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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 25

Introduction

Overview

Exodus 25:1, What the Israelites were to offer for the formation of the tabernacle; Exodus 25:10, The form of the ark; Exodus 25:17, The mercy seat, with the cherubims; Exodus 25:23, The table of shew bread, with the furniture thereof; Exodus 25:31, The golden candlestick, with the instruments thereof.

Verse 1

Reciprocal: Exodus 35:1 - These Exodus 35:4 - This is Exodus 35:8 - spices Exodus 39:32 - all the Exodus 39:33 - the tent Exodus 39:42 - according Numbers 7:5 - Take it 2 Kings 12:4 - and all the money

Verse 2

they: Exodus 35:5-Joel :, Numbers 7:3- :, Deuteronomy 16:16, Deuteronomy 16:17, 1 Chronicles 29:1-Amos :

bring me: Heb. take for me

offering: or, heave offering, Numbers 18:24

willingly: Exodus 35:5, Exodus 35:21, Judges 5:9, 1 Chronicles 29:3, 1 Chronicles 29:5, 1 Chronicles 29:9, 1 Chronicles 29:14, 1 Chronicles 29:17, Ezra 1:6, Ezra 2:68, Ezra 3:5, Ezra 7:16, Nehemiah 11:2, Psalms 110:3, 2 Corinthians 8:12, 2 Corinthians 9:7

Reciprocal: Genesis 3:24 - Cherubims Exodus 35:4 - This is Exodus 35:23 - General Exodus 38:24 - offering 2 Kings 12:4 - and all the money

Verse 3

brass: Nechosheth, rather, copper; as brass is a factitious metal, composed of copper, and the oxide or ore of zinc, called lapis calaminaris. Deuteronomy 8:9, Job 28:2

Reciprocal: Genesis 4:22 - brass Exodus 28:5 - gold

Verse 4

blue: Techaileth, generally supposed to mean an azure or sky-colour; rendered by the LXX, ץבךיםטןם, uakinthon, and Vulgate, hyacinthum.

fine linen: or, silk, Genesis 41:42, Ezekiel 16:10, Revelation 19:8

Reciprocal: Exodus 26:1 - fine twined linen Exodus 26:7 - goats' hair Exodus 26:31 - blue Exodus 28:5 - gold Exodus 39:1 - the blue Esther 8:15 - and with a great crown Ezekiel 27:7 - blue and purple

Verse 5

Exodus 26:14

shittim wood: Exodus 26:15, Exodus 26:26, Exodus 26:37, Exodus 27:1, Exodus 36:20

Reciprocal: Exodus 35:9 - General Numbers 33:49 - Abelshittim Deuteronomy 10:3 - I made Ezekiel 16:10 - badgers' skin

Verse 6

Oil for: Exodus 25:37, Exodus 27:20, Exodus 40:24, Exodus 40:25

spices: Exodus 30:23-Zechariah :

Reciprocal: Exodus 30:34 - unto thee Exodus 38:6 - General Exodus 39:38 - sweet incense Numbers 4:16 - the oil 1 Kings 10:2 - spices

Verse 7

Onyx stones: Exodus 28:9-Ecclesiastes :

ephod: Exodus 28:4, Exodus 28:6, Exodus 28:15

Reciprocal: Exodus 39:2 - General Exodus 39:6 - onyx stones Exodus 39:8 - General

Verse 8

a sanctuary: Exodus 15:2, Exodus 36:1-Numbers :, Leviticus 4:6, Leviticus 10:4, Leviticus 21:12, Hebrews 9:1, Hebrews 9:2

I may dwell: Exodus 29:45, 1 Kings 6:13, Isaiah 12:6, Zechariah 2:10, Zechariah 8:3, 2 Corinthians 6:16, Hebrews 3:6, Revelation 21:3

Reciprocal: Exodus 26:1 - the tabernacle with ten curtains Exodus 40:34 - a cloud Leviticus 26:11 - I will Numbers 35:34 - dwell among Psalms 114:2 - General

Verse 9

the pattern of the tabernacle: Exodus 25:40, 1 Chronicles 28:11-Psalms :, Hebrews 8:5, Hebrews 9:9

Reciprocal: Exodus 26:30 - according to the fashion Exodus 27:8 - as it was showed Numbers 3:25 - the tabernacle and Numbers 4:12 - General Numbers 4:32 - the instruments Numbers 8:4 - the pattern Numbers 31:6 - the holy instruments

