Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 25

Introduction

1The sons of Abraham by Keturah.
5The division of his goods.
7His age, death, and burial.
11God blesses Isaac.
12The generations of Ishmael.
17His age and death.
19Isaac prays for Rebekah, being barren.
22The children strive in her womb.
24The birth of Esau and Jacob.
27Their different characters and pursuits.
29Esau sells his birthright.

Verse 1

Then again Abraham took a wife, and her name was Keturah.
A. M. cir. 2151. B.C. cir. 1853
23:1,2; 28:1; 1 Chronicles 1:32,33
Reciprocal: Genesis 13:16 - GeneralGenesis 17:4 - a father;  Genesis 25:6 - concubines;  Genesis 30:4 - to wife;  Genesis 37:25 - Ishmeelites;  Genesis 37:36 - the Midianites;  Numbers 31:2 - the Midianites;  Habakkuk 3:7 - Midian;  Romans 4:17 - I have

Verse 2

And she bare him Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah.
A. M. cir. 2152. B.C. cir. 1852. she bare
1 Chronicles 1:32,33; Jeremiah 25:25
Zimri
Midian.
36:35; 37:28,36; Exodus 2:15,16; 18:1-4; Numbers 22:4; 25:17,18; 31:2,8; Judges 6:1-8
Shuah
Job 2:11
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 11:18 - Midian;  1 Chronicles 1:46 - Midian;  Jeremiah 25:24 - the mingled

Verse 3

And Jokshan begat Sheba, and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, and Letushim, and Leummim.
A. M. cir. 2180. B.C. cir. 1824. Sheba
1 Kings 10:1; Job 6:19; Psalms 72:10
Dedan
Jeremiah 25:23; 49:8; Ezekiel 25:13; 27:20
Asshurim
2 Samuel 2:9; Ezekiel 27:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 10:28 - General2 Chronicles 9:1 - Sheba;  Job 1:15 - Sabeans;  Psalm 83:8 - Assur;  Isaiah 21:13 - O ye;  Isaiah 60:6 - all;  Ezekiel 27:15 - Dedan;  Ezekiel 27:23 - Sheba

Verse 4

And the sons of Midian; Ephah, and Epher, and Hanoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the children of Keturah.
A. M. cir. 2200. B.C. cir. 1804. Ephah
Isaiah 60:6
Reciprocal: Exodus 2:15 - Midian;  1 Kings 11:18 - Midian;  1 Chronicles 5:3 - Hanoch

Verse 5

And Abraham gave all that he had unto Isaac.
A. M. cir. 2175. B.C. cir. 1829
21:10-12; 24:36; Psalms 68:18; Matthew 11:27; 28:18; John 3:35; 17:2; Romans 8:17,32; 9:7-9; 1 Corinthians 3:21-23; Galatians 3:29; 4:28; Colossians 1:19; Hebrews 1:2; Isaac typified the Son of God, "whom HE hath appointed Heir of all things."
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 21:17 - by giving;  2 Samuel 5:13 - General1 Chronicles 2:48 - concubine;  Ezekiel 46:16 - If the prince

Verse 6

But unto the sons of the concubines, which Abraham had, Abraham gave gifts, and sent them away from Isaac his son, while he yet lived, eastward, unto the east country.
concubines
1; 16:3; 30:4,9; 32:22; 35:22; Judges 19:1,2,4
gifts
Psalms 17:14,15; Matthew 5:45; Luke 11:11-13; Acts 14:17
sent
21:14
east country
Arabia Deserta, which was eastward of Beer-sheba, where Abraham dwelt.
Judges 6:3; Job 1:1,3
Reciprocal: Genesis 21:10 - Cast out;  Genesis 22:24 - concubine;  Deuteronomy 21:17 - by giving;  2 Samuel 5:13 - General1 Kings 4:30 - the children;  1 Chronicles 2:48 - concubine;  1 Chronicles 8:8 - he had;  2 Chronicles 11:23 - dispersed;  2 Chronicles 21:3 - gave them;  Jeremiah 49:28 - spoil;  Ezekiel 46:16 - If the prince;  Matthew 2:1 - from

