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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 13

Introduction

Overview

Isaiah 13:1, God musters the armies of his wrath; Isaiah 13:6, He threatens to destroy Babylon by the Medes; Isaiah 13:19, The desolation of Babylon.

Verse 1

am 3292, bc 712

burden: Isaiah 14:28, Isaiah 15:1, Isaiah 17:1, Isaiah 19:1, Isaiah 21:1, Isaiah 21:11, Isaiah 21:13, Isaiah 22:1, Isaiah 22:25, Isaiah 23:1, Jeremiah 23:33-Zechariah :, Ezekiel 12:10, Nahum 1:1, Habakkuk 1:1, Zechariah 9:1, Zechariah 12:1, Malachi 1:1

of Babylon: Isaiah 14:4-:, Isaiah 21:1-2 Samuel :, Isaiah 43:14, Isaiah 44:1, Isaiah 44:2, Isaiah 47:1-Ezra :, Jeremiah 25:12-Ezekiel :, Jeremiah 50:1 - Jeremiah 51:23, Daniel 5:28 - Daniel 6:28, Revelation 17:1 - Revelation 18:24

which Isaiah: Isaiah 1:1

Reciprocal: Genesis 11:9 - Babel 2 Kings 9:25 - the Lord 2 Kings 20:12 - Babylon Psalms 79:6 - upon Psalms 87:4 - Babylon Psalms 137:8 - who art Isaiah 2:1 - saw Isaiah 39:1 - king Jeremiah 5:10 - ye up Jeremiah 9:26 - Egypt Jeremiah 25:26 - drink Jeremiah 27:7 - until Lamentations 1:21 - thou wilt Ezekiel 28:26 - when I Daniel 5:26 - God Habakkuk 2:7 - they Zephaniah 3:15 - he hath Zechariah 5:7 - talent

Verse 2

Lift ye up: Isaiah 5:26, Isaiah 11:12, Isaiah 18:3, Jeremiah 50:2, Jeremiah 51:27, Jeremiah 51:28

upon the high: Jeremiah 51:25

shake: Isaiah 10:32, Isaiah 11:15

go into: Isaiah 45:1-Leviticus :, Jeremiah 51:58

Reciprocal: Judges 4:6 - Hath 1 Chronicles 5:26 - stirred up Isaiah 21:2 - Go up Isaiah 21:5 - arise Isaiah 46:11 - Calling Jeremiah 6:4 - Prepare Jeremiah 49:14 - Gather Jeremiah 49:28 - Arise Jeremiah 50:9 - I will raise Jeremiah 50:25 - opened Jeremiah 50:41 - General Jeremiah 51:12 - the standard Jeremiah 51:53 - from Zechariah 2:9 - I will Matthew 22:7 - his

Verse 3

commanded: Isaiah 23:11, Isaiah 44:27, Isaiah 44:28, Isaiah 45:4, Isaiah 45:5, Jeremiah 50:21-1 Corinthians :

mighty ones: Jeremiah 51:20-:, Joel 3:11, Revelation 17:12-Job :

them that: Ezra 1:1-1 Kings :, Ezra 6:1-Song of Solomon :, Ezra 7:12-Ezekiel :, Psalms 149:2, Psalms 149:5-1 Samuel :, Revelation 18:4-Ruth :, Revelation 18:20-Jeremiah :, Revelation 19:1-Judges :

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 14:45 - he hath 2 Chronicles 36:22 - the Lord stirred Job 15:24 - anguish Psalms 50:5 - my saints Psalms 137:8 - happy Isaiah 13:17 - I will Isaiah 29:20 - the terrible Isaiah 45:1 - to his Jeremiah 22:7 - I Jeremiah 25:9 - Nebuchadrezzar Jeremiah 34:22 - I will command Jeremiah 47:7 - the Lord Jeremiah 49:14 - Gather Jeremiah 51:1 - I will Jeremiah 51:46 - a rumour shall Amos 6:11 - the Lord

