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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Acts 1

Introduction

1Christ, preparing his apostles to the beholding of his ascension, gathers them together unto the mount Olivet, commands them to expect in Jerusalem the sending down of the Holy Ghost, promises after a few days to send it, and ascends into heaven in their sight.
10After his ascension they are warned by two angels to depart, and to set their minds upon his second coming.
12They accordingly return, and, giving themselves to prayer, choose Matthias apostle in the place of Judas.

Verse 1

The former treatise have I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach,
former
Luke 1:24
O Theophilus
Luke 1:3
of
2:22; Matthew 4:23,24; 11:5; Luke 7:21-23; 24:19; John 10:32-38; 18:19-21; 1 Peter 2:21-23
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 17:7 - to teach; Ezra 7:10 - and to teach; Matthew 5:19 - do; Mark 1:1 - beginning; Mark 6:30 - both; Luke 1:1 - those; Luke 14:22 - it is; 1 Timothy 3:16 - received

Verse 2

Until the day in which he was taken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments unto the apostles whom he had chosen:
the day
9; Mark 16:19; Luke 9:51; 24:51; John 6:62; 13:1,3; 16:28; 17:13; 20:17; Ephesians 4:8-10; 1 Timothy 3:16; Hebrews 6:19,20; 9:24; 1 Peter 3:22
through
10:38; Isaiah 11:2,3; 42:1; 48:16; 59:20,21; 61:1; Matthew 3:16; 12:28; John 1:16; 3:34; Revelation 1:1; 2:7,11,17,29; 3:16,13,22
given
Matthew 28:19; Mark 16:15-19; Luke 24:45-49
the apostles
13; 10:40-42; Matthew 10:1-4; Mark 3:14-19; Luke 6:13-16; John 6:70; 13:18; John 20:21; Galatians 1:1; Ephesians 2:20; 2 Peter 3:2; Revelation 21:14
Reciprocal: Numbers 16:5 - even him; 2 Kings 2:5 - thy master; 1 Chronicles 22:6 - charged him; Psalm 68:18 - ascended; Matthew 11:1 - commanding; Matthew 24:14 - shall be; Mark 1:1 - beginning; Luke 4:1 - full; John 14:26 - Holy Ghost; Acts 1:22 - unto; Acts 10:41 - Not; 1 Corinthians 1:1 - an; 1 Corinthians 15:5 - then; 1 Corinthians 15:7 - then; 1 Timothy 3:15 - know; Hebrews 9:14 - who

Verse 3

To whom also he shewed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God:
he shewed
13:31; Matthew 28:9,16; Mark 16:10-14; Luke 24:1-53; John 20:1-21; 1 Corinthians 15:5-7; 1 John 1:1
forty
Deuteronomy 9:9,18; 1 Kings 19:8; Matthew 4:2
speaking
28:31; Daniel 2:44,45; Matthew 3:2; 21:43; Luke 17:20,21; 24:44-49; Romans 14:17; Colossians 1:13; 1 Thessalonians 2:12
Reciprocal: Mark 16:19 - after; Luke 1:2 - which; Luke 24:39 - my hands; John 14:30 - I; John 16:12 - yet; John 16:16 - a little while; Acts 8:12 - concerning; Acts 10:41 - Not; Acts 19:8 - disputing; 1 Corinthians 15:4 - he rose

Verse 4

And, being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of me.
being assembled together
or, eating together.
10:41; Luke 24:41-43
commanded
Luke 24:49
the promise
2:33; Matthew 10:20; Luke 11:13; 12:12; John 7:39; 14:16,26-28; 15:26; John 16:7-15; 20:22
Reciprocal: Numbers 9:22 - abode; Psalm 68:18 - received; Isaiah 26:8 - we; Acts 17:3 - whom I preach; Galatians 3:14 - might; Ephesians 1:13 - holy; Revelation 22:1 - proceeding

Verse 5

For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.
John
11:15; 19:4; Matthew 3:11; Luke 3:16; John 1:31; 1 Corinthians 12:13; Titus 3:5
but
2:1-4,16-21; 10:45; 11:15; Joel 2:28-32; 3:18
Reciprocal: Psalm 47:5 - God; Matthew 3:6 - were; Matthew 3:14 - I have; Mark 1:8 - he shall; John 1:26 - I; John 1:33 - the same; John 16:7 - but; Acts 2:4 - filled; Acts 11:16 - how; Galatians 3:14 - might; Revelation 22:1 - proceeding

