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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 12

Introduction

Overview

Exodus 12:1, The beginning of the year is changed; Exodus 12:3, The passover is instituted; Exodus 12:11, The import of the rite of the passover; Exodus 12:15, Unleavened bread, etc; Exodus 12:29, The firstborn are slain; Exodus 12:31, The Israelites are driven out of the land; Exodus 12:37, They come to Succoth; Exodus 12:41, The time of their sojourning; Exodus 12:43, The ordinance of the passover.

Verse 1

Reciprocal: Genesis 20:7 - a prophet Exodus 11:2 - borrow Exodus 12:18 - General Exodus 14:1 - the Lord spake Exodus 40:2 - the first month Numbers 9:2 - keep Ezekiel 45:21 - ye shall

Verse 2

am 2513, bc 1491, An, Exod, Isr, 1, Abib or Nisan, Exodus 13:4, Exodus 23:15, Exodus 34:18, Leviticus 23:5, Numbers 28:16, Deuteronomy 16:1, Esther 3:7

Reciprocal: Exodus 11:2 - borrow Exodus 19:1 - the third Exodus 40:2 - the first month Numbers 9:11 - fourteenth Numbers 33:3 - in the first Joshua 4:19 - first month 2 Chronicles 29:17 - the sixteenth Ezekiel 45:18 - In the first month

Verse 3

Speak ye: Exodus 4:30, Exodus 6:6, Exodus 14:15, Exodus 20:19, Leviticus 1:2

in the tenth: Exodus 12:6, John 12:1, John 12:12

take to: Genesis 4:4, Genesis 22:8, 1 Samuel 7:9, John 1:29, John 1:36, 1 Corinthians 5:7, Revelation 5:6-13, Revelation 7:9-14, Revelation 13:8

lamb: or, kid, The word seh means the young of both sheep and goats, and may be indifferently rendered either lamb or kid. It is evident from Exodus 12:5, that the Hebrews might take either; but they generally preferred a lamb, from being of a more gentle nature. Leviticus 5:6, Numbers 15:11, 2 Chronicles 35:7

an house: The Israelites were divided into twelve tribes, these tribes into families, the families into houses, and the houses into particular persons. Numbers 1:1-54, Joshua 7:14

Reciprocal: Genesis 22:7 - lamb Exodus 12:21 - and take Exodus 12:47 - All the Exodus 13:13 - lamb Leviticus 4:32 - a lamb Joshua 4:19 - first month 2 Kings 23:21 - as it is written 2 Chronicles 30:1 - to keep Hebrews 11:28 - he kept

Verse 4

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 19:35 - I hear Matthew 26:19 - and they

Verse 5

be without: Leviticus 1:3, Leviticus 1:10, Leviticus 22:19-24, Deuteronomy 17:1, Malachi 1:7, Malachi 1:8, Malachi 1:14, Hebrews 7:26, Hebrews 9:13, Hebrews 9:14, 1 Peter 1:18, 1 Peter 1:19

a male of the first year: Heb. son of a year, Leviticus 23:12, 1 Samuel 13:1, *marg.

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:3 - lamb Exodus 29:1 - without Leviticus 4:32 - a lamb Leviticus 9:3 - both Numbers 7:39 - General Numbers 19:2 - no blemish Deuteronomy 16:2 - sacrifice Ezekiel 46:13 - of the first year Micah 6:6 - of a year old 1 Corinthians 5:7 - Christ

Verse 6

fourteenth: Leviticus 23:5, Numbers 9:3, Numbers 28:16, Numbers 28:18, Deuteronomy 16:1-6, 2 Chronicles 30:15, Ezekiel 45:21

the whole: 2 Chronicles 30:15-18, Isaiah 53:6, Matthew 27:20, Matthew 27:25, Mark 15:1, Mark 15:8, Mark 15:11, Mark 15:25, Mark 15:33, Mark 15:34, Luke 23:1, Luke 23:18, Acts 2:23, Acts 3:14, Acts 4:27

in the evening: Heb. between the two evenings, The Jews divided the day into morning and evening: till the sun passed the meridian, all was morning or forenoon; after that, all was evening or afternoon. Their first evening began just after twelve o'clock, and continued till sunset; their second evening began at sunset, and continued till night, i.e., during the whole time of twilight; between twelve o'clock, therefore, and the termination of twilight, the passover was to be offered - see parallel passages. Exodus 16:12, Matthew 27:46-50