Verse 4

noise: Isaiah 22:1-1 Samuel :, Jeremiah 50:2, Jeremiah 50:3, Jeremiah 50:21-1 Corinthians :, Jeremiah 51:11, Jeremiah 51:27, Jeremiah 51:28, Ezekiel 38:3-Isaiah :, Joel 3:14, Zechariah 14:1-Leviticus :, Zechariah 14:13, Zechariah 14:14, Revelation 19:11-Ecclesiastes :

like as: Heb. the likeness of, Joel 2:4-1 Kings :, Revelation 9:7-Psalms :

the Lord: Isaiah 10:5, Isaiah 10:6, Isaiah 45:1, Isaiah 45:2, Jeremiah 50:14, Jeremiah 50:15, Jeremiah 51:6-Lamentations :, Joel 2:1-1 Kings :, Joel 2:25, Revelation 18:8

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 14:15 - for God Isaiah 9:5 - confused noise Isaiah 18:3 - see ye Isaiah 21:1 - from Isaiah 48:14 - he will do Jeremiah 21:4 - and I Joel 2:11 - utter

Verse 5

from a far: Isaiah 13:17, Jeremiah 50:3, Jeremiah 50:9, Jeremiah 51:11, Jeremiah 51:27, Jeremiah 51:28, Matthew 24:31

and the weapons: Jeremiah 51:20-1 Corinthians :

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 20:14 - a far country 2 Kings 24:2 - the Lord 2 Chronicles 24:24 - So Psalms 17:13 - thy Psalms 35:2 - General Isaiah 14:22 - I will Isaiah 21:1 - from Isaiah 48:14 - he will do Jeremiah 4:13 - Behold Jeremiah 8:19 - the voice Jeremiah 16:15 - that brought Zephaniah 2:12 - my

Verse 6

Howl ye: Isaiah 14:31, Isaiah 23:1, Isaiah 52:5, Isaiah 65:14, Jeremiah 25:34, Jeremiah 49:3, Jeremiah 51:8, Ezekiel 21:12, Ezekiel 30:2, Joel 1:5, Joel 1:11, Joel 1:13, Zephaniah 1:14, James 5:1, Revelation 18:10

for the day: Isaiah 13:9, Isaiah 34:8, Ezekiel 30:3, Joel 2:11, Joel 2:31, Amos 5:18, Zephaniah 1:7, Zephaniah 2:2, Zephaniah 2:3, Malachi 4:5, 1 Thessalonians 5:2, 1 Thessalonians 5:3

as a: Job 31:23, Joel 1:15

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 7:23 - shall destroy Joshua 5:1 - neither was Psalms 48:6 - Fear Psalms 76:12 - terrible Isaiah 2:12 - the day Jeremiah 4:8 - howl Jeremiah 4:20 - upon destruction Jeremiah 16:15 - that brought Jeremiah 30:6 - every Jeremiah 46:10 - the day Jeremiah 50:3 - which Jeremiah 50:43 - king Jeremiah 51:54 - General Ezekiel 13:5 - the day Daniel 5:9 - changed Nahum 3:10 - her young Zechariah 14:1 - General Revelation 4:8 - Lord God Almighty Revelation 6:17 - the great Revelation 22:10 - for

Verse 7

shall all: Isaiah 10:3, Isaiah 10:4, Isaiah 37:27, Isaiah 51:20, Jeremiah 50:43, Ezekiel 7:17, Ezekiel 21:7, Nahum 1:6

be faint: or, fall down

every: Isaiah 19:1, Exodus 15:15, Nahum 2:10

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:28 - discouraged Joshua 2:11 - our hearts Joshua 7:5 - wherefore 1 Samuel 5:11 - a deadly 2 Samuel 4:1 - his hands 2 Samuel 17:10 - utterly melt Psalms 58:7 - General Psalms 107:26 - their soul Jeremiah 49:23 - fainthearted Jeremiah 51:8 - howl Jeremiah 51:30 - The mighty Lamentations 1:22 - my heart Daniel 5:6 - so that

