Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 3

Introduction

1Moses keeps Jethro's flock.
2God appears to him in a burning bush.
9He sends him to deliver Israel.
13The name of God.
15His message to Israel, and Pharaoh, whose opposition is foretold.
20He is assured of Israel's deliverance.

Verse 1

Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb.
A. M. 2513. B.C. 1491. kept
Psalms 78:70-72; Amos 1:1; 7:14,15; Matthew 4:18,19; Luke 2:8
his father
2:16,21; 18:1-6; Numbers 10:29; Judges 4:11
the mountain
5; 18:5; 19:3,11; 24:15-17; 1 Kings 19:8
Horeb
17:6; Deuteronomy 1:6; 4:10; Psalms 106:19; Malachi 4:4
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:2 - And Abel;  Genesis 31:40 - GeneralGenesis 46:32 - shepherds;  Exodus 2:18 - GeneralExodus 4:18 - Jethro;  Exodus 4:27 - the mount;  Exodus 19:2 - camped;  Numbers 10:33 - the mount;  Deuteronomy 26:7 - we cried;  Judges 1:16 - Moses';  1 Samuel 16:19 - with the sheep;  1 Kings 19:19 - he with;  1 Chronicles 17:7 - I took thee;  Isaiah 37:9 - Ethiopia;  Acts 7:30 - there;  Hebrews 1:1 - at;  2 Peter 1:18 - the holy

Verse 2

And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.
angel
4,6; Genesis 16:7-13; 22:15,16; 48:16; Deuteronomy 33:16; Isaiah 63:9; Hosea 12:4,5; Malachi 3:1; Luke 20:37; Acts 7:30-35
bush burned
Genesis 15:13-17; Deuteronomy 4:20; Psalms 66:12; Isaiah 43:2; 53:10,11; Daniel 3:27; Zechariah 13:7; John 1:14; Romans 8:3; 2 Corinthians 1:8-10
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:17 - smoking;  Genesis 16:10 - the angel;  Exodus 19:18 - in fire;  Exodus 23:20 - Angel;  Exodus 24:17 - like devouring fire;  Leviticus 9:24 - there came a fire;  Numbers 20:16 - sent an;  Numbers 22:22 - and the angel;  Numbers 22:32 - before me;  Judges 2:1 - And an angel;  Judges 13:6 - terrible;  1 Kings 19:12 - a fire;  Isaiah 54:11 - thou afflicted;  Zechariah 3:1 - the angel;  Mark 12:26 - in the book;  Luke 2:8 - abiding;  Revelation 8:3 - another

Verse 3

And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt.
Job 37:14; Psalms 107:8; 111:2-4; Acts 7:31
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:17 - smoking;  Genesis 46:2 - Jacob;  Exodus 19:21 - break;  Daniel 10:8 - I was;  Luke 2:15 - Let

Verse 4

And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I.
unto him
Deuteronomy 33:16
Moses
Genesis 22:1,11; 46:2; 1 Samuel 3:4,6,8,10; Psalms 62:11; Acts 9:4; 10:3,13
Reciprocal: Genesis 31:11 - Here am I;  Exodus 3:2 - angel;  Exodus 19:3 - called;  John 1:10 - was in;  John 1:18 - he hath;  John 20:16 - Mary;  Acts 7:31 - and as;  Acts 9:10 - Behold;  Acts 22:7 - Saul

Verse 5

And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground.
Draw not
19:12,21; Leviticus 10:3; Hebrews 12:20
put off
Genesis 28:16,17; Joshua 5:15; Ecclesiastes 5:1; Acts 7:33
Reciprocal: Exodus 3:1 - the mountain;  Exodus 24:1 - Come up;  Joshua 3:4 - a space;  1 Kings 19:13 - he wrapped his face;  2 Chronicles 8:11 - holy;  Psalm 68:17 - as in Sinai;  Isaiah 20:2 - put;  1 Corinthians 3:17 - destroy;  2 Peter 1:18 - the holy

