Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, July 20th, 2024
the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
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Bible Commentaries
Matthew 22

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Verses 15-22

Religious leaders question Jesus about paying taxes
Matthew 22:15-22Mark 12:13-17Luke 20:20-26
Matthew 22:15 Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle him in [his] talk.Mark 12:13 And they send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch him in [his] words.Luke 20:20 And they watched [him], and sent forth spies, which should feign themselves just men, that they might take hold of his words, that so they might deliver him unto the power and authority of the governor.
Matthew 22:16 And they sent out unto him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any [man]: for thou regardest not the person of men.Mark 12:14 And when they were come, they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true, and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth: Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not?Luke 20:21 And they asked him, saying, Master, we know that thou sayest and teachest rightly, neither acceptest thou the person [of any], but teachest the way of God truly:
Matthew 22:17 Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not?Mark 12:15 Shall we give, or shall we not give?Luke 20:22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar, or no?
Matthew 22:18 But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, [ye] hypocrites?But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me? Luke 20:23 But he perceived their craftiness, and said unto them, Why tempt ye me?
Matthew 22:19 Shew me the tribute money.bring me a penny, that I may see [it].Luke 20:24 Shew me a penny.
And they brought unto him a penny.Mark 12:16 And they brought [it].
Matthew 22:20 And he saith unto them, Whose [is] this image and superscription?And he saith unto them, Whose [is] this image and superscription? Whose image and superscription hath it?
Matthew 22:21 They say unto him, Caesar’s.And they said unto him, Caesar’s.They answered and said, Caesar’s.
Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God’s.Mark 12:17 And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s. Luke 20:25 And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which be Caesar’s, and unto God the things which be God’s.
Matthew 22:22 When they had heard [these words], they marvelled, and left him, and went their way.And they marvelled at him.Luke 20:26 And they could not take hold of his words before the people: and they marvelled at his answer, and held their peace.

Verses 23-33

Religious leaders question Jesus about the resurrection
Matthew 22:23-33Mark 12:18-27Luke 20:27-40
Matthew 22:23 The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him,Mark 12:18 Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying,Luke 20:27 Then came to [him] certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there is any resurrection; and they asked him,
Matthew 22:24 Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.Mark 12:19 Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a man’s brother die, and leave [his] wife [behind him], and leave no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.Luke 20:28 Saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, If any man’s brother die, having a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
Matthew 22:25 Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue, left his wife unto his brother:Mark 12:20 Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed.Luke 20:29 There were therefore seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and died without children.
Matthew 22:26 Likewise the second also, Mark 12:21 And the second took her, and died, neither left he any seed: Luke 20:30 And the second took her to wife, and he died childless.
and the third, and the third likewise.Luke 20:31 And the third took her;
unto the seventh.Mark 12:22 And the seven had her, and left no seed:and in like manner the seven also: and they left no children, and died.
Matthew 22:27 And last of all the woman died also.last of all the woman died also.Luke 20:32 Last of all the woman died also.
Matthew 22:28 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all had her.Mark 12:23 In the resurrection therefore, when they shall rise, whose wife shall she be of them? for the seven had her to wife.Luke 20:33 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them is she? for seven had her to wife.
Matthew 22:29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.Mark 12:24 And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God?Luke 20:34 And Jesus answering said unto them, The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage:
Matthew 22:30 For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, Mark 12:25 For when they shall rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; Luke 20:35 But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage:
Luke 20:36 Neither can they die any more:
but are as the angels of God in heaven.but are as the angels which are in heaven.for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.
Matthew 22:31 But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying,Mark 12:26 And as touching the dead, that they rise: have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake unto him, saying, I [am] the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?Luke 20:37 Now that the dead are raised, even Moses shewed at the bush, when he calleth the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.
Matthew 22:32 I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.Mark 12:27 He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living: ye therefore do greatly err.Luke 20:38 For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto him.
Matthew 22:33 And when the multitude heard [this], they were astonished at his doctrine.Luke 20:39 Then certain of the scribes answering said, Master, thou hast well said.
Luke 20:40 And after that they durst not ask him any [question at all].

Verses 34-40

Religious leaders question Jesus on the greatest commandment
Matthew 22:34-40Mark 12:28-34
Matthew 22:34 But when the Pharisees had heard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, they were gathered together.Mark 12:28 And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well,
Matthew 22:35 Then one of them, [which was] a lawyer, asked [him a question], tempting him, and saying,asked him,
Matthew 22:36 Master, which [is] the great commandment in the law?Which is the first commandment of all?
Mark 12:29 And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments [is], Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:
Matthew 22:37 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.Mark 12:30 And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength:
Matthew 22:38 This is the first and great commandment.this [is] the first commandment.
Matthew 22:39 And the second [is] like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.Mark 12:31 And the second [is] like, [namely] this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
Matthew 22:40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.There is none other commandment greater than these.
Mark 12:32 And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he: Mark 12:33 And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love [his] neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices. Mark 12:34 And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him [any question].

Verses 41-46

Religious leaders cannot answer Jesus’ question
Matthew 22:41-46Mark 12:35-37Luke 20:41-44
Matthew 22:41 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them,Mark 12:35 And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, Luke 20:41 And he said unto them,
Matthew 22:42 Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, [The Son] of David.How say the scribes that Christ is the Son of David?How say they that Christ is David’s son?
Matthew 22:43 He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying,Mark 12:36 For David himself said by the Holy Ghost,Luke 20:42 And David himself saith in the book of Psalms,
Matthew 22:44 The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,
till I make thine enemies thy footstool?till I make thine enemies thy footstool.Luke 20:43 Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Matthew 22:45 If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?Mark 12:37 David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he [then] his son?Luke 20:44 David therefore calleth him Lord, how is he then his son?
Matthew 22:46 And no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any [man] from that day forth ask him any more [questions].And the common people heard him gladly.
Bibliographical Information
"Commentary on Matthew 22". "The Gospels Compared". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tgc/matthew-22.html. 2014.
 
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