Verse 8

pangs: Isaiah 21:3, Isaiah 21:4, Isaiah 26:17, Psalms 48:5, Psalms 48:6, Jeremiah 30:6, Jeremiah 50:43, Daniel 5:5, Daniel 5:6, 1 Thessalonians 5:3

be amazed one at another: Heb. wonder every man at his neighbour

flames: Heb. faces of the flames, Joel 2:6, Nahum 2:10

Reciprocal: Genesis 3:16 - in sorrow Judges 20:41 - were amazed Job 4:15 - the hair Psalms 18:4 - sorrows Psalms 69:24 - take Jeremiah 4:31 - I have heard Jeremiah 13:21 - shall not Jeremiah 27:7 - until Jeremiah 48:41 - as the heart Jeremiah 49:22 - the heart of the Jeremiah 51:30 - The mighty Ezekiel 7:17 - hands Hosea 13:13 - sorrows Micah 4:9 - for

Verse 9

cruel: Isaiah 13:15-Job :, Isaiah 47:10-Ezra :, Jeremiah 6:22, Jeremiah 6:23, Jeremiah 50:40-Luke :, Jeremiah 51:35-Hebrews :, Nahum 1:2, Nahum 1:6, Malachi 4:1, Revelation 17:16, Revelation 17:17, Revelation 18:8, Revelation 19:17-Ecclesiastes :

he shall: Psalms 104:35, Proverbs 2:22

Reciprocal: Judges 20:41 - were amazed Isaiah 2:12 - the day Isaiah 13:6 - for the day Ezekiel 13:5 - the day Joel 2:31 - sun Zechariah 14:1 - General Acts 2:20 - sun Revelation 6:12 - the sun

Verse 10

Isaiah 5:30, Isaiah 24:21, Isaiah 24:23, Ezekiel 32:7, Ezekiel 32:8, Joel 2:10, Joel 2:31, Joel 3:15, Amos 8:9, Amos 8:10, Zephaniah 1:15, Zephaniah 1:16, Matthew 24:29, Mark 13:24, Luke 21:25, Revelation 6:12-2 Chronicles :, Revelation 8:12

Reciprocal: Genesis 1:16 - to rule Job 9:7 - sealeth Isaiah 14:12 - How art thou fallen Isaiah 34:4 - all the Jeremiah 4:23 - the heavens Jeremiah 51:3 - spare Ezekiel 30:18 - the day Amos 5:20 - darkness

Verse 11

I will punish: Isaiah 14:21, Isaiah 24:4-Joshua :, Jeremiah 51:34-Zechariah :, Revelation 12:9, Revelation 12:10, Revelation 18:2, Revelation 18:3

and I will cause: Isaiah 2:17, Isaiah 5:15, Isaiah 14:12-Nehemiah :, Jeremiah 50:29-Jonah :, Daniel 5:22, Daniel 5:23

Reciprocal: Numbers 17:5 - I will Isaiah 2:11 - lofty Isaiah 23:9 - to stain Isaiah 25:5 - shalt bring Isaiah 25:11 - he shall bring Isaiah 26:5 - bringeth Jeremiah 50:24 - because Daniel 2:31 - terrible

Verse 12

Isaiah 13:15-Job :, Isaiah 4:1, Isaiah 24:6, Psalms 137:9

Reciprocal: Genesis 10:29 - Ophir Joshua 7:19 - give 1 Samuel 3:1 - the word 1 Kings 9:28 - Ophir 1 Chronicles 1:23 - Ophir Job 22:24 - Ophir Job 28:16 - the gold

Verse 13

I will: Joel 3:16, Haggai 2:6, Haggai 2:7, Haggai 2:21, Haggai 2:22, Matthew 24:29, Hebrews 12:26, Hebrews 12:27, Revelation 6:13, Revelation 6:14

the earth: Jeremiah 4:23, Jeremiah 4:24, Matthew 24:35, 2 Peter 3:10, Revelation 20:11

in the wrath: Psalms 110:5, Psalms 110:6, Lamentations 1:12, Nahum 1:4-Joshua :

Reciprocal: Job 9:6 - shaketh Psalms 29:8 - shaketh Jeremiah 51:29 - the land Luke 21:25 - signs

Verse 14

as the: Isaiah 17:13, 1 Kings 22:17, 1 Kings 22:36

they shall: Isaiah 47:15, Jeremiah 50:16, Jeremiah 51:9, Revelation 18:9, Revelation 18:10

Reciprocal: Job 9:6 - shaketh Isaiah 14:6 - is persecuted Isaiah 16:2 - as Jeremiah 51:29 - the land Nahum 2:8 - Stand Nahum 3:18 - thy people Luke 21:25 - signs