Verse 6

Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.
I am
14,15; 4:5; 29:45; Genesis 12:1,7; 17:7,8; 26:24; 28:13; 31:42; 32:9; 1 Kings 18:36; Esther 3:4; Psalms 132:2; Jeremiah 24:7; 31:33; 32:38; Ezekiel 11:20; Zechariah 8:8; Matthew 22:32; Mark 12:26; Luke 20:37; Acts 7:32,32
thy father
Though the word avicha, "thy father," is here used in the singular, yet St. Stephen, quoting this passage (Ac. 7:32), uses the plural, [Lo Theos ton patron sou] "the God of thy fathers;" and that this is the meaning, the following words prove. This reading is confirmed by the Samaritan and Coptic.
hid
Genesis 17:3; Judges 13:22; 1 Kings 19:13; Nehemiah 9:9; Job 42:5,6; Psalms 106:44,45; Isaiah 6:1-5; Daniel 10:7,8; Matthew 17:6; Luke 5:8; Acts 7:34; Hebrews 12:21; Revelation 1:17
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:10 - and I was;  Genesis 17:21 - my;  Genesis 24:12 - O Lord;  Genesis 28:17 - he was;  Genesis 31:53 - God of Abraham;  Genesis 49:24 - the mighty;  Exodus 3:2 - angel;  Exodus 24:10 - saw;  Leviticus 26:12 - will be;  Deuteronomy 9:27 - Remember;  Joshua 2:9 - that the Lord;  Judges 13:6 - terrible;  1 Samuel 11:2 - thrust;  2 Kings 13:23 - because of his covenant;  1 Chronicles 29:18 - Lord God;  2 Chronicles 20:6 - O Lord;  Psalm 47:9 - the God;  Psalm 105:6 - ye seed;  Psalm 146:5 - the God;  Song of Solomon 2:14 - that art;  Isaiah 6:2 - covered his face;  Ezekiel 20:5 - I am;  Acts 3:13 - God of Abraham;  Acts 7:30 - an;  Hebrews 11:16 - to be

Verse 7

And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows;
I have
2:23-25; 22:23; Genesis 29:32; 1 Samuel 9:16; Psalms 22:24; 34:4,6; 106:44; Psalms 145:19; Isaiah 63:9; Hebrews 4:15
by reason
1:11
I know
Genesis 18:21; Psalms 142:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:10 - crieth;  Genesis 16:11 - hath;  Genesis 21:17 - heard;  Genesis 29:31 - saw;  Genesis 30:17 - GeneralGenesis 31:12 - I have seen;  Genesis 31:42 - hath seen;  Exodus 2:11 - burdens;  Exodus 2:25 - had respect;  Exodus 3:9 - the cry;  Exodus 4:31 - looked;  Exodus 6:5 - the groaning;  Exodus 11:6 - GeneralLeviticus 25:43 - rule;  Numbers 20:16 - we cried;  Deuteronomy 15:9 - he cry;  Judges 2:1 - 1made;  2 Samuel 7:23 - went;  2 Samuel 16:12 - the Lord;  2 Samuel 22:7 - did hear;  2 Samuel 22:28 - afflicted;  2 Kings 13:4 - the Lord;  2 Kings 13:23 - because of his covenant;  2 Kings 14:26 - saw the affliction;  1 Chronicles 17:21 - redeem;  Nehemiah 5:1 - a great cry;  Nehemiah 9:9 - didst see;  Job 10:15 - see;  Job 34:28 - they;  Job 35:9 - they make;  Psalm 9:12 - he forgetteth;  Psalm 12:5 - oppression;  Psalm 35:22 - This;  Psalm 102:20 - To hear;  Psalm 107:13 - GeneralPsalm 119:153 - Consider;  Isaiah 5:7 - a cry;  Isaiah 19:20 - they shall;  Isaiah 52:5 - make;  Isaiah 54:11 - thou afflicted;  Isaiah 63:8 - Surely;  Lamentations 1:9 - behold;  Lamentations 3:32 - GeneralEzekiel 16:6 - and saw;  Daniel 9:18 - behold;  Zechariah 9:8 - for;  Acts 7:34 - I have seen;  Revelation 11:8 - Egypt

