Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Kings 13

Introduction

1Jeroboam's hand withers,
6and at the prayer of the prophet is restored.
7The prophet departs from Beth-el.
11An old prophet brings him back.
20He is reproved by God,
23slain by a lion,
26buried by the old prophet,
31who confirms his prophecy.
33Jeroboam's obstinacy.

Verse 1

And, behold, there came a man of God out of Judah by the word of the LORD unto Bethel: and Jeroboam stood by the altar to burn incense.
there came
12:22; 2 Kings 23:17; 2 Chronicles 9:29
by the word
5,9,26,32; 20:35; Jeremiah 25:3; 1 Thessalonians 4:15
Jeroboam
12:32,33; 2 Chronicles 26:18
burn
or, offer.
Numbers 16:40; Jeremiah 11:12; 32:29; Malachi 1:11; Revelation 8:3
Reciprocal: Leviticus 10:1 - put incense;  Deuteronomy 33:1 - the man;  Joshua 14:6 - the man;  1 Samuel 2:27 - a man;  1 Samuel 9:6 - city;  2 Samuel 12:1 - the Lord;  1 Kings 11:26 - Jeroboam;  1 Kings 13:14 - Art thou;  1 Kings 13:17 - by the word;  1 Kings 17:18 - O thou man;  1 Kings 20:28 - there came;  2 Kings 2:2 - Bethel;  2 Kings 4:9 - man of God;  2 Kings 8:7 - General2 Kings 16:12 - approached;  2 Kings 17:11 - burnt;  2 Kings 23:16 - burned;  2 Kings 23:18 - the bones of the prophet;  2 Chronicles 8:14 - so had David the man of God commanded;  2 Chronicles 25:7 - a man of God;  2 Chronicles 26:16 - to burn;  Psalm 90:1 - the man;  Jeremiah 35:4 - a man;  Hosea 12:10 - have also;  Amos 7:13 - for;  1 Timothy 6:11 - O man;  2 Peter 1:21 - in old time

Verse 2

And he cried against the altar in the word of the LORD, and said, O altar, altar, thus saith the LORD; Behold, a child shall be born unto the house of David, Josiah by name; and upon thee shall he offer the priests of the high places that burn incense upon thee, and men's bones shall be burnt upon thee.
O altar
Deuteronomy 32:1; Isaiah 1:2; 58:1; Jeremiah 22:29; Ezekiel 36:1,4; 38:4; Luke 19:40
Josiah by name
2 Kings 22:1,2; 23:15-18; 2 Chronicles 34:1,4-7; Isaiah 42:9; 44:26-28; 46:10; Isaiah 48:5-7
offer
2 Kings 23:15-17
Reciprocal: Leviticus 10:1 - put incense;  Leviticus 26:30 - I will destroy;  1 Kings 13:32 - the saying;  1 Kings 20:35 - in the word;  2 Kings 2:2 - Bethel;  2 Kings 17:23 - as he had said;  2 Kings 17:27 - one of the priests;  2 Kings 23:16 - burned;  2 Kings 23:20 - he slew;  2 Chronicles 34:5 - he;  Ecclesiastes 3:2 - time to be born;  Isaiah 7:2 - the house;  Jeremiah 8:1 - GeneralEzekiel 6:4 - and I;  Ezekiel 37:4 - Prophesy;  Hosea 10:8 - their altars;  Amos 3:14 - I will;  Matthew 1:10 - Josias

Verse 3

And he gave a sign the same day, saying, This is the sign which the LORD hath spoken; Behold, the altar shall be rent, and the ashes that are upon it shall be poured out.
Exodus 4:3-5,8,9; 7:10; Deuteronomy 13:1-3; 1 Samuel 2:34; 2 Kings 20:8; Isaiah 7:11-14; Isaiah 38:6-8,22; Jeremiah 44:29; Matthew 12:38-40; John 2:18; 1 Corinthians 1:22
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 13:2 - General1 Kings 13:5 - GeneralIsaiah 37:30 - this shall;  Isaiah 44:26 - confirmeth;  John 6:30 - What

