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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Amos 1

Introduction

1The time when Amos prophesied.
3He shews God's judgment upon Syria,
6upon the Philistines,
9upon Tyrus,
11upon Edom,
13upon Ammon.

Verse 1

The words of Amos, who was among the herdmen of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.
The words
Jeremiah 1:1; 7:27
who
7:14; Exodus 3:1; 1 Kings 19:19; Psalms 78:70-72; Matthew 4:18; 1 Corinthians 1:27
Tekoa
2 Samuel 14:2; 2 Chronicles 11:6; 20:20; Jeremiah 6:1
he saw
Isaiah 1:1; Micah 1:1
in the
2 Kings 14:21; 15:1,2
Azariah
2 Chronicles 26:1-23; Hosea 1:1; Matthew 1:8,9
and in
7:9-11; 2 Kings 14:23-29
the earthquake
Zechariah 14:5
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 16:19 - with the sheep; 2 Kings 14:16 - Jeroboam; 1 Chronicles 2:24 - Tekoa; 2 Chronicles 26:3 - Uzziah; Nehemiah 3:5 - the Tekoites; Isaiah 2:1 - saw; Isaiah 34:2 - the indignation; Jeremiah 2:31 - see ye; Jeremiah 9:26 - Egypt; Lamentations 1:21 - thou wilt; Ezekiel 36:7 - the heathen; Revelation 6:12 - there

Verse 2

And he said, The LORD will roar from Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the habitations of the shepherds shall mourn, and the top of Carmel shall wither.
The Lord
3:7,8; Proverbs 20:2; Isaiah 42:13; Jeremiah 25:30; Hosea 13:8; Joel 2:11; 3:16
the habitations
4:7,8; Isaiah 33:9; Jeremiah 12:4; 14:2; Joel 1:9-13,16-18
Carmel
1 Samuel 25:2; Isaiah 35:2; Jeremiah 50:19; Nahum 1:4
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 18:19 - mount Carmel; Isaiah 66:6 - a voice of the Lord; Jeremiah 12:14 - against; Jeremiah 28:8 - prophesied; Hosea 4:3 - the land; Hosea 11:10 - he shall roar like; Hosea 13:7 - General; Amos 3:4 - a lion; 1 Peter 5:8 - as; Revelation 10:3 - loud

Verse 3

Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron:
For
6,9,11,13; 2:1,4,6; Job 5:19; 19:3; Proverbs 6:16; Ecclesiastes 11:2
Damascus
Isaiah 7:8; 8:4; 17:1; Jeremiah 49:23-27; Zechariah 9:1
and for four
or, yea, for four. turn away the punishment thereof. or, convert it, or, let it be quiet, and so.
6,9-2:16
because
1 Kings 19:17; 2 Kings 8:12; 10:32,33; 13:3,7; Isaiah 41:15
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 30:7 - General; 2 Samuel 12:31 - and put them; 2 Kings 15:29 - Gilead; 2 Kings 16:9 - went up; Proverbs 30:15 - There; Isaiah 28:27 - threshed; Jeremiah 25:22 - isles which are beyond the sea; Jeremiah 49:27 - I will; Jeremiah 51:33 - is like; Daniel 2:40 - forasmuch; Micah 5:5 - seven; Habakkuk 3:12 - thresh; Zechariah 1:15 - and; Zechariah 2:8 - the nations

Verse 4

But I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, which shall devour the palaces of Benhadad.
I will
7,10,12,14; 2:2,5; Judges 9:19,20,57; Jeremiah 17:27; 49:27; Ezekiel 30:8; Ezekiel 39:6; Hosea 8:14
Hazael
1 Kings 19:15; 2 Kings 8:7-15
Benhadad
1 Kings 20:1-22; 2 Kings 6:24; 13:3,25; 2 Chronicles 16:2
Reciprocal: Numbers 21:28 - a fire; 1 Kings 15:18 - Damascus; 2 Kings 8:12 - the evil; 2 Kings 10:33 - even; Jeremiah 50:32 - kindle; Amos 7:4 - called

Verse 5

I will break also the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant from the plain of Aven, and him that holdeth the sceptre from the house of Eden: and the people of Syria shall go into captivity unto Kir, saith the LORD.
break
Isaiah 43:14; Jeremiah 50:36; 51:30; Lamentations 2:9; Nahum 3:13
the plain of Aven
or, Bikath-aven. Probably Heliopolis, now Baalbek, situated between Libanus and Antilibanus, 56 miles N. W. of Damascus, according to Antoninus, and celebrated for its temple of the sun.
the house of Eden
or, Beth-eden. Probably the village of Eden, in Mount Lebanon, marks the site of this place. It is delightfully situated by the side of a most rich and cultivated valley, contains about 400 or 500 families, and is, according to modern authorities, about 20 miles S. E. of Tripoli, and five miles from the cedars.
the people
9:7; 2 Kings 16:9
Reciprocal: Isaiah 22:6 - Kir; Isaiah 37:12 - Eden; Ezekiel 27:23 - Eden

