Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Kings 17

Introduction

1Hoshea's wicked reign.
3Being subdued by Shalmaneser, he conspires against him with So, king of Egypt.
5Samaria for sinning is led into captivity.
24The strange nations which were transplanted into Samaria, being plagued with lions, make a mixture of religions.

Verse 1

In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years.
A. M. 3274. B.C. 730. In the twelfth. In ch. 15:30, this is said to be "the twentieth year of Jotham," which Calmet thus reconciles: "Hosea conspired against Pekah, the 20th year of the reign of this prince, which was the 18th of Jotham, king of Judah. Two years after this, that is, the 4th of Ahaz and the 20th of Jotham, Hosea made himself master of a part of the kingdom, according to ch. 15:30. Finally, the 12th year of Ahaz, Hosea had peaceable possession of the whole kingdom, agreeably to ch. 17:1."
Hoshea
"After an interregnum, ch. 15:30; 18:9."
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:52 - General1 Kings 16:24 - the name of the city;  2 Kings 18:1 - in the third;  Hosea 8:8 - swallowed;  Hosea 13:11 - GeneralZechariah 1:18 - four

Verse 2

And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, but not as the kings of Israel that were before him.
but not as the kings
3:2; 10:31; 13:2,11; 15:9,18,24; 2 Chronicles 30:5-11
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 31:1 - in Ephraim

Verse 3

Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents.
Shalmaneser
This was the son and successor of Tiglath-pileser: he reigned 14 years, from A.M. 3276 to 3290.
18:9; Hosea 10:14
Shalman
king of Assyria.
15:19,29; 16:7; 18:13; 19:36,37; Isaiah 7:7,8; 10:5,6,11,12
and Hoshea
16:8; 18:14-16,31
gave
Heb. rendered. presents. or, tribute.
2 Samuel 8:2,6
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 4:21 - brought;  2 Kings 15:20 - stayed not;  Nehemiah 9:32 - since the time;  Isaiah 8:4 - the riches of Damascus;  Isaiah 8:7 - he shall come;  Ezekiel 23:5 - on the;  Ezekiel 23:9 - GeneralHosea 7:11 - they call;  Hosea 8:10 - for;  Hosea 10:4 - swearing;  Hosea 10:6 - a present;  Hosea 11:5 - but;  Amos 3:11 - GeneralAmos 6:6 - affliction;  Micah 5:6 - the Assyrian

Verse 4

And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison.
A. M. 3279. B.C. 725. found conspiracy
24:1,20; Ezekiel 17:13-19
king of Egypt
18:21; Isaiah 30:1-4; 31:1-3; Ezekiel 17:15
brought
18:14,15
bound him
25:7; 2 Chronicles 32:11; Psalms 149:7,8
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:36 - bring thee;  Joshua 6:1 - was straitly;  1 Kings 10:25 - a rate;  2 Kings 15:19 - Menahem;  2 Kings 15:20 - stayed not;  2 Kings 18:9 - the fourth year;  2 Chronicles 36:13 - stiffened;  Isaiah 30:2 - walk;  Isaiah 30:4 - his princes;  Isaiah 36:6 - GeneralIsaiah 37:11 - GeneralHosea 7:11 - they call;  Hosea 10:4 - swearing;  Hosea 10:7 - king;  Hosea 12:1 - and they;  Hosea 13:10 - I will be thy king

Verse 5

Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years.
A. M. 3281-3283. B.C. 723-721. the king
18:9
three years
25:1-3; Jeremiah 52:4,5
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 20:1 - besieged;  2 Kings 6:24 - gathered;  2 Kings 19:4 - the remnant;  2 Kings 19:11 - General2 Kings 24:1 - his days;  2 Chronicles 28:20 - distressed him;  2 Chronicles 32:13 - I and my;  Ezra 9:7 - into the hand;  Isaiah 7:8 - within;  Isaiah 8:4 - the riches of Damascus;  Isaiah 9:1 - afterward;  Isaiah 10:9 - Samaria;  Isaiah 36:19 - and have

