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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 31

Overview

Genesis 31:1, Jacob, displeased with the envy of Laban and his sons, departs secretly; Genesis 31:19, Rachel steals her father’s images; Genesis 31:22, Laban pursues after him, and complains of the wrong; Genesis 31:34, Rachel’s stratagem to hide the images; Genesis 31:36, Jacob’s complaint of Laban; Genesis 31:43, The covenant of Laban and Jacob at Galeed.

Verse 1

Jacob: Genesis 31:8, Genesis 31:9, Job 31:31, Psalms 57:4, Psalms 64:3, Psalms 64:4, Psalms 120:3-5, Proverbs 14:30, Proverbs 27:4, Ecclesiastes 4:4, Ezekiel 16:44, Titus 3:3

glory: "Glory" is here used for "wealth," riches, or property; since those who possess riches, generally make them the subject of glory. The original word cavod, signifies both "glory" and "weight." Genesis 45:13, Esther 5:11, Job 31:24, Job 31:25, Psalms 17:14, Psalms 49:16, Psalms 49:17, Ecclesiastes 4:4, Isaiah 5:14, Jeremiah 9:23, Matthew 4:8, 1 Timothy 6:4, 1 Peter 1:24

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:16 - which God Genesis 32:5 - have oxen Isaiah 10:3 - where Isaiah 16:14 - the glory

Verse 2

countenance: Genesis 4:5, Deuteronomy 28:54, 1 Samuel 18:9-11, Daniel 3:19

it was: Genesis 30:27

as before: Heb. as yesterday and the day before, Exodus 4:10, Deuteronomy 19:4, 1 Samuel 19:7, *marg.

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:5 - I see Joshua 3:4 - heretofore

Verse 3

Return: Genesis 28:15, Genesis 28:20, 21-29:15, Genesis 32:9, Genesis 35:1, Genesis 46:2, Genesis 46:3, Genesis 50:24, Psalms 46:1, Psalms 50:15, Psalms 90:15

land: Genesis 31:13, Genesis 31:18, Genesis 13:15, Genesis 26:3-5, Genesis 28:4, Genesis 28:13, Genesis 28:15, Genesis 30:25

with thee: Genesis 21:22, Genesis 26:24, Genesis 28:15, Genesis 32:9, Isaiah 41:10, Hebrews 13:5

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:5 - I see Genesis 31:27 - Wherefore Genesis 31:28 - foolishly Genesis 35:3 - was with Genesis 35:9 - General Exodus 3:12 - Certainly

Verse 4

Reciprocal: Genesis 29:16 - was Leah

Verse 5

I see: Genesis 31:2, Genesis 31:3

the God: Genesis 31:3, Genesis 31:13, Genesis 31:42, Genesis 31:53, Genesis 32:9, Genesis 48:15, Genesis 50:17

Reciprocal: Genesis 4:5 - wroth Genesis 26:24 - I am the Genesis 31:11 - the angel

Verse 6

Genesis 31:38-42, Genesis 30:29, Ephesians 6:5-8, Colossians 3:22-25, Titus 2:9, Titus 2:10, 1 Peter 2:18

Reciprocal: Genesis 30:26 - for thou Ephesians 6:7 - good

Verse 7

ten times: The Hebrew, âsereth monim, is literally, as Aquila renders, "ten numbers;" and Symmachus, "ten times in number;" which probably implies an indefinite number. - See note on Genesis 31:41. Leviticus 26:26, Numbers 14:22, Nehemiah 4:12, Job 19:8, Isaiah 4:1, Zechariah 8:23

God: Genesis 31:29, Genesis 20:6, Job 1:10, Psalms 37:28, Psalms 105:14, Psalms 105:15, Isaiah 54:17

Reciprocal: Genesis 29:15 - tell me Genesis 30:43 - General Job 19:3 - ten times Daniel 1:20 - ten

Verse 8

Genesis 30:32

Reciprocal: Genesis 30:43 - General Genesis 31:1 - Jacob

Verse 9

Genesis 31:1, Genesis 31:16, Esther 8:1, Esther 8:2, Psalms 50:10, Proverbs 13:22, Matthew 20:15

Reciprocal: Genesis 30:35 - the hand Genesis 30:37 - Jacob Genesis 30:39 - brought forth Genesis 32:14 - General Exodus 11:2 - borrow Psalms 107:38 - suffereth

Verse 10

a dream: Genesis 31:24, Genesis 20:6, Genesis 28:12, Numbers 12:6, Deuteronomy 13:1, 1 Kings 3:5

rams: or, he-goats

ringstreaked: Genesis 30:39

grisled: The original word, beroodim, from barad, "hail" means marked with white spots like hail; to which our word grisled, from the old French gresle, now grךle, hail, perfectly agrees; hence greslך, spotted with white on a dark ground.