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:3 - in the tenth Exodus 12:47 - All the Exodus 19:1 - the third Exodus 30:8 - at even Numbers 9:2 - his appointed Numbers 28:4 - at even Deuteronomy 16:6 - at even 2 Chronicles 30:3 - at that time 2 Chronicles 30:17 - the killing 2 Chronicles 35:1 - the fourteenth 2 Chronicles 35:6 - So kill Ezra 6:19 - kept Proverbs 7:9 - evening Matthew 26:17 - the first Mark 14:1 - the passover Mark 14:12 - the first Luke 22:1 - General Luke 22:7 - General John 2:13 - passover John 6:4 - General 1 Corinthians 5:7 - Christ

Verse 7

Exodus 12:22, Exodus 12:23, Ephesians 1:7, Hebrews 9:13, Hebrews 9:14, Hebrews 9:22, Hebrews 10:14, Hebrews 10:29, Hebrews 11:28, 1 Peter 1:2

Reciprocal: Genesis 35:18 - her soul Exodus 24:6 - the blood he Numbers 9:3 - General Deuteronomy 6:9 - General Ezekiel 9:4 - set a mark

Verse 8

eat the: Matthew 26:26, John 6:52-57

roast: Deuteronomy 16:7, Psalms 22:14, Isaiah 53:10

unleavened: Exodus 13:3, Exodus 13:7, Exodus 34:25, Numbers 9:11, Deuteronomy 16:3, Amos 4:5, Matthew 16:12, 1 Corinthians 5:6-8, Galatians 5:9

with bitter: Exodus 1:14, Numbers 9:11, Zechariah 12:10, 1 Thessalonians 1:6

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:9 - but roast with fire Exodus 12:15 - Seven Exodus 23:18 - blood Exodus 29:2 - bread Leviticus 2:4 - the oven Leviticus 6:16 - unleavened Deuteronomy 16:1 - the passover 2 Chronicles 35:13 - roasted Mark 14:12 - the first

Verse 9

but roast with fire: Exodus 12:8, Deuteronomy 16:7, Lamentations 1:13

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 35:13 - roasted

Verse 10

Exodus 23:18, Exodus 29:34, Exodus 34:25, Leviticus 7:15-17, Leviticus 22:30, Deuteronomy 16:4, Deuteronomy 16:5

Reciprocal: Exodus 16:19 - General Leviticus 7:17 - burnt Leviticus 8:32 - General Numbers 9:12 - shall leave Deuteronomy 33:24 - let him be

Verse 11

loins: Matthew 26:19, Matthew 26:20, Luke 12:35, Ephesians 6:15, 1 Peter 1:13

shoes: Luke 7:38, Luke 15:22, Ephesians 6:15

it is the: Exodus 12:27, Leviticus 23:5, Numbers 28:16, Deuteronomy 16:2-6, 1 Corinthians 5:7

Reciprocal: Genesis 41:26 - are Job 38:3 - Gird Mark 14:22 - this John 11:55 - passover Hebrews 11:27 - he forsook

Verse 12

pass: Exodus 12:23, Exodus 11:4, Exodus 11:5, Amos 5:17

will smite: Exodus 12:29, Exodus 12:30, Exodus 11:4-6

against: Numbers 33:4, 1 Samuel 5:3, 1 Samuel 6:5, 1 Chronicles 14:12, Isaiah 19:1, Jeremiah 43:13, Zephaniah 2:11

gods: or, princes, Exodus 21:6, Exodus 22:28, Psalms 82:1, Psalms 82:6, John 10:34, John 10:35

