Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 35

Introduction

1God commands Jacob to go to Bethel.
2He purges his house of idols.
6He builds an altar at Bethel.
8Deborah dies at Allon-bachuth.
9God blesses Jacob at Bethel.
16Rachel travails of Benjamin, and dies in the way to Edar.
22Reuben lies with Bilhah.
23The sons of Jacob.
27Jacob comes to Isaac at Hebron.
28The age, death, and burial of Isaac.

Verse 1

And God said unto Jacob, Arise, go up to Bethel, and dwell there: and make there an altar unto God, that appeared unto thee when thou fleddest from the face of Esau thy brother.
God said
22:14; Deuteronomy 32:36; Psalms 46:1; 91:15
Beth-el
7; 12:8; 13:3,4; 28:10-22; 31:3,13; Psalms 47:4; Ecclesiastes 5:4-6; Hosea 12:4; Nahum 1:15
when thou
16:8; 27:41-45; Exodus 2:15
Reciprocal: Genesis 8:20 - builded;  Genesis 26:25 - builded;  Genesis 28:13 - the Lord stood;  Genesis 28:17 - the house;  Genesis 28:19 - the name;  Genesis 28:22 - God's;  Genesis 35:9 - GeneralLeviticus 22:21 - to accomplish;  Deuteronomy 23:21 - General1 Samuel 10:3 - Bethel;  1 Kings 12:29 - Bethel;  Psalm 56:12 - Thy

Verse 2

Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you, and be clean, and change your garments:
unto his
18:19; Joshua 24:15; Psalms 101:2-7
strange
31:19,34; Exodus 20:3,4; 23:13; Deuteronomy 5:7; 6:14; 7:25; 11:28; 32:16; Joshua 23:7; Joshua 24:2,20,23; Judges 10:16; Ruth 1:15; 1 Samuel 7:3; 2 Samuel 7:23; 2 Kings 17:29; 1 Chronicles 16:26; Jeremiah 5:7; 16:20; Daniel 5:4; Acts 19:26; 1 Corinthians 10:7; 2 Corinthians 6:15-17; Galatians 4:8
clean
22; 34:2,24,25; Exodus 19:10,14; Leviticus 15:5; 17:16; Numbers 31:24; 2 Kings 5:10,12,13; Job 1:5; Psalms 51:2,7; Ecclesiastes 5:1; Isaiah 1:16; 52:11; Jeremiah 13:27; Ezekiel 18:31; Ezekiel 20:7; 36:25; John 13:10,11; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Hebrews 10:22; James 4:8; 1 Peter 2:1,2; Jude 1:23
Reciprocal: Numbers 8:7 - wash their;  Numbers 11:18 - Sanctify;  Numbers 31:20 - raiment;  Joshua 24:14 - put;  Judges 6:25 - Take thy father's;  2 Chronicles 35:6 - sanctify;  Nehemiah 12:30 - themselves;  Psalm 116:1 - because;  Isaiah 44:13 - that it may;  Jeremiah 4:1 - put away;  John 11:55 - to purify;  Acts 15:20 - from pollutions

Verse 3

And let us arise, and go up to Bethel; and I will make there an altar unto God, who answered me in the day of my distress, and was with me in the way which I went.
who answered
28:12,13; 32:7,24; Psalms 46:1; 50:15; 66:13,14; 91:15; 103:1-5; 107:6,8; Psalms 116:1,2,16-18; 118:19-22; Isaiah 30:19
was with
28:20; 31:3,42; Proverbs 3:6; Isaiah 43:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 12:8 - of Bethel;  Genesis 35:7 - built;  Genesis 46:1 - and offered;  Genesis 49:25 - the God;  1 Samuel 10:3 - Bethel;  Job 1:5 - sanctified;  Ecclesiastes 5:4 - vowest;  Obadiah 1:14 - in the day;  Jonah 2:9 - I will sacrifice

Verse 4

And they gave unto Jacob all the strange gods which were in their hand, and all their earrings which were in their ears; and Jacob hid them under the oak which was by Shechem.
ear-rings
These rings were not worn as mere ornaments, but for superstitious purposes; perhaps as amulets or charms, first consecrated to some false god, or formed under some constellation, and stamped with magical characters. Maimonides mentions rings and jewels of this kind, with the image of the sun, moon, etc., impressed upon them; and Augustine describes them (Epist. 73,) as used for this execrable purpose.
Exodus 32:2-4; Judges 8:24-27; Hosea 2:13
hid them
Exodus 32:20; Deuteronomy 7:5,25; Isaiah 2:20; 30:22
the oak
Joshua 24:25,26; Judges 9:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 12:6 - Sichem;  Joshua 24:1 - Shechem;  1 Chronicles 6:67 - Shechem;  Isaiah 3:20 - the earrings;  Ezekiel 16:11 - GeneralActs 19:19 - and burned

