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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Deuteronomy 3

Introduction

Overview

Deuteronomy 3:1, The conquest of Og, king of Bashan; Deuteronomy 3:11, The size of his bed; Deuteronomy 3:12, The distribution of his lands to the two tribes and half; Deuteronomy 3:23, Moses prays to enter into the land; Deuteronomy 3:26, He is permitted to see it.

Verse 1

Bashan: Bashan, one of the most fertile districts of the Holy Land, was bounded on the west by the Jordan and lake of Gennesareth, on the east by Trachonitis, on the south by the brook Jabbok, and on the north by mount Hermon; and seems to have been composed of two or three districts, on the south the land of Gilead, on the north the region of Argob, and east of both, the plain of Hauran. - See note on Deuteronomy 3:13, see note on Deuteronomy 3:14, and see note on Deuteronomy 3:15. The scenery of this elevated tract is described by Mr. Buckingham as extremely beautiful: its plains covered with a fertile soil; its hills covered with forests, and at every new turn presenting the most beautiful landscapes that can be imagined.

Og: Deuteronomy 1:4, Deuteronomy 4:47, Deuteronomy 29:7, Deuteronomy 31:4, Numbers 21:33-Habakkuk :, Joshua 9:10, Joshua 12:4, Joshua 13:30, 1 Kings 4:19, Nehemiah 9:22, Psalms 135:10, Psalms 135:11, Psalms 136:20

Edrei: This town is placed by Eusebius about 25 miles northward from Bostri; and mentioned by Burckhardt under the name of Draa.

Reciprocal: Exodus 14:6 - people Numbers 32:33 - the kingdom Deuteronomy 2:12 - as Israel did Deuteronomy 4:38 - as Deuteronomy 29:16 - through the nations Joshua 2:10 - what ye did Joshua 22:4 - get Joshua 24:8 - General Judges 11:19 - General

Verse 2

Fear: Deuteronomy 3:11, Deuteronomy 20:3, Numbers 14:9, 2 Chronicles 20:17, Isaiah 41:10, Isaiah 43:5, Acts 18:9, Acts 27:24, Revelation 2:10

as thou didst: Deuteronomy 2:24-Haggai :, Numbers 21:23-Lamentations :

Reciprocal: Exodus 23:31 - deliver the Numbers 21:34 - Fear him Deuteronomy 2:33 - the Lord Deuteronomy 3:6 - as we did Deuteronomy 29:16 - through the nations Joshua 8:2 - do to Ai Joshua 10:8 - General Judges 11:26 - Heshbon

Verse 3

Deuteronomy 2:33, Deuteronomy 2:34, Numbers 21:35, Joshua 13:12, Joshua 13:30

Reciprocal: Numbers 21:34 - for I have Deuteronomy 7:2 - deliver Deuteronomy 31:4 - General Joshua 10:39 - he left none 2 Chronicles 13:16 - God delivered

Verse 4

all his cities: Numbers 32:33-Luke :, Joshua 12:4, Joshua 13:30, Joshua 13:31

all the region: 1 Kings 4:13

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 3:14 - Argob Isaiah 33:9 - Bashan

Verse 5

Deuteronomy 1:28, Numbers 13:28, Hebrews 11:30

Reciprocal: Nehemiah 9:25 - strong Psalms 103:13 - Like

Verse 6

we utterly: Deuteronomy 2:34, Deuteronomy 20:16-Job :, Leviticus 27:28, Leviticus 27:29, Numbers 21:2, Joshua 11:14

as we did: Deuteronomy 3:2, Deuteronomy 2:24, Deuteronomy 2:34, Psalms 135:10-2 Kings :, Psalms 136:19-Ecclesiastes :

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 7:18 - shalt not Joshua 12:2 - Sihon Judges 11:26 - Heshbon Ezekiel 9:6 - old

Verse 7

Deuteronomy 2:35, Joshua 8:27, Joshua 11:11-2 Chronicles :

Verse 8

the land: Numbers 32:33-Luke :, Joshua 12:2-:, Joshua 13:9-2 Kings :