Verse 6

In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.
A. M. 3283. B.C. 721. the king of Assyria
18:10,11; Hosea 1:6,9; 13:16
foretold
carried.
Leviticus 26:32,33,38; Deuteronomy 4:25-28; 28:36,64; 29:27,28; 30:18; 1 Kings 14:15,16; Amos 5:27
Halah
19:12; 1 Chronicles 5:26; Isaiah 37:12,13
the Medes
Isaiah 13:17; 21:2; Daniel 5:28
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:46 - unto the land;  1 Kings 16:24 - the name of the city;  1 Kings 20:1 - besieged;  2 Kings 15:29 - carried them;  2 Kings 17:23 - So was Israel;  2 Kings 17:24 - in the cities thereof;  2 Kings 18:32 - 1come;  2 Kings 18:34 - have they delivered;  2 Kings 19:4 - the remnant;  2 Kings 19:17 - the kings;  2 Kings 21:13 - I will stretch;  1 Chronicles 5:22 - until the captivity;  2 Chronicles 6:36 - thou be angry;  2 Chronicles 32:1 - king of Assyria;  2 Chronicles 32:13 - I and my;  2 Chronicles 34:21 - that are left;  Psalm 44:11 - scattered;  Isaiah 5:13 - my people;  Isaiah 8:4 - the riches of Damascus;  Isaiah 9:1 - afterward;  Isaiah 9:14 - will cut;  Isaiah 10:9 - Samaria;  Isaiah 10:13 - I have removed;  Isaiah 17:3 - fortress;  Isaiah 26:15 - thou hadst;  Isaiah 27:13 - and they;  Isaiah 28:19 - the time;  Isaiah 36:17 - I come;  Isaiah 37:18 - the kings;  Jeremiah 3:8 - when for;  Jeremiah 3:12 - toward the north;  Jeremiah 50:17 - first;  Daniel 9:7 - near;  Hosea 1:4 - will cause;  Hosea 9:3 - in Assyria;  Amos 6:14 - I will;  Amos 7:11 - and Israel;  Amos 7:17 - die;  Micah 1:16 - for;  Micah 2:10 - and;  Acts 2:9 - Medes;  Acts 7:43 - and I

Verse 7

For so it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and had feared other gods,
sinned
Deuteronomy 31:16,17,29; 32:15-52; Joshua 23:16; Judges 2:14-17; 2 Chronicles 36:14-16; Nehemiah 9:26; Psalms 106:35-41; Ezekiel 23:2-16; Hosea 4:1-3; 8:5-14
the Lord
16:2; 1 Kings 11:4; 15:3; 2 Chronicles 36:5
which had
Exodus 20:2
and had feared
35; Jeremiah 10:5
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:43 - they despised;  Deuteronomy 29:26 - they went;  1 Kings 8:33 - because they have;  1 Kings 14:15 - the Lord;  2 Kings 18:12 - they obeyed not;  1 Chronicles 5:25 - and went;  2 Chronicles 6:24 - because;  2 Chronicles 34:21 - that are left;  Psalm 78:56 - GeneralIsaiah 24:5 - because;  Jeremiah 3:6 - backsliding;  Jeremiah 11:10 - the house of Israel;  Ezekiel 9:9 - The iniquity;  Ezekiel 16:15 - and playedst;  Ezekiel 23:5 - Aholah;  Ezekiel 39:24 - GeneralDaniel 9:7 - near;  Hosea 4:18 - committed;  Hosea 6:10 - there;  Hosea 12:14 - provoked;  Hosea 13:9 - thou;  Amos 2:6 - For three;  Amos 5:12 - manifold;  Micah 1:5 - the transgression of Jacob