Verse 10

an ark: Aron denotes a chest, or coffer, in general; but is applied particularly to the chest or ark in which the testimony or two tables of the covenant were laid up; on the top of which was the propitiatory or mercy seat; and at the end of which were the cherubim of gold; between whom the visible sign of the presence of God appeared as seated upon his throne. Exodus 37:1-Leviticus :, Deuteronomy 10:1-Leviticus :, 2 Chronicles 8:11, Hebrews 9:4, Revelation 11:19

Reciprocal: Exodus 31:7 - ark Exodus 35:12 - ark Exodus 36:20 - shittim wood Exodus 40:3 - General Numbers 3:31 - the ark Numbers 4:5 - and cover Numbers 33:49 - Abelshittim Deuteronomy 10:3 - I made

Verse 11

Exodus 25:24, Exodus 30:3, 1 Kings 6:20, 2 Chronicles 3:4

Reciprocal: Exodus 26:29 - overlay the boards with gold Exodus 28:23 - General

Verse 12

Exodus 25:15, Exodus 25:26, Exodus 26:29, Exodus 27:7, Exodus 37:5, Exodus 38:7

Reciprocal: Exodus 27:4 - rings in the four corners thereof Exodus 30:4 - rings Exodus 39:16 - gold rings 1 Chronicles 15:15 - bare the ark 2 Chronicles 5:8 - the staves

Verse 13

Exodus 25:28, Exodus 27:6, Exodus 30:5, Exodus 37:4, Exodus 40:20, Numbers 4:6, Numbers 4:8, Numbers 4:11, Numbers 4:14, 1 Chronicles 15:15

Verse 14

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:27 - for places of the staves Exodus 25:28 - the table Exodus 30:4 - rings Joshua 6:6 - Take up the ark 1 Kings 8:8 - drew out the staves

Verse 15

1 Kings 8:8, 2 Chronicles 5:9

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:12 - General Jeremiah 47:1 - against

Verse 16

Exodus 16:34, Exodus 27:21, Exodus 30:6, Exodus 30:36, Exodus 31:18, Exodus 32:15, Exodus 34:29, Exodus 38:21, Numbers 17:4, Deuteronomy 10:2-:, Deuteronomy 31:26, 1 Kings 8:9, 2 Kings 11:12, 2 Chronicles 34:14, 2 Chronicles 34:15, Acts 7:44, Romans 3:2, Hebrews 9:4

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:21 - in Exodus 26:33 - the ark of the testimony Exodus 40:20 - the testimony Deuteronomy 10:5 - put the Joshua 4:16 - General 2 Chronicles 23:11 - the testimony Psalms 78:5 - testimony

Verse 17

mercy seat: Exodus 26:34, Exodus 37:6, Exodus 40:20, Leviticus 16:12-Ezra :, 1 Chronicles 28:11, Romans 3:25, Hebrews 4:16, Hebrews 9:5, 1 John 2:2

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:21 - mercy seat Exodus 39:35 - the mercy seat Leviticus 16:2 - the mercy seat Ezekiel 28:14 - the anointed Ephesians 3:10 - intent

Verse 18

two cherubims of gold: Exodus 37:7-1 Samuel :, Genesis 3:24, 1 Samuel 4:4, 1 Kings 6:23-Hosea :, 1 Kings 8:6, 1 Kings 8:7, 1 Chronicles 28:18, Ezekiel 10:2, Ezekiel 10:20, Ezekiel 41:18, Ezekiel 41:19, Hebrews 9:5

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:20 - cherubims shall Exodus 25:36 - beaten Exodus 26:1 - cherubims Exodus 26:31 - cherubims shall it be made Exodus 36:8 - cherubims Numbers 7:89 - two cherubims Numbers 8:4 - beaten work Numbers 10:2 - of a whole piece 2 Samuel 6:2 - dwelleth 1 Kings 7:29 - cherubims

Verse 19

of the: or, of the matter of the

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:11 - a cherub

Verse 20

cherubims shall: Exodus 25:18, 1 Kings 8:7, 1 Chronicles 28:18, 2 Chronicles 3:10

covering: Ezekiel 28:14

toward: Genesis 28:12, Isaiah 6:1-Deuteronomy :, Ezekiel 1:20, Matthew 24:31, John 1:51, 1 Corinthians 4:9, 1 Corinthians 11:10, Ephesians 3:10, Colossians 2:10, Hebrews 1:14, 1 Peter 1:12, 1 Peter 3:22, Revelation 5:11, Revelation 5:12