Reciprocal: Genesis 30:32 - of such

Verse 11

the angel: Genesis 31:5, Genesis 31:13, Genesis 16:7-13, Genesis 18:1, Genesis 18:17, Genesis 48:15, Genesis 48:16

Here am I: Genesis 22:1, Exodus 3:4, 1 Samuel 3:4, 1 Samuel 3:6, 1 Samuel 3:8, 1 Samuel 3:16, Isaiah 58:9

Reciprocal: Genesis 16:10 - the angel Genesis 35:9 - General Numbers 12:6 - a dream Zechariah 1:9 - the angel Matthew 1:20 - in Acts 9:10 - Behold

Verse 12

Lift up: Genesis 30:37-43

I have seen: Genesis 31:42, Exodus 3:7, Exodus 3:9, Leviticus 19:13, Deuteronomy 24:15, Psalms 12:5, Psalms 139:3, Ecclesiastes 5:8, Acts 7:34, Ephesians 6:9

Verse 13

the God: Genesis 28:12-22, Genesis 35:7

return: Genesis 31:3, Genesis 32:9

Reciprocal: Genesis 28:18 - set it Genesis 28:20 - vowed Genesis 30:25 - and to Genesis 31:5 - the God Genesis 31:11 - the angel Genesis 31:28 - foolishly Genesis 35:1 - Bethel

Verse 14

Rachel: Ruth 4:11

yet any: Genesis 2:24, Genesis 29:24, Genesis 29:29

Reciprocal: 2 Corinthians 12:14 - for the Ephesians 6:4 - ye

Verse 15

sold us: Genesis 31:41, Genesis 29:15-20, Genesis 29:27-30, Genesis 30:26, Exodus 21:7-11, Nehemiah 5:8

Reciprocal: Genesis 2:24 - leave Genesis 29:30 - served Romans 9:8 - are counted 2 Corinthians 12:14 - for the Ephesians 6:4 - ye

Verse 16

which God: Genesis 31:1, Genesis 31:9, Genesis 30:35-43

whatsoever: Psalms 45:10

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:26 - carried Genesis 32:5 - have oxen Genesis 32:14 - General

Verse 17

upon camels: Genesis 24:10, Genesis 24:61, 1 Samuel 30:17

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:34 - had taken Genesis 45:19 - for your Genesis 46:5 - in the wagons

Verse 18

for to go: Genesis 27:1, Genesis 27:2, Genesis 27:41, Genesis 28:21, Genesis 35:27-29

Reciprocal: Genesis 25:20 - the Syrian Genesis 31:3 - land Genesis 35:26 - in Padanaram Genesis 45:19 - for your Genesis 46:5 - in the wagons Genesis 46:32 - shepherds Ecclesiastes 3:6 - time to get Hebrews 11:15 - mindful

Verse 19

images: Heb. teraphim, Genesis 31:30, Genesis 31:32, Genesis 35:2, Joshua 24:2, Judges 17:4, Judges 17:5, Judges 18:14-24, Judges 18:31, 1 Samuel 19:13, Ezekiel 21:21, Hosea 3:4, These might have been images devoted to superstitious or idolatrous purposes, as they are termed gods by Laban, in Genesis 31:30. The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan render it, tzalmanaya, "images;" the LXX and Theodoret, ויהןכןם [Strong's G1497], "idols;" Aquilla, לןסצשלבפב, "figures;" and the Persian, asterlabha, "astrolabes."

Reciprocal: Genesis 24:38 - my father's Genesis 31:34 - had taken Genesis 38:12 - in process of time Deuteronomy 27:15 - and putteth 2 Kings 23:24 - images Isaiah 44:13 - that it may Zechariah 10:2 - the idols

Verse 20

unawares to Laban: Heb. the heart of Laban - See note on Genesis 31:27. Genesis 31:20

Reciprocal: Genesis 25:20 - the Syrian Deuteronomy 26:5 - A Syrian

Verse 21

passed: Genesis 2:14, Genesis 15:18, Joshua 24:2, Joshua 24:3

set his: Genesis 46:28, Numbers 24:1, 2 Kings 12:17, Jeremiah 50:5, Luke 9:51-53

Gilead: Genesis 31:23, Numbers 32:1, Deuteronomy 3:12, Joshua 13:8, Joshua 13:9, Judges 10:18, 1 Kings 17:1

