Attention!
StudyLight.org has pledged to build one church a year in Uganda. Help us double that pledge and support pastors in the heart of Africa.
Click here to join the effort!

Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 34

Introduction

Overview

Exodus 34:1, The tables are renewed; Exodus 34:5, The name of the LORD proclaimed; Exodus 34:8, Moses entreats God to go with them; Exodus 34:10, God makes a covenant with them, repeating certain duties of the first table; Exodus 34:28, Moses, after forty days in the mount, comes down with the tables; Exodus 34:29, His face shines, and he covers it with a vail.

Verse 1

Hew: Exodus 31:18, Exodus 32:16, Exodus 32:19, Deuteronomy 10:1

I will: Exodus 34:28, Deuteronomy 10:1-Numbers :

the words: Psalms 119:89

which: Exodus 32:19, Deuteronomy 9:15-Esther :

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 5:10 - save 2 Corinthians 3:3 - not 2 Corinthians 3:7 - written Hebrews 8:10 - I will put

Verse 2

in the top: Exodus 19:20, Exodus 19:24, Exodus 24:12, Deuteronomy 9:25

Reciprocal: Exodus 19:3 - went up Deuteronomy 10:1 - Hew Deuteronomy 31:14 - presented 1 Kings 19:11 - stand upon the mount Revelation 4:1 - Come

Verse 3

Exodus 19:12, Exodus 19:13, Exodus 19:21, Leviticus 16:17, 1 Timothy 2:5, Hebrews 12:20

Reciprocal: Exodus 33:9 - talked Job 26:9 - General Revelation 4:1 - Come

Verse 4

Reciprocal: Exodus 19:20 - Moses went up Exodus 32:16 - General Deuteronomy 10:1 - Hew Deuteronomy 10:3 - hewed

Verse 5

descended: Exodus 19:18, Exodus 33:9, Numbers 11:17, Numbers 11:25, 1 Kings 8:10-2 Kings :, Luke 9:34, Luke 9:35

the name: Exodus 33:19, Numbers 14:17, Deuteronomy 32:3, Psalms 102:21, Proverbs 18:10, Isaiah 1:10

Reciprocal: Genesis 16:13 - Thou Exodus 19:11 - the Lord Exodus 23:21 - my name Exodus 34:14 - whose Numbers 6:27 - put my Numbers 12:5 - General Numbers 12:8 - similitude Deuteronomy 28:58 - fear this glorious 1 Kings 8:42 - great name Psalms 8:1 - how Psalms 9:10 - know Psalms 20:1 - name Psalms 48:10 - According Psalms 96:8 - the glory Psalms 130:4 - But there Psalms 135:1 - Praise ye the name Psalms 135:13 - Thy name Proverbs 30:4 - what is his name Song of Solomon 1:3 - thy name Isaiah 12:4 - call upon his name Isaiah 52:6 - my people Isaiah 60:9 - unto Jeremiah 9:24 - lovingkindness Micah 6:9 - the man of wisdom shall see thy name John 1:18 - he hath John 14:8 - show John 17:6 - have manifested Acts 1:9 - a cloud 2 Corinthians 4:6 - the light

Verse 6

passed: Exodus 33:20-Isaiah :, 1 Kings 19:11

proclaimed: Numbers 14:17-Psalms :, Isaiah 12:4

The Lord: Exodus 3:13-Nehemiah :

merciful: Deuteronomy 5:10, 2 Chronicles 30:9, Nehemiah 9:17, Psalms 86:5, Psalms 86:15, Psalms 103:8-1 Chronicles :, Psalms 111:4, Psalms 112:4, Psalms 116:5, Psalms 145:8, Joel 2:13, Jonah 4:2, Romans 2:4

abundant: Psalms 31:19, Micah 7:18, Romans 2:4, Romans 5:20, Romans 5:21, Ephesians 1:7, Ephesians 1:8

truth: Psalms 57:10, Psalms 91:4, Psalms 108:4, Psalms 111:8, Psalms 138:2, Psalms 146:6, Lamentations 3:23, Micah 7:20, John 1:17

