Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Deuteronomy 26

Introduction

1The confession of him that offers the basket of first-fruits.
12The prayer of him that gives his third year's tithes.
16The covenant between God and his people.

Verse 1

And it shall be, when thou art come in unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance, and possessest it, and dwellest therein;
5:31; 6:1-10; 7:1; 13:1,9; 17:14; 18:9; Numbers 15:2,18
Reciprocal: Exodus 13:5 - shall bring;  Leviticus 5:15 - in the;  Leviticus 14:34 - When;  Leviticus 23:17 - the firstfruits;  Deuteronomy 27:2 - unto the;  Amos 8:2 - A basket

Verse 2

That thou shalt take of the first of all the fruit of the earth, which thou shalt bring of thy land that the LORD thy God giveth thee, and shalt put it in a basket, and shalt go unto the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to place his name there.
That thou shalt
16:10; 18:4; Exodus 23:16,19; 34:26; Leviticus 2:12,14; Numbers 18:12,13; 2 Kings 4:42; 2 Chronicles 31:5; Nehemiah 10:35-37; 12:44; 13:31; Proverbs 3:9,10; Jeremiah 2:3; Ezekiel 20:40; Ezekiel 44:30; 48:14; Romans 8:23; 11:16; 16:5; 1 Corinthians 15:20,23; 16:2; James 1:18; Revelation 14:4
go unto
12:5,6; Joshua 18:1; 2 Chronicles 6:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 13:15 - GeneralExodus 20:24 - in all places;  Exodus 22:29 - shalt not delay;  Leviticus 23:17 - the firstfruits;  Numbers 15:20 - a cake;  Deuteronomy 12:11 - a place;  Deuteronomy 12:21 - to put;  Deuteronomy 26:10 - I have;  1 Kings 8:29 - My name;  2 Chronicles 6:20 - put thy name;  Nehemiah 10:37 - the firstfruits;  Psalm 26:7 - That;  Jeremiah 24:1 - two

Verse 3

And thou shalt go unto the priest that shall be in those days, and say unto him, I profess this day unto the LORD thy God, that I am come unto the country which the LORD sware unto our fathers for to give us.
the priest
19:17; Hebrews 7:26; 10:21; 13:15; 1 Peter 2:5
which the
Genesis 17:8; 26:3; Psalms 105:9,10; Luke 1:72,73; Hebrews 6:16-18
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 30:22 - and making;  Nehemiah 9:8 - hast performed;  1 Timothy 6:12 - hast

Verse 4

And the priest shall take the basket out of thine hand, and set it down before the altar of the LORD thy God.
before the
Matthew 5:23,24; 23:19; Hebrews 13:10-12
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 26:10 - And thou

Verse 5

And thou shalt speak and say before the LORD thy God, A Syrian ready to perish was my father, and he went down into Egypt, and sojourned there with a few, and became there a nation, great, mighty, and populous:
A Syrian
Jacob being called a Syrian from his long residence in Padan-aram.
Genesis 24:4; 25:20; 28:5; 31:20,24; Hosea 12:12
ready
Genesis 27:41; 31:40; 43:1,2,12; 45:7,11; Isaiah 51:1,2
he went down
Genesis 46:1-7; Psalms 105:23,24; Acts 7:15
a few
7:7; Genesis 46:27; Exodus 1:5
became
10:22; Genesis 47:27; Exodus 1:7,12
Reciprocal: Genesis 12:2 - GeneralGenesis 46:3 - I will;  Genesis 46:6 - into Egypt;  Genesis 47:4 - For to;  Deuteronomy 6:21 - We were;  Joshua 24:2 - Your fathers;  Job 29:13 - ready;  Psalm 68:10 - thou;  Psalm 105:12 - a few

Verse 6

And the Egyptians evil entreated us, and afflicted us, and laid upon us hard bondage:
4:20; Exodus 1:11,14,16,22; 5:9,19,23
Reciprocal: Exodus 2:23 - sighed;  Exodus 20:2 - out of the;  Numbers 20:15 - vexed us;  Deuteronomy 20:19 - for the tree

Verse 7

And when we cried unto the LORD God of our fathers, the LORD heard our voice, and looked on our affliction, and our labour, and our oppression:
we cried
Exodus 2:23-25; 3:1-4; 6:5; Psalms 50:15; 103:1,2; 116:1-4; Jeremiah 33:2; Ephesians 3:20,21
looked
Exodus 4:31; 1 Samuel 9:16; 2 Samuel 16:12; Psalms 102:19,20; 119:132
Reciprocal: Genesis 29:32 - looked;  Deuteronomy 9:26 - which thou hast brought forth;  Deuteronomy 26:15 - Look down;  Lamentations 1:9 - behold