Verse 8

And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites.
I am
Genesis 11:5,7; 18:21; 50:24; Psalms 18:9-19; 12:5; 22:4,5; 34:8; 91:15; Isaiah 64:1; John 3:13; 6:38
deliver
6:6-8; 12:51; Genesis 15:14; 50:24
unto a good
17; 13:5; 33:2,3; Genesis 13:14,15; 15:18; Numbers 13:19,27; 14:7,8; Deuteronomy 1:7,25; Deuteronomy 8:7-9; 11:9-24; 26:9-15; 27:3; 28:11; Nehemiah 9:22-25; Jeremiah 2:7; 11:5; Jeremiah 32:22; Ezekiel 20:6
Canaanites
22:23-31; 34:11; Genesis 15:18-21; Deuteronomy 7:1; Joshua 9:1; Nehemiah 9:8
Reciprocal: Genesis 10:15 - Heth;  Genesis 35:12 - the land;  Genesis 46:4 - and I will;  Exodus 2:25 - had respect;  Exodus 12:25 - according;  Exodus 19:11 - the Lord;  Leviticus 20:24 - But I;  Numbers 10:29 - for the Lord;  Numbers 13:18 - GeneralNumbers 13:29 - the Hittites;  Numbers 16:14 - Moreover;  Deuteronomy 3:25 - the good land;  Deuteronomy 6:3 - in the land;  Deuteronomy 31:20 - floweth;  Joshua 3:10 - drive out from;  Joshua 5:6 - a land;  Joshua 9:7 - Hivites;  Joshua 12:8 - the Hittites;  Joshua 21:43 - GeneralJoshua 23:14 - not one thing;  Judges 2:1 - I made;  Judges 3:5 - Canaanites;  Judges 18:10 - where there;  1 Samuel 14:25 - honey;  2 Samuel 7:23 - went;  2 Samuel 16:12 - the Lord;  2 Samuel 22:28 - afflicted;  2 Kings 18:32 - like your own;  1 Chronicles 1:15 - Hivite;  1 Chronicles 17:21 - redeem;  Psalm 107:13 - GeneralPsalm 119:153 - Consider;  Isaiah 36:17 - a land of corn;  Jeremiah 2:20 - For of;  Ezekiel 16:6 - and saw;  Ezekiel 20:5 - and made;  Amos 2:9 - I the;  Acts 7:34 - and am;  Acts 17:6 - These

Verse 9

Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me: and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them.
the cry
7; 2:23
and I have
7; 1:11,13,14,22; Psalms 12:5; Proverbs 22:22,23; Ecclesiastes 4:1; 5:8; Jeremiah 50:33,34; Amos 4:1; Micah 2:1-3
Reciprocal: Genesis 31:12 - I have seen;  Exodus 3:17 - I will bring;  Exodus 14:12 - Is not this;  Leviticus 25:43 - rule;  1 Samuel 12:8 - cried;  2 Kings 13:4 - he saw;  2 Kings 14:26 - saw the affliction;  Job 34:28 - they;  Job 35:9 - they make;  Psalm 9:12 - he forgetteth;  Zechariah 9:8 - for;  Acts 7:34 - I have seen;  Acts 17:6 - These;  James 5:4 - the cries

Verse 10

Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt.
1 Samuel 12:6; Psalms 77:20; 103:6,7; 105:26; Isaiah 63:11,12; Hosea 12:13; Micah 6:4; Acts 7:34,36
Reciprocal: Exodus 6:11 - GeneralExodus 6:26 - Bring;  Deuteronomy 4:34 - take him;  Joshua 24:5 - sent;  1 Samuel 12:8 - sent Moses;  Psalm 78:70 - and took;  Matthew 4:18 - for