Reciprocal: Genesis 18:32 - I will not Genesis 19:16 - the Lord Exodus 22:27 - for I am gracious Numbers 14:18 - longsuffering Deuteronomy 4:31 - the Lord Deuteronomy 7:9 - the faithful Deuteronomy 32:4 - a God 2 Samuel 24:14 - for his 1 Kings 19:12 - a still 2 Kings 13:23 - the Lord 1 Chronicles 17:26 - thou art God 1 Chronicles 21:13 - great 2 Chronicles 30:18 - The good Ezra 10:2 - yet now there is hope Nehemiah 9:31 - gracious Job 33:24 - Then Psalms 4:1 - have mercy upon me Psalms 25:6 - for they Psalms 36:7 - How Psalms 51:1 - O God Psalms 62:12 - mercy Psalms 75:1 - for that Psalms 78:38 - But he Psalms 85:10 - Mercy Psalms 100:5 - and his truth Psalms 119:68 - good Isaiah 30:18 - therefore Isaiah 55:7 - for Isaiah 63:7 - according to his Jeremiah 33:6 - and will Ezekiel 18:23 - not that Daniel 9:4 - the great Daniel 9:9 - To the Lord Nahum 1:3 - slow Matthew 7:11 - how Luke 1:50 - General Luke 5:21 - Who can Luke 7:47 - Her Romans 9:15 - I will have Romans 15:5 - the God Ephesians 2:4 - who Ephesians 3:20 - exceeding 1 Timothy 1:14 - exceeding James 5:11 - the Lord is 1 Peter 1:3 - which 1 Peter 5:10 - the God 2 Peter 3:9 - but is 1 John 4:8 - God is

Verse 7

Keeping: Exodus 20:6, Deuteronomy 5:10, Nehemiah 1:5, Nehemiah 9:32, Psalms 86:15, Jeremiah 32:18, Daniel 9:4

forgiving: Psalms 103:3, Psalms 130:4, Daniel 9:9, Micah 7:18, Matthew 6:14, Matthew 6:15, Matthew 12:31, Matthew 18:32-Habakkuk :, Luke 7:42, Luke 7:48, Acts 5:31, Acts 13:38, Romans 4:7, Romans 4:8, Ephesians 1:7, Ephesians 4:32, 1 John 1:9

that will by no means clear the guilty: The Hebrew nakkeh lo yenakkeh, has been rendered "Acquitting him who is not innocent." Nothing can more strongly express the goodness of God to frail mortals than this declaration, "which has been misunderstood and misinterpreted by all our translators." Exodus 23:7, Exodus 23:21, Numbers 14:18-Isaiah :, Deuteronomy 32:35, Joshua 24:19, Job 10:14, Psalms 9:16, Psalms 9:17, Psalms 11:5, Psalms 11:6, Psalms 58:10, Psalms 58:11, Psalms 136:10, Psalms 136:15, Isaiah 45:21, Micah 6:11, Nahum 1:2, Nahum 1:3, Nahum 1:6, Romans 2:4-1 Samuel :, Romans 3:19-Ezekiel :, Romans 9:22, Romans 9:23, Hebrews 12:29, Revelation 20:15, Revelation 21:8

visiting: Exodus 20:5, Exodus 20:6

Reciprocal: Genesis 18:32 - I will not Leviticus 6:7 - make Leviticus 26:39 - and also Deuteronomy 4:31 - the Lord Deuteronomy 5:9 - visiting Deuteronomy 7:9 - the faithful 2 Samuel 24:14 - for his 1 Kings 8:32 - condemning 2 Kings 13:23 - the Lord 1 Chronicles 17:26 - thou art God 1 Chronicles 21:13 - great 2 Chronicles 30:9 - the Lord Ezra 10:2 - yet now there is hope Nehemiah 9:17 - gracious Nehemiah 9:31 - gracious Job 33:24 - Then Psalms 4:1 - have mercy upon me Psalms 51:1 - O God Psalms 62:12 - mercy Psalms 75:1 - for that Psalms 85:10 - Mercy Psalms 100:5 - and his truth Psalms 103:8 - merciful Psalms 111:4 - gracious Psalms 116:5 - Gracious Psalms 119:68 - good Psalms 143:2 - in thy sight Psalms 145:8 - Lord is gracious Isaiah 55:7 - for Isaiah 63:7 - according to his Ezekiel 18:23 - not that Joel 2:13 - for Jonah 4:2 - thou art Matthew 6:12 - forgive Matthew 7:11 - how Luke 1:50 - General Luke 5:21 - Who can Luke 7:47 - Her Romans 9:15 - I will have Ephesians 2:4 - who 1 Peter 5:10 - the God 1 John 4:8 - God is