Verse 6

When they therefore were come together, they asked of him, saying, Lord, wilt thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel?
Lord
Matthew 24:3; John 21:21
restore
Genesis 49:10; Isaiah 1:26; 9:6,7; Jeremiah 23:5,6; 33:15-17,26; Ezekiel 37:24-27; Daniel 7:27; Hosea 3:4; Joel 3:16-21; Amos 9:11; Obadiah 1:17-21; Micah 5:2; Zephaniah 3:15-17; Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 20:21; Luke 22:29
Reciprocal: Mark 9:1 - the kingdom; Mark 13:4 - General; Luke 17:20 - when the; Luke 19:11 - they thought; Luke 21:7 - when; Luke 24:21 - General; Acts 3:19 - when

Verse 7

And he said unto them, It is not for you to know the times or the seasons, which the Father hath put in his own power.
It
17:26; Deuteronomy 29:29; Daniel 2:21; Matthew 24:36; Mark 13:32; Luke 21:24; Ephesians 1:10; 1 Thessalonians 5:1,2; 1 Timothy 6:15; 2 Timothy 3:1
which
Matthew 20:23; Mark 10:40
Reciprocal: Genesis 17:21 - at; Exodus 12:41 - selfsame; Joshua 6:10 - until the day; Job 14:13 - appoint me; Job 24:1 - seeing; Job 33:13 - giveth not account; Psalm 31:15 - My times; Psalm 75:2 - receive the congregation; Psalm 102:13 - the set; Ecclesiastes 3:17 - for; Isaiah 40:2 - warfare; Daniel 11:27 - yet; Daniel 12:8 - but; Habakkuk 2:3 - the vision; Zechariah 14:7 - which; Mark 9:1 - the kingdom; Mark 13:4 - General; Luke 13:23 - And; Luke 17:20 - when the; Luke 21:7 - when; John 7:6 - My time; John 21:21 - Lord; Galatians 4:4 - the fulness

Verse 8

But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.
ye shall
2:1-4; 6:8; 8:19; Micah 3:8; Zechariah 4:6; Luke 10:19; Revelation 11:3-6
power, etc
or, the power of the Holy Ghost coming upon you.
Luke 1:35; 24:29; Romans 15:19
and ye
22; 2:32; 3:15; 4:33; 5:32; 10:39-41; 13:31; 22:15; Matthew 28:19; Mark 16:15; Luke 24:46-49; John 15:27
in Samaria
8:5-25
unto
Psalms 22:27; 98:3; Isaiah 42:10; 49:6; 52:10; 66:19; Jeremiah 16:19; Matthew 24:14; Romans 10:18; 15:19
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 2:9 - Ask what; 2 Kings 2:15 - The spirit; Psalm 110:3 - day; Proverbs 8:1 - General; Isaiah 2:3 - for out; Isaiah 43:10 - my witnesses; Isaiah 44:8 - ye are; Isaiah 48:6 - and will; Ezekiel 3:4 - General; Amos 7:15 - Go; Micah 4:2 - for; Matthew 10:1 - he gave; Matthew 10:5 - of the Samaritans; Matthew 10:26 - for; Matthew 13:37 - is; Matthew 22:4 - other; Matthew 23:34 - I send; Mark 3:14 - and; Luke 1:2 - which; Luke 9:1 - gave; Luke 11:49 - I will; Luke 13:23 - And; Luke 17:16 - and he; Luke 24:48 - General; Luke 24:49 - but; John 4:9 - for; John 4:41 - many; John 14:26 - Holy Ghost; John 15:16 - ordained; John 20:21 - as; Acts 3:26 - first; Acts 4:18 - not to speak; Acts 4:20 - the things; Acts 8:25 - when they had; Acts 9:32 - as; Acts 10:42 - he commanded; Acts 13:47 - so; 1 Corinthians 12:10 - the working; Galatians 2:8 - he; Colossians 1:11 - his; 2 Timothy 1:7 - but; 1 Peter 5:1 - and a

Verse 9

And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight.
when
2; Psalms 68:18; Mark 16:19; Luke 24:50,51; John 6:62; Ephesians 4:8-12
a cloud
Exodus 19:9; 34:5; Isaiah 19:1; Daniel 7:13; Luke 21:27; Revelation 1:7; 11:12; 14:4
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 11:7 - the hill; 2 Kings 2:1 - take up; 2 Kings 2:10 - if thou see; 2 Kings 2:12 - he saw him; Matthew 9:15 - when; Matthew 17:5 - behold; Mark 2:20 - be taken; Mark 9:7 - a cloud; Mark 14:62 - the Son; Luke 5:35 - when; Luke 9:51 - that; Luke 19:12 - a far; John 12:8 - but; John 16:28 - I leave; John 17:11 - I am; Acts 1:22 - unto; Ephesians 4:10 - ascended; 1 Thessalonians 4:17 - in the; Hebrews 9:24 - but

