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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ezekiel 1

Introduction

1The time of Ezekiel's prophecy at Chebar.
4His vision of four cherubims;
15of the four wheels;
26and of the glory of God.

Verse 1

Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives by the river of Chebar, that the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.
in the thirtieth
Numbers 4:3; Luke 3:23
as I
Ecclesiastes 9:1,2; Jeremiah 24:5-7
captives
Heb. captivity. by the river.
3; 3:15,23; 10:15,20,22; 43:3
Chebar
Chebar, called now Khabour, is a river of Mesopotamia, which taking its rise in the Mysian mountains, falls into the Euphrates near Carchemish, or Circesioum, now Karkisia, about 35 degrees 20' N. lat. and 40 degrees 25' E. long.
the heavens
Matthew 3:16; Luke 3:21; John 1:51; Acts 7:56; 10:11; Revelation 4:1; 19:11
I saw
8:3; 11:24; Genesis 15:1; 46:2; Numbers 12:6; Isaiah 1:1; Daniel 8:1,2; Hosea 12:10; Joel 2:28; Matthew 17:9; Acts 9:10-12; 10:3; 2 Corinthians 12:1
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 24:14 - Jerusalem; Ezra 8:15 - the river that runneth; Psalm 137:1 - the rivers; Isaiah 6:1 - I saw also; Jeremiah 29:15 - General; Ezekiel 40:2 - the visions; Daniel 7:1 - visions

Verse 2

In the fifth day of the month, which was the fifth year of king Jehoiachin's captivity,
8:1; 20:1; 29:1,17; 31:1; 40:1; 2 Kings 24:12-15
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 24:14 - Jerusalem; 2 Chronicles 36:10 - when the year was expired; Isaiah 48:15 - General; Ezekiel 17:12 - Behold; Ezekiel 24:1 - the ninth year; Ezekiel 26:1 - General; Ezekiel 30:20 - General; Ezekiel 32:1 - in the twelfth; Ezekiel 32:17 - in the twelfth; Ezekiel 33:21 - in the twelfth

Verse 3

The word of the LORD came expressly unto Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and the hand of the LORD was there upon him.
word
Jeremiah 1:2,4; Hosea 1:1; Joel 1:1; 1 Timothy 4:1
Ezekiel
Heb. Jehezkel. and the.
3:14,22; 8:1; 33:22; 37:1; 40:1; 1 Kings 18:46; 2 Kings 3:15
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 28:19 - by his hand upon me; Jeremiah 1:1 - of the priests; Jeremiah 29:15 - General; Ezekiel 1:1 - by the river; Ezekiel 11:24 - into; Ezekiel 43:3 - the river; Daniel 10:4 - as; Zephaniah 1:1 - word; Luke 3:2 - the word

Verse 4

And I looked, and, behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and a brightness was about it, and out of the midst thereof as the colour of amber, out of the midst of the fire.
a whirlwind
Isaiah 21:1; Jeremiah 1:13,14; 4:6; 6:1; 23:19; 25:9,32; Habakkuk 1:8,9
a great
10:2-4; Exodus 19:16-18; 24:16,17; Deuteronomy 4:11,12; 2 Chronicles 5:13,14; 6:1; 7:1-3; Psalms 18:11-13; 50:3; 97:2,3; 104:3,4; Isaiah 19:1; Nahum 1:3-6; Habakkuk 3:3-5; Hebrews 12:29
infolding itself
Heb. catching itself. colour.
27; 8:2; 10:8,9; Revelation 1:15
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 19:11 - and a great; 1 Kings 22:17 - 1saw; 2 Kings 2:11 - General; Job 38:1 - General; Isaiah 6:2 - seraphims; Ezekiel 3:23 - the glory; Ezekiel 43:3 - according to the appearance; Zechariah 6:6 - the north; Matthew 28:3 - countenance; Revelation 4:6 - the midst; Revelation 14:1 - I looked

Verse 5

Also out of the midst thereof came the likeness of four living creatures. And this was their appearance; they had the likeness of a man.
the likeness
Revelation 4:6; 6:6; *Gr:
Reciprocal: Exodus 36:8 - cherubims; Psalm 18:10 - rode; Ezekiel 10:15 - This; Zechariah 1:10 - These; Zechariah 6:5 - These

Verse 6

And every one had four faces, and every one had four wings.
And every one had four faces
These living creatures were probably hieroglyphical representations of the holy angels, the attendants on "the King of Glory," and the ministers of his providence. They were four, apparently to denote that they were employed in the four corners of the world; and they had the likeness of a man, to signify that they were intelligent and rational creatures.
10,15; 10:10,14,21,22; Revelation 4:7,8
every one had four wings
8-11; Exodus 25:20; 1 Kings 6:24-27; Isaiah 6:2

Verse 7

And their feet were straight feet; and the sole of their feet was like the sole of a calf's foot: and they sparkled like the colour of burnished brass.
straight feet
Heb. a straight foot. like the sole.
Leviticus 11:3,47
the colour
13; Psalms 104:4; Daniel 10:6; Revelation 1:15
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 40:3 - whose