Verse 8

Exodus 4:31, Genesis 17:3, 2 Chronicles 20:18

Reciprocal: Genesis 24:26 - General Genesis 48:12 - he bowed himself Exodus 12:27 - bowed Numbers 22:31 - bowed down Haggai 2:5 - to the 1 Timothy 1:16 - all

Verse 9

If now: Exodus 33:13, Exodus 33:17

let my Lord: Exodus 33:14-Nehemiah :, Matthew 28:20

stiffnecked: Exodus 32:9, Exodus 33:3-Deuteronomy :, Isaiah 48:4

pardon: Numbers 14:19, Psalms 25:11

take us: Exodus 19:5, Deuteronomy 32:9, Psalms 28:9, Psalms 33:12, Psalms 78:62, Psalms 94:14, Psalms 135:4, Jeremiah 10:16, Zechariah 2:12

Reciprocal: Genesis 18:32 - I will not Exodus 17:7 - Is the Lord Exodus 33:9 - talked Exodus 33:15 - General Numbers 11:2 - prayed Numbers 23:21 - the Lord Deuteronomy 9:6 - a stiffnecked Deuteronomy 9:26 - prayed Psalms 78:8 - as their Joel 2:17 - Spare Amos 7:2 - O Lord Luke 13:8 - let Acts 7:51 - stiffnecked 1 John 5:16 - he shall ask

Verse 10

I make: Exodus 24:7, Exodus 24:8, Deuteronomy 4:13, Deuteronomy 5:2, Deuteronomy 5:3, Deuteronomy 29:12-2 Chronicles :

I will do marvels: Deuteronomy 4:32-Haggai :, Deuteronomy 32:30, Joshua 6:20, Joshua 10:12, Joshua 10:13, 2 Samuel 7:23, Psalms 77:14, Psalms 78:12, Psalms 147:20

a terrible: Deuteronomy 10:21, Psalms 65:5, Psalms 66:3, Psalms 66:5, Psalms 68:35, Psalms 76:12, Psalms 106:22, Psalms 145:6, Isaiah 64:3, Jeremiah 32:21

Reciprocal: Genesis 18:32 - I will not Exodus 33:16 - separated Exodus 34:15 - make Exodus 34:27 - I have Haggai 2:5 - to the Malachi 2:10 - by Hebrews 8:9 - the covenant

Verse 11

Observe: Deuteronomy 4:1, Deuteronomy 4:2, Deuteronomy 4:40, Deuteronomy 5:32, Deuteronomy 6:3, Deuteronomy 6:25, Deuteronomy 12:28, Deuteronomy 12:32, Deuteronomy 28:1, Matthew 28:20, John 14:21

I drive: Exodus 3:8, Exodus 3:17, Exodus 33:2, Genesis 15:18-Ecclesiastes :, Deuteronomy 7:1, Deuteronomy 7:19, Deuteronomy 9:4, Deuteronomy 9:5

Reciprocal: Genesis 10:15 - Heth Genesis 15:21 - Amorites Exodus 8:27 - as he shall Exodus 13:5 - shall bring Exodus 34:24 - I will Deuteronomy 11:23 - General Joshua 9:1 - Hittite Joshua 11:15 - the Lord Joshua 11:23 - according to all Joshua 23:5 - he shall 1 Kings 9:20 - Amorites 1 Chronicles 1:14 - Jebusite Psalms 44:2 - drive out Amos 2:9 - I the

Verse 12

Take heed: Exodus 23:32, Exodus 23:33, Deuteronomy 7:2, Judges 2:2

lest: Deuteronomy 7:16, Joshua 23:12, Joshua 23:13, Judges 2:3, Judges 8:27, Psalms 106:36