Verse 8

And walked in the statutes of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had made.
walked
16:3,10; 21:2; Leviticus 18:3,27-30; Deuteronomy 12:30,31; 18:9; 1 Kings 12:28; 1 Kings 16:31-33; 21:26; Psalms 106:35; Jeremiah 10:2
of the kings of Israel
Hosea 5:11; Micah 6:16
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 17:15 - concerning whom;  2 Kings 17:40 - but they did;  2 Chronicles 33:9 - the heathen;  Psalm 106:36 - And;  Ezekiel 5:6 - she hath

Verse 9

And the children of Israel did secretly those things that were not right against the LORD their God, and they built them high places in all their cities, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city.
secretly
Deuteronomy 13:6; 27:15; Job 31:27; Ezekiel 8:12
from the tower
18:8; Hosea 12:11
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 14:23 - groves;  2 Kings 23:19 - the houses;  Jeremiah 32:30 - children;  Ezekiel 33:29 - because;  Habakkuk 2:1 - tower

Verse 10

And they set them up images and groves in every high hill, and under every green tree:
they set
16:4; Exodus 34:13; Leviticus 26:1; 1 Kings 14:23; Isaiah 57:5
images
Heb. statues. groves.
Deuteronomy 16:21; Micah 5:14
in every
16:4; 1 Kings 14:23; Deuteronomy 12:2,3
Reciprocal: Leviticus 17:5 - in the open;  2 Kings 17:16 - a grove

Verse 11

And there they burnt incense in all the high places, as did the heathen whom the LORD carried away before them; and wrought wicked things to provoke the LORD to anger:
burnt
1 Kings 13:1; 2 Chronicles 28:25; Jeremiah 44:17
to provoke
21:6; Psalms 78:56-58
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 12:2 - possess;  2 Kings 17:15 - concerning whom;  2 Kings 17:17 - in the sight;  2 Chronicles 33:2 - like unto;  Ezekiel 11:12 - but;  Ezekiel 16:44 - As is

Verse 12

For they served idols, whereof the LORD had said unto them, Ye shall not do this thing.
whereof
Exodus 20:3-5; 34:14; Leviticus 26:1; Deuteronomy 4:19; 5:7-9
Ye shall not
Deuteronomy 4:15-19,23-25; 12:4
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 17:15 - concerning whom;  2 Kings 17:40 - but they did

Verse 13

Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets.
testified
Deuteronomy 8:19; 31:21; Nehemiah 9:29,30; Psalms 50:7; 81:8,9; Jeremiah 42:19; Acts 20:21
and against
2 Chronicles 36:15,16; Jeremiah 3:8-11; Hosea 4:15
all
Heb. the hand of all.
Deuteronomy 4:26; Joshua 23:16; Judges 6:10; 10:11-14; 1 Samuel 12:7-15; Isaiah 1:5-15,21-24; Jeremiah 5:29-31; Zechariah 1:3-6
seers
1 Samuel 9:9; 1 Chronicles 29:29
Turn ye
Isaiah 1:16-20; 55:6,7; Jeremiah 7:3-7; 18:11; 25:4,5; 35:15; Ezekiel 18:31; Hosea 14:1; 2 Peter 3:9
keep
Jeremiah 7:22,23; 26:4-6
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 17:23 - as he had said;  2 Kings 18:6 - kept;  2 Chronicles 24:19 - Yet he sent;  2 Chronicles 33:18 - the seers;  Nehemiah 9:34 - thou didst;  Jeremiah 3:7 - Turn thou;  Jeremiah 26:5 - my;  Jeremiah 34:14 - but;  Ezekiel 3:19 - if thou;  Daniel 9:6 - have we;  Daniel 9:10 - which;  Hosea 7:12 - as their;  Hosea 11:2 - they called;  Hosea 11:5 - because;  Hosea 12:10 - have also;  Amos 2:11 - I raised;  Amos 3:13 - and testify;  Zechariah 7:11 - they refused;  Matthew 21:34 - he sent;  Mark 12:2 - a servant;  Luke 20:10 - sent;  2 Corinthians 5:20 - as