Verse 4

And it came to pass, when king Jeroboam heard the saying of the man of God, which had cried against the altar in Bethel, that he put forth his hand from the altar, saying, Lay hold on him. And his hand, which he put forth against him, dried up, so that he could not pull it in again to him.
Lay hold
2 Chronicles 16:10; 18:25-27; 25:15,16; Psalms 105:15; Jeremiah 20:2-4; Jeremiah 26:8-11,20-23; 38:4-6; Amos 7:10-17; Matthew 25:40; 26:57; Mark 14:44-46; John 13:20; Acts 6:12-14
his hand
Genesis 19:11; 2 Kings 6:18-20; Jeremiah 20:4-6; Luke 3:19,20; 6:10; John 18:6; Acts 9:4,5; 13:8-11; Revelation 11:5
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 12:13 - David;  1 Kings 12:22 - the man;  Ezekiel 11:13 - when;  Hosea 7:5 - he stretched;  Zechariah 11:17 - his arm;  Matthew 12:10 - which;  Mark 3:1 - withered;  Luke 6:6 - there;  John 5:3 - withered

Verse 5

The altar also was rent, and the ashes poured out from the altar, according to the sign which the man of God had given by the word of the LORD.
3; 22:28,35; Exodus 9:18-25; Numbers 16:23-35; Deuteronomy 18:22; Jeremiah 28:16,17; Mark 16:20; Acts 5:1-10
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 12:22 - the man;  1 Kings 13:1 - by the word;  1 Kings 17:16 - according;  2 Kings 21:26 - Josiah;  John 6:30 - What

Verse 6

And the king answered and said unto the man of God, Intreat now the face of the LORD thy God, and pray for me, that my hand may be restored me again. And the man of God besought the LORD, and the king's hand was restored him again, and became as it was before.
now
Exodus 8:8,28; 9:28; 10:17; 12:32; Numbers 21:7; 1 Samuel 12:19; Jeremiah 37:3; 42:2-4; Acts 8:24; James 5:16; Revelation 3:9
besought
Exodus 8:12,13; Numbers 12:13; 1 Samuel 12:23; Matthew 5:44; Luke 6:27,28; 23:34; Acts 7:60; Romans 12:14,21; James 5:16-18
Lord
Heb. face of the Lord.
Reciprocal: Genesis 20:7 - pray;  Numbers 12:11 - I beseech thee;  Deuteronomy 33:1 - the man;  Judges 11:8 - the elders;  2 Kings 1:13 - besought;  Zechariah 7:2 - pray before the Lord;  Mark 3:5 - Stretch;  Luke 6:10 - Stretch

Verse 7

And the king said unto the man of God, Come home with me, and refresh thyself, and I will give thee a reward.
refresh
Genesis 18:5; Judges 13:15; 19:21
I will give
As great men in the East make no presents to equals or inferiors when visited, Sir John Chardin thinks that the king intended by this to treat the prophet as his superior.
1 Samuel 9:7,8; 2 Kings 5:15; Jeremiah 40:5; Malachi 1:10; Acts 8:18-20; 1 Peter 5:2
Reciprocal: Judges 19:5 - Comfort;  1 Kings 14:3 - And take;  2 Kings 5:5 - and took

Verse 8

And the man of God said unto the king, If thou wilt give me half thine house, I will not go in with thee, neither will I eat bread nor drink water in this place:
If
Numbers 22:18; 24:13; Exodus 5:3,6; 7:2; Mark 6:23
go
2 Kings 5:16,26,27; Mark 6:11; 2 Corinthians 11:9,10
Reciprocal: Genesis 14:23 - That I;  Deuteronomy 9:9 - I neither;  1 Kings 13:16 - General1 Kings 18:4 - bread and water;  Ezekiel 18:11 - eaten

Verse 9

For so was it charged me by the word of the LORD, saying, Eat no bread, nor drink water, nor turn again by the same way that thou camest.
For
1,21,22; 1 Samuel 15:22; Job 23:12; John 13:17; 15:9,10,14
Eat no bread
Numbers 16:26; Deuteronomy 13:13-18; Psalms 141:4; Romans 16:17; 1 Corinthians 5:11; Ephesians 5:11; 2 John 1:10,11; Revelation 18:4
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 9:9 - I neither;  1 Kings 13:16 - General1 Kings 13:19 - General1 Kings 13:26 - which he spake;  1 Kings 18:4 - bread and water;  1 Thessalonians 4:15 - by the