I am the Lord: Exodus 6:2, Isaiah 43:11-15, Ezekiel 12:16

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:30 - my gods 2 Samuel 7:23 - nations and their gods Psalms 78:51 - smote Psalms 81:5 - through Psalms 91:7 - General Psalms 105:36 - He smote Psalms 135:8 - smote Psalms 136:10 - General Isaiah 46:1 - Bel Jeremiah 43:12 - in the Jeremiah 46:25 - with their Jeremiah 50:3 - both Jeremiah 51:18 - in the Ezekiel 29:8 - cut Ezekiel 30:13 - I will also Daniel 11:8 - their gods Nahum 1:12 - pass Nahum 1:14 - out Habakkuk 3:14 - the head Acts 12:23 - the angel

Verse 13

the blood: Exodus 12:23, Genesis 17:11, Joshua 2:12, Hebrews 11:28

and when: 1 Thessalonians 1:10, 1 John 1:7

to destroy you: Heb. for a destruction

Reciprocal: Genesis 9:12 - General Exodus 8:22 - sever Exodus 9:4 - General Exodus 9:26 - General Exodus 13:16 - a token Joshua 2:19 - whosoever 1 Samuel 12:24 - fear the Lord Psalms 74:9 - We see Psalms 91:7 - General Ezekiel 9:4 - set a mark Habakkuk 3:14 - the head Mark 14:44 - a token Romans 4:11 - the sign Revelation 7:3 - till

Verse 14

memorial: Exodus 13:9, Numbers 16:40, Joshua 4:7, Psalms 111:4, Psalms 135:13, Zechariah 6:14, Matthew 26:13, Luke 22:19, 1 Corinthians 11:23-26

a feast: Exodus 5:1, Deuteronomy 16:11, Nehemiah 8:9-12

by an ordinance: Exodus 12:17, Exodus 12:24, Exodus 12:43, Exodus 13:10, Leviticus 23:4, Leviticus 23:5, Numbers 10:8, Numbers 18:8, Deuteronomy 16:1, 1 Samuel 30:25, 2 Kings 23:21, Ezekiel 46:14, 1 Corinthians 5:7, 1 Corinthians 5:8

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:42 - a night to be much observed Exodus 17:14 - memorial Exodus 23:15 - the feast Exodus 28:12 - for a memorial Exodus 30:16 - a memorial Exodus 32:5 - a feast Exodus 40:15 - everlasting Leviticus 24:7 - a memorial Numbers 9:2 - his appointed Numbers 15:15 - an ordinance Deuteronomy 16:3 - mayest Joshua 4:6 - a sign Jeremiah 17:25 - and this Luke 2:41 - the Acts 12:3 - Then Acts 20:6 - the days Romans 14:6 - regardeth it 1 Corinthians 11:24 - in remembrance

Verse 15

Seven: Exodus 12:8, Exodus 13:6, Exodus 13:7-10, Exodus 23:15, Exodus 34:18, Exodus 34:25, Leviticus 23:5-8, Numbers 28:17, Deuteronomy 16:3, Deuteronomy 16:5, Deuteronomy 16:8, Matthew 16:12, Luke 12:1, Acts 12:3

that soul: Exodus 12:19, Exodus 12:20, Exodus 31:14, Genesis 17:14, Leviticus 17:10, Leviticus 17:14, Numbers 9:13, Malachi 2:12, Galatians 5:12

Reciprocal: Genesis 19:3 - unleavened Exodus 12:18 - General Exodus 13:3 - there Exodus 23:18 - blood Exodus 29:30 - seven days Exodus 30:20 - die not Exodus 30:33 - cut off Leviticus 7:21 - cut off Leviticus 17:4 - be cut off Leviticus 18:29 - General Leviticus 23:6 - General Deuteronomy 16:4 - there shall 2 Chronicles 30:21 - the feast 2 Chronicles 35:17 - the feast Ezra 6:22 - the feast Matthew 16:6 - the leaven Luke 6:1 - the second Acts 20:6 - the days 1 Corinthians 5:7 - Purge 1 Corinthians 5:8 - let