Verse 14

Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the LORD their God.
but hardened
Deuteronomy 31:27; 2 Chronicles 36:13; Proverbs 29:1; Isaiah 48:4; Jeremiah 7:26; Romans 2:4,5; Hebrews 3:7,8
did not believe
Deuteronomy 1:32; Psalms 78:22,32; 106:24; Hebrews 3:12
Reciprocal: Exodus 16:28 - GeneralDeuteronomy 9:13 - stiffnecked;  Nehemiah 9:16 - hardened;  Psalm 78:8 - as their;  Psalm 78:10 - GeneralIsaiah 5:24 - cast away;  Isaiah 65:3 - A people;  Jeremiah 3:7 - Turn thou;  Jeremiah 25:5 - Turn;  Jeremiah 34:14 - but;  Daniel 5:20 - hardened;  Daniel 9:6 - have we;  Hosea 9:17 - because;  Hosea 11:5 - because;  Matthew 21:34 - he sent;  Acts 19:9 - divers

Verse 15

And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, and went after the heathen that were round about them, concerning whom the LORD had charged them, that they should not do like them.
they rejected
Jeremiah 8:9
his covenant
Exodus 24:6-8; Deuteronomy 29:10-15,25,26; Jeremiah 31:32
testimonies
Deuteronomy 6:17,18; 2 Chronicles 36:15,16; Nehemiah 9:26,29,30; Jeremiah 44:4,23
vanity
Deuteronomy 32:21,31; 1 Samuel 12:21; 1 Kings 16:13; Psalms 115:8; Jeremiah 10:8,15; John 2:8
became vain
Jeremiah 2:5; Romans 1:21-23; 1 Corinthians 8:4
concerning whom
8,11,12; Deuteronomy 12:30,31; 2 Chronicles 33:2,9
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:15 - despise;  1 Samuel 15:23 - thou hast rejected;  2 Kings 17:20 - rejected;  2 Kings 17:35 - With whom;  Nehemiah 9:34 - thy testimonies;  Psalm 78:10 - GeneralIsaiah 5:24 - cast away;  Jeremiah 23:16 - they make;  Jeremiah 44:8 - ye provoke;  Ezekiel 16:44 - As is;  Hosea 6:7 - transgressed;  Hosea 8:12 - but;  Amos 3:13 - and testify;  Jonah 2:8 - GeneralHebrews 8:9 - they continued

Verse 16

And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, even two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal.
molten images
Exodus 32:4,8; 1 Kings 12:28; Psalms 106:18-20; Isaiah 44:9,10
a grove
10; 1 Kings 14:15,23; 15:13; 16:33
worshipped
Deuteronomy 4:19; Jeremiah 8:2
Baal
10:18-28; 11:18; 1 Kings 16:31; 22:53
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 16:21 - GeneralJudges 10:6 - the gods of Zidon;  2 Kings 13:6 - and there remained;  2 Kings 18:6 - kept;  2 Kings 21:3 - and worshipped;  2 Kings 23:4 - Baal;  2 Kings 23:19 - to provoke the Lord;  Psalm 106:36 - And;  Jeremiah 44:17 - queen of heaven;  Ezekiel 23:8 - whoredoms;  Hosea 4:6 - seeing;  Hosea 8:5 - mine;  Hosea 8:12 - but;  Hosea 10:5 - the calves;  Hosea 10:14 - and all;  Hosea 11:2 - they sacrificed;  Hosea 13:1 - offended;  Amos 5:2 - is fallen;  Acts 7:42 - the host;  Acts 7:43 - ye took