Verse 11

Now there dwelt an old prophet in Bethel; and his sons came and told him all the works that the man of God had done that day in Bethel: the words which he had spoken unto the king, them they told also to their father.
an old prophet
20,21; Numbers 23:4,5; 24:2; 1 Samuel 10:11; 2 Kings 23:18; Ezekiel 13:2,16; Matthew 7:22; 2 Peter 2:16
sons
Heb. son. came.
1 Timothy 3:5
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 12:22 - the man

Verse 13

And he said unto his sons, Saddle me the ass. So they saddled him the ass: and he rode thereon,
27; Numbers 22:21; Judges 5:10; 10:4; 2 Samuel 19:26
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 4:24 - Then she

Verse 14

And went after the man of God, and found him sitting under an oak: and he said unto him, Art thou the man of God that camest from Judah? And he said, I am.
sitting
19:4; John 4:6,34; 1 Corinthians 4:11,12; 2 Corinthians 11:27; Philippians 4:12,13
Art thou
Reciprocal: Joshua 14:6 - the man

Verse 16

And he said, I may not return with thee, nor go in with thee: neither will I eat bread nor drink water with thee in this place:
8,9; Genesis 3:1-3; Numbers 22:13,19; Matthew 4:10; 16:23
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 18:4 - bread and water

Verse 17

For it was said to me by the word of the LORD, Thou shalt eat no bread nor drink water there, nor turn again to go by the way that thou camest.
It was
Heb. a word was. by the word.
1; 20:35; 1 Thessalonians 4:15
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 13:21 - Thus saith;  Romans 3:7 - if the truth

Verse 18

He said unto him, I am a prophet also as thou art; and an angel spake unto me by the word of the LORD, saying, Bring him back with thee into thine house, that he may eat bread and drink water. But he lied unto him.
an angel
Numbers 22:35; Judges 6:11,12; 13:3
But
Genesis 3:4,5; Isaiah 9:15; Jeremiah 5:12,31; 23:14,17,32; 28:15,16; Ezekiel 13:9,10,22; Matthew 7:15; 24:24; Romans 16:18; 2 Corinthians 11:3,13-15; 2 Peter 2:1; 1 John 4:1; Revelation 19:20
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:19 - I am;  Exodus 18:17 - not good;  Leviticus 19:11 - lie one;  Deuteronomy 13:1 - a prophet;  1 Samuel 2:24 - ye make;  1 Samuel 21:2 - The king;  1 Kings 20:35 - in the word;  2 Kings 5:22 - My master;  2 Kings 18:25 - Amos I now;  Proverbs 11:9 - An hypocrite;  Isaiah 36:10 - GeneralJeremiah 28:11 - Thus;  Micah 2:11 - a man;  Romans 3:7 - if the truth;  Ephesians 4:25 - putting;  1 Thessalonians 4:15 - by the;  1 Timothy 4:2 - lies

Verse 19

So he went back with him, and did eat bread in his house, and drank water.
9; Genesis 3:6; Deuteronomy 13:1,3,5; 18:20; Acts 4:19; 2 Peter 2:18,19
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 13:22 - eaten

Verse 20

And it came to pass, as they sat at the table, that the word of the LORD came unto the prophet that brought him back:
the word of the Lord
"A great clamour," says Dr. Kennicott, "has been raised against this part of history, on account of God's denouncing sentence on the true prophet by the mouth of the false prophet; but if we examine with attention the original words here, they will be found to signify either he who brought him back, or, whom he had brought back; for the very same words, asher heshivo, occur again, ver. 23, where they are now translated, whom he had brought back; and where they cannot be translated otherwise. This being the case, we are at liberty to consider the words of the Lord as delivered to the true prophet, thus brought back; and then the sentence is pronounced by God himself, calling to him out of heaven, as in Ge 22:11. And that this doom was thus pronounced by God, not by the false prophet, we are assured in ver. 26. 'The Lord hath delivered him unto the lion, according to the word of the Lord, which He spake unto him.' Josephus [and also the Arabic] asserts, that the sentence was declared by God to the true prophet."
Numbers 23:5,16; 24:4,16-24; Matthew 7:22; John 11:51; 1 Corinthians 13:2
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 13:11 - an old prophet;  1 Kings 14:6 - for I am;  Jeremiah 1:2 - the word

