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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 39

Introduction

Overview

Exodus 39:1, The cloths of service and holy garments; Exodus 39:2, The ephod; Exodus 39:8, The breast-plate; Exodus 39:22, The robe of the ephod; Exodus 39:27, The coats, mitre, and girdle of fine linen; Exodus 39:30, The plate of the holy crown; Exodus 39:32, All is finished, reviewed, and approved by Moses.

Verse 1

the blue: Exodus 25:4, Exodus 26:1, Exodus 35:23

cloths: Exodus 31:10, Exodus 35:19

holy place: Psalms 93:5, Ezekiel 43:12, Hebrews 9:12, Hebrews 9:25

the holy: Exodus 28:2-Numbers :, Exodus 31:10, Ezekiel 42:14

Reciprocal: Exodus 36:1 - according Exodus 39:41 - cloths Leviticus 8:2 - garments Leviticus 8:4 - General Leviticus 8:7 - he put Numbers 4:6 - a cloth Numbers 4:13 - General 1 Samuel 2:28 - And did I

Verse 2

Exodus 25:7, Exodus 28:6-2 Kings :, Leviticus 8:7

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:2 - holy garments Exodus 28:4 - ephod Exodus 28:5 - gold Exodus 39:18 - ephod

Verse 3

cunning work: Exodus 26:1, Exodus 36:8

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:5 - gold

Verse 4

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:7 - General Exodus 28:25 - of the ephod

Verse 5

curious: Exodus 28:8, Exodus 29:5, Leviticus 8:7, Isaiah 11:5, Revelation 1:13

as the Lord: Matthew 28:20, 1 Corinthians 11:23

Reciprocal: Leviticus 8:4 - General

Verse 6

onyx stones: The meaning of the word shoham is not easily determined. It has been variously rendered a beryl, emerald, prasius, sapphire, sardius, ruby, carnelian, onyx, and sardonyx. It may signify both the onyx and sardonyx. The latter stone is a mixture of the chalcedony and carnelian, sometimes in strata, and at other times blended together, and is found striped with white and red strata, or layers. It is generally allowed that there is no real difference, except in hardness, between the carnelian, chalcedony, agate, sardonyx, and onyx. The onyx is of a darkish horny colour, resembling the nail or hoof, from which circumstance it has its name (ןםץמ). It has often a plate of a blueish white or red in it, and when on one or both sides of this white there appears a plate of a reddish colour, the jewellers call the stone a sardonyx. Exodus 25:7, Exodus 28:9, Exodus 35:9, Job 28:16, Ezekiel 28:13

ouches: Mishbetzoth, strait places, sockets, to insert the stones in, from shavatz, to straiten, enclose.

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:11 - ouches of gold Exodus 28:12 - Aaron shall bear 1 Chronicles 29:2 - onyx stones

Verse 7

a memorial: Exodus 28:12, Exodus 28:29, Joshua 4:7, Nehemiah 2:20, Mark 14:9, Mark 14:22-Lamentations :

Reciprocal: Leviticus 8:4 - General

Verse 8

Exodus 25:7, Exodus 28:4, Exodus 28:13-Joel :, Leviticus 8:8, Leviticus 8:9, Psalms 89:28, Isaiah 59:17, Ephesians 6:14

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:15 - the breastplate Exodus 28:30 - General

Verse 10

the first row: Exodus 28:16, Exodus 28:17, Exodus 28:21, Revelation 21:19-Ecclesiastes :

sardius: or, ruby

Reciprocal: Job 28:19 - topaz Isaiah 54:11 - sapphires Ezekiel 28:13 - every

Verse 11

a diamond: Exodus 28:18, Ezekiel 28:13, The word yahalom may mean the diamond, from halam, to beat, smite, because of its extreme hardness, by which it will beat to pieces the other stones. It is a fine pellucid substance never debased with any admixture of other matter; susceptible of elegant tinges from metal-line particles; giving fire with steel; not fermenting with acid menstrua; scarcely calcinable by any degree of fire; and of one simple and permanent appearance in all lights. It is the hardest and most valuable of all gems; when pure, perfectly clear and pellucid as the clearest water, and eminently distinguished from all other substances by its vivid splendour, and the brightness of its reflections.