Reciprocal: Exodus 19:12 - Take Exodus 34:15 - make Numbers 33:52 - General Deuteronomy 12:2 - utterly Deuteronomy 31:5 - according Joshua 9:7 - how shall Joshua 10:40 - as the Lord Judges 14:3 - uncircumcised Judges 21:1 - his daughter 1 Kings 9:20 - Amorites 2 Kings 17:35 - charged them Ezra 10:2 - We have trespassed Luke 17:3 - heed

Verse 13

ye shall: Exodus 23:24, Deuteronomy 7:5, Deuteronomy 7:25, Deuteronomy 7:26, Deuteronomy 12:2, Deuteronomy 12:3, Judges 2:2, Judges 6:25, 2 Kings 18:4, 2 Kings 23:14, 2 Chronicles 31:1, 2 Chronicles 34:3, 2 Chronicles 34:4

images: Heb. statutes

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 16:21 - General Judges 3:7 - the groves 1 Kings 14:15 - beyond the river 1 Kings 16:33 - made a grove 2 Kings 17:10 - they set 2 Chronicles 14:3 - brake

Verse 14

worship: Exodus 20:3-Deuteronomy :, Deuteronomy 5:7, Matthew 4:10

whose: Exodus 34:5-Judges :, Exodus 33:19, Isaiah 9:6, Isaiah 57:15

jealous God: Exodus 20:5, Deuteronomy 5:24, Deuteronomy 6:15, Deuteronomy 29:20, Deuteronomy 32:16, Deuteronomy 32:21, Joshua 24:19, Nahum 1:2, 1 Corinthians 10:22

Reciprocal: Exodus 23:24 - overthrow Numbers 25:11 - that I Deuteronomy 4:24 - a jealous God Deuteronomy 5:9 - a jealous God Deuteronomy 6:14 - not go 1 Kings 14:15 - beyond the river 1 Kings 19:10 - very jealous 2 Kings 17:12 - whereof Psalms 78:58 - moved Isaiah 42:8 - my glory Jeremiah 2:20 - playing Ezekiel 8:3 - provoketh Ezekiel 23:25 - I will set 2 Corinthians 6:16 - what Revelation 19:10 - worship Revelation 22:9 - worship God

Verse 15

make: Exodus 34:10, Exodus 34:12, Exodus 23:32, Deuteronomy 7:2

whoring: Leviticus 17:7, Leviticus 20:5, Leviticus 20:6, Numbers 15:39, Deuteronomy 31:16, Judges 2:17, Psalms 73:27, Jeremiah 3:9, Ezra 6:9, Hosea 4:12, Hosea 9:1, Revelation 17:1-Deuteronomy :

call thee: Numbers 25:2, 1 Corinthians 10:27

eat: Psalms 106:28, 1 Corinthians 8:4, 1 Corinthians 8:7, 1 Corinthians 8:10, 1 Corinthians 10:20, 1 Corinthians 10:21, Revelation 2:20

Reciprocal: Genesis 28:1 - Thou shalt Deuteronomy 7:3 - General Joshua 24:15 - or the gods Judges 8:33 - went 1 Chronicles 5:25 - a whoring 2 Chronicles 21:13 - a whoring Psalms 106:36 - And Ezekiel 18:6 - not Hosea 1:2 - for Acts 15:20 - from pollutions

Verse 16

Numbers 25:1, Numbers 25:2, Deuteronomy 7:3, Deuteronomy 7:4, 1 Kings 11:2-Numbers :, Ezra 9:2, Nehemiah 13:23, Nehemiah 13:25, 2 Corinthians 6:14-Esther :

Reciprocal: Genesis 6:2 - and they Genesis 24:3 - that Genesis 26:34 - the daughter Genesis 28:1 - Thou shalt Leviticus 20:6 - go Numbers 12:1 - married Numbers 15:39 - go a whoring Judges 2:17 - whoring Judges 3:6 - General Judges 8:33 - went Ezra 9:12 - give not Nehemiah 10:30 - General Psalms 106:36 - And Psalms 106:39 - went Isaiah 2:6 - and they Hosea 1:2 - for Acts 15:20 - from pollutions