Verse 17

And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.
they caused
16:3; 21:6; Leviticus 18:21; 2 Chronicles 28:3; Psalms 106:37,38; Ezekiel 20:26,31; Ezekiel 23:37,39
used
21:6; Deuteronomy 18:10-12; 2 Chronicles 33:6; Isaiah 8:19; 47:9,12,13; Jeremiah 27:9; Micah 5:12; Acts 16:16; Galatians 5:26
sold
1 Kings 21:20,25; Isaiah 50:1
in the sight
11; 21:6
Reciprocal: Leviticus 19:26 - nor;  Leviticus 19:31 - GeneralLeviticus 20:2 - giveth;  Deuteronomy 4:25 - do evil;  2 Kings 17:31 - burnt their children;  2 Kings 23:10 - might make;  Psalm 51:4 - evil;  Psalm 106:36 - And;  Jeremiah 7:31 - to burn;  Jeremiah 19:5 - to burn;  Jeremiah 25:7 - that ye;  Ezekiel 2:3 - rebelled;  Ezekiel 16:21 - to pass;  Hosea 9:15 - I will drive;  Romans 7:14 - sold

Verse 18

Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only.
removed
13:23; 23:27; Deuteronomy 29:20-28; 32:21-26; Joshua 23:13,15; Jeremiah 15:1; Hosea 9:3
the tribe
1 Kings 11:13,32,36; 12:20; Hosea 11:12
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 29:28 - rooted them;  1 Kings 8:46 - unto the land;  2 Kings 17:20 - until he had cast;  2 Kings 17:23 - the Lord;  2 Chronicles 6:36 - thou be angry;  Psalm 51:11 - Cast;  Isaiah 37:4 - for the;  Jeremiah 7:15 - I will;  Jeremiah 36:2 - against Israel;  Ezekiel 23:13 - that they;  Daniel 9:11 - all;  Hosea 4:15 - yet;  Hosea 9:12 - woe;  Hosea 13:16 - Samaria;  Zechariah 8:13 - O house

Verse 19

Also Judah kept not the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made.
Also Judah
1 Kings 14:22,23; 2 Chronicles 21:11,13; Jeremiah 2:28; 3:8-11; Ezekiel 16:51,52; Ezekiel 22:2-16; 23:4-13
walked
8:18,27; 16:3
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 27:15 - and putteth;  2 Kings 18:6 - kept;  2 Chronicles 12:1 - all Israel;  2 Chronicles 17:4 - not after;  Jeremiah 14:19 - utterly;  Ezekiel 23:13 - that they;  Hosea 4:15 - yet;  Hosea 5:5 - Judah;  Hosea 12:2 - and will;  Amos 2:4 - Judah

Verse 20

And the LORD rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of his sight.
rejected
15; 1 Samuel 15:23,26; 16:1; Jeremiah 6:30; Romans 11:1,2
all the seed
1 Chronicles 16:13; Nehemiah 9:2; Isaiah 45:25; Jeremiah 31:36,37; 33:24-26; 46:28
delivered
13:3,7; 15:18-20,29; 18:9; 2 Chronicles 28:5,6; Nehemiah 9:27,28
until he had cast
18; Deuteronomy 11:12; Jonah 1:3,10; Matthew 25:41; 2 Thessalonians 1:9
Reciprocal: Leviticus 14:45 - break down;  Deuteronomy 28:43 - GeneralDeuteronomy 28:45 - Moreover;  Judges 2:14 - he delivered;  1 Kings 9:7 - will 1cut;  2 Kings 13:6 - departed;  2 Kings 17:23 - the Lord;  2 Kings 23:27 - I will remove;  2 Kings 25:21 - So Judah;  2 Chronicles 7:20 - I pluck;  Jeremiah 7:29 - for;  Jeremiah 14:19 - utterly;  Jeremiah 15:1 - cast;  Jeremiah 52:27 - Thus;  Hosea 5:5 - Judah;  Hosea 12:2 - and will