Reciprocal: Revelation 4:3 - like unto

Verse 12

a ligure: Leshem, the ligure, the same as the jacinth, or hyacinth, a precious stone of a deep red, with a considerable tinge of yellow. Theophrastus and Pliny say it resembles the carbuncle, of a brightness sparkling like fire.

an agate: Shevo, the agate, a semi-pellucid compound gem, formed of different simple minerals, as chalcedony, cornelian, jasper. horn-stone, quartz, amethyst, opal, etc.; joined irregularly or in layers. It is of a white, reddish, yellowish, or greenish ground; and so variously figured in its substance as to represent plants, trees, animals, and other objects.

an amethyst: Achlamah, an amethyst, a transparent gem, composed of a strong blue and deep red; and according as either prevails, affording different tinges of purple, sometimes approaching to violet, and sometimes even fading to a pale rose colour.

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:19 - a ligure

Verse 13

a beryl: Tarshish, a pellucid gem, of a sea or blueish green colour.

a jasper: Yaspeh, the jasper, a hard stone, of which there are not less than fifteen varieties of colour, as green, red, yellow, brown, black, etc.

Reciprocal: Genesis 2:12 - onyx Exodus 28:9 - onyx Exodus 28:11 - ouches of gold 1 Chronicles 29:2 - onyx stones Ezekiel 1:16 - the colour

Verse 14

Revelation 21:12

Reciprocal: James 1:1 - to

Verse 15

chains at the ends: Exodus 28:14, 2 Chronicles 3:5, Song of Solomon 1:10, John 10:28, John 17:12, 1 Peter 1:5, Jude 1:1

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:25 - wreathen chains 1 Kings 7:17 - General 1 Kings 7:18 - General Jeremiah 52:22 - with network

Verse 16

gold rings: Exodus 25:12

Verse 17

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:14 - of wreathen

Verse 18

two wreathen: Exodus 28:14, Song of Solomon 1:10

ephod: Exodus 39:2

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:11 - ouches of gold

Verse 20

coupling: Exodus 26:3

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:8 - curious

Verse 21

as the Lord: Matthew 16:24, 1 Corinthians 1:25, 1 Corinthians 1:27

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:4 - ephod Exodus 28:8 - curious Leviticus 8:4 - General

Verse 22

Exodus 28:31-Habakkuk :

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:4 - ephod John 19:23 - woven

Verse 23

Reciprocal: John 19:23 - woven

Verse 24

they made: Exodus 28:33

pomegranates: Galatians 5:22

Verse 25

bells: Exodus 28:33, Exodus 28:34, Psalms 89:15

the pomegranates: Song of Solomon 4:13

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:4 - a robe

Verse 26

pomegranate: Exodus 28:34, Song of Solomon 4:3, Song of Solomon 4:13, Song of Solomon 6:7

hem: Deuteronomy 22:12, Matthew 9:20

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:4 - a robe Leviticus 8:4 - General

Verse 27

coats: Exodus 28:39-Luke :, Leviticus 8:13, Isaiah 61:10, Ezekiel 44:18, Romans 3:22, Romans 13:14, Galatians 3:27, Philippians 2:6-Ruth :, 1 Peter 1:13

fine: The word Shesh seems rather to mean cotton, than either fine linen or silk; called also butz, and by the Greeks, גץףףןע, and Romans, byssus.

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:40 - Aaron's Leviticus 6:10 - linen garment Leviticus 16:4 - holy linen coat Esther 8:15 - and with a great crown Proverbs 31:22 - silk Ezekiel 16:10 - I girded Ezekiel 44:17 - they shall

Verse 28

a mitre: Exodus 28:4, Exodus 28:39, Ezekiel 44:18

linen: Exodus 28:42

breeches: Michnasim, from kanas, to wrap round.

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:32 - as it were Leviticus 8:9 - General Ezekiel 16:10 - I girded

Verse 29

a girdle: Avnet, a belt or girdle, of the same kind as the eastern sash, which confines the loose garments about the waist; and in which their long skirts are tucked up when at work or on a journey. Exodus 28:39

Reciprocal: Exodus 27:16 - needlework Exodus 28:40 - Aaron's Leviticus 8:4 - General

Verse 30

the plate: Exodus 26:36, Exodus 28:36-Malachi :, 1 Corinthians 1:30, 2 Corinthians 5:21, Hebrews 1:3, Hebrews 7:26

Holiness: Exodus 28:36, Zechariah 14:20, Titus 2:14, Revelation 5:10

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:28 - a lace Exodus 28:37 - the mitre it Zechariah 6:11 - make

Verse 31

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:28 - a lace Exodus 28:37 - the mitre it Leviticus 8:4 - General