Verse 15

Isaiah 14:19-Song of Solomon :, Isaiah 47:9-2 Chronicles :, Jeremiah 50:27, Jeremiah 50:35-Luke :, Jeremiah 51:3

Reciprocal: Psalms 94:6 - General Isaiah 13:9 - cruel Isaiah 13:12 - General Isaiah 14:20 - the seed Jeremiah 37:10 - wounded men Jeremiah 50:30 - her young Jeremiah 51:4 - thrust Jeremiah 51:52 - the wounded Acts 2:20 - sun James 4:8 - Cleanse

Verse 16

children: Psalms 137:8, Psalms 137:9, Hosea 10:14, Nahum 3:10

and their: Lamentations 5:11, Zechariah 14:2

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 8:12 - dash Psalms 37:25 - yet Isaiah 13:18 - shall dash Isaiah 47:6 - thou didst Jeremiah 39:6 - before Jeremiah 51:52 - the wounded Hosea 13:16 - their infants Amos 7:17 - Thy wife Habakkuk 2:7 - they

Verse 17

I will: Isaiah 13:3-Deuteronomy :, Isaiah 21:2, Isaiah 41:25, Jeremiah 50:9, Jeremiah 51:11, Jeremiah 51:27, Jeremiah 51:28, Daniel 5:28-Obadiah :

shall not regard: Proverbs 6:34, Proverbs 6:35

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 11:14 - the Lord 1 Kings 11:23 - God 2 Kings 17:6 - the Medes 2 Chronicles 36:22 - the Lord stirred Isaiah 13:5 - from a far Isaiah 21:1 - from Isaiah 21:5 - arise Isaiah 45:13 - price Isaiah 48:14 - he will do Jeremiah 21:7 - he shall Jeremiah 25:25 - Medes Jeremiah 50:3 - out of the Jeremiah 50:14 - in array Jeremiah 50:25 - opened Jeremiah 50:41 - General Jeremiah 50:42 - they are cruel Jeremiah 51:53 - from Daniel 7:5 - Arise Daniel 8:3 - one Revelation 17:16 - these

Verse 18

shall dash: Isaiah 13:16, 2 Kings 8:12, Hosea 13:16, Nahum 2:1, Nahum 3:10

their eye: 2 Chronicles 36:17, Ezekiel 9:5, Ezekiel 9:6, Ezekiel 9:10

Reciprocal: Genesis 45:20 - regard not 2 Chronicles 36:22 - the Lord stirred Psalms 109:12 - favour Isaiah 9:17 - have no joy Isaiah 9:19 - no man Isaiah 21:1 - from Isaiah 21:2 - Go up Isaiah 21:5 - arise Isaiah 40:30 - General Isaiah 48:14 - he will do Jeremiah 6:23 - They shall Jeremiah 21:7 - he shall Jeremiah 28:8 - prophesied Jeremiah 50:3 - out of the Jeremiah 50:9 - none Jeremiah 50:14 - in array Jeremiah 50:25 - opened Jeremiah 50:41 - General Jeremiah 50:42 - they are cruel Jeremiah 50:45 - surely he Jeremiah 51:11 - the Lord hath Daniel 7:5 - Arise Revelation 17:16 - these

