) the moral state of fallen man is described in Scripture Genesis 6:5; 1 Kings 8:46; Psalms 14:1-3; Psalms 39:5; Jeremiah 17:9; Matthew 18:11; Mark 7:20; Mark 7:23; Romans 1:21; Romans 2:1-29; Romans 3:9-19 ; Romans 7:24; Romans 8:7; John 3:6; 1 Corinthians 2:14; 2 Corinthians 3:14; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Galatians 5:19-21; Ephesians 2:1-3; Ephesians 2:11; Ephesians 2:12; Ephesians 4:18-22; Colossians 1:21; Hebrews 3:13; James 4:14; 1 Corinthians 15:22.

Verse 14

Adam to Moses

Broadly, the contrast is: Adam: sin, death; Christ: righteousness, life. Adam drew down into his ruin the old creation Romans 8:19-22 of which he was lord and head. Christ brings into moral unity with God, and into eternal life, the new creation of which he is Lord and Head. Ephesians 1:22; Ephesians 1:23. Even the animal and material creation, cursed for man's sake. Genesis 3:17 will be delivered by Christ. ; Isaiah 11:6-9; Romans 8:19-22.

Verse 15

one many

the one the many died.

Verse 16


Sin. (See Scofield " :-") .

Verse 17

offence Sin. (See Scofield " :-") .

righteousness See Romans 5:17; Romans 5:18; Romans 5:21. (See Scofield "Romans 5:21- :") .

Verse 18


Sin. (See Scofield " :-") .

Verse 19


Sin. (See Scofield " :-") .

Verse 21


"Sin" in Romans 6:0; Romans 7:0Romans 6:0is the nature in distinction from "sins," which are manifestations of that nature.

Compare (1 John 1:8) with (1 John 1:10), where this distinction also appears.


Grace (in salvation). (Romans 5:2); (Romans 5:15-21); (Romans 11:5-6); (Romans 3:24).

(See Scofield Joh 1:17).

Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Romans 5". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". 1917.