Reciprocal: Genesis 3:24 - Cherubims Exodus 37:9 - to the mercy seatward 1 Kings 6:27 - they stretched forth the wings of the cherubims 1 Kings 8:6 - under the wings 2 Chronicles 3:13 - inward Psalms 80:1 - dwellest Psalms 97:7 - worship Isaiah 6:2 - wings Ezekiel 1:6 - every one had four wings

Verse 21

mercy seat: Exodus 25:17, Exodus 26:34, Romans 10:4

in: Exodus 25:16

Reciprocal: Exodus 16:34 - General Exodus 27:21 - testimony Exodus 30:6 - before the mercy seat that is over the testimony Exodus 40:34 - a cloud Leviticus 16:13 - the cloud 1 Kings 6:16 - built them 1 Kings 8:9 - nothing Psalms 26:8 - where Psalms 78:5 - testimony Hosea 5:15 - return Hebrews 9:4 - and the Revelation 11:19 - the ark Revelation 15:5 - General

Verse 22

and I will: Exodus 20:24, Exodus 30:6, Exodus 30:36, Exodus 31:18, Genesis 18:33, Leviticus 1:1, Leviticus 16:2, Numbers 7:89, Numbers 17:4, Deuteronomy 5:26-Obadiah :, Judges 20:27

between: Exodus 29:42, Exodus 29:43, Exodus 31:6, 1 Samuel 4:4, 2 Samuel 6:2, 2 Kings 19:15, Psalms 80:1, Psalms 90:1, Psalms 99:1, Isaiah 37:16

Reciprocal: Genesis 3:24 - Cherubims Exodus 3:18 - met Exodus 33:9 - talked Exodus 36:8 - cherubims Exodus 40:3 - General Exodus 40:34 - a cloud Numbers 1:1 - tabernacle Numbers 27:5 - General Deuteronomy 12:5 - habitation 1 Kings 6:5 - oracle 1 Kings 6:16 - built them 1 Chronicles 13:6 - that dwelleth Psalms 26:8 - where Song of Solomon 7:12 - there will I give thee Isaiah 64:5 - meetest Ezekiel 8:4 - General Hosea 5:15 - return Revelation 11:19 - the ark

Verse 23

a table: Exodus 37:10-Nehemiah :, Exodus 40:22, Exodus 40:23, Leviticus 24:6, Numbers 3:31, 1 Kings 7:48, 1 Chronicles 28:16, 2 Chronicles 4:8, 2 Chronicles 4:19, Ezekiel 40:41, Ezekiel 40:42, Hebrews 9:2

shittim wood: Shittim wood is probably the acacia Nilotica. St. Jerome says, that the shittim wood grows in the deserts of Arabia, and is like white thorn, as to its colour and leaves; but the tree is so large as to furnish very long planks. The wood is hard, tough, and extremely beautiful. It is thought he means the black acacia, because that is the most common tree in the deserts of Arabia. It is of the size of a large mulberry tree. The spreading branches and larger limbs are armed with thorns, which grow three together. The bark is rough; and the leaves are oblong, standing opposite each other. The flowers, though sometimes white, are generally of a bright yellow; and the fruit, which resembles a bean, is contained in pods like those of the lupin. "The acacia," says Dr. Shaw, "being by much the largest and most common tree in the deserts," (Arabia Petrזa), we have some reason to conjecture that the shittim wood was the wood of the acacia, especially as its flowers are of an excellent smell; for the shittah tree is, in Isaiah 41:19, joined with the myrtle and other fragrant shrubs. It may be remarked, that of the two Hebrew names, shittim is masculine, and shittah feminine. So Mr. Bruce says, "the male is called saiel; from it proceeds the gula Arabic, on incision with an axe."

Reciprocal: Exodus 31:8 - the table Exodus 35:13 - General Exodus 40:4 - the table Numbers 4:7 - the table Numbers 33:49 - Abelshittim

Verse 24

Exodus 25:11, 1 Kings 6:20-Song of Solomon :

Reciprocal: Exodus 30:3 - overlay it Leviticus 24:6 - pure

Verse 25

a golden crown to the border: Exodus 30:3, Exodus 37:2

Reciprocal: Ezekiel 43:17 - and the border

Verse 26

four rings of gold: Exodus 25:12

Verse 27

for places of the staves: Exodus 25:14, Exodus 25:28

Reciprocal: Exodus 30:4 - rings Exodus 30:5 - General

Verse 28

the table: Exodus 25:14, Exodus 25:27, Numbers 10:17, Acts 9:15

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:13 - General Exodus 27:7 - bear it Exodus 36:31 - General Ezekiel 41:22 - This is