Verse 32

all the: Exodus 39:33, Exodus 39:42, Exodus 25:1 - Exodus 31:18, Exodus 35:1 - Exodus 40:38, Leviticus 8:1 - Leviticus 9:24, Numbers 3:25, Numbers 3:26, Numbers 3:31, Numbers 3:36, Numbers 3:37, Numbers 4:4-Jonah :

according: Exodus 39:42, Exodus 39:43, Exodus 25:40, Exodus 40:32, Deuteronomy 12:32, 1 Samuel 15:22, 1 Chronicles 28:19, Matthew 28:20, Hebrews 3:2, Hebrews 8:5

Reciprocal: Genesis 7:5 - all that Exodus 40:33 - So Moses Leviticus 1:1 - out of Leviticus 8:4 - General Numbers 1:54 - General Numbers 9:5 - according 1 Kings 7:40 - So Hiram Hebrews 9:2 - a tabernacle

Verse 33

the tent: Exodus 25:1 - Exodus 30:38, Exodus 31:7-1 Kings :, Exodus 35:11-Psalms :, Exodus 36:1 - Exodus 40:38

Reciprocal: Exodus 26:6 - taches of gold Exodus 26:36 - the tent Exodus 39:32 - all the Numbers 3:31 - the ark Numbers 3:36 - under the custody and charge

Verse 34

Reciprocal: Exodus 26:14 - rams' skins dyed red

Verse 35

the mercy seat: Exodus 25:17, Hebrews 9:5, Hebrews 9:8

Reciprocal: Hebrews 9:4 - the ark

Verse 36

the showbread: Exodus 25:30, 1 Kings 7:48

Reciprocal: Leviticus 24:6 - pure Hebrews 9:2 - the first

Verse 37

even with: Exodus 27:21, Matthew 5:14-Nehemiah :, Philippians 2:15

Reciprocal: Exodus 27:20 - pure oil olive beaten Leviticus 24:2 - that they Leviticus 24:4 - the pure 1 Kings 7:49 - the candlesticks

Verse 38

sweet incense: Heb. the incense of sweet spice, Exodus 25:6, Exodus 30:7, Exodus 31:11, Exodus 35:8, Exodus 37:29, 2 Chronicles 2:4

Reciprocal: Numbers 4:11 - General 1 Kings 7:48 - the altar

Verse 39

Exodus 38:30, 1 Kings 8:64

Reciprocal: Exodus 40:9 - the anointing oil

Verse 40

Reciprocal: Exodus 27:9 - hangings for Exodus 27:19 - all the pins thereof

Verse 41

cloths: Exodus 39:1, Exodus 31:10

the holy: Exodus 28:2

Reciprocal: Exodus 28:40 - Aaron's Exodus 35:19 - The cloths Leviticus 8:2 - garments Numbers 4:6 - a cloth Numbers 4:13 - General

Verse 42

according: Exodus 39:32, Exodus 23:21, Exodus 23:22, Exodus 25:1 - Exodus 31:18, Deuteronomy 12:32, Matthew 28:20, 2 Timothy 2:15, 2 Timothy 4:7

made: Exodus 35:10

Reciprocal: Genesis 7:5 - all that Exodus 25:40 - that thou make Exodus 29:35 - according Exodus 40:16 - according Leviticus 8:4 - General Numbers 2:34 - according Numbers 9:5 - according Numbers 9:22 - abode Numbers 36:10 - General Joshua 11:15 - and so did Joshua 1 Chronicles 14:16 - did as God 1 Chronicles 28:11 - the pattern 2 Chronicles 8:15 - they departed Jeremiah 13:5 - as

Verse 43

did look: Exodus 40:25, Genesis 1:31, Psalms 104:31

blessed them: Genesis 14:19, Leviticus 9:22, Leviticus 9:23, Numbers 6:23-Daniel :, Joshua 22:6, 2 Samuel 6:18, 1 Kings 8:14, 1 Chronicles 16:2, 2 Chronicles 6:3, 2 Chronicles 30:27, Nehemiah 11:2, Psalms 19:11

Reciprocal: Genesis 7:5 - all that Exodus 7:6 - General Exodus 25:40 - that thou make Exodus 29:35 - according Exodus 39:32 - according Exodus 40:16 - according Leviticus 8:4 - General Leviticus 8:36 - Aaron Numbers 1:54 - General Numbers 36:10 - General Joshua 11:15 - and so did Joshua 2 Kings 16:10 - the pattern 1 Chronicles 14:16 - did as God 1 Chronicles 28:11 - the pattern 2 Chronicles 8:15 - they departed Ecclesiastes 2:11 - I looked Jeremiah 13:5 - as Matthew 21:6 - and did Luke 2:34 - blessed

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 39". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/exodus-39.html.