Verse 7

And these are the days of the years of Abraham's life which he lived, an hundred threescore and fifteen years.
A. M. 2183. B.C. 1821
12:4
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:15 - good;  Genesis 25:8 - gathered;  Genesis 25:17 - these are;  Genesis 35:28 - GeneralGenesis 35:29 - Isaac;  Genesis 47:9 - have not;  2 Samuel 19:32 - fourscore;  Job 42:16 - an

Verse 8

Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age, an old man, and full of years; and was gathered to his people.
gave
17; 35:18; 49:33; Acts 5:5,10; 12:23
good
15:15; 35:28,29; 47:8,9; 49:29; Judges 8:32; 1 Chronicles 29:28; Job 5:26; 42:17; Proverbs 20:29; Jeremiah 6:11
gathered
7; 35:29; 49:33; Numbers 20:24; 27:13; Judges 2:10; Acts 13:36
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:26 - the number;  Numbers 31:2 - gathered;  Deuteronomy 31:16 - thou shalt;  Deuteronomy 32:50 - be gathered;  Joshua 23:1 - waxed old;  2 Kings 22:20 - I will gather;  1 Chronicles 23:1 - old;  2 Chronicles 24:15 - and was full of days;  Job 41:32 - hoary;  Psalm 91:16 - With long life;  Ecclesiastes 3:20 - go;  Hebrews 11:13 - all died

Verse 9

And his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, which is before Mamre;
Isaac
21:9,10; 35:29
in the cave
23:9-20; 49:29,30; 50:13
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:15 - buried;  Genesis 16:15 - Ishmael;  Genesis 23:17 - the field;  Genesis 23:19 - GeneralGenesis 23:20 - for a;  Genesis 47:30 - GeneralGenesis 49:31 - General

Verse 10

The field which Abraham purchased of the sons of Heth: there was Abraham buried, and Sarah his wife.
The field
23:16
there
49:31
Reciprocal: Genesis 23:3 - Heth;  Genesis 23:19 - General

Verse 11

And it came to pass after the death of Abraham, that God blessed his son Isaac; and Isaac dwelt by the well Lahairoi.
after
12:2; 17:19; 22:17; 50:24
La-hai-roi
16:14; 24:62
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:35 - the Lord;  Genesis 26:1 - And Isaac

Verse 12

Now these are the generations of Ishmael, Abraham's son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's handmaid, bare unto Abraham:
16:10-15; 17:20; 21:13; Psalms 83:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 2:4 - the generations;  Genesis 16:15 - Hagar;  Genesis 21:18 - I will;  Genesis 36:43 - their;  1 Chronicles 1:29 - The firstborn;  1 Chronicles 5:10 - the Hagarites;  Jeremiah 25:24 - the mingled;  Galatians 4:24 - Agar

Verse 13

And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their generations: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam,
the names
1 Chronicles 1:29-31
Nebajoth
From Nebajoth sprang the Nabatheans, who inhabited Arabia Petraea; from Kedar, the Cedreans, who dwelt near the Nabatheans; and from Jetur, the Itureans, who inhabited a small tract of country east of Jordan, which afterwards belonged to Manasseh.
36:3; Isaiah 60:7
Kedar
Psalms 120:5; Song of Solomon 1:5; Isaiah 21:16,17; 42:11
Reciprocal: Genesis 28:9 - unto Ishmael;  Judges 8:6 - GeneralJudges 8:24 - because;  Isaiah 60:6 - Midian;  Jeremiah 2:10 - Kedar;  Jeremiah 49:28 - Kedar;  Ezekiel 27:21 - Kedar

Verse 14

And Mishma, and Dumah, and Massa,
Dumah
Isaiah 21:11,16

Verse 15

Hadar, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah:
Hadar
or, Hadad. More than 300 MSS. and printed editions read Hadad, as in 1 Ch 1:30.
Tema
1 Chronicles 5:19; Job 2:11
Naphish
These are evidently the same people mentioned in 1 Ch 5:19, who, with the Itureans, assisted the Hagarenes against the Israelites, but were overcome by the two tribes of Reuben and Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh.
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 1:31 - Jetur;  Job 6:19 - Tema;  Isaiah 21:14 - Tema;  Jeremiah 25:23 - Dedan