Verse 11

And Moses said unto God, Who am I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt?
4:10-13; 6:12; 1 Samuel 18:18; 2 Samuel 7:18; 1 Kings 3:7,9; Isaiah 6:5-8; Jeremiah 1:6; Acts 7:23-25; 2 Corinthians 2:16; 3:5
Reciprocal: Exodus 6:26 - Bring;  Numbers 11:26 - went not out;  Judges 6:15 - wherewith;  1 Samuel 16:2 - How can I go;  2 Chronicles 2:6 - who am I then;  Proverbs 25:6 - in the presence;  2 Corinthians 12:9 - My grace

Verse 12

And he said, Certainly I will be with thee; and this shall be a token unto thee, that I have sent thee: When thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain.
Certainly
4:12,15; Genesis 15:1; 31:3; Deuteronomy 31:23; Joshua 1:5; Isaiah 41:10; 43:2; Matthew 28:20; Mark 16:20; Acts 11:21; Romans 8:31; Hebrews 13:5
token
4:1-9; Genesis 15:8; Judges 6:17,21,36-40; 7:11,13,14; Psalms 86:17; Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 37:30; Jeremiah 43:9,10; 51:63,64
ye shall
19:1-40; Leviticus 1:1-27; Numbers 1:1-10
Reciprocal: Genesis 28:15 - I am;  Exodus 3:18 - that we may;  Exodus 7:16 - serve;  Exodus 8:1 - Let my;  Exodus 8:27 - as he shall;  Exodus 18:5 - GeneralExodus 18:19 - God shall;  Exodus 19:2 - camped;  Numbers 16:28 - Hereby;  Judges 2:18 - then the Lord;  Judges 6:12 - The Lord;  Judges 6:16 - General1 Kings 1:37 - As the;  1 Kings 3:9 - who is able;  2 Kings 19:29 - a sign;  2 Chronicles 1:1 - the Lord;  2 Chronicles 17:3 - the Lord;  Jeremiah 1:8 - for I am;  Jeremiah 1:17 - be not;  Amos 5:14 - and so;  Haggai 2:4 - for;  Luke 2:12 - GeneralActs 7:7 - and serve;  2 Corinthians 12:9 - My grace

Verse 13

And Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I say unto them?
What is his name
14; 15:3; Genesis 32:29; Judges 13:6,17; Proverbs 30:4; Isaiah 7:14; 9:6; Jeremiah 23:6; Matthew 1:21,23
Reciprocal: Exodus 6:12 - children;  Exodus 33:19 - proclaim;  Exodus 34:6 - The Lord;  Numbers 6:27 - put my;  Deuteronomy 32:3 - Because;  1 Kings 8:42 - great name;  Psalm 20:1 - God;  Psalm 48:10 - According;  Proverbs 18:10 - name;  Isaiah 42:8 - that is;  John 17:6 - have manifested;  Acts 22:14 - The God

Verse 14

And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.
I AM hath
6:3; Job 11:7; Psalms 68:4; 90:2; Isaiah 44:6; Matthew 18:20; 28:20; John 8:58; 2 Corinthians 1:20; Hebrews 13:8; Revelation 1:4,8,17; 4:8
Reciprocal: Exodus 3:6 - I am;  Exodus 3:13 - What is his name;  Exodus 23:21 - my name;  Deuteronomy 28:58 - fear this glorious;  Psalm 50:21 - that I was altogether such an one as thyself;  Psalm 102:26 - endure;  Proverbs 17:6 - and the;  Jeremiah 33:2 - the Lord;  Amos 9:6 - The Lord;  Micah 4:5 - the name;  Malachi 3:6 - I am;  John 5:26 - hath life;  Acts 7:34 - And now;  2 Corinthians 1:19 - was not;  1 Timothy 6:16 - only;  Hebrews 1:12 - but