Verse 17

Exodus 32:8, Leviticus 19:4, Isaiah 46:6, Isaiah 46:7, Jeremiah 10:14, Acts 17:29, Acts 19:26

Reciprocal: Exodus 20:4 - General Leviticus 26:1 - Ye shall Deuteronomy 27:15 - maketh 2 Chronicles 28:2 - molten images

Verse 18

Exodus 12:15-Proverbs :, Exodus 13:4, Exodus 13:6, Exodus 13:7, Exodus 23:15, Leviticus 23:6, Deuteronomy 16:1-Numbers :, Mark 14:1, Luke 22:1, Acts 12:3

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:2 - General Exodus 12:19 - Seven Deuteronomy 16:3 - eat no 2 Chronicles 35:17 - the feast Acts 20:6 - the days

Verse 19

openeth: Exodus 13:2, Exodus 13:12, Exodus 22:29, Numbers 18:15-Esther :, Ezekiel 44:30, Luke 2:23

Reciprocal: Numbers 3:13 - Because Deuteronomy 15:19 - the firstling Nehemiah 10:36 - the firstborn

Verse 20

firstling: Exodus 13:10, Numbers 18:15

lamb: or, kid

All the: Exodus 13:15, Numbers 3:45-Colossians :

none: Exodus 23:15, Deuteronomy 16:16, 1 Samuel 9:7, 1 Samuel 9:8, 2 Samuel 24:24

Reciprocal: Exodus 13:2 - Sanctify Exodus 13:13 - of an ass 1 Samuel 6:3 - empty

Verse 21

Six: Exodus 20:9-1 Kings :, Exodus 23:12, Exodus 35:2, Deuteronomy 5:12-Ezra :, Luke 13:14, Luke 23:56

earing: Genesis 45:6, Deuteronomy 21:4, 1 Samuel 8:12, Isaiah 30:24

Reciprocal: Genesis 2:3 - blessed Genesis 8:22 - seedtime Exodus 20:10 - the seventh Exodus 31:15 - Six days Leviticus 23:3 - General Nehemiah 13:15 - treading wine

Verse 22

feast of weeks: Exodus 23:16, Numbers 28:16-Obadiah :, Numbers 29:12-Malachi :, Deuteronomy 16:10-Ezra :, John 7:2, Acts 2:1

year's end: Heb. revolution of the year

Reciprocal: Exodus 23:14 - General Leviticus 23:2 - the feasts Leviticus 23:10 - and shall Leviticus 23:15 - General Leviticus 23:17 - the firstfruits Leviticus 23:24 - a memorial Leviticus 23:34 - The fifteenth Numbers 28:26 - in the day Deuteronomy 16:9 - General Deuteronomy 16:13 - the feast Deuteronomy 16:16 - Three times 2 Chronicles 31:5 - came abroad Acts 20:16 - the day

Verse 23

Thrice: Exodus 23:14, Exodus 23:17, Deuteronomy 16:16, Psalms 84:7

the God: Genesis 32:28, Genesis 33:20

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 1:3 - yearly 1 Kings 9:25 - three times Psalms 122:4 - Whither Isaiah 1:12 - When Ezekiel 36:38 - as the flock Ezekiel 46:9 - come before Luke 2:41 - went John 5:1 - General

Verse 24

I will: Exodus 34:11, Exodus 23:27-Amos :, Exodus 33:2, Leviticus 18:24, Deuteronomy 7:1, Psalms 78:55, Psalms 80:8

enlarge: Exodus 23:31, Deuteronomy 12:20, Deuteronomy 19:8, 1 Chronicles 4:10

desire: Genesis 35:5, 2 Chronicles 17:10, Job 1:10, Proverbs 16:7, Acts 18:10

Reciprocal: Genesis 20:6 - withheld Deuteronomy 31:11 - to appear Psalms 122:4 - Whither

Verse 25

leaven: Exodus 12:20, Exodus 23:18, Deuteronomy 16:3, 1 Corinthians 5:7, 1 Corinthians 5:8

be left: Exodus 12:10, Exodus 23:18, Exodus 29:34, Leviticus 7:15, Numbers 9:12

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:8 - unleavened Exodus 12:15 - Seven Exodus 12:27 - It is the sacrifice Deuteronomy 16:4 - there shall Matthew 26:2 - the feast