Verse 21

For he rent Israel from the house of David; and they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king: and Jeroboam drave Israel from following the LORD, and made them sin a great sin.
For he rent
1 Kings 11:11,31; 14:8; Isaiah 7:17
they made
1 Kings 12:19,20; 2 Chronicles 10:15-19
Jeroboam drave
1 Kings 12:20,28-30; 14:16; 2 Chronicles 11:11,15
a great sin
Genesis 20:9; Exodus 32:21; 1 Samuel 2:17,24; Psalms 25:11; John 19:11
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:30 - Ye have;  Deuteronomy 13:13 - are gone;  Joshua 22:18 - following;  1 Kings 12:30 - became a sin;  1 Kings 13:34 - became sin;  2 Chronicles 10:19 - Israel;  Ezekiel 4:4 - and lay;  Hosea 8:5 - mine

Verse 22

For the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they departed not from them;
walked in all the sins
3:3; 10:29,31; 13:2,6,11; 15:9
Reciprocal: Joshua 23:13 - until ye perish

Verse 23

Until the LORD removed Israel out of his sight, as he had said by all his servants the prophets. So was Israel carried away out of their own land to Assyria unto this day.
the Lord
18,20
as he had said
13; 1 Kings 13:2; 14:16; Hosea 1:4-9; Amos 5:27; Micah 1:6
So was Israel
6; 18:11,12
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:43 - GeneralDeuteronomy 29:28 - rooted them;  Joshua 23:13 - until ye perish;  1 Kings 8:46 - unto the land;  1 Kings 14:15 - shall scatter;  2 Kings 15:29 - carried them;  2 Kings 18:32 - 1come;  2 Kings 18:34 - have they delivered;  2 Chronicles 6:36 - thou be angry;  Isaiah 26:15 - thou hadst;  Jeremiah 3:12 - toward the north;  Jeremiah 7:15 - I will;  Jeremiah 26:5 - my;  Jeremiah 52:27 - Thus;  Ezekiel 23:9 - GeneralHosea 1:6 - for;  Hosea 9:12 - woe;  Micah 2:4 - he hath changed

Verse 24

And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof.
A. M. 3326. B.C. 678. the king
Ezra 4:2-10
Babylon
30; 2 Chronicles 33:11
Ava
31; 18:31; Isaiah 37:13
Ivah
Hamath.
19:13; Isaiah 10:9; 36:19
in the cities thereof
6; Matthew 10:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 10:18 - Hamathite;  1 Kings 16:24 - the name of the city;  2 Kings 17:26 - and placed;  2 Kings 18:34 - the gods;  2 Kings 19:17 - the kings;  Ezra 4:9 - the Dinaites;  Ezra 4:10 - And the rest;  Isaiah 10:13 - I have removed;  Isaiah 23:13 - the Assyrian;  Isaiah 37:18 - the kings;  Jeremiah 39:5 - Hamath;  Jeremiah 49:23 - Hamath;  Amos 6:2 - Hamath;  Obadiah 1:19 - the fields of Ephraim;  Micah 2:4 - he hath changed;  Luke 9:52 - the Samaritans;  John 4:9 - for

Verse 25

And so it was at the beginning of their dwelling there, that they feared not the LORD: therefore the LORD sent lions among them, which slew some of them.
they feared
28,32,34,41; Joshua 22:25; Jeremiah 10:7; Daniel 6:26; Jonah 1:9
the Lord sent
2:24; 1 Kings 13:24; 20:36; Jeremiah 5:6; 15:3; Ezekiel 14:15,21
Reciprocal: Exodus 5:3 - lest he;  Leviticus 26:6 - rid;  Leviticus 26:22 - wild;  Isaiah 15:9 - lions;  Ezekiel 5:17 - and evil

Verse 26

Wherefore they spake to the king of Assyria, saying, The nations which thou hast removed, and placed in the cities of Samaria, know not the manner of the God of the land: therefore he hath sent lions among them, and, behold, they slay them, because they know not the manner of the God of the land.
and placed
know not
27; 1 Samuel 8:9; 10:25; Amos 8:14
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:6 - rid;  John 4:20 - fathers

