Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 48

Introduction

1Joseph with his sons visits his sick father.
2Jacob strengthens himself to bless them.
3He repeats God's promise.
5He takes Ephraim and Manasseh as his own sons.
7He tells Joseph of his mother's grave.
8He blesses Ephraim and Manasseh.
17He prefers the younger before the elder.
21He prophesies their return to Canaan.

Verse 1

And it came to pass after these things, that one told Joseph, Behold, thy father is sick: and he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim.
thy father
John 11:3
his two sons
41:50-52; 46:20; 50:23; Job 42:16; Psalms 128:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 30:24 - And she;  Genesis 47:31 - And Israel bowed;  Genesis 49:22 - a fruitful;  Numbers 1:32 - GeneralNumbers 1:34 - Manasseh;  2 Kings 13:14 - fallen sick;  Ecclesiastes 7:2 - better;  Matthew 19:13 - brought;  John 11:1 - was sick

Verse 2

And one told Jacob, and said, Behold, thy son Joseph cometh unto thee: and Israel strengthened himself, and sat upon the bed.
strengthened
Deuteronomy 3:28; 1 Samuel 23:16; Nehemiah 2:18; Psalms 41:3; Proverbs 23:15; Ephesians 6:10
Reciprocal: Genesis 47:31 - And Israel bowed;  1 Chronicles 28:2 - stood up

Verse 3

And Jacob said unto Joseph, God Almighty appeared unto me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me,
God
17:1; 28:3; 35:11; Exodus 6:3; Revelation 21:11
appeared
28:12-19; 35:6,7,9,11,12; Hosea 12:4
Luz
Judges 1:23
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:1 - appeared;  Genesis 28:13 - the Lord stood;  Genesis 28:19 - the name;  Exodus 3:18 - met;  Exodus 4:5 - the Lord;  Psalm 77:15 - the sons;  2 Corinthians 6:18 - the Lord;  Hebrews 11:9 - the heirs;  Revelation 1:8 - the Almighty

Verse 4

And said unto me, Behold, I will make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, and I will make of thee a multitude of people; and will give this land to thy seed after thee for an everlasting possession.
Behold I
12:2; 13:15,16; 22:17; 26:4; 28:3,13-15; 32:12; 35:11; 46:3; 47:27; Exodus 1:7,11
will give
Deuteronomy 32:8; Amos 9:14,15
everlasting
17:8,13
Reciprocal: Genesis 35:9 - GeneralGenesis 35:12 - the land;  Genesis 46:20 - Manasseh;  Psalm 127:3 - children;  Malachi 1:2 - yet I;  Hebrews 6:14 - multiplying;  Hebrews 11:9 - the heirs

Verse 5

And now thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, which were born unto thee in the land of Egypt before I came unto thee into Egypt, are mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine.
two sons
41:50-52; 46:20; Joshua 13:7; 14:4; 16:1-17
are mine
Leviticus 20:26; Numbers 1:10,32-35; 26:28-37; Isaiah 43:1; Ezekiel 16:8; Malachi 3:17; 2 Corinthians 6:18; Ephesians 1:5
Reuben
1 Chronicles 5:1,2; Revelation 7:6,7
Reciprocal: Genesis 41:51 - called;  Genesis 48:16 - my name;  Genesis 49:22 - a fruitful;  Exodus 2:10 - and he;  Numbers 1:33 - the tribe;  Numbers 2:18 - camp of Ephraim;  Deuteronomy 33:13 - Joseph;  Esther 2:7 - took;  Ezekiel 47:13 - Joseph;  Ezekiel 48:4 - Manasseh;  Hebrews 11:21 - faith

Verse 6

And thy issue, which thou begettest after them, shall be thine, and shall be called after the name of their brethren in their inheritance.
and shall be called
Joshua 14:4