Verse 16

first day: Leviticus 23:2, Leviticus 23:3, Leviticus 23:7, Leviticus 23:8, Leviticus 23:21, Leviticus 23:24, Leviticus 23:25, Leviticus 23:27, Leviticus 23:35, Numbers 28:18, Numbers 28:25, Numbers 29:1, Numbers 29:12

no manner: Exodus 16:5, Exodus 16:23, Exodus 16:29, Exodus 20:10, Exodus 35:2, Exodus 35:3, Jeremiah 17:21, Jeremiah 17:22, man Heb. soul

Reciprocal: Leviticus 16:29 - do no Leviticus 23:6 - General Deuteronomy 16:8 - Six days Nehemiah 10:31 - on the holy day

Verse 17

in this selfsame: Exodus 7:5, Exodus 13:8, Numbers 20:16

an ordinance: Exodus 12:14

Reciprocal: Exodus 6:26 - armies Leviticus 23:21 - a statute Numbers 1:3 - by their Esther 9:28 - remembered

Verse 18

Exodus 12:1, Exodus 12:15, Leviticus 23:5, Leviticus 23:6, Numbers 28:16

Reciprocal: Joshua 5:11 - unleavened cakes 2 Chronicles 30:3 - at that time Matthew 26:17 - the first Mark 8:15 - the leaven of the Mark 14:12 - the first Luke 22:7 - General Acts 20:6 - the days

Verse 19

Seven: Exodus 23:15, Exodus 34:18, Deuteronomy 16:3, 1 Corinthians 5:7, 1 Corinthians 5:8

even that: Exodus 12:15, Numbers 9:13

whether: Exodus 12:43, Exodus 12:48

Reciprocal: Genesis 17:14 - cut Exodus 13:7 - General Exodus 30:33 - cut off Leviticus 2:11 - no leaven Leviticus 7:21 - cut off Leviticus 17:4 - be cut off

Verse 20

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:15 - that soul Exodus 34:25 - leaven Leviticus 2:11 - no leaven Deuteronomy 16:3 - eat no

Verse 21

elders: Exodus 3:16, Exodus 17:5, Exodus 19:7, Numbers 11:16

and take: Exodus 12:3, Numbers 9:2-5, Joshua 5:10, 2 Kings 23:21, 2 Chronicles 30:15-17, 2 Chronicles 35:5, 2 Chronicles 35:6, Ezra 6:20, Matthew 26:17-19, Mark 14:12-16, Luke 22:7-13, 1 Corinthians 10:4

lamb: or, kid, Exodus 12:3, *marg.

the passover: That is, the lamb which was called the paschal, or passover lamb; the animal sacrificed obtaining the name of the institution. St. Paul copies the expression in 1 Corinthians 5:7.

Reciprocal: Exodus 13:13 - lamb Hebrews 11:28 - he kept

Verse 22

a bunch: Leviticus 14:6, Leviticus 14:7, Numbers 19:18, Psalms 51:7, Hebrews 9:1, Hebrews 9:14, Hebrews 9:19, Hebrews 11:28, Hebrews 12:24, 1 Peter 1:2

hyssop: The word aizov, which has been variously rendered, most probably denotes Hyssop; whence are derived the Chaldee aizova, Syriac zupha, Arabic zupha, Ethiopic azab, and hushopa, Greek ץףףשנןע, hussopos [Strong's G5301], Latin hyssopus, German usop, and our hyssop, a name retained, with little variation, in all the western languages. It is a plant of the gymnospermia (naked seeded) order, belonging to the didynamia class. It has bushy stalks, growing a foot and a half high; small spear-shaped, close-sitting, and opposite leaves, with several smaller ones rising from the same joint; and all the stalks and branches terminated by erect whorled spikes of flowers, of different colours in the varieties of the plant. The leaves have an aromatic smell, and a warm, pungent taste. Its detersive, cleansing, and medicinal qualities were probably the reason why it was so particularly recommended in Scripture.