Verse 19

Babylon: Babylon, whose destruction and utter ruin are here predicted, was situated in the midst of a large plain, having a very deep and fruitful soil, on the Euphrates, about 252 miles south-east of Palmyra, and the same distance north-west of Susa and the Persian gulf, in lat. 32 degrees 30 minutes n and long. 44 degrees 20 minutes e. According to Herodotus, it formed a perfect square, each side of which was 120 stadia, and consequently its circumference 480 stadia, or sixty miles; inclosed by a wall 200 cubits high, and fifty wide, on the top of which were small watch towers of one story high, leaving a space between them, through which a chariot and four might pass and turn. On each side were twenty-five gates of solid brass; from each of which proceeded a street, 150 feet broad, making in all fifty streets; which, crossing each other at right angles, intersected the city into 676 squares, extending four stadia and a half on each side, along which stood the houses, all built three or four stories high, and highly decorated towards the street; the interior of these squares being employed as gardens, pleasure grounds, etc. Its principal ornaments were the temple of Belus, having a tower of eight stories, upon a base of a quarter of a mile square; a most magnificent palace; and the famous hanging gardens, or artificial mountains raised upon arches, and planted with large and beautiful trees. Cyrus took it by diverting the waters of the Euphrates, which ran through the midst, and entering by the channel; and the river being never restored to its proper course, overflowed the whole country, and made it a morass. Darius Hystaspes afterwards depopulated the place, lowered the walls, and demolished the gates; Xerxes destroyed the temples; the building of Seleucia nearly exhausted it of its inhabitants; a king of the Parthians carried a number of them into slavery, and destroyed the most beautiful parts; so that modern travellers describe it as a mass of shapeless ruins, the habitation of wild beasts. Isaiah 14:4-Joshua :, Isaiah 14:12-Ezra :, Jeremiah 51:41, Daniel 2:37, Daniel 2:38, Daniel 4:30

when God overthrew: Heb. the overthrowing of, Genesis 19:24, Deuteronomy 29:23, Jeremiah 49:18, Jeremiah 50:40, Zephaniah 2:9

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 20:12 - Babylon Psalms 107:33 - turneth Isaiah 14:17 - made Isaiah 21:9 - Babylon Isaiah 23:13 - land Isaiah 25:12 - to the dust Isaiah 32:14 - for Isaiah 39:1 - king Isaiah 47:5 - for Isaiah 47:9 - in a moment Jeremiah 25:12 - perpetual Jeremiah 50:3 - which Jeremiah 51:26 - shall not Jeremiah 51:29 - every Jeremiah 51:37 - become Jeremiah 51:62 - to cut Ezekiel 16:50 - therefore Amos 4:11 - as God Nahum 2:10 - empty Zephaniah 2:14 - flocks Luke 17:29 - General Romans 9:29 - we had been 2 Peter 2:6 - turning Revelation 18:2 - Babylon Revelation 18:9 - the smoke

Verse 20

Isaiah 14:23, Jeremiah 50:3, Jeremiah 50:13, Jeremiah 50:21, Jeremiah 50:39, Jeremiah 50:45, Jeremiah 51:25, Jeremiah 51:29, Jeremiah 51:43, Jeremiah 51:62-3 John :, Revelation 18:21-Isaiah :

Reciprocal: Judges 6:5 - tents Job 3:7 - solitary Isaiah 7:25 - but it Isaiah 21:1 - the desert Isaiah 21:13 - O ye Isaiah 34:10 - from Isaiah 34:11 - cormorant Isaiah 34:17 - they shall Isaiah 38:12 - as a Isaiah 47:5 - silent Isaiah 47:9 - they shall come Jeremiah 49:29 - tents Jeremiah 49:33 - a dwelling Jeremiah 50:12 - a wilderness Jeremiah 50:40 - General Zephaniah 2:9 - as Gomorrah Acts 2:11 - Arabians

Verse 21

But: Isaiah 34:11-Ezra :, Revelation 18:2

wild beasts: Heb. Ziim

doleful creatures: Heb. Ochim, owls. or, ostriches. Heb. daughters of the owl.

Reciprocal: Leviticus 11:16 - General Job 30:29 - a brother Isaiah 14:23 - make Isaiah 34:13 - an habitation Isaiah 34:14 - The wild beasts of the desert Malachi 1:3 - the Acts 28:4 - beast

Verse 22

the wild beasts: Heb. Iim

desolate houses: or, palaces, dragons. Isaiah 35:7

her time: Deuteronomy 32:35, Jeremiah 51:33, Ezekiel 7:7-2 Samuel :, Habakkuk 2:3, 2 Peter 2:3, 2 Peter 3:9, 2 Peter 3:10

Reciprocal: Leviticus 11:16 - General Job 30:29 - a brother Isaiah 14:23 - make Isaiah 25:2 - palace Isaiah 34:13 - an habitation Isaiah 34:14 - the wild beasts of the island Jeremiah 9:11 - a den Jeremiah 48:16 - near Malachi 1:3 - the Acts 28:4 - beast

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/isaiah-13.html.