Verse 16

These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations.
castles
The word tiroth, rendered "castles," is supposed by some to denote here "towers," fortified rocks, or mountain-tops, and fastnesses of various kinds in woods and hilly countries; but it rather means, "shepherds' cots," surrounded by sufficient enclosures to prevent the cattle from straying, as the cognate Syriac word teyaro, and Arabic tawar, signify "a sheep-fold."
twelve
17:20,23
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:25 - Ishmeelites;  1 Chronicles 6:54 - castles

Verse 17

And these are the years of the life of Ishmael, an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died; and was gathered unto his people.
A. M. 2231. B.C. 1773. these are
7,8
gathered
15:15
Reciprocal: Genesis 35:29 - Isaac;  Genesis 49:33 - and yielded;  Numbers 20:24 - gathered;  Numbers 27:13 - thou also;  Numbers 31:2 - gathered;  Deuteronomy 32:50 - be gathered;  Judges 2:10 - GeneralEcclesiastes 3:20 - go

Verse 18

And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that is before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: and he died in the presence of all his brethren.
Havilah
2:11; 10:7,29; 20:1; 21:14,21
as thou
13:10
toward
2 Kings 23:29; Isaiah 19:23,24
died
Heb. fell.
14:10; Psalms 78:64
in the
16:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 2:14 - toward the east of;  Genesis 16:7 - the fountain;  Exodus 15:22 - wilderness of Shur;  1 Samuel 15:7 - Havilah;  1 Samuel 27:9 - left neither;  1 Chronicles 1:23 - Havilah;  Ezekiel 23:23 - the Assyrians

Verse 19

And these are the generations of Isaac, Abraham's son: Abraham begat Isaac:
A. M. 2108. B.C. 1896. Abraham
1 Chronicles 1:32; Matthew 1:2; Luke 3:34; Acts 7:8
Reciprocal: Genesis 2:4 - the generations;  Genesis 21:10 - Cast out

Verse 20

And Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah to wife, the daughter of Bethuel the Syrian of Padanaram, the sister to Laban the Syrian.
A. M. 2148. B.C. 1856. when he
22:23; 24:67
the Syrian
24:29; 28:5,6; 31:18,20,24; 35:9; Deuteronomy 26:5; Luke 4:27
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:1 - was old;  Genesis 25:26 - Isaac was;  Genesis 28:2 - Padanaram;  Genesis 29:1 - came;  Genesis 33:18 - a city of Shechem;  Genesis 35:26 - in Padanaram;  Genesis 46:15 - Padanaram;  Genesis 48:7 - Padan

Verse 21

And Isaac intreated the LORD for his wife, because she was barren: and the LORD was intreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived.
A. M. 2167. B.C. 1837. intreated
1 Samuel 1:11,27; Psalms 50:15; 65:2; 91:15; Isaiah 45:11; 58:9; 65:24; Luke 1:13
because
11:30; 15:2,3; 16:2; 17:16-19; 1 Samuel 1:2; Luke 1:7
and the
1 Chronicles 5:20; 2 Chronicles 33:13; Ezra 8:23; Psalms 145:19; Proverbs 10:24
and Rebekah
Romans 9:10-12
Reciprocal: Genesis 16:1 - bare;  Genesis 29:31 - he opened;  Genesis 30:2 - Am I;  Genesis 30:22 - opened;  Judges 13:2 - barren;  Ruth 4:13 - the Lord;  2 Kings 4:14 - she hath no child;  Psalm 113:9 - maketh;  Luke 1:25 - hath;  Acts 7:8 - and Isaac

Verse 22

And the children struggled together within her; and she said, If it be so, why am I thus? And she went to enquire of the LORD.
A. M. 2168. B.C. 1836. enquire
1 Samuel 9:9; 10:22; 22:15; 28:6; 30:8; Ezekiel 20:31; 36:37
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:29 - be lord;  Judges 6:13 - if the Lord;  Luke 1:41 - the babe;  John 1:13 - nor of the will of the;  Romans 9:12 - The elder