strike: Exodus 12:7

and none: Matthew 26:30

Reciprocal: Exodus 24:6 - the blood he Leviticus 5:9 - sprinkle Leviticus 14:4 - hyssop 1 Kings 4:33 - the hyssop 2 Chronicles 35:6 - So kill Nehemiah 7:70 - basins Isaiah 26:20 - enter John 19:29 - hyssop Hebrews 9:18 - the first

Verse 23

will pass through: Exodus 12:12, Exodus 12:13

and will not: 2 Samuel 24:16, Isaiah 37:36, Ezekiel 9:4, Ezekiel 9:6, 1 Corinthians 10:10, Hebrews 11:28, Hebrews 12:24, Revelation 7:3, Revelation 9:4

Reciprocal: Exodus 11:4 - About Exodus 12:7 - General Exodus 12:27 - It is the sacrifice Leviticus 5:9 - sprinkle Joshua 2:19 - whosoever 1 Chronicles 21:12 - the angel Job 33:22 - his life Isaiah 26:20 - enter Ezekiel 9:1 - Cause Amos 5:17 - I will Acts 12:23 - the angel

Verse 24

Exodus 12:14, Genesis 17:8-10

Reciprocal: Exodus 13:10 - General Numbers 15:15 - an ordinance Psalms 44:1 - have heard Psalms 78:7 - not forget

Verse 25

when: Deuteronomy 4:5, Deuteronomy 12:8, Deuteronomy 12:9, Deuteronomy 16:5-9, Joshua 5:10-12, Psalms 105:44, Psalms 105:45

according: Exodus 3:8, Exodus 3:17

Reciprocal: Exodus 13:5 - thou shalt keep Luke 8:38 - saying Romans 9:4 - the service

Verse 26

your children: Exodus 13:8, Exodus 13:9, Exodus 13:14, Exodus 13:15, Exodus 13:22, Deuteronomy 6:7, Deuteronomy 11:19, Deuteronomy 32:7, Joshua 4:6, Joshua 4:7, Joshua 4:21-24, Psalms 78:3-6, Psalms 145:4, Isaiah 38:19, Ephesians 6:4

Reciprocal: Genesis 21:29 - General Exodus 13:5 - thou shalt keep Deuteronomy 6:20 - when thy son Deuteronomy 16:3 - mayest Psalms 111:4 - He hath Ezekiel 17:12 - Know

Verse 27

It is the sacrifice: Exodus 12:11, Exodus 12:23, Exodus 34:25, Deuteronomy 16:2, Deuteronomy 16:5, 1 Corinthians 5:7

bowed: Exodus 4:31, Exodus 34:8, 1 Chronicles 29:20, 2 Chronicles 20:18, 2 Chronicles 29:30, Nehemiah 8:6

Reciprocal: Genesis 24:26 - General Exodus 13:8 - General Numbers 9:7 - we may not offer Deuteronomy 6:7 - And thou shalt Deuteronomy 16:3 - mayest Joshua 4:6 - when your Psalms 78:3 - General Psalms 81:5 - through Psalms 111:4 - He hath Psalms 145:4 - generation Isaiah 31:5 - passing Isaiah 38:19 - the father Zephaniah 2:3 - hid Ephesians 6:4 - but

Verse 28

Hebrews 11:28

Reciprocal: Exodus 7:6 - General

Verse 29

at midnight: Exodus 12:12, Exodus 11:4, Exodus 13:15, Job 34:20, 1 Thessalonians 5:2, 1 Thessalonians 5:3

the Lord smote: The infliction of this judgment on the Egyptians was most equitable; because, after their nation had been preserved by one of the Israelitish family, they had, contrary to all right, and in defiance of original stipulation, enslaved the people to whom they had been so much indebted, had murdered their offspring, and made their bondage intolerable. See Bryant, p. 160. Numbers 3:13, Numbers 8:17, Numbers 33:4, Psalms 78:51, Psalms 105:36, Psalms 135:8, Psalms 136:10, Hebrews 11:28, Hebrews 12:23

the firstborn of Pharaoh: Exodus 4:23, Exodus 11:5

dungeon: Heb. house of the pit, Isaiah 24:22, Isaiah 51:14, Jeremiah 38:6, Jeremiah 38:13, Zechariah 9:11