Verse 27

Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, Carry thither one of the priests whom ye brought from thence; and let them go and dwell there, and let him teach them the manner of the God of the land.
one of the priests
Judges 17:13; 1 Kings 12:31; 13:2; 2 Chronicles 11:15
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 17:26 - know not;  2 Kings 17:34 - fear not;  Ezra 4:2 - we do;  John 4:22 - ye know;  Hebrews 8:11 - Know the

Verse 28

Then one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came and dwelt in Bethel, and taught them how they should fear the LORD.
in Bethel
1 Kings 12:29-32
taught them
Isaiah 29:13; Matthew 15:14
Reciprocal: Leviticus 11:20 - General2 Kings 17:25 - they feared;  2 Kings 17:34 - fear not;  Jonah 1:9 - and I;  Hebrews 8:11 - Know the

Verse 29

Howbeit every nation made gods of their own, and put them in the houses of the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in their cities wherein they dwelt.
made gods
Psalms 115:4-8; 135:15-18; Isaiah 44:9-20; Jeremiah 10:3-5; Hosea 8:5,6; Micah 4:5; Romans 1:23
Reciprocal: Genesis 35:2 - strange;  Exodus 20:3 - GeneralJudges 10:6 - the gods of Zidon;  2 Kings 17:32 - the houses

Verse 30

And the men of Babylon made Succothbenoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made Ashima,
Babylon
Succoth benoth
Succoth benoth, literally "the tents of the daughters."
Cuth
Cuth is probably the Cush watered by the Gihon, or Araxes, now Aras (Ge 2:13,) the ancient country of the Scythians, where we meet with the Quitians, Coëthians, or Coëtæ, and Cytheans, and the cities of Cotatis, Cetemane, Cythanum, Cyta, Cethena, etc.
Nergal
Supposed to denote the solar orb; the emblem of which, according to the Rabbins, was a cock.
Ashima
Jarchi says this idol was of the form of a goat.
Reciprocal: Genesis 10:18 - Hamathite;  Deuteronomy 13:6 - which thou;  2 Kings 18:34 - have they delivered;  Ezra 4:9 - the Dinaites;  Isaiah 37:9 - Ethiopia;  Isaiah 37:13 - Ivah;  Jeremiah 2:28 - to the number;  Jeremiah 39:3 - Nergalsharezer;  Amos 6:2 - Hamath

Verse 31

And the Avites made Nibhaz and Tartak, and the Sepharvites burnt their children in fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim.
the Avites
24; Ezra 4:9
Nibhaz
Supposed to be the same as the Anubis of the Egyptians; and was in form partly a dog and partly a man.
burnt their children
17; Leviticus 18:21; Deuteronomy 12:28,31
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 13:6 - which thou;  2 Kings 18:34 - have they delivered;  Isaiah 37:13 - Ivah;  Jeremiah 2:28 - to the number

Verse 32

So they feared the LORD, and made unto themselves of the lowest of them priests of the high places, which sacrificed for them in the houses of the high places.
made unto themselves
1 Kings 12:31; 13:33
the houses
29; 23:19; 1 Kings 13:31
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 17:25 - they feared;  2 Kings 17:41 - these nations;  Jonah 1:9 - and I

Verse 33

They feared the LORD, and served their own gods, after the manner of the nations whom they carried away from thence.
They feared
41; 1 Kings 18:21; Hosea 10:2; Zephaniah 1:5; Matthew 6:24; Luke 16:13
whom they carried, etc
or, who carried them away from thence. The new inhabitants of the land imitated the idolatrous Israelites, by associating their idols with Jehovah, as the objects of worship. The remainder, however, of the verses seem to relate to the Israelites after they were carried captive. They still persevered in idolatry and disobedience; and not being purified, were left to be consumed in the furnace. It is said that the Israelites "did not fear the Lord," yet the heathens, who followed their example, are said "to have feared the Lord." The Israelites did not so much as fear the wrath of Almighty God; but, on the other hand, the poor pagans feared the power of his wrath, and to avert it paid some ignorant worship, according to the wretched instructions given them. As this was an external acknowledgement of his power and Godhead, and a homage paid to him,he was pleased in consequence to withdraw his judgements from them.--SCOTT
Reciprocal: Exodus 20:23 - GeneralJudges 6:10 - fear not;  2 Kings 17:34 - fear not;  2 Corinthians 6:16 - what;  James 1:8 - General