Verse 5

And they journeyed: and the terror of God was upon the cities that were round about them, and they did not pursue after the sons of Jacob.
34:30; Exodus 15:15,16; 23:27; 34:24; Deuteronomy 11:25; Joshua 2:9-11; 5:1; 1 Samuel 11:7; 1 Samuel 14:15; 2 Chronicles 14:14; 17:10; Psalms 14:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 9:2 - GeneralGenesis 20:6 - withheld;  Leviticus 26:36 - I will send;  2 Chronicles 20:29 - the fear;  Esther 8:17 - for the fear;  Esther 9:2 - the fear;  Psalm 105:14 - GeneralPsalm 105:38 - for;  Ezekiel 32:32 - General2 Corinthians 5:11 - the terror

Verse 6

So Jacob came to Luz, which is in the land of Canaan, that is, Bethel, he and all the people that were with him.
Luz
12:8; 28:19,22; Judges 1:22-26
Reciprocal: Genesis 28:13 - the Lord stood;  Genesis 28:15 - bring;  Genesis 48:3 - appeared;  Judges 1:23 - Luz;  1 Samuel 10:3 - Bethel

Verse 7

And he built there an altar, and called the place Elbethel: because there God appeared unto him, when he fled from the face of his brother.
built
1,3; Ecclesiastes 5:4,5
El-beth-el
i.e., the god of Beth-el.
28:13,19,22; Exodus 17:15; Judges 6:24; Ezekiel 48:35
Reciprocal: Genesis 8:20 - builded;  Genesis 28:15 - bring;  Genesis 31:13 - the God;  Genesis 33:20 - GeneralGenesis 46:1 - and offered;  Genesis 48:3 - appeared;  1 Samuel 7:17 - he built;  1 Samuel 10:3 - Bethel

Verse 8

But Deborah Rebekah's nurse died, and she was buried beneath Bethel under an oak: and the name of it was called Allonbachuth.
Rebekah's
24:59
under an oak
1 Samuel 31:13
Allon-bachuth
i.e., the oak of weeping.
Judges 2:1,5
Reciprocal: Joshua 24:26 - under;  Judges 4:5 - the palm;  1 Chronicles 10:12 - the oak;  Luke 7:2 - who

Verse 9

And God appeared unto Jacob again, when he came out of Padanaram, and blessed him.
12:7; 17:1; 18:1; 26:2; 28:13; 31:3,11-13; 32:1,24-30; 35:1; 46:2,3; 48:3,4; Jeremiah 31:3; Hosea 12:4; Acts 7:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 17:22 - GeneralGenesis 25:20 - the Syrian;  Genesis 28:2 - Padanaram;  Genesis 33:18 - a city of Shechem;  Genesis 35:20 - the pillar;  Genesis 48:7 - Rachel

Verse 10

And God said unto him, Thy name is Jacob: thy name shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name: and he called his name Israel.
17:5,15; 32:27,28; 1 Kings 18:31; 2 Kings 17:34
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:24 - the mighty;  1 Chronicles 16:13 - ye seed;  2 Chronicles 6:14 - O Lord God;  Isaiah 48:1 - which are

Verse 11

And God said unto him, I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall be of thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins;
God Almighty
17:1; 18:14; 43:14; 48:3,4; Exodus 6:3; 2 Corinthians 6:18
a nation
12:2; 13:16; 15:5; 17:5-7,16; 18:18; 22:17; 28:3,4,14; 32:12; 46:3; 48:4; Exodus 1:7; Numbers 1:1-26; 1 Samuel 1:1-
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:22 - GeneralGenesis 17:4 - a father;  Genesis 17:6 - nations;  Genesis 36:31 - before there;  Genesis 46:26 - loins;  Genesis 49:24 - the mighty;  Genesis 49:25 - the Almighty;  Exodus 32:13 - I will multiply;  1 Chronicles 16:16 - which he made;  1 Chronicles 16:18 - Unto thee;  Psalm 105:9 - GeneralJeremiah 32:22 - which;  Hebrews 7:5 - come;  Hebrews 7:10 - GeneralRevelation 1:8 - the Almighty

Verse 12

And the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to thee I will give it, and to thy seed after thee will I give the land.
the land
12:7; 13:14-17; 15:18; 26:3,4; 28:3,4,13; 48:4; Exodus 3:8; Joshua 6:1-21
to
Nehemiah 13:1-31
Reciprocal: Genesis 13:15 - GeneralGenesis 28:14 - thy seed;  Genesis 48:3 - appeared;  Genesis 50:24 - you out;  Exodus 6:8 - to give;  Exodus 32:13 - I will multiply;  1 Chronicles 16:18 - Unto thee;  Jeremiah 32:22 - which