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:27 - Wherefore Genesis 37:25 - Gilead Genesis 41:1 - the river Deuteronomy 11:29 - General 2 Samuel 24:6 - Gilead Jeremiah 42:15 - If

Verse 22

Genesis 30:36, Exodus 14:5-31, Job 5:12, Job 5:13

Verse 23

Genesis 13:8, Genesis 24:27, Exodus 2:11, Exodus 2:13

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:21 - Gilead Genesis 31:32 - before Genesis 31:46 - brethren Genesis 31:48 - Galeed Genesis 37:25 - Ishmeelites 1 Chronicles 5:9 - Gilead 1 Chronicles 5:14 - Jaroah 1 Chronicles 5:16 - Gilead 1 Chronicles 12:29 - kindred Ezekiel 47:18 - from Gilead

Verse 24

the Syrian: Genesis 28:5, Deuteronomy 26:5, Hosea 12:12

dream: Genesis 31:10, Genesis 31:29, Genesis 20:3, Genesis 40:5, Genesis 41:1, Numbers 12:6, Numbers 22:20, Numbers 22:26, 1 Kings 3:5, Job 33:15-17, Job 33:25, Matthew 1:20, Matthew 2:12, Matthew 27:19

Take heed: Genesis 31:42, Genesis 24:50, Numbers 24:13, 2 Samuel 13:22, Psalms 105:14, Psalms 105:15, Isaiah 37:29

either good or bad: Heb. from good to bad

Reciprocal: Genesis 25:20 - the Syrian Genesis 31:28 - foolishly Genesis 32:28 - with men Numbers 22:9 - God 1 Chronicles 16:21 - He suffered Job 4:13 - thoughts

Verse 25

Genesis 12:8, Genesis 33:18, Hebrews 11:9

Verse 26

What: Genesis 31:36, Genesis 3:13, Genesis 4:10, Genesis 12:18, Genesis 20:9, Genesis 20:10, Genesis 26:10, Joshua 7:19, 1 Samuel 14:43, 1 Samuel 17:29, John 18:35

carried: Genesis 31:16, Genesis 2:24, Genesis 34:29, 1 Samuel 30:2

Reciprocal: Genesis 30:26 - my wives Genesis 31:31 - Because 2 Samuel 19:41 - stolen

Verse 27

Wherefore: Genesis 31:3-5, Genesis 31:20, Genesis 31:21, Genesis 31:31, Judges 6:27

steal away from me: Heb. hast stolen me, Genesis 31:20, *marg.

that I: Proverbs 26:23-26

with mirth: Genesis 24:59, Genesis 24:60, Job 21:11-14

tabret: Exodus 15:20

Reciprocal: Genesis 4:21 - the harp 2 Samuel 19:3 - steal 2 Samuel 19:41 - stolen Job 17:6 - as a tabret Job 21:12 - General Isaiah 5:12 - the harp Isaiah 30:32 - every place Amos 6:5 - to the

Verse 28

kiss: Genesis 31:55, Genesis 29:13, Exodus 4:27, Ruth 1:9, Ruth 1:14, 1 Kings 19:20, Acts 20:37

foolishly: Genesis 31:3, Genesis 31:13, Genesis 31:24, 1 Samuel 13:13, 2 Chronicles 16:9, 1 Corinthians 2:14

Reciprocal: Exodus 18:7 - kissed

Verse 29

the power: Psalms 52:1, John 19:10, John 19:11

the God: Genesis 31:42, Genesis 31:53, Genesis 28:13, Joshua 24:2, Joshua 24:3, 2 Kings 19:10, Daniel 2:47, Daniel 3:28, Daniel 6:20, Daniel 6:26

yesternight: Genesis 31:24

Take: Acts 5:38, Acts 5:39, Acts 9:5

Reciprocal: Genesis 24:50 - we Genesis 31:7 - God Genesis 32:9 - O God 2 Samuel 13:22 - neither good 1 Chronicles 16:21 - He suffered Proverbs 3:27 - in the Micah 2:1 - because Matthew 27:19 - his

Verse 30

my gods: Genesis 31:19, Exodus 12:12, Numbers 33:4, Judges 6:31, Judges 18:24, 1 Samuel 5:2-6, 2 Samuel 5:21, Isaiah 37:19, Isaiah 46:1, Isaiah 46:2, Jeremiah 10:11, Jeremiah 43:12