Verse 7

And as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died by me in the land of Canaan in the way, when yet there was but a little way to come unto Ephrath: and I buried her there in the way of Ephrath; the same is Bethlehem.
Padan
25:20
Rachel
35:9,16-19; 1 Samuel 10:2; Matthew 2:18
to Ephrath
Ruth 1:2; 1 Samuel 1:1; 17:12; Micah 5:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 29:17 - Rachel;  Genesis 35:19 - Rachel died;  Luke 2:4 - unto

Verse 9

And Joseph said unto his father, They are my sons, whom God hath given me in this place. And he said, Bring them, I pray thee, unto me, and I will bless them.
my sons
30:2; 33:5; Ruth 4:11-14; 1 Samuel 1:20,27; 2:20,21; 1 Chronicles 25:5; 26:4,5; Psalms 127:3; Isaiah 8:18; 56:3-5
bless them
27:4,28,29,34-40; 28:3,4; 49:28; Deuteronomy 33:1; Hebrews 11:21
Reciprocal: Genesis 14:19 - he blessed;  Deuteronomy 33:13 - Joseph;  Matthew 19:13 - brought;  Luke 24:50 - he lifted;  Hebrews 2:13 - which

Verse 10

Now the eyes of Israel were dim for age, so that he could not see. And he brought them near unto him; and he kissed them, and embraced them.
the eyes
27:1; 1 Samuel 3:2; 4:15
dim
Heb. heavy.
Isaiah 6:10; 59:1
kissed
27:27; 31:55; 45:15; 1 Kings 19:20
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 34:7 - his eye;  1 Kings 14:4 - for his eyes;  Ecclesiastes 12:2 - the sun;  Acts 20:1 - embraced

Verse 11

And Israel said unto Joseph, I had not thought to see thy face: and, lo, God hath shewed me also thy seed.
I had not
37:33,35; 42:36; 45:26
God
Ephesians 3:20
Reciprocal: Psalm 107:41 - maketh;  Philippians 2:28 - ye see;  1 Thessalonians 2:17 - endeavoured

Verse 12

And Joseph brought them out from between his knees, and he bowed himself with his face to the earth.
he bowed himself
Joseph thus shewed that his external greatness did not render him forgetful of the respect due to his father. The Egyptians were remarkable for the reverence paid to old age: "for if a young person meet his senior, he instantly turns aside to make way for him; if an aged person enter an apartment, the youth always rise from their seats;" and Mr. Savary observes, that the same reverence is still paid to old age in Egypt.
18:2; 19:1; 23:7; 33:3; 42:6; Exodus 20:12; 34:8; Leviticus 19:3,32; 1 Kings 2:19; 2 Kings 4:37; Proverbs 31:28; Ephesians 6:1

Verse 14

And Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid it upon Ephraim's head, who was the younger, and his left hand upon Manasseh's head, guiding his hands wittingly; for Manasseh was the firstborn.
his right hand
Exodus 15:6; Psalms 110:1; 118:16
and laid
Numbers 8:10,18; Deuteronomy 34:9; Matthew 19:13,15; 6:5; 16:18; Luke 4:40; 13:13; Acts 6:6; Acts 8:17-19; 13:3; 1 Timothy 4:14; 5:22
guiding
firstborn
18; 41:51; 46:20
Reciprocal: Genesis 48:17 - laid his;  Numbers 2:18 - camp of Ephraim;  Numbers 26:29 - Machir;  2 Samuel 19:20 - Joseph;  Ezekiel 48:4 - Manasseh;  Matthew 25:33 - his;  Mark 10:16 - GeneralActs 3:25 - the children