Reciprocal: Numbers 22:1 - on this side Numbers 22:36 - the border Deuteronomy 4:46 - Moses Joshua 12:1 - from the Joshua 12:5 - Hermon 1 Kings 4:13 - Argob Psalms 42:6 - Hermonites Psalms 89:12 - Hermon Psalms 133:3 - As the dew of Hermon Isaiah 16:2 - the fords

Verse 9

Hermon: Mount Hermon is the south-eastern branch of Lebanon, beyond Jordan. The Chaldee Targumist, who places it at Cesarea and Samaritan interpreter call it toor talga, "the mountain of snow," because of its being always covered with snow; and Jerome informs us, that it lies higher than Paneas or Cזsarea Philippi, and that in the summer time snow used to be carried from thence to Tyre. It is now call El Heish, and is comprised in the district of Kanneytra. Deuteronomy 4:48, Deuteronomy 4:49, Psalms 29:6, Psalms 89:12, Psalms 133:3, Song of Solomon 4:8

Shenir: 1 Chronicles 5:23, Ezekiel 27:5, Senir

Reciprocal: Joshua 12:1 - from the Joshua 12:5 - Hermon Judges 3:3 - in mount Psalms 42:6 - Hermonites

Verse 10

the cities: Deuteronomy 4:49

Edrei: Numbers 21:33, Joshua 12:4, Joshua 12:5, Joshua 13:11, Joshua 13:12, Joshua 13:31

Reciprocal: Joshua 13:21 - And all the 1 Chronicles 5:11 - Gad Psalms 68:15 - of Bashan

Verse 11

giants: Genesis 14:5

Rabbath: 2 Samuel 12:26, Jeremiah 49:2, Ezekiel 21:20, Amos 1:14, Rabbah

nine cubits: 1 Samuel 17:4, Amos 2:9

Reciprocal: Genesis 6:4 - giants Genesis 6:15 - cubits Numbers 13:33 - saw the giants Numbers 21:34 - Fear him Deuteronomy 2:21 - great Deuteronomy 3:2 - Fear Joshua 12:4 - the remnant Joshua 12:6 - gave it Joshua 13:12 - Og Joshua 13:25 - Rabbah 2 Samuel 11:1 - Rabbah 2 Samuel 12:27 - Rabbah 2 Samuel 21:16 - of the sons 1 Chronicles 11:23 - five 1 Chronicles 20:1 - Rabbah Ezekiel 40:5 - by Ezekiel 40:10 - they three John 21:8 - cubits Revelation 13:18 - the number

Verse 12

from Aroer: Deuteronomy 2:36, Deuteronomy 4:48, Numbers 32:33-Zechariah :, Joshua 12:2-:, Joshua 13:8-2 Kings :, Joshua 13:14-Hosea :, 2 Kings 10:33

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:21 - Gilead Numbers 32:22 - this land Numbers 34:14 - General Deuteronomy 29:8 - General Joshua 13:9 - Aroer Joshua 13:16 - General Joshua 14:3 - Moses Joshua 18:7 - and Gad Judges 12:4 - and the men 1 Samuel 13:7 - Gad 1 Chronicles 5:18 - Gadites 1 Chronicles 12:37 - the other side Psalms 136:21 - General Isaiah 16:2 - the fords Isaiah 17:2 - Aroer

Verse 13

the rest: Numbers 32:39-Luke :, Joshua 13:29-Jonah :, 1 Chronicles 5:23-Ezekiel :

which was called: Michaelis says, "The tradition that giants formerly dwelt in this part, still remains in Arabia, only that it makes them rather taller than Moses does Og, and calls the land in which they lived, not Bashan, but Hadrach, which name occurs in Zechariah 9:1. I received this information from the verbal communication of a credible Arab, who was born on the other side of Jordan, about three-days journey from Damascus.