Verse 6

Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Gaza, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they carried away captive the whole captivity, to deliver them up to Edom:
three
3,9,11
Gaza
1 Samuel 6:17; 2 Chronicles 28:18; Isaiah 14:29-31; Jeremiah 47:4,5; Ezekiel 25:15,16; Zephaniah 2:4-7; Zechariah 9:5; Acts 8:26
carried, etc
or, carried them away with an entire captivity.
2 Chronicles 21:16,17; 28:18; Joel 3:6
to Edom
9,11; Ezekiel 35:5; Obadiah 1:11
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 30:7 - General; Joshua 15:47 - Gaza; Proverbs 6:16 - six; Proverbs 30:15 - There; Isaiah 14:30 - and I; Isaiah 21:11 - me out; Jeremiah 25:20 - Philistines; Jeremiah 47:1 - against; Joel 3:4 - O Tyre; Amos 2:1 - For three; Obadiah 1:14 - neither shouldest; Micah 5:5 - seven

Verse 7

But I will send a fire on the wall of Gaza, which shall devour the palaces thereof:
I will
Deuteronomy 32:35,41-43; Psalms 75:7,8; 94:1-5; Zephaniah 2:4; Romans 12:19
a fire
4; 2 Kings 18:8; 2 Chronicles 26:6; Jeremiah 25:18-20; 47:1; Zechariah 9:5-7
Reciprocal: Numbers 21:28 - a fire; Joshua 15:47 - Gaza; 1 Samuel 6:17 - Gaza; Jeremiah 17:27 - then; Jeremiah 50:32 - kindle; Ezekiel 30:8 - when I; Ezekiel 39:6 - I will; Amos 7:4 - called

Verse 8

And I will cut off the inhabitant from Ashdod, and him that holdeth the sceptre from Ashkelon, and I will turn mine hand against Ekron: and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish, saith the Lord GOD.
I will cut
Isaiah 20:1; Jeremiah 47:5; Ezekiel 25:16
turn
Psalms 81:14; Isaiah 1:25; Zechariah 13:7
and the
Isaiah 14:29-31; Jeremiah 47:4,5; Ezekiel 25:16; Zephaniah 2:4-7
Reciprocal: Joshua 15:45 - Ekron; Joshua 15:46 - near; Joshua 19:43 - Ekron; 1 Samuel 5:10 - God to Ekron; 1 Samuel 6:17 - Gaza; Nehemiah 4:7 - Ashdodites; Jeremiah 25:20 - remnant; Ezekiel 38:12 - turn; Amos 3:9 - Ashdod; Obadiah 1:19 - the plain; Zechariah 9:6 - General

Verse 9

Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Tyrus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they delivered up the whole captivity to Edom, and remembered not the brotherly covenant:
Tyrus
Isaiah 23:1-18; Jeremiah 47:4; Ezekiel 26:1-28; Joel 3:4-8; Zechariah 9:2-4
because
6,11
brotherly covenant
Heb. covenant of brethren.
2 Samuel 5:11; 1 Kings 5:1-11; 9:11-14; 2 Chronicles 2:8-16
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 30:7 - General; 1 Kings 5:12 - they two; 1 Kings 9:13 - my brother; Proverbs 6:16 - six; Proverbs 30:15 - There; Jeremiah 25:22 - Tyrus; Jeremiah 27:3 - Edom; Ezekiel 26:2 - Tyrus; Ezekiel 28:18 - therefore; Amos 1:3 - For; Amos 2:1 - For three; Obadiah 1:14 - neither shouldest; Zechariah 2:8 - the nations; Matthew 11:22 - Tyre

Verse 10

But I will send a fire on the wall of Tyrus, which shall devour the palaces thereof.
4,7-2:16; Ezekiel 26:12; Zechariah 9:4
Reciprocal: Numbers 21:28 - a fire; Isaiah 23:1 - burden; Jeremiah 17:27 - then; Jeremiah 25:22 - Tyrus; Jeremiah 47:4 - Tyrus; Jeremiah 50:32 - kindle; Ezekiel 26:2 - Tyrus; Ezekiel 26:4 - destroy; Ezekiel 28:18 - therefore; Ezekiel 30:8 - when I; Ezekiel 39:6 - I will; Hosea 8:14 - I will send; Zechariah 9:2 - Tyrus; Matthew 11:22 - Tyre