Reciprocal: Exodus 9:15 - that Exodus 15:26 - diseases Numbers 3:12 - General Deuteronomy 16:1 - for in 1 Samuel 25:38 - the Lord 2 Kings 19:35 - that night 2 Chronicles 15:13 - whether small Job 27:20 - a tempest Job 36:20 - cut Psalms 81:5 - through Psalms 91:6 - pestilence Isaiah 15:1 - in the Isaiah 44:26 - confirmeth Isaiah 47:11 - thou shalt not know Amos 4:10 - pestilence Habakkuk 3:5 - went Habakkuk 3:13 - thou woundedst Habakkuk 3:14 - the head Acts 12:23 - the angel Romans 5:14 - even

Verse 30

and there was a great cry: No people were more remarkable and frantic in their mournings than the Egyptians. When a relative died, every one left the house, and the women, with their hair loose, and their bosoms bare, ran wild about the street. The men also, with their apparel equally disordered, kept them company; all shrieking, howling, and beating themselves. What a scene of horror and distress must now have presented itself, when there was not a family in Egypt where there was not one dead! Exodus 11:6, Proverbs 21:13, Amos 5:17, Matthew 25:6, James 2:13

Reciprocal: Exodus 9:15 - that Exodus 10:10 - be so Exodus 10:29 - I will see Exodus 12:12 - will smite Numbers 3:13 - on the day Numbers 33:4 - buried Deuteronomy 4:34 - and by great 1 Samuel 5:12 - the cry 2 Kings 19:35 - the angel 1 Chronicles 21:14 - seventy Job 34:20 - troubled Psalms 14:3 - there Psalms 46:8 - desolations Psalms 78:51 - smote Psalms 91:6 - pestilence Psalms 105:36 - He smote Psalms 135:8 - smote Proverbs 27:22 - General Isaiah 15:1 - in the Isaiah 37:36 - and when Isaiah 44:26 - confirmeth Isaiah 47:11 - thou shalt not know Amos 4:10 - pestilence Habakkuk 3:5 - went Habakkuk 3:13 - thou woundedst Habakkuk 3:14 - the head Zechariah 12:12 - every family apart Romans 5:14 - even Revelation 3:9 - I will make them to

Verse 31

called: Exodus 10:29

Rise up: Exodus 3:19, Exodus 3:20, Exodus 6:1, Exodus 11:1, Exodus 11:8, Psalms 105:38

the children: Exodus 10:9

Reciprocal: Genesis 19:14 - as one Exodus 8:8 - and I will Exodus 8:25 - General Exodus 10:8 - brought Exodus 10:10 - be so 1 Samuel 6:6 - did they not Matthew 27:4 - I have sinned

Verse 32

your flocks: Exodus 10:26

bless me: Exodus 8:28, Exodus 9:28, Genesis 27:34, Genesis 27:38

Reciprocal: Genesis 47:7 - And Jacob Exodus 8:8 - and I will Numbers 12:11 - I beseech thee Deuteronomy 16:3 - for thou camest 1 Kings 1:47 - bless 1 Kings 13:6 - now Acts 8:24 - Pray

Verse 33

urgent: Exodus 11:1, Psalms 105:38

We be all: Genesis 20:3, Numbers 17:12, Numbers 17:13

Reciprocal: Exodus 6:1 - drive them Exodus 12:39 - thrust Exodus 14:5 - and the heart Deuteronomy 16:3 - for thou camest Deuteronomy 28:10 - and they shall 1 Samuel 5:7 - saw Isaiah 52:12 - ye shall Daniel 3:22 - urgent

Verse 34

kneading troughs, or, dough, Exodus 8:3, Probably like the kneading-troughs of the Arabs; comparatively small wooden bowls, which also serve them for dishes. Their being bound up in their clothes may mean no more than their being wrapped up in their hykes, or long, loose, garments. See Shaw's Travels, p. 224, 4to. edit.

