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Bible Commentaries

The Gospels Compared

Luke 4

Verses 1-13

Satan temps Jesus in the Desert
Matthew 4:1-11 Mark 1:12-13 Luke 4:1-13
Matthew 4:1 Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil. Mark 1:12 And immediately the Spirit driveth him into the wilderness. Luke 4:1 And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,
Matthew 4:2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred. Mark 1:13 And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him. Luke 4:2 Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.


Matthew 4:3 And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. Luke 4:3 And the devil said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread.
Matthew 4:4 But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. Luke 4:4 And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.
Matthew 4:5 Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple, Luke 4:9 And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence:
Matthew 4:6 And saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and in [their] hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone. Luke 4:10 For it is written, He shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee: Luke 4:11 And in [their] hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.
Matthew 4:7 Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God. Luke 4:12 And Jesus answering said unto him, It is said, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.
Matthew 4:8 Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; Luke 4:5 And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time.
Matthew 4:9 And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, Luke 4:6 And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it.
if thou wilt fall down and worship me. Luke 4:7 If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine.
Matthew 4:10 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. Luke 4:8 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.


Matthew 4:11 Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him. Mark 1:13 And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him. Luke 4:13 And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season.
Most biblical scholars believe that Matthew was concerned more with the order of events in this story because of his use of words like then (Matthew 4:5, Greek tote) and “again” (Matthew 4:8, Greek palin). These two specific adverbs seem to indicate a more sequential order of the temptations. Luke links the events by using the Greek words kai and de (Matthew 4:2, Matthew 4:5-Joshua :, translated and ). [The NKJV’s translation of kai as then in Luke 4:5 is incorrect. It should be translated simply “and” (cf. ASV, KJV, NASV, and RSV).] Similar to the English word “and” not having specific chronological implications, neither do the Greek words kai and de (Richards, 1993, p. 230). In short, Luke’s account of the temptations of Jesus is arranged topically (or possibly climactically), whereas Matthew’s account seems to be arranged chronologically.

Verses 14-15

Jesus preaches in Galilee
Matt 4:12-17 Mark 1:14-15 Luke 4:14-15 John 4:43-45
Matthew 4:12 Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison, he departed into Galilee; Mark 1:14 Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, Luke 4:14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: John 4:43 Now after two days he departed thence, and went into Galilee.



John 4:44 For Jesus himself testified, that a prophet hath no honour in his own country.
Matthew 4:13 And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim:
and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about. John 4:45 Then when he was come into Galilee, the Galilaeans received him, having seen all the things that he did at Jerusalem at the feast: for they also went unto the feast.
Matthew 4:14 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying,


Matthew 4:15 The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, [by] the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles;


Matthew 4:16 The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up. Mark 1:14 preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, Luke 4:15 And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.
Matthew 4:17 From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. Mark 1:15 And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel.

Verses 31-37

Jesus teaches with great authority
Mark 1:21-28 Luke 4:31-37
Mark 1:21 And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught. Luke 4:31 And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days.
Mark 1:22 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes. Luke 4:32 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for his word was with power.
Mark 1:23 And there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out, Luke 4:33 And in the synagogue there was a man, which had a spirit of an unclean devil, and cried out with a loud voice,
Mark 1:24 Saying, Let [us] alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God. Luke 4:34 Saying, Let [us] alone; what have we to do with thee, [thou] Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art; the Holy One of God.
Mark 1:25 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him. Luke 4:35 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him. And when the devil had thrown him in the midst, he came out of him, and hurt him not.
Mark 1:26 And when the unclean spirit had torn him, and cried with a loud voice, he came out of him. Luke 4:36 And they were all amazed, and spake among themselves, saying, What a word [is] this! for with authority and power he commandeth the unclean spirits, and they come out.
Mark 1:27 And they were all amazed, insomuch that they questioned among themselves, saying, What thing is this? what new doctrine [is] this? for with authority commandeth he even the unclean spirits, and they do obey him.
Mark 1:28 And immediately his fame spread abroad throughout all the region round about Galilee. Luke 4:37 And the fame of him went out into every place of the country round about.

Verses 38-41

Jesus heals Peter's mother-in-law and many others
Matthew 8:14-17 Mark 1:29-34 Luke 4:38-41
Matthew 8:14 And when Jesus was come into Peter's house, he saw his wife's mother laid, and sick of a fever. Mark 1:29 And forthwith, when they were come out of the synagogue, they entered into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John. Luke 4:38 And he arose out of the synagogue, and entered into Simon's house. And Simon's wife's mother was taken with a great fever; and they besought him for her.

Mark 1:30 But Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fever, and anon they tell him of her.
Matthew 8:15 And he touched her hand, and the fever left her: and she arose, and ministered unto them. Mark 1:31 And he came and took her by the hand, and lifted her up; and immediately the fever left her, and she ministered unto them. Luke 4:39 And he stood over her, and rebuked the fever; and it left her: and immediately she arose and ministered unto them.
Matthew 8:16 When the even was come, they brought unto him many that were possessed with devils: and he cast out the spirits with [his] word, and healed all that were sick: Mark 1:32 And at even, when the sun did set, they brought unto him all that were diseased, and them that were possessed with devils. Luke 4:40 Now when the sun was setting, all they that had any sick with divers diseases brought them unto him; and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them.

Mark 1:33 And all the city was gathered together at the door.

Mark 1:34 And he healed many that were sick of divers diseases, and cast out many devils; and suffered not the devils to speak, because they knew him. Luke 4:41 And devils also came out of many, crying out, and saying, Thou art Christ the Son of God. And he rebuking [them] suffered them not to speak: for they knew that he was Christ.
Matthew 8:17 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, Himself took our infirmities, and bare [our] sicknesses.

Verses 42-44

Jesus preaches throughout Galilee
Matthew 4:23-25 Mark 1:35-39 Luke 4:42-44
Matthew 4:23 And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness and all manner of disease among the people. Mark 1:35 And in the morning, rising up a great while before day, he went out, and departed into a solitary place, and there prayed. Luke 4:42 And when it was day, he departed and went into a desert place:
Matthew 4:24 And his fame went throughout all Syria: and they brought unto him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those that had the palsy; and he healed them.

Matthew 4:25 And there followed him great multitudes of people from Galilee, and [from] Decapolis, and [from] Jerusalem, and [from] Judaea, and [from] beyond Jordan. Mark 1:36 And Simon and they that were with him followed after him. Mark 1:37 And when they had found him, they said unto him, All [men] seek for thee. and the people sought him, and came unto him, and stayed him, that he should not depart from them.

Mark 1:38 And he said unto them, Let us go into the next towns, that I may preach there also: for therefore came I forth. Luke 4:43 And he said unto them, I must preach the kingdom of God to other cities also: for therefore am I sent.

Mark 1:39 And he preached in their synagogues throughout all Galilee, and cast out devils. Luke 4:44 And he preached in the synagogues of Galilee.
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Bibliographical Information
"Commentary on Luke 4". "The Gospels Compared". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tgc/luke-4.html. 2014.