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:32 - whomsoever Numbers 10:30 - General Deuteronomy 12:20 - I will Joshua 24:2 - served other gods Judges 17:5 - an house of gods 2 Samuel 13:39 - the soul of Isaiah 44:13 - that it may Ezekiel 21:21 - images Daniel 11:8 - their gods Romans 1:11 - I long 1 Thessalonians 2:17 - endeavoured

Verse 31

Because: Genesis 31:26, Genesis 31:27, Genesis 20:11, Proverbs 29:25

Reciprocal: Genesis 30:26 - my wives

Verse 32

whomsoever: This was rash, and might have produced fatal effects; but Jacob was partial to Rachel, and did not suspect her; and he was indignant at being accused of a crime which he deeply abhorred. Scott. Genesis 31:19, Genesis 31:30, Genesis 44:9-12

before: Genesis 31:23, Genesis 13:8, Genesis 19:7, Genesis 30:33, 1 Samuel 12:3-5, 2 Corinthians 8:20, 2 Corinthians 8:21, 2 Corinthians 12:17-19

For Jacob: 1 Samuel 14:24-29

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:37 - set it here Genesis 31:46 - brethren Joshua 24:2 - served other gods Isaiah 44:13 - that it may

Verse 33

Leah's: Genesis 24:28, Genesis 24:67

Reciprocal: Genesis 18:9 - in

Verse 34

had taken: Genesis 31:17, Genesis 31:19

furniture: The word, car, rendered "furniture," properly denotes "a large round pannier," placed one on each side of a camel, for a person, especially women, to ride in. It is a hamper, like a cradle, having a back, head, and sides, like a great chair. Moryson describes them as "two long chairs like cradles, covered with red cloth, to hang on the two sides of the camel." Hanway calls them kedgavays, which "are a kind of covered chairs, which the Persians hang over their camels in the manner of panniers, and are big enough for one person to sit in." Thevenot, who calls then counes, says that they lay over them a cover, which keeps then both from the rain and sun; and Maillet describes them as covered cages, hanging on each side of a camel. The late Editor of Calmet has furnished a correct delineation of these cars, as seen on one side of a camel, copied from Dalton's Prints of Egyptian Figures.

searched: Heb. felt

Reciprocal: Genesis 24:61 - they rode Genesis 35:2 - strange Leviticus 15:9 - saddle Deuteronomy 27:15 - and putteth

Verse 35

my lord: Genesis 18:12, Exodus 20:12, Leviticus 19:3, Ephesians 6:1, 1 Peter 2:18, 1 Peter 3:6

rise up: Leviticus 19:32, 1 Kings 2:19

custom: Genesis 18:11, Leviticus 15:19

Reciprocal: Genesis 23:6 - my lord Daniel 4:19 - My Lord

Verse 36

was wroth: Genesis 30:2, Genesis 34:7, Genesis 49:7, Numbers 16:15, 2 Kings 5:11, 2 Kings 13:19, Proverbs 28:1, Mark 3:5, Ephesians 4:26, James 1:19, James 1:20

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:26 - What Genesis 32:28 - with men Jeremiah 37:18 - General

Verse 37

set it here: Genesis 31:32, Joshua 7:23, 1 Samuel 12:3, 1 Samuel 12:4, Matthew 18:16, 1 Corinthians 6:4, 1 Corinthians 6:5, 1 Thessalonians 2:10, Hebrews 13:18, 1 Peter 2:12, 1 Peter 3:16

Reciprocal: Genesis 30:33 - righteousness Genesis 31:46 - brethren Proverbs 11:6 - righteousness Titus 2:10 - showing

Verse 38

twenty: Genesis 31:41

ewes: Genesis 30:27, Genesis 30:30, Exodus 23:26, Deuteronomy 28:4

the rams: Ezekiel 34:2-4

Reciprocal: Genesis 27:44 - a few days Genesis 30:26 - for thou Genesis 30:29 - General Genesis 30:39 - brought forth Genesis 31:6 - General Exodus 2:21 - content Proverbs 27:23 - diligent Zechariah 11:16 - but Ephesians 6:7 - good Titus 2:10 - showing

Verse 39

torn of: Exodus 22:10, Exodus 22:31, Leviticus 22:8, 1 Samuel 17:34, 1 Samuel 17:35, John 10:12, John 10:13