Verse 11

Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Edom, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because he did pursue his brother with the sword, and did cast off all pity, and his anger did tear perpetually, and he kept his wrath for ever:
Edom
Isaiah 21:11,12; 34:1-17; 63:1-7; Jeremiah 49:7-22; Ezekiel 25:12-14; 35:1-15; Obadiah 1:1-14; Malachi 1:4
because
Genesis 27:40,41; Numbers 20:14-21; Deuteronomy 2:4-8; 23:7; 2 Chronicles 28:17; Psalms 83:3-8; Psalms 137:7; Lamentations 4:21,22; Ezekiel 25:12; 35:5,6,11; Joel 3:19; Obadiah 1:10-14; Malachi 1:2
did cast off all pity
Heb. corrupted his compassions. kept.
Psalms 85:5; Ecclesiastes 7:9; Isaiah 57:16; Micah 7:18; Ephesians 4:26,27; 5:1
Reciprocal: Genesis 25:23 - the elder; Numbers 20:20 - Thou shalt; Deuteronomy 30:7 - General; Proverbs 6:16 - six; Proverbs 30:15 - There; Isaiah 34:5 - upon Idumea; Jeremiah 25:21 - Edom; Ezekiel 32:29 - Edom; Ezekiel 35:2 - and prophesy; Ezekiel 36:5 - against all; Hosea 8:3 - cast; Joel 3:2 - will plead; Amos 1:3 - For; Amos 1:6 - three; Amos 1:9 - because; Amos 2:1 - For three; Zechariah 2:8 - the nations

Verse 12

But I will send a fire upon Teman, which shall devour the palaces of Bozrah.
Teman
Genesis 36:11; Jeremiah 49:7,20; Obadiah 1:9,10
Bozrah
Genesis 36:33; Isaiah 34:6; Jeremiah 49:13,22
Reciprocal: Genesis 25:23 - the elder; Genesis 27:41 - hated; Genesis 36:15 - duke Teman; Numbers 21:28 - a fire; 1 Chronicles 1:36 - Teman; 1 Chronicles 1:44 - Bozrah; 1 Chronicles 1:45 - Temanites; Isaiah 21:11 - me out; Isaiah 34:5 - upon Idumea; Isaiah 63:1 - Bozrah; Jeremiah 17:27 - then; Jeremiah 25:21 - Edom; Jeremiah 50:32 - kindle; Ezekiel 25:12 - taking vengeance; Ezekiel 30:8 - when I; Ezekiel 32:29 - Edom; Ezekiel 35:2 - and prophesy; Ezekiel 36:5 - against all; Hosea 8:14 - I will send; Joel 3:4 - O Tyre; Joel 3:19 - Edom; Amos 1:4 - I will; Micah 2:12 - Bozrah; Habakkuk 3:3 - from

Verse 13

Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of the children of Ammon, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have ripped up the women with child of Gilead, that they might enlarge their border:
the children
Deuteronomy 2:19; Jeremiah 49:1-6; Ezekiel 25:2-7; Zephaniah 2:8
and for
Deuteronomy 23:3,4; Judges 10:7-9; 11:15-28; 1 Samuel 11:1,2; 2 Samuel 10:1-8; 2 Kings 24:2; 2 Chronicles 20:1,10; Nehemiah 2:19; 4:7-23; Psalms 83:7
because
Hosea 13:16
ripped up the woman with child
or, divided the mountains. enlarge.
Isaiah 5:8; Jeremiah 49:1; Ezekiel 35:10; Habakkuk 2:5,6
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 30:7 - General; 2 Kings 8:12 - dash; 2 Kings 15:16 - all the women; 2 Kings 15:29 - Gilead; Nehemiah 13:1 - Moabite; Psalm 104:20 - makest; Proverbs 30:15 - There; Jeremiah 25:21 - the; Jeremiah 40:14 - Ammonites; Ezekiel 21:28 - concerning the; Hosea 9:11 - from the birth; Amos 1:3 - For; Amos 2:1 - For three; Obadiah 1:19 - Benjamin; Nahum 3:10 - her young; Zephaniah 2:9 - Surely; Zechariah 2:8 - the nations

Verse 14

But I will kindle a fire in the wall of Rabbah, and it shall devour the palaces thereof, with shouting in the day of battle, with a tempest in the day of the whirlwind:
Rabbah
Deuteronomy 3:11; 2 Samuel 12:26; Jeremiah 49:2; Ezekiel 25:5
with shouting
2:2; Job 39:25; Isaiah 9:5
with a
Psalms 83:15; Isaiah 30:30; Daniel 11:40; Zechariah 7:14
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:25 - Let us flee; Exodus 32:17 - There is a noise; Numbers 21:28 - a fire; Joshua 13:25 - Rabbah; 1 Chronicles 20:1 - Rabbah; Jeremiah 17:27 - then; Jeremiah 20:16 - let him; Jeremiah 23:19 - General; Jeremiah 50:32 - kindle; Ezekiel 21:20 - Rabbath; Ezekiel 25:7 - and will; Ezekiel 28:18 - therefore; Ezekiel 30:8 - when I; Hosea 8:14 - I will send; Amos 1:4 - I will

Verse 15

And their king shall go into captivity, he and his princes together, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 49:3
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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Amos 1". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/amos-1.html.