Verse 8

And the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with great terribleness, and with signs, and with wonders:
the Lord
4:34; 5:15; Exodus 12:37,41,51; 13:3; 14:16-31; Psalms 78:12,13; 105:27-38; Psalms 106:7-10; Isaiah 63:12
with great
4:34
Reciprocal: Exodus 6:6 - I will bring;  Exodus 13:16 - for by;  Exodus 14:8 - with an high hand;  Deuteronomy 9:26 - which thou hast brought forth;  Psalm 114:1 - Israel;  Jeremiah 32:21 - with a strong

Verse 9

And he hath brought us into this place, and hath given us this land, even a land that floweth with milk and honey.
he hath
Joshua 23:14; 1 Samuel 7:12; Psalms 105:44; 107:7,8; Acts 26:22
a land
Exodus 3:8; Ezekiel 20:6,15
Reciprocal: Numbers 13:27 - GeneralDeuteronomy 17:14 - When thou;  Deuteronomy 18:4 - firstfruit;  Deuteronomy 27:3 - a land;  Psalm 68:10 - thou;  Jeremiah 32:22 - a land

Verse 10

And now, behold, I have brought the firstfruits of the land, which thou, O LORD, hast given me. And thou shalt set it before the LORD thy God, and worship before the LORD thy God:
I have
2; 26:17; 1 Chronicles 29:14; Romans 2:1; 1 Peter 4:10,11
And thou
4; 18:4; Exodus 22:29; Numbers 18:11-13
and worship
6:10-13; Psalms 22:27,29; 86:9; 95:6; Proverbs 3:9; Isaiah 66:23; Revelation 22:9; 1 Corinthians 10:31
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:19 - first of the;  Exodus 34:26 - first;  Leviticus 2:12 - the oblation;  Deuteronomy 27:7 - rejoice;  Psalm 68:10 - thou;  Ecclesiastes 3:22 - nothing;  Song of Solomon 5:1 - eat;  Ezekiel 44:30 - that he may;  Joel 2:26 - and praise;  Romans 11:16 - if the firstfruit

Verse 11

And thou shalt rejoice in every good thing which the LORD thy God hath given unto thee, and unto thine house, thou, and the Levite, and the stranger that is among you.
rejoice
12:7,12,18; 16:11; 28:47; Psalms 63:3-5; 100:1,2; Isaiah 65:14; Zechariah 9:17; Acts 2:46,47; Philippians 4:4; 1 Timothy 6:17,18
the Levite
1 Corinthians 9:11
Reciprocal: Numbers 13:27 - GeneralDeuteronomy 14:26 - eat;  Deuteronomy 16:14 - GeneralDeuteronomy 27:7 - rejoice;  2 Chronicles 15:15 - rejoiced;  Nehemiah 8:10 - send;  Ecclesiastes 3:22 - nothing;  Joel 2:26 - and praise

Verse 12

When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of thine increase the third year, which is the year of tithing, and hast given it unto the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be filled;
the tithes
Leviticus 27:30; Numbers 18:24
the third
14:22-29
hast given it
12:17-19; 16:14; Proverbs 14:21; Philippians 4:18,19
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 12:12 - the Levite;  Deuteronomy 14:28 - the end;  Deuteronomy 14:29 - the stranger;  Deuteronomy 26:13 - Levite;  Isaiah 23:18 - for them;  Amos 4:4 - and your;  Luke 14:13 - call;  Acts 6:1 - their

Verse 13

Then thou shalt say before the LORD thy God, I have brought away the hallowed things out of mine house, and also have given them unto the Levite, and unto the stranger, to the fatherless, and to the widow, according to all thy commandments which thou hast commanded me: I have not transgressed thy commandments, neither have I forgotten them:
Levite
12; 14:29; 24:19-21; Job 31:16-20
I have not
Psalms 18:21-24; 26:1-3,6; Acts 24:16; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 11:31; 1 Thessalonians 2:10; 1 John 3:17-22
forgotten
Psalms 119:93,139,141,153,176; Proverbs 3:1
Reciprocal: Numbers 18:8 - the charge;  Luke 14:13 - call

Verse 14

I have not eaten thereof in my mourning, neither have I taken away ought thereof for any unclean use, nor given ought thereof for the dead: but I have hearkened to the voice of the LORD my God, and have done according to all that thou hast commanded me.
eaten
16:11; Leviticus 7:20; 21:1,11; Hosea 9:4; Malachi 2:13
the dead
Psalms 106:28; Ezekiel 24:17
Reciprocal: Leviticus 10:19 - should;  Deuteronomy 12:17 - the tithe;  Nehemiah 8:9 - mourn not;  Jeremiah 16:7 - tear themselves