Verse 34

Unto this day they do after the former manners: they fear not the LORD, neither do they after their statutes, or after their ordinances, or after the law and commandment which the LORD commanded the children of Jacob, whom he named Israel;
fear not
25,27,28,33
whom he named Israel
Genesis 32:28; 33:20; 35:10; 1 Kings 11:31; 18:11; Isaiah 48:1
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 18:31 - saying;  2 Kings 17:40 - but they did;  2 Chronicles 11:3 - to all Israel;  Micah 4:5 - all;  Matthew 6:24 - serve;  Romans 11:8 - unto this day;  2 Corinthians 6:16 - what

Verse 35

With whom the LORD had made a covenant, and charged them, saying, Ye shall not fear other gods, nor bow yourselves to them, nor serve them, nor sacrifice to them:
With whom
15; Exodus 19:5,6; 24:6-8; Deuteronomy 29:10-15; Jeremiah 31:31-34; Hebrews 8:6-13
charged them
Exodus 20:4,5; 34:12-17; Deuteronomy 4:23-27; 13:1-18; Joshua 23:7,16
fear other gods
Judges 6:10; Jeremiah 10:5
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 5:18 - and I bow;  2 Kings 17:7 - and had feared;  2 Kings 17:37 - and ye shall not;  Jeremiah 25:6 - General

Verse 36

But the LORD, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt with great power and a stretched out arm, him shall ye fear, and him shall ye worship, and to him shall ye do sacrifice.
a stretched
Exodus 6:6; 9:15; Deuteronomy 5:15; Jeremiah 32:21; Acts 4:30
him shall ye fear
Leviticus 19:32; Deuteronomy 6:13; 10:20; 12:5,6,11,12; Matthew 10:28; Revelation 15:4
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:42 - thy strong hand;  2 Kings 17:39 - the Lord;  Revelation 19:10 - worship;  Revelation 22:9 - worship God

Verse 37

And the statutes, and the ordinances, and the law, and the commandment, which he wrote for you, ye shall observe to do for evermore; and ye shall not fear other gods.
the statutes
Leviticus 19:37; Deuteronomy 4:44,45; 5:31-33; 6:1,2; 12:32; 1 Chronicles 29:19; Psalms 19:8-11; Psalms 105:44,45
wrote for you
Deuteronomy 31:9,11; Nehemiah 9:13,14
and ye shall not

Verse 38

And the covenant that I have made with you ye shall not forget; neither shall ye fear other gods.
ye shall not forget
Deuteronomy 4:23; 6:12; 8:14-18

Verse 39

But the LORD your God ye shall fear; and he shall deliver you out of the hand of all your enemies.
the Lord
36; 1 Samuel 12:24; Isaiah 8:12-14; Jeremiah 10:7; Matthew 10:28; Luke 1:50
he shall deliver
Nehemiah 9:27; Luke 1:71,74,75

Verse 40

Howbeit they did not hearken, but they did after their former manner.
they did not
Jeremiah 13:23
but they did
8,12,34; Deuteronomy 4:28

Verse 41

So these nations feared the LORD, and served their graven images, both their children, and their children's children: as did their fathers, so do they unto this day.
these nations
32,33; Joshua 24:14-20; 1 Kings 18:21; Zephaniah 1:5; Matthew 6:24; Revelation 3:15,16
unto this day
Ezra 4:1-3 Reciprocal: Exodus 20:5 - bow down;  Exodus 20:23 - General2 Kings 17:25 - they feared;  Ezra 4:2 - we do;  John 4:22 - ye know;  Romans 11:8 - unto this day;  James 1:8 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/2-kings-17.html.