Verse 8

And they had the hands of a man under their wings on their four sides; and they four had their faces and their wings.
8:3; 10:2,7,8,18,21; Isaiah 6:6
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 1:6 - every one had four wings; Revelation 4:7 - a flying

Verse 9

Their wings were joined one to another; they turned not when they went; they went every one straight forward.
joined
11; 2 Chronicles 3:11,12; 1 Corinthians 1:10
they turned
12; 10:11,22; Proverbs 4:25-27; Luke 9:51,62
Reciprocal: Isaiah 6:2 - wings; Ezekiel 1:17 - and

Verse 10

As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle.
for the
10:14; Revelation 4:7
the face of a man
Numbers 2:10; Isaiah 46:8; Luke 15:10; 1 Corinthians 14:20
the face of a lion
Numbers 2:3; Judges 14:18; 1 Chronicles 12:8; Revelation 5:5
the face of an ox
10:14
Cherub
Numbers 2:18; Proverbs 14:4; 1 Corinthians 9:9,10
the face of an eagle
Numbers 2:25; Deuteronomy 28:49; Job 39:27; Isaiah 40:31; Daniel 7:4
Reciprocal: Exodus 36:8 - cherubims; 1 Kings 7:25 - General; 1 Kings 7:29 - lions; 2 Chronicles 4:3 - And under; Ezekiel 1:6 - And every one had four faces; Ezekiel 10:22 - the likeness; Ezekiel 41:18 - and every

Verse 11

Thus were their faces: and their wings were stretched upward; two wings of every one were joined one to another, and two covered their bodies.
and their
10:16,19
stretched upward
or, divided above. and two.
23; Isaiah 6:2
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 7:7 - Zerubbabel; Ezekiel 1:9 - joined; Daniel 9:21 - to fly

Verse 12

And they went every one straight forward: whither the spirit was to go, they went; and they turned not when they went.
they went every
9,17; 10:22
whither
20,21; Hebrews 1:14
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 1:23 - their wings; Ezekiel 10:17 - for; Ezekiel 46:9 - he that entereth in

Verse 13

As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like burning coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps: it went up and down among the living creatures; and the fire was bright, and out of the fire went forth lightning.
7; Genesis 15:17; Psalms 104:4; Daniel 10:5,6; Matthew 28:3; Revelation 4:5; 10:1; 18:1
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 6:17 - full of horses; Psalm 80:1 - dwellest; Ezekiel 10:2 - coals; Ezekiel 10:7 - unto the; Ezekiel 10:15 - This; Daniel 7:9 - and his wheels; Hebrews 1:7 - Who

Verse 14

And the living creatures ran and returned as the appearance of a flash of lightning.
Psalms 147:15; Daniel 9:21; Zechariah 2:3,4; 4:10; Matthew 24:27,31; Mark 13:27
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 10:15 - This; Daniel 10:6 - his face; Hebrews 1:7 - Who; Revelation 14:6 - another

Verse 15

Now as I beheld the living creatures, behold one wheel upon the earth by the living creatures, with his four faces.
one
19-21; 10:9,13-17; Daniel 7:9
with
6; Revelation 4:7
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 7:30 - wheels; 1 Chronicles 28:18 - the chariot; Psalm 68:17 - chariots; Ezekiel 10:2 - Go

Verse 16

The appearance of the wheels and their work was like unto the colour of a beryl: and they four had one likeness: and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel in the middle of a wheel.
the colour
10:9; Exodus 39:13; Daniel 10:6
a wheel
10:10; Job 9:10; Psalms 36:6; 40:5; Romans 11:33; Ephesians 3:10
Reciprocal: Exodus 28:20 - a beryl; 1 Kings 7:33 - General

Verse 17

When they went, they went upon their four sides: and they turned not when they went.
and
9,12; 10:1-11; Isaiah 55:11
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 10:11 - they went upon; Ezekiel 10:19 - the cherubims; Ezekiel 46:9 - he that entereth in

Verse 18

As for their rings, they were so high that they were dreadful; and their rings were full of eyes round about them four.
they were so
Job 37:22-24; Psalms 77:16-19; 97:2-5; Isaiah 55:9
rings
or, stakes. full.
10:12; Proverbs 15:3; Zechariah 4:10; Revelation 4:6,8
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 7:33 - General; Psalm 66:5 - terrible

Verse 19

And when the living creatures went, the wheels went by them: and when the living creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up.
10:16; Psalms 103:20
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 1:15 - one; Ezekiel 1:21 - When those went; Ezekiel 11:22 - General

Verse 20

Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went, thither was their spirit to go; and the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.
the spirit
12; 1 Corinthians 14:32
for the
10:17; Zechariah 6:1-8
of the living creature
or, of life.
Reciprocal: Exodus 25:20 - toward; Ezekiel 1:21 - When those went; Ezekiel 10:11 - whither; Ezekiel 11:22 - General

Verse 21

When those went, these went; and when those stood, these stood; and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels.
When those went
19,20; 10:17
of the living creature
or, of life.
Romans 8:2
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 1:12 - whither