Verse 21

And he cried unto the man of God that came from Judah, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Forasmuch as thou hast disobeyed the mouth of the LORD, and hast not kept the commandment which the LORD thy God commanded thee,
Thus saith
17; Genesis 3:7; Esther 6:13; Jeremiah 2:19; Galatians 1:8,9
thou hast disobeyed
Leviticus 10:3; Numbers 20:12,24; 1 Samuel 4:18; 13:13,14; 15:19,22-24; 2 Samuel 6:7; 2 Samuel 12:9-11; 24:13; Revelation 3:19
Reciprocal: Numbers 20:11 - smote;  Deuteronomy 4:22 - GeneralDeuteronomy 32:51 - because ye;  1 Kings 13:9 - For;  1 Kings 13:11 - an old prophet;  1 Kings 20:36 - General1 Chronicles 21:10 - that 1may;  2 Chronicles 22:9 - in Samaria;  Lamentations 1:18 - commandment;  Ezekiel 2:8 - Be;  1 Corinthians 11:30 - many

Verse 22

But camest back, and hast eaten bread and drunk water in the place, of the which the LORD did say to thee, Eat no bread, and drink no water; thy carcase shall not come unto the sepulchre of thy fathers.
eaten
of the
carcase
30; 14:13; 2 Chronicles 21:19,20; Isaiah 14:18-20; Jeremiah 22:18,19
Reciprocal: Genesis 47:30 - GeneralDeuteronomy 4:22 - General2 Samuel 19:37 - by the grave;  1 Chronicles 21:10 - that I may;  Ezekiel 2:8 - Be;  Ezekiel 18:11 - eaten;  Amos 8:14 - sin;  1 Thessalonians 4:15 - by the

Verse 24

And when he was gone, a lion met him by the way, and slew him: and his carcase was cast in the way, and the ass stood by it, the lion also stood by the carcase.
a lion
20:36; 2 Kings 2:24; Proverbs 22:13; 26:13; Amos 5:19; 1 Corinthians 11:31,32; 1 Peter 4:17,18
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:20 - Some;  Genesis 37:33 - evil beast;  Exodus 4:24 - sought;  Numbers 22:33 - surely;  1 Kings 12:31 - an house;  2 Kings 17:25 - the Lord sent;  Proverbs 11:31 - GeneralIsaiah 38:13 - as a lion

Verse 26

And when the prophet that brought him back from the way heard thereof, he said, It is the man of God, who was disobedient unto the word of the LORD: therefore the LORD hath delivered him unto the lion, which hath torn him, and slain him, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake unto him.
the man
Leviticus 10:3; 2 Samuel 12:10,14; Psalms 119:120; Proverbs 11:31; Ezekiel 9:6; 1 Corinthians 11:30; Hebrews 12:28,29; 1 Peter 4:17
torn
Heb. broken. which he spake.
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 13:1 - by the word;  1 Kings 13:20 - the word of the Lord;  1 Kings 20:36 - GeneralJeremiah 35:4 - a man;  Romans 3:7 - if the truth;  1 Timothy 6:11 - O man