Verse 10

And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel;
while
2 Kings 2:11,12
two
10:3,30; Daniel 7:9; Matthew 17:2; 28:3; Mark 16:5; Luke 24:4; John 20:12; Revelation 3:4; Revelation 7:14
Reciprocal: Joshua 5:13 - a man; 2 Kings 2:10 - if thou see; Matthew 9:15 - when; Mark 16:19 - he was; Luke 19:12 - a far; John 1:51 - and the; Acts 7:55 - looked; 1 Timothy 3:16 - seen; Revelation 19:8 - white

Verse 11

Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.
Ye men
2:7; 13:31; Mark 14:70
why
3:12; Luke 24:5
shall
Daniel 7:13,14; Matthew 24:30; 25:31; Mark 13:26; Luke 21:27; John 14:3; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; 1 Thessalonians 4:16; 2 Thessalonians 1:7-10; Revelation 1:7
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 2:5 - thy master; Zechariah 14:4 - his feet; Matthew 26:64 - Hereafter; Mark 16:19 - he was; Luke 19:12 - and; John 1:51 - and the; Acts 3:21 - the heaven; Acts 7:55 - looked; 1 Corinthians 11:26 - till; Galatians 4:25 - Arabia; Ephesians 4:10 - ascended; Philippians 3:20 - from; 1 Timothy 3:16 - seen; Hebrews 4:14 - that is; Hebrews 9:28 - he appear; 1 Peter 3:22 - is gone

Verse 12

Then returned they unto Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is from Jerusalem a sabbath day's journey.
from
Zechariah 14:4; Matthew 21:1; 24:3; 26:30; Luke 21:37; 24:52
a sabbath
Luke 24:50; John 11:18
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 11:29 - General; 2 Samuel 15:30 - the ascent; 1 Kings 11:7 - the hill; Matthew 24:20 - neither; Mark 11:1 - at the; Luke 19:29 - Bethany

Verse 13

And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon Zelotes, and Judas the brother of James.
an
9:37-39; 20:8; Mark 14:15; Luke 22:12
Peter
2:14,38; 3:1-10; 4:13,19; 8:14-25; 9:32-43; 10:9-33; 12:2,3; 15:7-11; Matthew 4:18-22; 10:2-4; Mark 3:16-18; 5:37; 9:2; 14:33; Luke 6:13-16; John 1:40-42; 13:23-25; 18:17,25-27; 21:15-24; 1 John 1:1-5; 2 John 1:1-13; 3 John 1:1-14; Revelation 1:1-3
Philip
John 1:43-46; 6:5-7; 12:21,22; 14:8,9
Thomas
John 11:16; 20:26-29; 21:2
Matthew
Matthew 9:9; Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27-29
Levi
James
12:17; 15:13; 1 Corinthians 15:7; Galatians 1:19; 2:9; James 1:1
Alphaeus
Mark 2:14; 3:18
Simon
Matthew 10:4; Mark 3:18
Canaanite
Luke 6:15
Judas
Matthew 10:3
Lebbaeus whose surname was Thaddaeus
Mark 3:18
Thaddaeus
Jude 1:1
Reciprocal: Malachi 3:16 - spake; Matthew 28:16 - the eleven; Mark 1:16 - Simon; Mark 1:19 - James; Mark 6:3 - Simon; Luke 6:14 - Simon; John 1:44 - Philip; John 2:12 - and his brethren; John 14:22 - Judas; Acts 1:2 - the apostles; Acts 2:46 - from house to house; Acts 4:23 - they; 1 Thessalonians 1:7 - in; Hebrews 10:25 - forsaking