Verse 23

And the LORD said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve the younger.
Two nations
17:16; 24:60
two manner
27; 32:6; 33:3; 36:31; Numbers 20:14
the elder
27:29,40; 2 Samuel 8:14; 1 Kings 22:47; 1 Chronicles 18:13; 2 Chronicles 25:11,12; Psalms 60:8,9; Psalms 83:5-15; Isaiah 34:1-17; 63:1-6; Jeremiah 49:7-22; Ezekiel 25:12-14; 35:1-15; Amos 1:11,12; Obadiah 1:1-16; Malachi 1:2-5; Romans 9:10-13
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:1 - eldest son;  Genesis 27:8 - GeneralGenesis 27:13 - Upon;  Genesis 27:37 - I have;  Genesis 36:6 - went;  1 Samuel 17:14 - the youngest;  1 Kings 11:15 - after he had;  1 Chronicles 5:1 - and;  Isaiah 42:11 - Kedar;  Romans 9:12 - The elder

Verse 25

And the first came out red, all over like an hairy garment; and they called his name Esau.
Esau
The word Esau has been generally considered to imply made, formed, or perfected; or perfect, robust, etc. But it appears to be a dialectical variation of the Arabic atha, to be covered with hair; whence athai, hairy, as no doubt the word Esau imports, in allusion to the circumstance of his being covered with red hair or down at his birth.
27:11,16,23
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:19 - I am

Verse 26

And after that came his brother out, and his hand took hold on Esau's heel; and his name was called Jacob: and Isaac was threescore years old when she bare them.
And after
38:28-30
took
Hosea 12:3
Jacob
27:36
Isaac was
Reciprocal: Matthew 1:2 - Isaac begat;  Luke 3:34 - which was the son of Isaac

Verse 27

And the boys grew: and Esau was a cunning hunter, a man of the field; and Jacob was a plain man, dwelling in tents.
a cunning
10:9; 21:20; 27:3-5,40
a plain main
6:9; 28:10,11; 31:39-41; 46:34; Job 1:1,8; 2:3; Psalms 37:37
dwelling
Hebrews 11:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:20 - dwell;  Genesis 13:5 - tents;  Genesis 25:23 - two manner;  Genesis 27:12 - a deceiver;  Genesis 34:13 - deceitfully;  Jeremiah 35:6 - Ye shall;  Jeremiah 35:7 - all;  Hosea 12:9 - yet

Verse 28

And Isaac loved Esau, because he did eat of his venison: but Rebekah loved Jacob.
he did eat of his venison
Heb. venison was in his mouth.
27:4,19,25,31
Rebekah
27:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:14 - mother;  Genesis 48:19 - I know it;  John 1:13 - nor of the will of the

Verse 29

And Jacob sod pottage: and Esau came from the field, and he was faint:
A. M. 2199. B.C. 1805. and he
Judges 8:4,5; 1 Samuel 14:28,31; Proverbs 13:25; Isaiah 40:30,31
Reciprocal: Matthew 4:3 - command

Verse 30

And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was his name called Edom.
with that same red pottage
Heb. with that red, with that red pottage. This, we are informed, (ver. 34,) was of lentiles, a sort of pulse.
Edom
i.e., red.
36:1,9,43; Exodus 15:15; Numbers 20:14-21; Deuteronomy 23:7; 2 Kings 8:20
Reciprocal: Genesis 30:14 - Give me;  Genesis 32:3 - Edom;  Jeremiah 49:7 - Edom;  Ezekiel 32:29 - Edom

Verse 32

And Esau said, Behold, I am at the point to die: and what profit shall this birthright do to me?
at the point to die
Heb. going to die. and what.
Job 21:15; 22:17; 34:9; Malachi 3:14
birthright
Exodus 22:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:26 - What profit;  Deuteronomy 21:17 - by giving;  Romans 3:1 - advantage

Verse 33

And Jacob said, Swear to me this day; and he sware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob.
Swear
14:22; 24:3; Mark 6:23; Hebrews 6:16
and he sold
27:36; 36:6,7; Hebrews 12:16
Reciprocal: Genesis 26:31 - sware;  Genesis 27:13 - Upon;  Genesis 27:29 - be lord

Verse 34

Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentiles; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: thus Esau despised his birthright.
eat
Ecclesiastes 8:15; Isaiah 22:13; 1 Corinthians 15:32
thus Esau
Psalms 106:24; Zechariah 11:13; Matthew 22:5; 26:15; Luke 14:18-20; Acts 13:41; Philippians 3:18,19; Hebrews 12:16,17 Reciprocal: Genesis 25:30 - with that same red pottage;  Genesis 27:36 - he took;  Numbers 14:31 - the land;  Deuteronomy 21:17 - by giving

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 25". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/genesis-25.html.