Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 16

Introduction

1Sarai, being barren, gives Hagar to Abram.
4Hagar, being afflicted for despising her mistress, runs away.
7An angel commands her to return and submit herself, promises her a numerous posterity, and shows their character and condition.
13Hagar names the place, and returns to Sarai.
15Ishmael is born.
16The age of Abram.

Verse 1

Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.
A. M. 2092. B.C. 1912. bare
15:2,3; 21:10,12; 25:21; Judges 13:2; Luke 1:7,36
Egyptian
12:16; 21:9,21
name
Galatians 4:24
Agar
Reciprocal: Genesis 11:30 - barren;  Genesis 16:8 - Sarai's maid;  Genesis 20:1 - Kadesh;  Genesis 29:24 - Zilpah;  Genesis 29:31 - he opened;  1 Samuel 1:2 - but;  Romans 4:10 - not in circumcision

Verse 2

And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai.
the Lord
17:16; 18:10; 20:18; 25:21; 30:2,3,9,22; Psalms 127:3
obtain children
Heb be builded.
30:3,6; Exodus 21:4; Ruth 4:11
hearkened
3:1-6,12,17
Reciprocal: Genesis 11:30 - barren;  Genesis 19:31 - to come;  1 Samuel 1:2 - but;  Luke 1:7 - they had;  Acts 7:5 - when;  Galatians 4:22 - that

Verse 3

And Sarai Abram's wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife.
A. M. 2093. B.C. 1911. had
12:4,5
gave
5; 30:4,9
his
25:6; 28:9; 32:22; 35:22; Judges 19:1-4; 2 Samuel 5:13; 1 Kings 11:3; Galatians 4:25
Reciprocal: Genesis 21:9 - Sarah;  Genesis 22:24 - concubine;  Genesis 30:3 - Behold;  Galatians 4:24 - Agar

Verse 4

And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was despised in her eyes.
her mistress
1 Samuel 1:6-8; 2 Samuel 6:16; Proverbs 30:20,21,23; 1 Corinthians 4:6; 13:4,5
Reciprocal: Genesis 16:8 - Sarai's maid;  Genesis 19:31 - to come;  Galatians 4:24 - Agar;  1 Timothy 6:2 - let

Verse 5

And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge between me and thee.
My wrong
Luke 10:40,41
the Lord
31:53; Exodus 5:21; 1 Samuel 24:12-15; 2 Chronicles 24:22; Psalms 7:8; 35:23; 43:1
Reciprocal: Genesis 16:3 - gave;  Deuteronomy 13:6 - thy brother;  Judges 11:10 - be witness;  Judges 11:27 - be judge;  1 Samuel 20:23 - the Lord;  1 Kings 1:2 - lie;  1 Timothy 6:2 - let

Verse 6

But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face.
Abram
13:8,9; Proverbs 14:29; 15:1,17,18; 1 Peter 3:7
in
24:10; Job 2:6; Psalms 106:41,42; Jeremiah 38:5
as it pleaseth thee
Heb. that which is good in thine eyes. dealt hardly with her. Heb. afflicted her.
Proverbs 29:19
fled
Exodus 2:15; Proverbs 27:8; Ecclesiastes 10:4
Reciprocal: Genesis 45:16 - it pleased Pharaoh well;  Joshua 9:25 - we are;  1 Samuel 29:6 - the lords favour;  1 Kings 12:13 - roughly;  1 Kings 21:2 - seem good to thee;  Job 1:12 - power

Verse 7

And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.
found
Proverbs 15:3
the fountain
25:18; Exodus 15:22; 1 Samuel 15:7
Shur
The desert of Shur being between the south of Canaan, where Hebron was situated, and Egypt, it is likely that Hagar was returning to her own country.
Reciprocal: Genesis 14:6 - Elparan;  Genesis 16:13 - called;  Genesis 20:1 - Kadesh;  Genesis 21:14 - wandered;  Genesis 22:11 - angel;  Genesis 31:11 - the angel;  Genesis 48:16 - Angel;  Exodus 3:2 - angel;  Judges 2:1 - And an angel;  Judges 13:3 - the angel;  1 Samuel 27:9 - left neither;  Acts 7:30 - an