I bare: Exodus 22:10-13

or stolen: Luke 2:8

Reciprocal: Genesis 25:27 - a plain man Genesis 43:9 - of my hand Exodus 22:12 - stolen from him John 10:11 - giveth

Verse 40

Exodus 2:19-22, Exodus 3:1, Psalms 78:70, Psalms 78:71, Hosea 12:12, Luke 2:8, John 21:15-17, Hebrews 13:7, 1 Peter 5:2-4

Reciprocal: Genesis 30:39 - brought forth Deuteronomy 26:5 - ready Job 24:7 - no covering Proverbs 31:18 - her candle Ecclesiastes 8:16 - there is that Song of Solomon 5:2 - my head Jeremiah 36:30 - and his John 10:11 - giveth

Verse 41

fourteen: Genesis 31:38, Genesis 29:18-30, Genesis 30:33-40, 1 Corinthians 15:10, 2 Corinthians 11:26

ten times: Genesis 31:7

Reciprocal: Genesis 29:21 - my days Genesis 29:30 - served Genesis 30:26 - my wives Genesis 31:15 - sold us Genesis 34:12 - dowry Numbers 14:22 - ten times Nehemiah 4:12 - ten times Song of Solomon 5:2 - my head Hosea 3:2 - I bought Hosea 12:12 - served Zechariah 8:23 - ten men

Verse 42

Except: Genesis 31:24, Genesis 31:29, Psalms 124:1-3

fear: Genesis 31:53, Genesis 27:33, Psalms 76:11, Psalms 76:12, Psalms 124:1, Isaiah 8:13

hath seen: Genesis 31:12, Genesis 11:5, Genesis 16:11, Genesis 16:13, Genesis 29:32, Exodus 3:7, 1 Chronicles 12:17, Psalms 31:7, Jude 1:9

Reciprocal: Genesis 24:12 - O Lord Genesis 28:13 - I am Genesis 30:39 - brought forth Genesis 30:43 - General Genesis 32:9 - O God Genesis 35:3 - was with Genesis 46:1 - unto Genesis 50:17 - servants Exodus 3:6 - I am Deuteronomy 15:13 - General 2 Kings 13:4 - he saw 1 Chronicles 16:21 - He suffered Proverbs 14:26 - fear Lamentations 3:59 - judge Mark 12:26 - I am

Verse 43

Reciprocal: Genesis 37:35 - his daughters

Verse 44

let us: Genesis 15:18, Genesis 21:22-32, Genesis 26:28-31, 1 Samuel 20:14-17

a witness: Genesis 31:48, Genesis 31:52, Genesis 21:30, Deuteronomy 31:19, Deuteronomy 31:21, Deuteronomy 31:26, Joshua 22:27, Joshua 24:25-27, God can put a bridle into the mouth of wicked man to restrain their malice; and then, though they have no love for his people, they will pretend to it, and try to make a merit of necessity. Scott.

Reciprocal: Genesis 21:23 - swear Genesis 21:27 - made Genesis 24:3 - swear Genesis 26:31 - sware Joshua 24:27 - General

Verse 45

Genesis 28:18-22

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:51 - I have cast Genesis 31:52 - General Exodus 24:4 - twelve pillars 1 Samuel 7:12 - took a stone

Verse 46

brethren: Genesis 31:23, Genesis 31:32, Genesis 31:37, Genesis 31:54

Gather: Joshua 4:5-9, Joshua 4:20-24, Joshua 7:26, 2 Samuel 18:17, Ecclesiastes 3:5

an heap: The word gal, rendered "heap," properly signifies a round heap or circle; probably like the Druidical remains in this country, which have been traced in India, Persia, Western Asia, Greece, and Northern Europe. These usually consist of irregular circles of large stones, with a principal one in the midst; the former probably being used for seats, and the latter for an altar; corresponding to the stone set up as a pillar by Jacob, and the heap of stones collected by his brethren. They appear to have been used, as Gilgal undoubtedly was - Joshua 4:5, Judges 2:1, Judges 3:19, ch. 20; 1 Samuel 7:16, 1 Samuel 10:8, 1 Samuel 10:17, 1 Samuel 11:15, 1 Samuel 13:7, 1 Samuel 15:33. 2 Samuel 19:15, 2 Samuel 19:40. 2 Kings 2:1 as temples, and as places for holding councils, and assembling the people. For a satisfactory elucidation of this subject, consult the Fragments to Calmet, Nos. 156, 735, 736.