Reciprocal: Numbers 32:40 - General Deuteronomy 3:1 - Bashan Deuteronomy 29:8 - General Joshua 13:30 - General Joshua 17:1 - Gilead 1 Kings 4:13 - Argob 1 Chronicles 7:14 - Machir

Verse 14

Jair: 1 Chronicles 2:21-Isaiah :

Argob: Deuteronomy 3:4

Geshuri: Joshua 13:13, 2 Samuel 3:3, 2 Samuel 10:6, 2 Samuel 13:37, Bashan-havoth-jair, Numbers 32:41

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 3:1 - Bashan Joshua 12:5 - unto the Judges 10:4 - called 2 Samuel 13:38 - General 1 Kings 4:13 - the towns 1 Chronicles 2:22 - Jair Jeremiah 40:8 - Maachathite

Verse 15

Machir: Genesis 50:23, Numbers 26:29, Numbers 32:39, Numbers 32:40, Joshua 17:1-Leviticus :, Joshua 22:7

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 3:1 - Bashan Joshua 22:9 - the country of Gilead 2 Samuel 17:26 - General 2 Kings 15:29 - Gilead 1 Chronicles 2:21 - Machir

Verse 16

Reubenites: Numbers 32:33-Zechariah :, 2 Samuel 24:5

river Jabbok: Deuteronomy 2:37, Genesis 32:22, Numbers 21:24, Joshua 12:2, Joshua 12:3

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:48 - Galeed Numbers 21:31 - General Joshua 13:9 - Aroer Joshua 22:2 - Ye have Joshua 22:9 - the country of Gilead Judges 11:13 - Jabbok

Verse 17

Chinnereth: Numbers 34:11, Joshua 12:3

the sea: Deuteronomy 4:49, Genesis 13:10, Genesis 14:3, Genesis 19:28, Genesis 19:29, Numbers 34:11, Numbers 34:12, Joshua 3:16, Joshua 12:3, Joshua 15:2, Joshua 15:5, Joshua 18:19

Ashdothpisgah: or, the springs of Pisgah, or, the hill, Numbers 23:14

Reciprocal: Numbers 21:31 - General Deuteronomy 3:27 - Pisgah Joshua 13:20 - Ashdothpisgah Joshua 13:27 - Chinnereth 2 Kings 14:25 - unto the sea Ezekiel 47:8 - desert Matthew 4:18 - sea

Verse 18

I commanded: Numbers 32:20-Jeremiah :, Joshua 1:12-Ezra :, Joshua 4:12, Joshua 4:13, Joshua 22:1-1 Samuel :

meet for the war: Heb. sons of power

Reciprocal: Numbers 1:3 - able Numbers 32:17 - General Deuteronomy 9:1 - to pass Joshua 1:13 - Remember

Verse 20

return: Joshua 22:4, Joshua 22:8

Reciprocal: Genesis 14:5 - Rephaims Exodus 33:14 - rest Numbers 32:22 - land 1 Kings 8:56 - hath given rest Jeremiah 12:15 - heritage

Verse 21

I commanded: Numbers 27:18-Isaiah :

so shall: Joshua 10:25, 1 Samuel 17:36, 1 Samuel 17:37, Psalms 9:10, 2 Corinthians 1:10, 2 Corinthians 12:10, Ephesians 3:20, 2 Timothy 4:17, 2 Timothy 4:18

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 6:22 - before Deuteronomy 20:1 - goest out Deuteronomy 31:4 - General

Verse 22

shall not: Isaiah 43:1, Isaiah 43:2

for the Lord: Deuteronomy 1:30, Deuteronomy 20:4, Exodus 14:14, Numbers 21:34, Joshua 10:42, 2 Chronicles 13:12, 2 Chronicles 20:17, 2 Chronicles 20:29, Psalms 44:3

Reciprocal: Genesis 14:5 - Rephaims Exodus 14:25 - for the Lord Deuteronomy 20:1 - goest out Joshua 10:25 - thus shall Joshua 23:10 - Lord Nehemiah 4:20 - our God

Verse 23

2 Corinthians 12:8, 2 Corinthians 12:9

Reciprocal: Numbers 20:12 - ye shall Deuteronomy 1:37 - General Deuteronomy 10:10 - the Lord hearkened Deuteronomy 32:51 - ye trespassed Ecclesiastes 3:2 - and a time

Verse 24

thy greatness: Deuteronomy 11:2, Nehemiah 9:32, Psalms 106:2, Psalms 145:3, Psalms 145:6, Jeremiah 32:18-Ecclesiastes :

what God: Exodus 15:11, 2 Samuel 7:22, Psalms 35:10, Psalms 71:19, Psalms 86:8, Psalms 89:6, Psalms 89:8, Isaiah 40:18, Isaiah 40:25, Jeremiah 10:6, Daniel 3:29