Verse 29

the: Exodus 37:16, Numbers 4:7, Numbers 7:13, Numbers 7:19, Numbers 7:31-Micah :, 1 Kings 7:50, 2 Chronicles 4:22, Ezra 1:9-1 Kings :, Jeremiah 52:18, Jeremiah 52:19

to cover: or, to pour out, Leviticus 24:5-1 Samuel :, Song of Solomon 5:1, Revelation 3:20

Reciprocal: Zechariah 14:20 - the bowls

Verse 30

Exodus 35:13, Exodus 39:36, Leviticus 24:5, Leviticus 24:6, Numbers 4:7, 1 Samuel 21:6, 1 Chronicles 9:32, 1 Chronicles 23:29, 2 Chronicles 13:11, Malachi 1:7, Malachi 1:12, Matthew 12:4

Reciprocal: Exodus 40:23 - General 1 Samuel 21:4 - hallowed bread 2 Chronicles 2:4 - the continual Hebrews 9:2 - the showbread

Verse 31

a candlestick: Exodus 35:14, Exodus 37:17-Jeremiah :, Exodus 40:24, Exodus 40:25, 1 Kings 7:49, 2 Chronicles 13:11, Zechariah 4:2, Hebrews 9:2, Revelation 1:12, Revelation 1:20, Revelation 2:1, Revelation 2:5, Revelation 4:5

his knops: 1 Kings 6:18, 1 Kings 7:24

Reciprocal: Exodus 26:35 - the candlestick Exodus 27:20 - for the light Exodus 31:8 - pure candlestick Exodus 37:22 - were Exodus 40:4 - the candlestick Leviticus 24:4 - the pure Numbers 4:9 - General Numbers 8:4 - this work Numbers 10:2 - of a whole piece 1 Chronicles 28:15 - the candlesticks 2 Chronicles 4:7 - according to 2 Chronicles 4:20 - the candlesticks 2 Chronicles 4:21 - the flowers Jeremiah 52:19 - and the candlesticks

Verse 32

Reciprocal: Exodus 31:4 - General

Verse 33

like unto: Numbers 17:4-Ruth :, Jeremiah 1:11, Jeremiah 1:12

and three: Exodus 37:19, Exodus 37:20, Zechariah 4:3

Verse 35

Reciprocal: Exodus 37:21 - General

Verse 36

beaten: Exodus 25:18, Numbers 8:4, 1 Kings 10:16, 1 Kings 10:17, 2 Chronicles 9:15

Verse 37

seven: Exodus 37:23, Zechariah 4:2, Revelation 1:4, Revelation 1:12, Revelation 1:20, Revelation 2:1, Revelation 4:5

they shall: Exodus 27:21, Exodus 30:8, Leviticus 24:2-Numbers :, 2 Chronicles 13:11

light: or, cause to ascend

give: Exodus 40:24, Numbers 8:2, Psalms 119:105, Proverbs 6:23, Isaiah 8:20, Matthew 5:14, Luke 1:79, John 1:9, John 8:12, John 12:5, Acts 26:18, Revelation 21:23-Lamentations :, Revelation 22:5

it: Heb. the face of it, Numbers 8:2

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:6 - Oil for Exodus 40:25 - General Matthew 5:15 - it giveth

Verse 38

the tongs: 2 Chronicles 4:21, Isaiah 6:6, snuff dishes, Exodus 37:23, Numbers 4:9, 1 Kings 7:50, 2 Kings 12:13, 2 Kings 25:14, Jeremiah 52:18

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 7:49 - the tongs

Verse 39

talent: Exodus 37:24, Zechariah 5:7

Verse 40

that thou make: Exodus 26:30, Exodus 39:42, Exodus 39:43, Numbers 8:4, 1 Chronicles 28:11, 1 Chronicles 28:19, Ezekiel 43:11, Ezekiel 43:12, Acts 7:44, Hebrews 8:5

was showed thee in the mount: Heb. thou wast caused to see in the mount

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:9 - the pattern of the tabernacle Exodus 27:8 - as it was showed Exodus 39:32 - according Joshua 22:28 - Behold 1 Chronicles 28:12 - the spirit Ezekiel 43:10 - show

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 25". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/exodus-25.html.