Verse 15

And he blessed Joseph, and said, God, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk, the God which fed me all my life long unto this day,
blessed
16; 27:4; 28:3; 49:28; Deuteronomy 33:1; Hebrews 11:21
did walk
5:22-24; 6:9; 17:1; 24:20; 1 Kings 3:6; Psalms 16:8; Isaiah 30:21; Jeremiah 8:2; Luke 1:6; 1 Corinthians 10:31; 2 Corinthians 1:12; Colossians 2:6; 1 Thessalonians 2:12
fed me
28:20,22; Psalms 23:1; 37:3; 103:4,5; Ecclesiastes 2:24,25; 5:12,18; 6:7; Isaiah 33:16; Matthew 6:25-34; 1 Timothy 6:6-10
Reciprocal: Genesis 16:10 - the angel;  Genesis 17:21 - my;  Genesis 24:40 - before;  Genesis 24:60 - they;  Genesis 28:1 - blessed;  Genesis 31:5 - the God;  Genesis 31:11 - the angel;  Numbers 22:22 - and the angel;  Deuteronomy 33:13 - Joseph;  Ruth 1:6 - in giving;  2 Kings 25:30 - all the days of his life;  1 Chronicles 5:1 - birthright;  1 Chronicles 17:16 - that thou hast;  Psalm 20:1 - God;  Psalm 25:10 - the paths;  Proverbs 30:8 - feed;  Hosea 12:4 - angel;  Zechariah 3:6 - the;  Zechariah 12:8 - as the;  Malachi 3:1 - even;  Luke 22:35 - lacked;  John 1:18 - he hath;  Acts 7:30 - an;  Philippians 2:6 - thought;  Philippians 4:19 - supply;  1 Timothy 6:8 - GeneralHebrews 7:7 - the less;  Revelation 8:3 - another

Verse 16

The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.
Angel
16:7-13; 28:15; 31:11-13; Exodus 3:2-6; 23:20,21; Judges 2:1-4; 6:21-24; Judges 13:21,22; Psalms 34:7,22; 121:7; Isaiah 47:4; 63:9; Hosea 12:4,5; Malachi 3:1; Acts 7:30-35; 1 Corinthians 10:4,9
redeemed
Psalms 34:2; Matthew 6:13; John 17:15; Romans 8:23; 2 Timothy 4:18; Titus 2:14
my name
5; 32:28; Deuteronomy 28:10; 2 Chronicles 7:14; Jeremiah 14:9; Amos 9:12; Acts 15:17
grow into
Heb. as fishes do increase.
1:21,22; Numbers 1:46; 26:34,37; Fish are the most prolific of all animals: a tench lays 1,000; eggs, a carp 20,000, and Leuwenhoek counted in a middling sized cod, 9,384,000.
a multitude
49:22; Exodus 1:7; Numbers 26:28-37; Deuteronomy 33:17; Joshua 17:17
Reciprocal: Genesis 16:10 - the angel;  Genesis 24:60 - they;  Genesis 32:24 - man;  Genesis 41:52 - Ephraim;  Genesis 48:15 - blessed;  Exodus 4:13 - send;  Exodus 32:13 - I will multiply;  Numbers 22:22 - and the angel;  Judges 6:11 - an angel;  1 Samuel 26:24 - let him deliver;  2 Samuel 4:9 - who hath;  1 Kings 1:29 - hath;  2 Kings 25:30 - all the days of his life;  1 Chronicles 4:10 - that thou;  1 Chronicles 17:16 - that thou hast;  Psalm 20:1 - God;  Psalm 25:10 - the paths;  Psalm 31:5 - thou;  Psalm 34:6 - saved;  Psalm 54:7 - For he;  Psalm 71:23 - my soul;  Psalm 72:14 - he shall;  Psalm 103:4 - redeemeth;  Proverbs 12:13 - but;  Proverbs 30:8 - feed;  Ecclesiastes 5:6 - before;  Isaiah 29:22 - who redeemed;  Jeremiah 15:21 - deliver;  Lamentations 3:58 - thou hast redeemed;  Hosea 9:11 - their;  Zechariah 3:1 - the angel;  Zechariah 3:6 - the;  Zechariah 12:8 - as the;  Luke 11:4 - but;  John 1:18 - he hath;  Acts 7:10 - delivered;  Acts 12:15 - It is;  Philippians 2:6 - thought;  2 Thessalonians 3:3 - and;  2 Timothy 3:11 - but;  Revelation 8:3 - another