Verse 22

And the likeness of the firmament upon the heads of the living creature was as the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above.
the likeness
26; 10:1; Exodus 24:10; Job 37:22; Revelation 4:3,6; 21:11
crystal
The Hebrew kerach, which generally denotes ice, doubtless here signifies crystal, ([krystallos] from [kryos] cold, ice, and [stellomai] to concrete,) as it is rendered by the LXX. and Vulgate. It is a very large class of silicious minerals, hard, pellucid, naturally colourless, of regularly angular figures, and of simple plates; not flexible, nor elastic, but giving fire with steel; not fermenting by acid menstrua, but calcinable in a strong fire. There are three orders of pure crystal: the first is perfect columnar crystals, with double pyramids, of eighteen planes, in an hexangular pyramid at each end; the second is that of perfect crystals, without a column, of twelve or sixteen planes, in two hexangular pyramids: and the third is that of imperfect crystals, with single pyramids, of ten or twelve planes, in an hexangular or pentangular column. Terrible crystal seems to denote that which was well cut and polished, vividly refracting the rays of light.
Reciprocal: Job 28:17 - crystal; Psalm 150:1 - in the firmament; Ezekiel 10:20 - the living

Verse 23

And under the firmament were their wings straight, the one toward the other: every one had two, which covered on this side, and every one had two, which covered on that side, their bodies.
their wings
12,24
which
11; Job 4:18; Psalms 89:7; Luke 17:10

Verse 24

And when they went, I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of great waters, as the voice of the Almighty, the voice of speech, as the noise of an host: when they stood, they let down their wings.
like
43:2; Revelation 1:15; 19:6
as the voice
10:5; Job 37:2,4,5; Psalms 18:13; 29:3-9; 68:33
as the noise
Daniel 10:6; 2 Kings 7:6
Reciprocal: Isaiah 6:2 - wings; Isaiah 6:4 - posts; Isaiah 6:8 - I heard; Ezekiel 1:23 - their wings; Ezekiel 1:25 - and had; Ezekiel 3:13 - the noise

Verse 25

And there was a voice from the firmament that was over their heads, when they stood, and had let down their wings.
and had
Reciprocal: Isaiah 6:1 - I saw also

Verse 26

And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it.
And above
Abp. Newcome judiciously observes, "We need not allegorize the circumstances of this august vision too minutely. Many of them augment the splendour of the scene, while others, no doubt, have much significance; which should be pointed out rather by a correct judgement, than a luxuriant imagination."
22; 10:1
over
Matthew 28:18; Ephesians 1:21,22; Philippians 2:9,10; 1 Peter 3:22
the likeness of a
Psalms 45:6; Isaiah 6:1; Daniel 7:9,10,14; Zechariah 6:13; Matthew 25:13; Hebrews 1:8; 8:1; Hebrews 12:2; Revelation 4:2,3; 5:13; 20:11
as the
Exodus 24:10; Isaiah 54:11
the appearance of a man
Genesis 32:24-30; Joshua 5:13-15; 6:1,2; Isaiah 9:6,7; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Daniel 10:18; Revelation 1:13; 3:21; 14:14
Reciprocal: Exodus 28:18 - sapphire; Judges 13:20 - fell on; 1 Kings 22:19 - I saw the Lord; Song of Solomon 5:14 - his belly; Jeremiah 3:17 - the throne; Jeremiah 17:12 - General; Ezekiel 8:2 - I beheld; Ezekiel 8:4 - General; Ezekiel 10:19 - and the glory; Ezekiel 43:7 - the place of my throne; Daniel 7:13 - one like; Daniel 8:15 - as; Daniel 10:16 - like; John 1:18 - he hath; Acts 7:55 - and saw; Colossians 1:15 - the image; Revelation 21:11 - her

Verse 27

And I saw as the colour of amber, as the appearance of fire round about within it, from the appearance of his loins even upward, and from the appearance of his loins even downward, I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and it had brightness round about.
as the colour
4; 8:2
the appearance of fire
Deuteronomy 4:24; Psalms 50:3; 97:2; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; Hebrews 12:29; Revelation 1:14-16
Reciprocal: Exodus 24:10 - of a sapphire stone; Exodus 24:17 - like devouring fire; Ezekiel 40:3 - whose

Verse 28

As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness round about. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one that spake.
at the appearance of the bow
Genesis 9:13-16; Isaiah 54:8-10; Revelation 4:3; 10:1
This
8:4; 10:19,20; 43:3; Exodus 16:7,10; 24:16; 33:18-23; Numbers 12:6-8; 1 Kings 8:10,11; 1 Corinthians 13:12
I fell
3:23; Genesis 17:3; Leviticus 9:24; Daniel 8:17; 10:7-9,16,17; Matthew 17:5,6; Acts 9:4; Revelation 1:17,18 Reciprocal: Genesis 17:17 - fell; Exodus 24:10 - saw; Numbers 24:4 - falling; Judges 13:20 - fell on; Ezekiel 2:1 - stand; Ezekiel 10:4 - the glory; Ezekiel 43:2 - the glory; Ezekiel 44:4 - and I fell; Amos 9:1 - I saw; Matthew 26:39 - and fell; Revelation 4:2 - a throne

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 1". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/ezekiel-1.html.