Verse 14

These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren.
all
2:1,42,46; 4:24-31; 6:4; Matthew 18:19,20; 21:22; Luke 11:13; 18:1; 24:53; Ephesians 6:18
with the
Matthew 27:55; Mark 15:40; 16:1; Luke 8:2,3; 23:49,55; 24:10; John 19:25
Mary
John 19:25,26
with his
Matthew 13:55,56; Mark 3:31-35
Reciprocal: Numbers 20:8 - speak; Matthew 12:46 - his; Luke 8:20 - thy brethren; John 2:12 - and his brethren; Acts 4:23 - they; Acts 4:32 - the multitude; Acts 5:12 - they; Acts 15:25 - being; Romans 12:12 - continuing; 1 Corinthians 9:5 - the brethren; 1 Corinthians 14:13 - pray; Philippians 2:2 - one accord; Hebrews 10:25 - forsaking; 1 Peter 3:5 - the holy

Verse 15

And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples, and said, (the number of names together were about an hundred and twenty,)
Peter
Psalms 32:5,6; 51:9-13; Luke 22:32; John 21:15-17
the names
Revelation 3:4; 11:13; *Gr:
an
21:20; *Gr:; Matthew 13:31; John 14:12; 1 Corinthians 15:6
Reciprocal: Psalm 72:16 - There; Isaiah 45:2 - make; Matthew 13:32 - the least; Acts 2:3 - sat; Acts 2:41 - added

Verse 16

Men and brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus.
Men
2:29,37; 7:2; 13:15,26,38; 15:7,13; 22:1; 23:1,6; 28:17
this
2:23; 13:27-29; Matthew 26:54,56; John 10:35; 12:38-40; 19:28-30,36
which the
2:30,31; 4:25-28; 28:25; 2 Samuel 23:2; Mark 12:36; Hebrews 3:7,8; 1 Peter 1:11; 2 Peter 2:21
spake
Psalms 41:9; 55:12-15; Matthew 26:47; John 13:18; 18:2-8
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 15:12 - And so; Psalm 101:7 - He that worketh; Psalm 109:8 - another; Matthew 2:15 - that; Matthew 10:4 - and; Matthew 18:7 - for; Matthew 22:43 - General; Matthew 26:24 - but; Mark 3:19 - Judas; Mark 14:21 - but; Mark 14:43 - while; Luke 6:16 - Judas Iscariot; Luke 22:22 - but; Luke 22:47 - Judas; John 6:71 - for; John 13:21 - one; John 17:12 - that; John 18:3 - Judas; Acts 1:25 - from; Acts 2:24 - because; Galatians 1:1 - neither; 1 Timothy 5:24 - General; 1 Timothy 6:10 - the love; 2 Timothy 3:16 - All; James 2:23 - the scripture; 1 Peter 2:6 - it; 2 Peter 1:21 - by the Holy

Verse 17

For he was numbered with us, and had obtained part of this ministry.
he
Matthew 10:4; Mark 3:19; Luke 6:16; 22:47; John 6:70,71; 17:12
this
25; 12:25; 20:24; 21:19; 2 Corinthians 4:1; 5:18; Ephesians 4:11,12
Reciprocal: Habakkuk 2:9 - that coveteth an evil covetousness; John 13:21 - one; Acts 26:16 - a minister; Colossians 1:23 - whereof; Colossians 4:17 - the ministry

Verse 18

Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out.
this
Matthew 27:3-10
with
Numbers 22:7,17; Joshua 7:21-26; 2 Kings 5:20-27; Job 20:12-15; Matthew 25:15; 2 Peter 2:15,16
and falling
Psalms 55:15,23; Matthew 27:5
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:35 - General; Deuteronomy 27:25 - General; 2 Samuel 18:18 - Absalom's place; 2 Samuel 20:10 - and shed; 1 Chronicles 10:4 - Saul took; 2 Chronicles 21:15 - thy bowels fall; Psalm 70:3 - back; Psalm 109:18 - so let; Proverbs 29:1 - General; Zechariah 11:13 - Cast; Matthew 18:7 - but; Matthew 26:15 - thirty; Luke 9:25 - what; Luke 14:30 - General; Luke 16:15 - God; Luke 22:5 - and covenanted; Acts 8:20 - Thy

Verse 19

And it was known unto all the dwellers at Jerusalem; insomuch as that field is called in their proper tongue, Aceldama, that is to say, The field of blood.
it
2:22; Matthew 28:15
Aceldama
2 Samuel 2:16; *marg:
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 18:18 - Absalom's place; 2 Samuel 20:10 - and shed; 2 Chronicles 20:26 - the name; Zechariah 11:13 - Cast; Matthew 27:5 - and departed; Matthew 27:8 - that; Luke 14:30 - General; 1 Timothy 3:16 - received

