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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 7

Introduction

Overview

Exodus 7:1, Moses and Aaron are encouraged to go again to Pharaoh; Exodus 7:7, Their age; Exodus 7:8, Aaron’s rod is turned into a serpent; Exodus 7:11, The sorcerers do the like; but their rods are swallowed up by Aaron’s; Exodus 7:13, Pharaoh’s heart is hardened; Exodus 7:14, God’s message to Pharaoh; Exodus 7:19, The river is turned into blood; and the consequent distress of the Egyptians.

Verse 1

See: Exodus 16:29, Genesis 19:21, 1 Kings 17:23, 2 Kings 6:32, Ecclesiastes 1:10

a god: Exodus 4:15, Exodus 4:16, Psalms 82:6, Jeremiah 1:10, John 10:35, John 10:36

Reciprocal: Genesis 15:14 - that Genesis 20:7 - a prophet Exodus 3:19 - General Exodus 6:11 - General Exodus 18:1 - done Exodus 19:4 - seen Numbers 12:6 - a prophet Deuteronomy 1:30 - according Deuteronomy 6:22 - showed Deuteronomy 7:18 - remember Joshua 24:5 - plagued Nehemiah 9:10 - showedst Psalms 78:12 - Marvellous Psalms 89:10 - Thou hast Psalms 105:26 - Aaron Psalms 105:27 - They Psalms 135:9 - sent tokens Jeremiah 1:7 - for thou shalt John 10:34 - gods Acts 7:7 - the nation Acts 7:36 - after

Verse 2

Exodus 4:15, Exodus 6:29, Deuteronomy 4:2, 1 Kings 22:14, Jeremiah 1:7, Jeremiah 1:17, Ezekiel 3:10, Ezekiel 3:17, Matthew 28:20, Acts 20:27

Reciprocal: Exodus 4:16 - General Exodus 7:6 - General 1 Kings 13:8 - If

Verse 3

And I: Exodus 4:21, Exodus 4:29

multiply: Exodus 4:7, Exodus 9:16, Exodus 11:9, Deuteronomy 4:34, Deuteronomy 7:19, Nehemiah 9:10, Psalms 78:43-51, Psalms 105:27-36, Psalms 135:9, Isaiah 51:9, Jeremiah 32:20, Jeremiah 32:21, Micah 7:15, John 4:48, Acts 2:22, Acts 7:36, Romans 15:19

Reciprocal: Exodus 3:20 - smite Exodus 7:22 - as the Exodus 14:3 - Pharaoh Exodus 14:4 - harden Exodus 14:17 - I will 2 Samuel 24:1 - moved Isaiah 6:10 - the heart John 12:40 - hardened

Verse 4

that I: Exodus 9:3, Exodus 10:1, Exodus 11:9, Judges 2:15, Lamentations 3:3

armies: Exodus 6:26, Exodus 12:51

by great: Exodus 6:6, Proverbs 19:29, Isaiah 26:9, Ezekiel 14:21, Ezekiel 25:11, Ezekiel 30:14, Ezekiel 30:19, Revelation 15:4, Revelation 16:7, Revelation 19:2

Reciprocal: Exodus 3:19 - will not Exodus 7:13 - General Exodus 8:15 - he hardened Exodus 12:41 - hosts Exodus 12:50 - as the Lord Exodus 14:3 - Pharaoh Ezekiel 39:21 - and my

Verse 5

Egyptians: Exodus 7:17, Exodus 8:10, Exodus 8:22, Exodus 14:4, Exodus 14:18, Psalms 9:16, Ezekiel 25:17, Ezekiel 28:22, Ezekiel 36:23, Ezekiel 39:7, Ezekiel 39:22

I stretch: Exodus 3:20

Reciprocal: Exodus 12:17 - in this selfsame 1 Samuel 4:8 - smote 1 Kings 20:28 - ye shall know Psalms 79:10 - let him Proverbs 23:32 - At Ezekiel 6:7 - and ye Ezekiel 32:15 - then

Verse 6

Exodus 7:2, Exodus 7:10, Exodus 12:28, Exodus 39:43, Exodus 40:16, Genesis 6:22, Genesis 22:18, Psalms 119:4, John 15:10, John 15:14

Reciprocal: Proverbs 23:32 - At

Verse 7

Exodus 2:23, Genesis 41:46, Deuteronomy 29:5, Deuteronomy 31:2, Deuteronomy 34:7, Psalms 90:10, Acts 7:23, Acts 7:30