Verse 13

And God went up from him in the place where he talked with him.
11:5; 17:22; 18:33; Judges 6:21; 13:20; Luke 24:31
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 11:24 - So

Verse 14

And Jacob set up a pillar in the place where he talked with him, even a pillar of stone: and he poured a drink offering thereon, and he poured oil thereon.
20; 28:18,19; Exodus 17:15; 1 Samuel 7:12
Reciprocal: Exodus 29:40 - a drink;  2 Chronicles 29:35 - the drink;  Psalm 16:4 - drink

Verse 15

And Jacob called the name of the place where God spake with him, Bethel.
Bethel
28:19
Reciprocal: Genesis 12:8 - of Bethel;  Genesis 28:13 - the land;  Genesis 28:22 - God's

Verse 16

And they journeyed from Bethel; and there was but a little way to come to Ephrath: and Rachel travailed, and she had hard labour.
a little way to come
Heb. a little piece of ground.
2 Kings 5:19
Ephrath
48:7; Ruth 1:2; 1 Chronicles 2:19; Psalms 132:6; Micah 5:2; Matthew 2:1,16,18
hard labour
3:16; 1 Timothy 2:15
Reciprocal: Genesis 12:8 - of Bethel;  Genesis 30:1 - or else I die;  Genesis 35:24 - GeneralGenesis 42:4 - Benjamin;  Genesis 42:13 - Thy servants;  Genesis 42:38 - his brother;  Genesis 44:27 - GeneralGenesis 46:19 - Rachel;  Numbers 1:36 - GeneralRuth 4:11 - Rachel;  1 Kings 11:26 - an Ephrathite;  Psalm 106:33 - he spake;  Ezekiel 48:23 - Benjamin;  Matthew 1:2 - Jacob begat;  Acts 7:8 - and Jacob

Verse 17

And it came to pass, when she was in hard labour, that the midwife said unto her, Fear not; thou shalt have this son also.
Fear not
30:24; 1 Samuel 4:19-21
Reciprocal: Genesis 28:13 - the land;  Genesis 43:29 - mother's son;  Numbers 1:5 - Elizur;  1 Samuel 4:20 - Fear not;  Daniel 5:10 - let not

Verse 18

And it came to pass, as her soul was in departing, (for she died) that she called his name Benoni: but his father called him Benjamin.
A. M. cir. 2275. B.C. cir. 1729. her soul
30:1; 1 Samuel 4:20,21; Psalms 16:10; Exodus 12:7; Lamentations 2:12; Luke 12:20; 23:46; Acts 7:59
Ben-oni
i.e., the son of my sorrow.
1 Chronicles 4:9
Benjamin
i.e., the son of my right hand.
42:4,38; 43:14; 44:27-31; Psalms 80:17; Samaritan:
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:20 - Adam;  Genesis 25:8 - gave;  Genesis 30:24 - Joseph;  Genesis 32:22 - his two wives;  Genesis 35:22 - Now the sons;  Genesis 35:26 - in Padanaram;  Genesis 43:29 - mother's son;  Genesis 49:27 - ravin;  Exodus 1:1 - GeneralDeuteronomy 27:12 - Simeon;  1 Chronicles 2:1 - Reuben;  1 Chronicles 2:2 - Benjamin;  1 Chronicles 7:23 - because;  Daniel 5:10 - let not

Verse 19

And Rachel died, and was buried in the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem.
Rachel died
48:7
Ephrath
Joshua 19:15; Ruth 1:2; 4:11; Micah 5:2; 6:2; Matthew 2:1,6,18
Reciprocal: Genesis 29:17 - Rachel;  Judges 17:7 - GeneralJudges 19:1 - a concubine;  1 Samuel 10:2 - Rachel's;  1 Samuel 17:12 - Ephrathite;  1 Chronicles 2:51 - Bethlehem;  2 Chronicles 11:6 - Bethlehem;  Matthew 2:5 - GeneralLuke 2:4 - unto;  Acts 7:16 - the sepulchre

Verse 20

And Jacob set a pillar upon her grave: that is the pillar of Rachel's grave unto this day.
the pillar
9,14; 1 Samuel 10:2; 2 Samuel 18:17,18
Reciprocal: Genesis 28:18 - set it;  Genesis 29:17 - Rachel

Verse 21

And Israel journeyed, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Edar.
tower
Micah 4:8; Luke 2:8
Reciprocal: Joshua 15:21 - Eder