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:2 - rock 1 Kings 8:42 - thy strong hand 1 Chronicles 17:20 - none Psalms 150:2 - according 1 Corinthians 8:4 - there is Hebrews 3:5 - as

Verse 25

the good land: Deuteronomy 4:21, Deuteronomy 4:22, Deuteronomy 11:11, Deuteronomy 11:12, Exodus 3:8, Numbers 32:5, Ezekiel 20:6

Lebanon: Lebanon is a long chain of limestone mountains, extending from near the coast of the Mediterranean on the west to the plains of Damascus on the east, and forming the extreme northern boundary of the Holy Land. It is divided into two principal ridges, running parallel to each other in a north-north-east direction; the most westerly of which was properly called Libanus, and the easterly Anti-Libanus: the Hebrews did not make this distinction. It is computed to be fifteen or sixteen hundred fathoms in height. They are by no means barren, but are almost all well cultivated and well peopled; their summits being in many parts level, and forming extensive plains, in which are sown corn and all kinds of pulse. Vineyards, and plantations of olive, mulberry, and fig trees, are also cultivated in terraces formed by walls; and the soil of the declivities and hollows is most excellent, and produces abundance of corn, oil, and wine.

Reciprocal: Genesis 50:11 - beyond Jordan Deuteronomy 11:29 - General Joshua 1:4 - From the wilderness Joshua 9:1 - Lebanon Joshua 13:5 - Lebanon 1 Kings 5:9 - Lebanon Song of Solomon 4:8 - from Lebanon Jeremiah 22:6 - unto

Verse 26

the Lord: Deuteronomy 1:37, Deuteronomy 31:2, Deuteronomy 32:51, Deuteronomy 32:52, Deuteronomy 34:4, Numbers 20:7-2 Kings :, Numbers 27:12-2 Chronicles :, Psalms 106:32, Psalms 106:33, Isaiah 53:5, Isaiah 53:6, Matthew 26:39

Let it: 1 Chronicles 17:4, 1 Chronicles 17:12, 1 Chronicles 17:13, 1 Chronicles 22:7-1 Samuel :, 1 Chronicles 28:2-Numbers :, Matthew 20:22, 2 Corinthians 12:8

Reciprocal: Numbers 32:5 - bring us Deuteronomy 4:21 - General 1 Kings 11:9 - angry Psalms 99:8 - though

Verse 27

thee up: Deuteronomy 34:1-Numbers :, Numbers 27:12

Pisgah: or, the hill, Deuteronomy 3:17

lift up: Genesis 13:14, Genesis 13:15

Reciprocal: Genesis 50:11 - beyond Jordan Numbers 21:20 - to the Numbers 23:14 - Pisgah Deuteronomy 4:22 - General Deuteronomy 12:10 - But when Deuteronomy 31:2 - Thou shalt not Deuteronomy 34:4 - I have caused 2 Kings 7:2 - thou shalt see it

Verse 28

charge Joshua: Deuteronomy 1:38, Deuteronomy 31:3, Deuteronomy 31:7, Deuteronomy 31:23, Numbers 27:18-Isaiah :, 1 Chronicles 22:6, 1 Chronicles 22:11-Nehemiah :, 1 Chronicles 28:9, 1 Chronicles 28:10, 1 Chronicles 28:20, 1 Timothy 6:13, 1 Timothy 6:14, 2 Timothy 2:1-Leviticus :, 2 Timothy 4:1-Joshua :

for he shall: Joshua 1:2, Joshua 3:7-Esther :, John 1:17, Acts 7:45, Hebrews 4:8, Jesus

Reciprocal: Genesis 48:2 - strengthened Numbers 27:23 - General 1 Samuel 23:16 - strengthened 1 Kings 2:1 - charged Job 4:3 - and thou hast Luke 22:43 - strengthening Acts 18:23 - strengthening 1 Thessalonians 2:11 - charged Revelation 3:2 - strengthen

Verse 29

Deuteronomy 4:3, Deuteronomy 4:46, Deuteronomy 34:6, Numbers 25:3, Numbers 33:48, Numbers 33:49

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/deuteronomy-3.html.