Verse 17

And when Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand upon the head of Ephraim, it displeased him: and he held up his father's hand, to remove it from Ephraim's head unto Manasseh's head.
laid his
displeased him
Heb. was evil in his eyes.
28:8; 38:10; Numbers 11:1; 22:34; *marg:; 1 Samuel 16:7; 1 Kings 16:25; 1 Chronicles 21:7; Proverbs 24:18; Romans 9:7,8,11
Reciprocal: Matthew 25:33 - his

Verse 18

And Joseph said unto his father, Not so, my father: for this is the firstborn; put thy right hand upon his head.
Not so
19:18; Exodus 10:11; Matthew 25:9; Acts 10:14; 11:8
for this
27:15; 29:26; 43:33; 49:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 41:51 - called;  Genesis 48:14 - firstborn;  Joshua 17:1 - the firstborn

Verse 19

And his father refused, and said, I know it, my son, I know it: he also shall become a people, and he also shall be great: but truly his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall become a multitude of nations.
said, I know it
14; 17:20,21; 25:28; Numbers 1:33-35; 2:19-21; Deuteronomy 33:17; Isaiah 7:17; Ezekiel 27:10; Revelation 7:6,8
become
Deuteronomy 1:10; Ruth 4:11,12
multitude
Heb. fulness.
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:22 - a fruitful;  Genesis 50:23 - the children;  Numbers 1:35 - GeneralNumbers 10:22 - the camp;  Joshua 17:14 - a great;  1 Samuel 3:2 - his eyes;  2 Kings 2:5 - I know it;  1 Chronicles 16:22 - prophets;  Psalm 105:15 - and do;  Isaiah 44:8 - have declared;  Hosea 5:3 - Ephraim;  Hosea 13:15 - he be;  Luke 1:15 - great

Verse 20

And he blessed them that day, saying, In thee shall Israel bless, saying, God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh: and he set Ephraim before Manasseh.
Israel bless
24:60; 28:3; Ruth 4:11,12
and he set
Numbers 2:18-21; 7:48,54; 10:22,23; 13:8,11,16
Reciprocal: Genesis 46:20 - Manasseh;  Genesis 49:22 - a fruitful;  Numbers 1:35 - GeneralNumbers 6:23 - General2 Samuel 19:20 - Joseph;  1 Chronicles 16:22 - prophets;  Psalm 105:15 - and do;  Jeremiah 29:22 - shall be;  Hosea 5:3 - Ephraim

Verse 21

And Israel said unto Joseph, Behold, I die: but God shall be with you, and bring you again unto the land of your fathers.
Behold
50:24; 1 Kings 2:2-4; Psalms 146:3,4; Zechariah 1:5,6; Luke 2:29; Acts 13:36; 2 Timothy 4:6; Hebrews 7:3,8,23-25; 2 Peter 1:14
God
15:14; 28:15; 46:4; Deuteronomy 1:1-46; 31:8; Joshua 1:5,9; 3:7; 23:14; 24:1-33; Psalms 18:46
land
12:5; 26:3; 37:1
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:2 - I know not;  Genesis 50:5 - I die;  Genesis 50:6 - as he made;  Exodus 13:19 - God;  Numbers 14:9 - the Lord;  Deuteronomy 31:3 - thy God;  2 Samuel 19:37 - I may die;  Hebrews 9:17 - GeneralHebrews 11:13 - all died

Verse 22

Moreover I have given to thee one portion above thy brethren, which I took out of the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.
given
33:19; Deuteronomy 21:17; Joshua 24:32; 1 Chronicles 5:2; Ezekiel 47:13; John 4:5
Amorite
15:16; 34:28; Joshua 17:14-18; Judges 11:23; Amos 2:9 Reciprocal: Joshua 5:1 - all the kings;  2 Kings 6:22 - thy sword;  1 Chronicles 1:14 - Amorite

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 48". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/genesis-48.html.