Verse 22

And it came to pass, when Israel dwelt in that land, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father's concubine: and Israel heard it. Now the sons of Jacob were twelve:
lay with
49:4; Leviticus 18:8; 2 Samuel 16:21,22; 20:3; 1 Chronicles 5:1; 1 Corinthians 5:1
Now the sons
In the Hebrew text, a break is here left in the verse, opposite to which there is a Masoretic note, which states that "there is a hiatus in the verse." This hiatus the LXX., thus supplies: [kai poneros
18; 29:31-35; 30:5-24; 46:8-27; 49:1-28; Exodus 1:1-5; 6:14-16; Numbers 1:5-15; Numbers 1:20-46; 2:3-33; 7:12-89; 26:5-51,57-62; 34:14-28; Deuteronomy 33:1-29; Joshua 13:1-21; 1 Chronicles 2:1,2; 12:23-40; 27:16-22; Ezekiel 48:1-35; Acts 7:8; Revelation 7:4-8; 21:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 16:3 - his;  Genesis 25:6 - concubines;  Genesis 29:29 - Bilhah;  Genesis 29:32 - his name;  Genesis 30:4 - to wife;  Genesis 32:22 - his two wives;  Genesis 35:2 - clean;  Genesis 37:2 - wives;  Genesis 37:21 - Reuben heard;  Genesis 37:35 - his daughters;  Genesis 44:7 - GeneralGenesis 46:25 - Bilhah;  Genesis 49:28 - every one;  Exodus 1:2 - Reuben;  Deuteronomy 27:20 - General1 Chronicles 7:13 - the sons of Bilhah;  Ezekiel 22:10 - discovered

Verse 23

The sons of Leah; Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun:
29:32-35; 30:18-20; 33:2; 46:8-15
Reciprocal: Genesis 29:16 - was Leah;  Genesis 29:33 - called;  Genesis 29:34 - was;  Genesis 30:20 - and she;  Genesis 46:13 - Issachar;  Genesis 46:15 - Leah;  Exodus 1:1 - GeneralExodus 1:3 - Issachar;  1 Chronicles 5:2 - Judah;  Acts 7:8 - and Jacob;  Revelation 7:7 - Levi

Verse 24

The sons of Rachel; Joseph, and Benjamin:
16-18; 30:22-24; 46:19-22
Reciprocal: Genesis 29:17 - Rachel;  Genesis 30:24 - And she

Verse 25

And the sons of Bilhah, Rachel's handmaid; Dan, and Naphtali:
30:4-8; 37:2; 46:23-25
Reciprocal: Genesis 29:29 - Bilhah;  Genesis 30:6 - Dan;  Genesis 30:8 - and she;  Genesis 46:24 - Naphtali;  Genesis 46:25 - Bilhah;  Exodus 1:4 - Dan

Verse 26

And the sons of Zilpah, Leah's handmaid; Gad, and Asher: these are the sons of Jacob, which were born to him in Padanaram.
And the sons
30:9-13; 46:16-18
in Padan-aram
Except Benjamin.
18; 25:20; 28:2; 31:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 29:35 - called;  Genesis 30:11 - she;  Genesis 30:13 - and she;  Genesis 37:2 - wives;  Genesis 46:17 - Asher;  Genesis 46:18 - Zilpah;  Exodus 1:4 - Asher;  1 Chronicles 2:2 - Asher

Verse 27

And Jacob came unto Isaac his father unto Mamre, unto the city of Arbah, which is Hebron, where Abraham and Isaac sojourned.
Jacob
27:43-45; 28:5
Mamre
13:18; 14:13; 18:1; 23:2,19; Joshua 14:12-15; 15:13; 21:11; 2 Samuel 2:1,3,11; 2 Samuel 5:1,3,5
Reciprocal: Genesis 31:18 - for to go;  Genesis 37:14 - Hebron;  Genesis 47:7 - And Jacob;  Genesis 50:13 - the cave;  Hebrews 11:9 - he sojourned

Verse 28

And the days of Isaac were an hundred and fourscore years.
25:7; 47:28; 50:26
Reciprocal: Genesis 25:8 - good;  Genesis 47:9 - have not;  Exodus 6:16 - an hundred;  Job 42:16 - an

Verse 29

And Isaac gave up the ghost, and died, and was gathered unto his people, being old and full of days: and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.
A. M. 2288. B.C. 1716. Isaac
3:19; 15:15; 25:7,8,17; 27:1,2; 49:33; Job 5:26; Ecclesiastes 12:5-7
his sons
23:19,20; 25:9; 27:41; 49:31 Reciprocal: Genesis 36:5 - in the land;  Genesis 49:29 - bury me;  Genesis 50:13 - the cave;  Exodus 23:26 - the number;  Numbers 20:24 - gathered;  1 Chronicles 23:1 - old;  1 Chronicles 29:28 - full of days

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 35". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/genesis-35.html.