Verse 28

And he went and found his carcase cast in the way, and the ass and the lion standing by the carcase: the lion had not eaten the carcase, nor torn the ass.
the lion had
All here was supernatural. The lion, though he had killed the man, yet, contrary to his nature, did not devour him, nor tear the ass, nor meddle with the travellers that passed by; while the ass stood quietly by, not fearing the lion, nor betaking himself to flight: both stood as guardians of the fallen prophet, till this extraordinary intelligence was carried into the city which rendered the miracle the more illustrious and plainly shewed that this event did not happen by chance. This concatenation of miracles marked the death of the man of God as a Divine rebuke for his disobedience in eating bread at idolatrous Beth-el; and here we see, as in various other cases, that "often judgment begins at the house of God." The true prophet, for suffering himself to be seduced by the old prophet, and for receiving that as a revelation from God which was opposed to the revelation which himself had received, and which was confirmed by so many miracles, is slain by a lion, and his body deprived of the burial of his fathers; while the wicked king and the fallen prophet are both permitted to live.
17:4,6; Leviticus 10:2,5; Job 38:11; Psalms 148:7,8; Jeremiah 5:22,23; Daniel 3:22,27,28; 6:22-24; Acts 16:26; Hebrews 11:33,34
torn
Heb. broken.

Verse 30

And he laid his carcase in his own grave; and they mourned over him, saying, Alas, my brother!
mourned over
14:13; Jeremiah 22:18; Acts 8:2
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 13:22 - carcase;  2 Kings 23:17 - It is the sepulchre;  Mark 6:29 - they came

Verse 31

And it came to pass, after he had buried him, that he spake to his sons, saying, When I am dead, then bury me in the sepulchre wherein the man of God is buried; lay my bones beside his bones:
lay my bones
Numbers 23:10; Psalms 26:9; Ecclesiastes 8:10; Luke 16:22,23
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 17:32 - the houses;  2 Kings 23:17 - It is the sepulchre;  2 Kings 23:18 - the bones of the prophet

Verse 32

For the saying which he cried by the word of the LORD against the altar in Bethel, and against all the houses of the high places which are in the cities of Samaria, shall surely come to pass.
the saying
2; 2 Kings 23:16-19
the houses
12:29,31; Leviticus 26:30
in the cities
16:24; 2 Chronicles 25:13; Ezra 4:10; John 4:4,5
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 13:1 - by the word;  1 Kings 21:18 - which is in Samaria;  2 Kings 10:1 - in Samaria;  2 Kings 23:19 - the houses;  Micah 1:5 - is it

Verse 33

After this thing Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but made again of the lowest of the people priests of the high places: whosoever would, he consecrated him, and he became one of the priests of the high places.
A. M. 3030-3050. B.C. 974-954. Jeroboam
12:31-33; 2 Chronicles 11:15; 13:9; Amos 6:11
made again
Heb. returned and made.
Psalms 78:34; Jeremiah 18:4; *marg:; 2 Timothy 3:13
whosoever
Numbers 1:51; 3:10; 17:5,12,13
consecrated him
Heb. filled his hand.
Exodus 28:41; *marg:; Judges 17:12
Reciprocal: Judges 17:5 - consecrated;  1 Kings 14:1 - that time;  1 Kings 14:9 - hast done;  1 Kings 15:26 - walked;  1 Kings 15:34 - walked;  1 Kings 16:2 - thou hast walked;  1 Kings 16:26 - he walked;  2 Kings 3:3 - he departed;  2 Kings 10:29 - the sins;  2 Kings 17:32 - made unto themselves;  2 Chronicles 11:14 - Jeroboam;  2 Chronicles 17:4 - not after;  Amos 7:10 - the priest;  Micah 1:13 - she

Verse 34

And this thing became sin unto the house of Jeroboam, even to cut it off, and to destroy it from off the face of the earth.
became sin
12:30; 2 Kings 10:31; 17:21
to cut it off
12:26; 14:10; 15:29,30; Proverbs 13:6 Reciprocal: Exodus 9:15 - cut off;  Leviticus 14:35 - a plague;  Deuteronomy 6:15 - destroy;  Judges 17:5 - consecrated;  Judges 17:12 - his priest;  1 Kings 14:9 - hast done;  1 Kings 14:16 - who did sin;  1 Kings 15:26 - walked;  1 Kings 15:34 - walked;  1 Kings 16:2 - thou hast walked;  1 Kings 16:26 - he walked;  2 Kings 10:29 - the sins;  2 Chronicles 17:4 - not after;  Psalm 21:10 - GeneralJeremiah 28:16 - I will;  Hosea 8:4 - that they;  Hosea 10:8 - the sin;  Amos 9:8 - and I;  Micah 1:13 - she

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-kings-13.html.