Verse 26

first: Exodus 23:19, Deuteronomy 26:2, Deuteronomy 26:10, Proverbs 3:9, Proverbs 3:10, Matthew 6:33, 1 Corinthians 15:20, James 1:18

seethe: Exodus 23:19, Deuteronomy 14:21

Reciprocal: Leviticus 22:28 - ye shall not kill it Leviticus 23:10 - and shall Leviticus 23:17 - the firstfruits Numbers 18:12 - the firstfruits 2 Chronicles 31:5 - came abroad Nehemiah 10:35 - General Isaiah 65:4 - broth

Verse 27

Write: Exodus 17:14, Exodus 24:4, Exodus 24:7, Deuteronomy 31:9

I have: Exodus 34:10, Deuteronomy 4:13, Deuteronomy 31:9

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:9 - when Romans 9:4 - covenants Galatians 3:19 - in Hebrews 8:9 - the covenant Hebrews 8:10 - I will put

Verse 28

forty days: Exodus 24:18, Deuteronomy 9:9, Deuteronomy 9:18, Deuteronomy 9:25

he wrote: Exodus 34:1, Exodus 31:18, Exodus 32:16, Deuteronomy 4:13, Deuteronomy 10:2-Numbers :, 2 Corinthians 3:7

commandments: Heb. words

Reciprocal: Exodus 32:31 - returned Numbers 13:25 - forty days Deuteronomy 10:4 - he wrote Deuteronomy 10:10 - I stayed 1 Kings 8:9 - when 1 Kings 8:21 - the covenant 1 Kings 19:8 - forty days Matthew 4:2 - fasted Mark 1:13 - forty Luke 4:2 - forty Hebrews 8:9 - the covenant

Verse 29

am 2513, bc 1491, An, Ex, Is, 1, Elul

Two tables: Exodus 32:15

wist: Exodus 16:15, Joshua 2:4, Joshua 8:14, Judges 16:20, Mark 9:6, Mark 14:40, Luke 2:49, John 5:13, Acts 12:9, Acts 23:5

the skin: Matthew 17:2, Luke 9:29, Acts 6:15, 2 Corinthians 3:7-1 Samuel :, 2 Corinthians 3:13, Revelation 1:16, Revelation 10:1

face shone: As the original word karan, signifies to shine out, or dart forth, as horns on the head of an animal, or rays of light reflected from a polished surface, we may suppose that the heavenly glory which filled the soul of this holy man, darted out from his face in coruscations, in the manner in which light is generally represented. The Vulgate renders it, et ignorabat quod cornuta esset facies sua, "and he did not know that his face was horned;" which version, misunderstood, has induced painters to represent Moses with two very large horns, one proceeding from each temple!

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:16 - General Exodus 31:18 - gave Exodus 34:35 - General Deuteronomy 10:5 - I turned Ecclesiastes 8:1 - a man's Mark 9:2 - transfigured Hebrews 9:4 - and the

Verse 30

afraid: Numbers 12:8, Mark 9:3, Mark 9:15, Luke 5:8

Reciprocal: Exodus 34:35 - General Ecclesiastes 8:1 - a man's

Verse 31

called: Exodus 3:15, Exodus 24:1-Leviticus :

and Moses talked: Genesis 45:3, Genesis 45:15

Verse 32

he gave: Exodus 21:1, Numbers 15:40, 1 Kings 22:14, Matthew 28:20, 1 Corinthians 11:23, 1 Corinthians 15:3

Reciprocal: Exodus 35:1 - These

Verse 33

a veil: Romans 10:4, 2 Corinthians 3:13-Job :, 2 Corinthians 4:4-Joshua :

Verse 34

he took: 2 Corinthians 3:16, Hebrews 4:16, Hebrews 10:19-Song of Solomon :

Verse 35

Exodus 34:29, Exodus 34:30, Ecclesiastes 8:1, Daniel 12:3, Matthew 5:16, Matthew 13:43, John 5:35, Philippians 2:15

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 34". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/exodus-34.html.