Reciprocal: Genesis 28:11 - took Joshua 22:10 - built

Verse 47

Jegarsahadutha: i.e. the heap of witness, Chald

Galeed: i.e., the heap of witness. Heb. Hebrews 12:1

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 24:6 - Gilead Ezekiel 47:18 - from Gilead Daniel 2:4 - in

Verse 48

This heap: Joshua 24:27

Galeed: or, Gilead, Genesis 31:23, Deuteronomy 2:36, Deuteronomy 3:16, Joshua 13:8, Joshua 13:9

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:44 - a witness Genesis 31:52 - General Joshua 15:38 - Mizpeh Joshua 22:27 - a witness Judges 10:3 - a Gileadite 1 Samuel 24:21 - Swear 2 Samuel 24:6 - Gilead James 5:3 - a witness

Verse 49

Mizpah: i.e. a beacon, or watch-tower, Judges 10:17, Judges 11:11, Judges 11:29, Mizpeh, 1 Samuel 7:5, 1 Kings 15:22, Hosea 5:1

Reciprocal: Genesis 26:28 - Let there Joshua 11:3 - land Joshua 13:26 - Ramathmizpeh Joshua 15:38 - Mizpeh 2 Kings 25:23 - Mizpah

Verse 50

afflict: Leviticus 18:18, Matthew 19:5, Matthew 19:6

God: Judges 11:10, 1 Samuel 12:5, Jeremiah 29:23, Jeremiah 42:5, Micah 1:2, Malachi 2:14, Malachi 3:5, 1 Thessalonians 2:5

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 20:23 - the Lord 2 Samuel 14:11 - let the king

Verse 51

I have cast: For yarithi, "I have set up," we may read yaritha, "Thou hast set up," with one Heb. and one Samaritan manuscript - see note on Genesis 31:45. Genesis 31:51

Verse 52

Genesis 31:44, Genesis 31:45, Genesis 31:48

Reciprocal: Genesis 21:30 - a witness Joshua 22:27 - a witness James 5:3 - a witness

Verse 53

God of Abraham: Genesis 11:24-29, Genesis 11:31, Genesis 17:7, Genesis 22:20-24, Genesis 24:3, Genesis 24:4, Exodus 3:6, Joshua 24:2

their father: For avihem, "Their father," several manuscripts read avichem, "Your father," for Terah was an idolater - see note on Joshua 24:2.

judge: Genesis 16:5

sware: Genesis 14:22, Genesis 21:23, Genesis 21:24, Genesis 24:3, Genesis 26:28-31

fear: Genesis 31:42, Deuteronomy 6:13

Reciprocal: Genesis 21:32 - General Genesis 29:5 - son of Genesis 31:5 - the God Genesis 31:29 - the God Genesis 32:9 - O God Genesis 46:1 - unto Judges 11:10 - be witness Judges 11:27 - be judge 1 Samuel 24:21 - Swear 1 Kings 18:36 - Lord God 1 Chronicles 12:17 - God Psalms 7:8 - judge Isaiah 8:13 - and let him Isaiah 45:23 - every tongue Hebrews 6:16 - an oath

Verse 54

offered sacrifice: or, killed beasts

did eat: Genesis 21:8, Genesis 26:30, Genesis 37:25, Exodus 18:12, 2 Samuel 3:20, 2 Samuel 3:21

Reciprocal: Genesis 31:46 - brethren Genesis 43:16 - slay Genesis 43:32 - eat bread Exodus 2:20 - call him Exodus 24:11 - did eat Leviticus 17:5 - in the open Numbers 22:40 - General 1 Samuel 9:12 - sacrifice 1 Kings 3:15 - a feast 1 Chronicles 12:39 - eating and drinking Ezekiel 39:17 - Speak Ezekiel 44:3 - to eat

Verse 55

and kissed: Genesis 31:28, Genesis 33:4, Ruth 1:14

blessed: Genesis 24:60, Genesis 28:1, Numbers 23:5, Numbers 23:8, Numbers 23:11, Deuteronomy 23:5, Proverbs 16:7

returned: Genesis 18:33, Genesis 30:25, Numbers 24:25, Deuteronomy 32:36, Psalms 76:10, Acts 28:4, Acts 28:5

Reciprocal: Genesis 26:31 - betimes Genesis 48:10 - kissed Exodus 18:27 - General 2 Samuel 19:39 - kissed Barzillai 2 Kings 10:15 - saluted

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 31". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/genesis-31.html.