Verse 15

Look down from thy holy habitation, from heaven, and bless thy people Israel, and the land which thou hast given us, as thou swarest unto our fathers, a land that floweth with milk and honey.
Look down
7; 1 Kings 8:27,43; Psalms 102:19,20; Isaiah 57:15; 61:1; 63:15; 66:1,2; Zechariah 2:13; Matthew 6:9; Acts 7:49
bless thy
Psalms 28:9; 51:18; 90:17; 115:12-15; 137:5,6; Jeremiah 31:23
as thou
Hebrews 6:13-18
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 30:27 - his holy dwelling place;  Jeremiah 25:30 - his holy;  Ezekiel 20:6 - flowing

Verse 16

This day the LORD thy God hath commanded thee to do these statutes and judgments: thou shalt therefore keep and do them with all thine heart, and with all thy soul.
This day
4:1-6; 6:1; 11:1,8; 12:1,32; Matthew 28:20
keep
6:5,17; 8:2; 13:3,4; John 14:15,21-24; 1 John 5:2,3
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 27:1 - Keep all;  Deuteronomy 27:9 - this day;  Joshua 10:40 - as the Lord;  Psalm 119:80 - sound

Verse 17

Thou hast avouched the LORD this day to be thy God, and to walk in his ways, and to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and to hearken unto his voice:
avouched
5:2,3; Exodus 15:2; 20:19; 24:7; 2 Chronicles 34:31; Isaiah 12:2; 44:5; Zechariah 13:9; Acts 27:23; Romans 6:13; 1 Corinthians 6:19,20; 2 Corinthians 8:5
and to
10:12,13; 13:4,5; 30:16; Joshua 22:5; 1 Kings 2:3,4
to keep
Psalms 147:19,20
hearken
13:18; 15:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:26 - Enos;  Genesis 28:21 - then;  Exodus 19:8 - GeneralDeuteronomy 26:10 - I have;  Joshua 10:40 - as the Lord;  Joshua 24:21 - Nay;  Joshua 24:22 - Ye are witnesses;  2 Chronicles 23:16 - that they should;  Psalm 50:7 - O my;  Psalm 91:2 - my God;  Psalm 105:7 - the Lord;  Psalm 119:57 - I have;  Jeremiah 2:20 - and thou saidst;  Jeremiah 24:7 - and they;  Jeremiah 30:22 - GeneralJeremiah 32:38 - GeneralHosea 2:23 - Thou art my God;  Malachi 3:17 - jewels;  1 Timothy 6:12 - hast

Verse 18

And the LORD hath avouched thee this day to be his peculiar people, as he hath promised thee, and that thou shouldest keep all his commandments;
And the
7:6; 14:2; 28:9; Exodus 6:7; 19:5,6; Jeremiah 31:32-34; Ezekiel 36:25-27; Titus 2:14
keep
Psalms 119:6; Romans 16:26
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:26 - Enos;  Genesis 17:8 - their;  Leviticus 20:26 - severed;  Deuteronomy 29:13 - establish;  Deuteronomy 32:9 - the Lord's;  2 Samuel 7:24 - confirmed;  1 Chronicles 17:22 - thy people;  Psalm 50:7 - O my;  Psalm 105:7 - the Lord;  Psalm 119:57 - I have;  Isaiah 43:4 - precious;  Jeremiah 13:11 - I caused;  Amos 3:2 - only;  Malachi 3:17 - jewels;  1 Peter 2:9 - peculiar

Verse 19

And to make thee high above all nations which he hath made, in praise, and in name, and in honour; and that thou mayest be an holy people unto the LORD thy God, as he hath spoken.
high above
4:7,8; 28:1; Psalms 148:14; Isaiah 62:12; 66:20,21; Jeremiah 13:11; 33:9; Ezekiel 16:12-14; Zephaniah 3:19; 1 Peter 2:5; Revelation 1:5,6
an holy
7:6; 28:9; Exodus 19:6; 1 Peter 2:9 Reciprocal: Leviticus 20:26 - severed;  Deuteronomy 14:2 - GeneralDeuteronomy 29:13 - establish;  Deuteronomy 32:9 - the Lord's;  1 Chronicles 17:22 - thy people;  Isaiah 63:18 - people;  Jeremiah 2:3 - holiness;  Ezekiel 39:13 - a renown;  Daniel 12:7 - the holy

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 26". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/deuteronomy-26.html.