Verse 20

For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein: and his bishoprick let another take.
in
13:33; Luke 20:42; 24:44
Let his
Psalms 69:25; 109:9-15; Zechariah 5:3,4
his
25; Psalms 109:8
bishoprick
or, office, or charge.
Reciprocal: Leviticus 14:42 - General; 1 Kings 2:35 - Zadok; Job 5:3 - cursed; Luke 19:26 - and from; Philippians 1:1 - the bishops; 1 Thessalonians 5:9 - not; 1 Timothy 3:1 - the office

Verse 21

Wherefore of these men which have companied with us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us,
these
Luke 10:1,2; John 15:27
went
Numbers 27:17; Deuteronomy 31:2; 2 Samuel 5:2; 1 Kings 3:7; John 10:1-9
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:13 - Take; Zechariah 11:11 - that waited; Luke 1:2 - which; Acts 6:3 - look; Acts 9:28 - coming

Verse 22

Beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day that he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection.
Beginning
13:24,25; Matthew 3:1-17; Mark 1:1,3-8; Luke 3:1-18; John 1:28-51
unto
2,9
witness
8; 4:33; John 15:27; Hebrews 2:3
Reciprocal: Zechariah 11:11 - that waited; Luke 1:2 - which; Luke 24:48 - General; John 12:17 - bare; Acts 2:32 - whereof; Acts 3:15 - whereof; Acts 4:20 - the things; Acts 10:37 - after; Acts 10:39 - we are; Acts 10:41 - Not; Acts 13:31 - who; Acts 14:23 - they had; Acts 22:15 - thou shalt; Acts 25:19 - which; 1 Peter 5:1 - and a; 1 John 1:2 - and bear

Verse 23

And they appointed two, Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias.
Barsabas
15:22
Reciprocal: Leviticus 16:8 - cast lots; Jonah 1:7 - and let; Acts 1:26 - Matthias

Verse 24

And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen,
they
13:2,3; Proverbs 3:5,6; Luke 6:12,13
Thou, Lord
15:8; Numbers 27:16; 1 Samuel 16:7; 1 Kings 8:39; 1 Chronicles 28:9; 29:17; Psalms 7:9; 44:21; Proverbs 15:11; Jeremiah 11:20; 17:10; 20:12; John 2:24,25; 21:17; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 2:23
Reciprocal: Numbers 16:5 - even him; Joshua 7:14 - the tribe; Joshua 18:8 - that I may here; Joshua 22:22 - he knoweth; 1 Samuel 10:20 - caused; 1 Samuel 14:41 - Give a perfect lot; Nehemiah 11:1 - cast lots; Mark 3:14 - he ordained; Mark 11:3 - and straightway; John 15:16 - have not; Acts 6:6 - when; Acts 15:7 - God; Romans 8:27 - And he

Verse 25

That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.
he may
17,20
from
16-21; Psalms 109:7; Matthew 27:3-5
by
1 Chronicles 10:13,14; 2 Peter 2:3-6; Jude 1:6,7
go
Matthew 25:41,46; 26:24; John 6:70,71; 13:27; 17:12
Reciprocal: Job 20:11 - which shall lie; Job 36:20 - cut; Job 40:12 - in; Psalm 55:15 - them; Psalm 63:9 - go; Psalm 101:7 - He that worketh; Psalm 109:18 - so let; Proverbs 29:1 - General; Ecclesiastes 3:21 - knoweth; Matthew 10:4 - and; Mark 3:14 - he ordained; Mark 14:21 - but; Luke 6:16 - Judas Iscariot; Luke 9:25 - what; Luke 22:28 - General; Acts 26:16 - a minister; Romans 1:5 - apostleship; 1 Corinthians 1:1 - an; 1 Corinthians 9:27 - a castaway; 2 Corinthians 2:11 - General; Ephesians 4:12 - the work; Colossians 1:23 - whereof; 1 Thessalonians 5:9 - not; Revelation 12:8 - their

Verse 26

And they gave forth their lots; and the lot fell upon Matthias; and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.
they
13:19; Leviticus 16:8; Joshua 18:10; 1 Samuel 14:41,42; 1 Chronicles 24:5; Proverbs 16:22; Jonah 1:7
Matthias Reciprocal: Numbers 26:55 - by lot; Judges 20:9 - by lot against it; 1 Chronicles 25:8 - cast lots; Proverbs 16:33 - General; Matthew 10:2 - apostles; Acts 2:14 - with; 1 Corinthians 1:1 - an

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Acts 1". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/acts-1.html.