Reciprocal: Genesis 47:9 - have not

Verse 9

Show: Isaiah 7:11, Matthew 12:39, John 2:18, John 6:30, John 10:38

Take: Exodus 7:10-12, Exodus 4:2, Exodus 4:17, Exodus 4:20, Exodus 9:23, Exodus 10:13

a serpent: Psalms 74:12, Psalms 74:13, Ezekiel 29:3

Reciprocal: Exodus 14:16 - lift Numbers 16:28 - Hereby

Verse 10

as the Lord: Exodus 7:9

it became: Exodus 4:3, Amos 9:3, Mark 16:18, Luke 10:19

Reciprocal: Exodus 6:27 - spake Exodus 7:6 - General Exodus 7:15 - the rod Numbers 12:2 - Hath the Lord 1 Kings 13:3 - General

Verse 11

wise men: Genesis 41:8, Genesis 41:38, Genesis 41:39, Isaiah 19:11, Isaiah 19:12, Isaiah 47:12, Isaiah 47:13, Daniel 2:2, Daniel 2:27, Daniel 4:7-9, Daniel 5:7, Daniel 5:11, 2 Timothy 3:8, Revelation 19:20

sorcerers: Mechashshaphim, probably from the Arabic kashapha, to discover, reveal, signifies diviners, or those who pretended to reveal futurity, to discover things lost, or to find hidden treasures.

they also: Exodus 7:22, Exodus 8:7, Exodus 8:18, Deuteronomy 13:1-3, Matthew 24:24, Galatians 3:1, Ephesians 4:14, 2 Thessalonians 2:9, Revelation 13:11-15

enchantments: By the word lahatim, from lahat, to burn, may be meant such incantations as required lustral fires, fumigations, etc.

Reciprocal: Exodus 9:11 - General Leviticus 19:26 - use 1 Samuel 6:2 - called Jeremiah 27:9 - hearken Daniel 1:20 - the magicians Acts 8:9 - used Acts 13:8 - withstood Acts 16:16 - possessed Acts 19:19 - used Revelation 13:13 - he doeth

Verse 12

but Aaron's: Exodus 8:18, Exodus 8:19, Exodus 9:11, Acts 8:9-13, Acts 13:8-11, Acts 19:19, Acts 19:20, 1 John 4:4

Reciprocal: Psalms 105:26 - Aaron Proverbs 23:32 - At Daniel 1:20 - the magicians Acts 16:16 - possessed 2 Timothy 3:9 - their Revelation 13:13 - he doeth

Verse 13

Exodus 7:4, Exodus 4:21, Exodus 8:15, Exodus 10:1, Exodus 10:20, Exodus 10:27, Exodus 14:17, Deuteronomy 2:30, Zechariah 7:11, Zechariah 7:12, Romans 1:28, Romans 2:5, Hebrews 3:7, Hebrews 3:8, Hebrews 3:13

Reciprocal: Exodus 7:22 - and Pharaoh's Exodus 8:32 - General Exodus 9:12 - General Exodus 11:10 - the Lord Exodus 14:4 - harden 1 Samuel 6:6 - the Egyptians John 12:40 - hardened Romans 9:18 - will he

Verse 14

Pharaoh's: Exodus 8:15, Exodus 10:1, Exodus 10:20, Exodus 10:27, Zechariah 7:12

he refuseth: Exodus 4:23, Exodus 8:2, Exodus 9:2, Exodus 10:4, Isaiah 1:20, Jeremiah 8:5, Jeremiah 9:6, Hebrews 12:25

Reciprocal: Exodus 8:32 - General Exodus 9:7 - the heart Exodus 9:12 - General Exodus 9:34 - and hardened Exodus 11:10 - the Lord Exodus 14:4 - harden Exodus 14:17 - I will

Verse 15

he goeth: Exodus 2:5, Exodus 8:20, Ezekiel 29:3

the rod: Exodus 7:10, Exodus 4:2-4

Reciprocal: Exodus 9:13 - General 1 Chronicles 16:21 - he reproved Isaiah 7:3 - Go forth

Verse 16

The Lord: Exodus 3:18, Exodus 5:3, Exodus 9:1, Exodus 9:13, Exodus 10:3, 1 Samuel 4:6-9

Let my: Exodus 8:1, Exodus 8:20, Exodus 13:15, Exodus 14:5, Isaiah 45:13, Jeremiah 50:33, Acts 4:21-23

serve: Exodus 3:12, Exodus 3:18, Exodus 5:1-3, Exodus 9:1

Reciprocal: Psalms 105:14 - General 2 Corinthians 11:22 - Hebrews

Verse 17

thou shalt: Exodus 7:5, Exodus 5:2, Exodus 6:7, 1 Samuel 17:46, 1 Samuel 17:47, 1 Kings 20:28, 2 Kings 19:19, Psalms 9:16, Psalms 83:18, Ezekiel 29:9, Ezekiel 30:8, Ezekiel 30:19, Ezekiel 32:15, Ezekiel 38:23, Ezekiel 39:28, Daniel 4:17, Daniel 4:32, Daniel 4:37, Daniel 5:21, Daniel 5:23

and they: Exodus 1:22, Exodus 4:9, Psalms 78:44, Psalms 105:29, Revelation 8:8, Revelation 16:3-6