Verse 35

Exodus 3:21, Exodus 3:22, Exodus 11:2, Exodus 11:3, Genesis 15:14, Psalms 105:37

Reciprocal: Genesis 24:53 - jewels Genesis 30:39 - brought forth Exodus 32:2 - General Judges 8:24 - give me 1 Samuel 6:4 - Five golden 2 Chronicles 20:25 - they found Psalms 74:14 - meat Ecclesiastes 3:6 - time to get Revelation 12:16 - General

Verse 36

the Lord: Exodus 3:21, Exodus 11:3, Genesis 39:21, Proverbs 16:7, Daniel 1:9, Acts 2:47, Acts 7:10

they spoiled: Exodus 3:22, Genesis 15:14, Psalms 105:37

Reciprocal: Genesis 30:39 - brought forth Exodus 11:2 - borrow Exodus 32:2 - General 2 Chronicles 20:25 - they found Job 20:10 - his hands Psalms 74:14 - meat Ecclesiastes 3:6 - time to get Ezekiel 39:10 - shall spoil Revelation 12:16 - General

Verse 37

the children: Numbers 33:3, Numbers 33:5

Rameses: Exodus 1:11, Genesis 47:11

six hundred: Exodus 38:26, Genesis 12:2, Genesis 15:5, Genesis 46:3, Numbers 1:46, Numbers 11:21

Reciprocal: Genesis 33:17 - Succoth Exodus 1:7 - fruitful Numbers 2:32 - General Numbers 26:65 - They shall Numbers 33:1 - with their armies Deuteronomy 1:10 - your God Deuteronomy 26:8 - the Lord Joshua 24:6 - I brought Psalms 105:24 - made Jeremiah 31:2 - The people Ezekiel 16:7 - caused Hebrews 11:27 - he forsook

Verse 38

And a mixed multitude: Heb. a great mixture, Numbers 11:4, Zechariah 8:23

Reciprocal: Leviticus 24:10 - General Deuteronomy 29:11 - stranger Nehemiah 13:3 - the mixed Psalms 107:38 - suffereth Jeremiah 25:20 - the mingled

Verse 39

thrust: Exodus 12:33, Exodus 6:1, Exodus 11:1

Reciprocal: Genesis 19:3 - unleavened Exodus 3:20 - after that Deuteronomy 16:3 - eat no Joshua 4:10 - hasted Isaiah 52:12 - ye shall

Verse 40

The Samaritan Pentateuch reads, "Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, and of their fathers in the land of Canaan and in the land of Egypt, was 430 years." The Alexandrine copy of the LXX has the same reading; and the same statement is made by the apostle Paul, in Galatians 3:17, who reckons from the promise made to Abraham to the giving of the law. That these three witnesses have the truth, the chronology itself proves; for it is evident that the descendants of Israel did not dwell 430 years in Egypt; while it is equally evident, that the period from Abraham's entry into Canaan to the Exodus, is exactly that number. Thus, from Abraham's entrance into the promised land to the birth of Isaac, was 25 years; Isaac was 60 at the birth of Jacob; Jacob was 130 at his going into Egypt; where he and his children continued 215 years more; making in the whole 430 years. See Kennicott's Dissertation on the Hebrew Text.

sojourning: Acts 13:17, Hebrews 11:9

four hundred: Genesis 12:1-3, Genesis 15:13, Acts 7:6, Galatians 3:16, Galatians 3:17