Verse 15

And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.
The Lord
6; 4:5; Genesis 17:7,8; Deuteronomy 1:11,35; 4:1; 2 Chronicles 28:9; Matthew 22:32; Acts 7:32
this is my name for ever
The name here referred to is that which immediately precedes, [yhwh] ,] Yehowah, which we translate "Lord", the name by which God had been known from the creation of the world, (Ge 2:2,) and by which he is known to the present day. [yhwh] Yehowah, from [hwh] hawah, to be, subsist, signifies "He who is", or "subsists", i.e., eminently and in a manner superior to all other beings; and is essentially the same with [ahwh] eheyeh, "I AM", in the preceding verse.
Psalms 72:17,19; 135:13; 145:1,2; Isaiah 9:6; 63:12
my memorial
Psalms 102:12; Hosea 12:5; Micah 4:5; Malachi 3:6; Hebrews 13:8
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:12 - O Lord;  Genesis 28:13 - I am;  Exodus 15:2 - my father's God;  Exodus 15:3 - name;  Exodus 34:31 - called;  Deuteronomy 5:9 - the Lord;  Deuteronomy 28:58 - fear this glorious;  2 Samuel 23:3 - God;  1 Kings 8:23 - Lord God;  1 Kings 18:36 - Lord God;  1 Chronicles 16:16 - which he made;  1 Chronicles 29:18 - Lord God;  2 Chronicles 6:14 - O Lord God;  2 Chronicles 20:6 - O Lord;  Psalm 47:9 - the God;  Psalm 59:5 - the God;  Psalm 67:6 - our own;  Proverbs 17:6 - and the;  Jeremiah 33:2 - the Lord;  Daniel 2:23 - O thou;  Amos 9:6 - The Lord;  Acts 24:14 - the God;  Hebrews 11:16 - to be

Verse 16

Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and say unto them, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared unto me, saying, I have surely visited you, and seen that which is done to you in Egypt:
elders
4:29; 18:12; 24:11; Genesis 1:7; Matthew 26:3; Acts 11:30; 20:17; 1 Peter 5:1
visited
2:25; 4:31; 13:19; 15:14; Genesis 21:1; 50:24; Ruth 1:6; Psalms 8:4; Luke 1:68; Luke 19:44; Acts 15:14; Hebrews 2:6,7; 1 Peter 2:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 28:13 - I am;  Exodus 3:18 - and they;  Exodus 12:21 - elders;  Exodus 15:2 - my father's God;  Exodus 19:7 - the elders;  Deuteronomy 9:27 - Remember;  1 Samuel 8:4 - the elders;  2 Samuel 5:3 - So all;  1 Kings 18:36 - Lord God;  1 Chronicles 28:9 - the God;  2 Chronicles 20:6 - O Lord;  Nehemiah 9:9 - didst see;  Ezekiel 20:5 - I am;  Micah 3:9 - I pray;  Matthew 22:32 - am;  Mark 12:26 - in the book

Verse 17

And I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a land flowing with milk and honey.
I will bring
9; 2:23-25; Genesis 15:13-21; 46:4; 50:24
unto the land
8; Genesis 15:14,18-21
Reciprocal: Exodus 6:6 - I will bring;  Exodus 12:25 - according;  Exodus 13:5 - a land;  Exodus 23:23 - thee in;  Exodus 33:2 - the Canaanite;  Exodus 34:11 - I drive;  Leviticus 20:24 - But I;  Numbers 13:27 - GeneralNumbers 13:29 - the Hittites;  Numbers 16:14 - Moreover;  Deuteronomy 4:34 - take him;  Deuteronomy 31:20 - floweth;  Joshua 5:6 - a land;  Joshua 9:1 - Hittite;  Judges 3:5 - Canaanites;  1 Chronicles 1:15 - Hivite;  1 Chronicles 11:4 - the inhabitants;  1 Chronicles 16:17 - an everlasting;  Nehemiah 9:8 - the Canaanites;  Jeremiah 32:22 - a land;  Lamentations 1:9 - behold;  Ezekiel 20:6 - to bring;  Luke 1:68 - he;  1 Corinthians 10:13 - who