Reciprocal: Exodus 7:20 - all the waters Exodus 8:22 - know Exodus 10:2 - that ye Exodus 14:4 - that the Egyptians Exodus 14:18 - General Exodus 16:12 - ye shall know Psalms 105:14 - General Ezekiel 32:6 - water

Verse 18

the fish: Exodus 7:21

Egyptians: "The water of Egypt," says Abbe Mascrier, "is so delicious, that one would not wish the heat to be less, or to be delivered from the sensation of thirst. The Turks find it so exquisite, that they excite themselves to drink of it by eating salt." "A person," adds Mr. Harmer, "who never before heard of the deliciousness of the Nile water, and of the large quantities which on that account are drunk of it, will, I am sure, find an energy in those words of Moses to Pharaoh, the Egyptians shall loathe to drink of the water of the river, which he never did before."

shall loathe: Exodus 7:24, Numbers 11:20, Numbers 21:5

Reciprocal: Exodus 7:20 - all the waters Isaiah 50:2 - their fish

Verse 19

stretch: Exodus 8:5, Exodus 8:6, Exodus 8:16, Exodus 9:22, Exodus 9:23, Exodus 9:33, Exodus 10:12, Exodus 10:21, Exodus 14:21, Exodus 14:26

their pools: Heb. gathering of their waters, Genesis 1:10

Reciprocal: Exodus 1:16 - and see them Exodus 1:22 - Every son Exodus 4:9 - the water Exodus 4:17 - General Exodus 14:16 - lift Exodus 17:5 - thy rod 2 Kings 2:19 - the water 2 Kings 4:29 - lay my staff Psalms 110:2 - the rod Isaiah 11:15 - shall smite Isaiah 19:10 - make John 2:11 - beginning

Verse 20

he lifted: Exodus 17:5, Exodus 17:6, Exodus 17:9-12, Numbers 20:8-12

all the waters: As the Nile was held sacred by the Egyptians, as well as the animals it contained, to which they annually sacrificed a girl, or as others say, both a boy and girl, God might have designed this plague as a punishment for such idolatry and cruelty; and to shew them the baseness of those elements which they reverenced, and the insufficiency of the gods in which they trusted. All the punishments brought upon them bore a strict analogy to their crimes. Exodus 7:17, Exodus 7:18, Psalms 78:44, Psalms 105:29, John 2:9-11, Revelation 8:8

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 4:29 - lay my staff Revelation 8:10 - the fountains Revelation 16:4 - and they

Verse 21

Exodus 7:18, Revelation 8:9, The first miracle of Christ turned water into wine, the first plague upon Egypt turned all their water into blood.

Reciprocal: Exodus 8:14 - and the Psalms 105:29 - General Isaiah 19:8 - General Isaiah 50:2 - their fish Revelation 8:10 - the fountains

Verse 22

magicians: Exodus 7:11, Exodus 8:7, Exodus 8:8, Jeremiah 27:18, 2 Timothy 3:8

and Pharaoh's: Exodus 7:13

as the: Exodus 7:3

Reciprocal: Genesis 41:8 - the magicians of Egypt Exodus 11:7 - a difference Deuteronomy 13:2 - General Proverbs 28:14 - but Daniel 1:20 - the magicians Acts 8:9 - used Acts 19:19 - used 2 Thessalonians 2:9 - and signs Revelation 13:13 - he doeth

Verse 23

neither: Exodus 9:21, Deuteronomy 32:46, 1 Samuel 4:20, *marg. Job 7:17, Psalms 62:10, Proverbs 22:17, Proverbs 24:32, *marg. Proverbs 29:1, Isaiah 26:11, Jeremiah 5:3, Jeremiah 36:24, Ezekiel 40:4, Amos 4:7-12, Habakkuk 1:5, Malachi 2:2

Reciprocal: Proverbs 27:23 - look well Isaiah 44:19 - considereth in his heart Haggai 1:5 - Consider your ways

Verse 24

for they: Exodus 7:18-21

Verse 25

Exodus 8:9, Exodus 8:10, Exodus 10:23, 2 Samuel 24:13

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 7". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/exodus-7.html.