Verse 8

And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go? And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai.
Sarai's maid
1,4; Ephesians 6:5-8; 1 Timothy 6:1,2
whence
3:9; 4:10; Ecclesiastes 10:4; Jeremiah 2:17,18
I flee
1 Samuel 26:19
Reciprocal: Genesis 35:1 - when thou;  Numbers 22:9 - What men;  Judges 19:17 - whither;  1 Kings 19:9 - What doest thou;  1 Kings 19:13 - What doest;  2 Kings 5:25 - Whence;  Job 2:2 - From whence;  Acts 9:4 - Saul;  Acts 22:7 - Saul;  Galatians 4:24 - Agar;  Titus 2:5 - keepers;  Revelation 7:13 - whence

Verse 9

And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.
submit
Ecclesiastes 10:4; Ephesians 5:21; 6:5,6; Titus 2:9; 1 Peter 2:18-25; 5:5,6
Reciprocal: Genesis 16:13 - called;  Genesis 21:17 - the angel;  Genesis 22:11 - angel;  1 Timothy 6:1 - count;  Titus 2:5 - keepers;  Hebrews 13:17 - submit

Verse 10

And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.
the angel
22:15-18; 31:11-13; 32:24-30; 48:15,16; Exodus 3:2-6; Judges 2:1-3; 6:11; Judges 6:16,21-24; 13:16-22; Isaiah 63:9; Hosea 12:3-5; Zechariah 2:8,9; Malachi 3:1; John 1:18; Acts 7:30-38; 1 Timothy 6:16
I will
17:20; 21:13,16; 25:12-18; Psalms 83:6,7
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:5 - So;  Genesis 16:13 - called;  Genesis 17:4 - a father;  Genesis 18:10 - he said;  Genesis 21:18 - I will;  Genesis 22:11 - angel;  Judges 8:24 - because

Verse 11

And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.
shalt
17:19; 29:32-35; Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:21-23; Luke 1:13,31,63
Ishmael
i.e., God shall hear. because.
41:51,52; 1 Samuel 1:20
hath
29:32,33; Exodus 2:23,24; 3:7; Job 38:41; Psalms 22:24
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:20 - Adam;  Genesis 16:15 - Hagar;  Genesis 21:17 - heard;  Genesis 31:42 - hath seen;  Genesis 37:25 - Ishmeelites;  Exodus 2:10 - Because;  Judges 8:24 - because;  1 Chronicles 1:28 - Ishmael

Verse 12

And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.
be a
21:20; Job 11:12; 39:5-8
wild
The word rendered "wild" also denotes the "wild ass;" the description of which animal in Job 39:5-8, affords the very best representation of the wandering, lawless, freebooting life of the Bedouin and other Arabs, the descendants of Ishmael.
his hand
27:40
he shall
25:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:25 - Ishmeelites;  Job 24:5 - the wilderness;  Job 30:7 - brayed

Verse 13

And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me?
called
7,9,10; 22:14; 28:17; 32:30; Judges 6:24
Thou
32:30; Exodus 33:18-23; 34:5-7; Psalms 139:1-12; Proverbs 5:21; 15:3
him that
31:42
Reciprocal: Exodus 24:11 - they saw;  Judges 2:1 - And an angel;  Judges 6:22 - because;  Judges 15:19 - Enhakkore;  Job 31:4 - GeneralJob 33:27 - I have sinned;  Job 34:21 - GeneralPsalm 139:2 - knowest;  Jeremiah 23:24 - hide;  John 1:10 - was in;  John 1:18 - he hath

Verse 14

Wherefore the well was called Beerlahairoi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered.
Beer-lahri-roi
That is, The well of him that liveth and seeth me.
21:31; 24:62; 25:11
Kadesh
Numbers 13:26
Reciprocal: Genesis 14:7 - Kadesh;  Genesis 20:1 - Kadesh;  Genesis 22:14 - called;  Hebrews 7:1 - the slaughter

Verse 15

And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael.
A. M. 2094. B.C. 1910. Hagar
11; 25:12; 1 Chronicles 1:28; Galatians 4:22,23
Ishmael
17:18,20,25,26; 21:9-21; 25:9,12; 28:9; 37:27
Reciprocal: Judges 8:31 - concubine;  Galatians 4:24 - Agar

Verse 16

And Abram was fourscore and six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram.
Reciprocal: Genesis 17:1 - was;  Galatians 4:24 - Agar

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 16". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/genesis-16.html.