Reciprocal: Genesis 15:16 - in the Numbers 20:15 - dwelt

Verse 41

selfsame: Psalms 102:13, Daniel 9:24, Habakkuk 2:3, John 7:8, Acts 1:7

hosts: Exodus 12:51, Exodus 7:4, Joshua 5:14

Reciprocal: Genesis 15:13 - four Exodus 12:50 - as the Lord Deuteronomy 7:8 - Lord brought Deuteronomy 26:8 - the Lord Psalms 114:1 - Israel Ezekiel 40:1 - selfsame Acts 7:6 - four Acts 7:36 - brought Galatians 3:17 - which

Verse 42

a night to be much observed: Heb. a night of observations, observed. Exodus 12:14, Deuteronomy 16:1-6

Reciprocal: Exodus 13:3 - Remember Deuteronomy 7:8 - Lord brought Psalms 114:1 - Israel Romans 14:6 - regardeth it

Verse 43

There shall: Exodus 12:48, Leviticus 22:10, Numbers 9:14, Ephesians 2:12

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:14 - by an ordinance Exodus 12:19 - whether Exodus 23:15 - the feast Numbers 9:11 - fourteenth Numbers 9:12 - according Numbers 15:15 - an ordinance Numbers 28:16 - General Deuteronomy 14:21 - the stranger 2 Chronicles 30:18 - the passover 2 Chronicles 30:25 - the strangers

Verse 44

circumcised: Genesis 17:12, Genesis 17:13, Genesis 17:23

Reciprocal: Exodus 21:2 - an Hebrew Leviticus 25:44 - General

Verse 45

Leviticus 22:10, Ephesians 2:12

Verse 46

one house: 1 Corinthians 12:12, Ephesians 2:19-22

neither: Numbers 9:12, John 19:33, John 19:36

Verse 47

All the: Exodus 12:3, Exodus 12:6, Numbers 9:13

keep it: Heb. do it

Reciprocal: Ezra 6:21 - did eat

Verse 48

a stranger: Exodus 12:43, Numbers 9:14, Numbers 15:15, Numbers 15:16

let all: Genesis 17:12, Ezekiel 44:9, Ezekiel 47:22

shall be: Galatians 3:28, Colossians 3:11

Reciprocal: Genesis 17:10 - Every Genesis 21:4 - General Exodus 12:19 - whether Leviticus 19:34 - General Deuteronomy 29:11 - stranger 2 Chronicles 6:32 - the stranger Ezekiel 14:7 - of the stranger

Verse 49

Leviticus 24:22, Numbers 9:14, Numbers 15:15, Numbers 15:16, Numbers 15:29, Galatians 3:28, Colossians 3:11

Reciprocal: Genesis 17:12 - is born Leviticus 4:27 - common people Leviticus 17:12 - neither Leviticus 19:34 - General Numbers 19:10 - it shall be Numbers 35:15 - General Deuteronomy 29:11 - stranger Joshua 8:33 - stranger 2 Chronicles 6:32 - the stranger Zechariah 2:11 - my people

Verse 50

as the Lord: Deuteronomy 4:1, Deuteronomy 4:2, Deuteronomy 12:32, Matthew 7:24, Matthew 7:25, Matthew 28:20, John 2:5, John 13:17, John 15:14, Revelation 22:15, by their armies, Exodus 12:41, Exodus 6:26, Exodus 7:4

Reciprocal: Hosea 12:13 - General

Verse 51

Reciprocal: Exodus 3:8 - deliver Exodus 6:26 - armies Exodus 7:4 - armies Exodus 12:41 - hosts Exodus 13:18 - harnessed Exodus 16:6 - the Lord Numbers 33:1 - with their armies Deuteronomy 6:22 - showed Deuteronomy 26:8 - the Lord Joshua 24:5 - plagued Joshua 24:6 - I brought 1 Samuel 12:8 - brought Psalms 78:12 - Marvellous Psalms 136:11 - brought out Hosea 12:13 - General Amos 2:10 - I brought Amos 9:7 - Have not Micah 6:4 - I brought

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 12". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/exodus-12.html.