Verse 18

And they shall hearken to thy voice: and thou shalt come, thou and the elders of Israel, unto the king of Egypt, and ye shall say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews hath met with us: and now let us go, we beseech thee, three days' journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God.
and they
16; 4:31; Joshua 1:17; 2 Chronicles 30:12; Psalms 110:3; Jeremiah 26:5
and thou
5:1-3
The Lord
7:16; 9:1,13; 10:3
met
4:24; 5:3; 25:22; 29:42,43; 30:6,36; Genesis 12:1; 15:1; 17:1; 48:3; Numbers 17:4; 23:3,4,15,16; Isaiah 64:5
three days'
8:27; 13:17,18
that we may
12; 7:16; 8:25-28; 9:1; 10:24-26; 19:1; Jeremiah 2:2,6
Reciprocal: Exodus 4:1 - GeneralExodus 4:5 - That they;  Exodus 8:1 - Let my;  Exodus 8:26 - It is not;  Exodus 10:9 - a feast;  Exodus 15:22 - three days;  Jeremiah 34:9 - Hebrew;  2 Corinthians 11:22 - Hebrews

Verse 19

And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand.
will not
5:2; 7:4
no, not by a mighty hand
or, but by a strong hand.
6:1; 7:1-14; Psalms 136:11,12; Isaiah 63:12,13
Reciprocal: Exodus 11:9 - Pharaoh;  Exodus 12:31 - Rise up;  Deuteronomy 6:21 - with a mighty;  1 Kings 8:42 - thy strong hand;  2 Chronicles 6:32 - thy mighty;  Psalm 78:43 - How;  Psalm 89:10 - thy strong arm;  Romans 3:7 - if the truth;  1 Peter 5:6 - the

Verse 20

And I will stretch out my hand, and smite Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in the midst thereof: and after that he will let you go.
stretch
6:6; 7:5; 9:15; Ezekiel 20:33
smite
7:3; 11:9; Deuteronomy 4:34; 6:22; Nehemiah 9:10; Psalms 105:27; 106:22; 135:8,9; Isaiah 19:22; Jeremiah 32:20,21; Acts 7:36; Acts 7:1-13
after that
11:8; 12:31,39; Genesis 15:14; Judges 6:8; 8:16; Isaiah 26:11; Psalms 105:38
Reciprocal: Exodus 4:21 - wonders;  Exodus 6:1 - with a strong;  Exodus 10:1 - that I;  Exodus 11:1 - afterwards;  2 Chronicles 6:32 - thy mighty;  Psalm 78:43 - How;  Psalm 89:10 - thy strong arm

Verse 21

And I will give this people favour in the sight of the Egyptians: and it shall come to pass, that, when ye go, ye shall not go empty:
11:3; 12:36; Genesis 39:21; Nehemiah 1:11; Psalms 106:46; Proverbs 16:7; Acts 7:10
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:14 - with;  Genesis 30:27 - favour;  Exodus 12:35 - GeneralDeuteronomy 15:13 - General

Verse 22

But every woman shall borrow of her neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye shall put them upon your sons, and upon your daughters; and ye shall spoil the Egyptians.
But
11:2; 12:35,36; Genesis 15:14; Psalms 105:37
borrow
Or, rather ask or demand, as the word [ ()] properly signifies; and is so rendered by the LXX., Vulgate, and Geneva and Barker's Bible: the other ancient versions are the same as the Hebrew.
spoil
Job 27:16,17; Proverbs 13:22; Isaiah 33:1; Ezekiel 39:10
the Egyptians
or, Egypt. Reciprocal: Genesis 24:53 - jewels;  2 Chronicles 20:25 - precious jewels;  Ezekiel 16:7 - excellent ornaments;  1 Peter 3:3 - that

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 3". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/exodus-3.html.