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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 19

Introduction

Overview

Isaiah 19:1, The confusion of Egypt; Isaiah 19:11, The foolishness of their princes; Isaiah 19:18, The calling of Egypt into the church; Isaiah 19:23, The covenant of Egypt, Assyria, and Israel.

Verse 1

Egypt: Jeremiah 25:19, Jeremiah 43:8-13, Jeremiah 44:29, Jeremiah 44:30, Jeremiah 46:1-28, Ezekiel 29:1 - Ezekiel 32:32, Joel 3:19, Zechariah 10:11, Zechariah 14:18

rideth: Deuteronomy 33:26, Psalms 18:10-12, Psalms 68:4, Psalms 68:33, Psalms 68:34, Psalms 104:34, Matthew 26:64, Matthew 26:65, Revelation 1:7

the idols: Isaiah 21:9, Isaiah 46:1, Isaiah 46:2, Exodus 12:12, 1 Samuel 5:2-4, Jeremiah 43:12, Jeremiah 46:25, Jeremiah 50:2, Jeremiah 51:44, Ezekiel 30:13

the heart: Isaiah 19:16, Exodus 15:14-16, Joshua 2:9, Joshua 2:11, Joshua 2:24, Jeremiah 46:5, Jeremiah 46:15, Jeremiah 46:16

Reciprocal: Exodus 15:15 - melt Exodus 19:9 - Lo Numbers 33:4 - upon their gods 1 Samuel 5:3 - Dagon was 1 Samuel 6:5 - off your 2 Samuel 17:10 - utterly melt Job 12:24 - He taketh Isaiah 13:1 - burden Isaiah 13:7 - every Isaiah 17:1 - burden Isaiah 19:3 - the spirit Isaiah 19:22 - he shall smite Isaiah 40:22 - It is he that sitteth Jeremiah 4:13 - Behold Jeremiah 43:11 - he shall smite Jeremiah 46:13 - Nebuchadrezzar Jeremiah 51:18 - in the Ezekiel 1:4 - a great Ezekiel 30:3 - a cloudy Ezekiel 30:18 - a cloud Nahum 1:3 - his way Nahum 1:14 - out Habakkuk 3:8 - ride Zephaniah 3:6 - cut Luke 9:34 - there Acts 1:9 - a cloud Revelation 10:1 - clothed Revelation 14:14 - behold

Verse 2

I will: Isaiah 19:13, Isaiah 19:14, Isaiah 9:21, Judges 7:22, Judges 9:23, 1 Samuel 14:16, 1 Samuel 14:20, 2 Chronicles 20:22, 2 Chronicles 20:23, Ezekiel 38:21, Matthew 12:25, Revelation 17:12-17

set: Heb. mingle

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 16:21 - divided Isaiah 19:4 - a cruel lord Jeremiah 46:12 - stumbled Jeremiah 51:46 - ruler against Ezekiel 30:4 - the sword Haggai 2:22 - every Zechariah 8:10 - for Matthew 24:7 - nation shall Mark 3:24 - General Mark 13:8 - nation shall Luke 11:17 - Every

Verse 3

the spirit: This is a prophecy of what took place in Egypt about twenty-two years after the destruction of Sennacherib's army; when, upon the death of Tirhakah - bc 688 not being able to settle about the succession, they continued for two years in a state of anarchy, confusion, and civil wars; which was followed by the tyranny of twelve princes, who, dividing the country among them, governed it for fifteen years; and at last, by the sole dominion of Psammiticus, which he held for fifty-four years. Isaiah 19:1, Isaiah 19:11-13, Isaiah 57:16, 1 Samuel 25:37, Psalms 76:12, Jeremiah 46:15, Ezekiel 21:7, Ezekiel 22:14

fail: Heb. be emptied

and I: Isaiah 14:27, 2 Samuel 15:31, 2 Samuel 17:14, 2 Samuel 17:23, 2 Chronicles 25:16-20, Job 5:12, Job 5:13, Proverbs 21:30, 1 Corinthians 3:19, 1 Corinthians 3:20

destroy: Heb. swallow up, Psalms 107:27,*marg.

and they: Isaiah 8:19, Isaiah 15:2, Isaiah 44:25, Isaiah 47:12, 1 Chronicles 10:13, Daniel 2:2, Daniel 4:6, Daniel 4:7, Daniel 5:7

Reciprocal: Genesis 41:8 - the magicians of Egypt Exodus 22:18 - General 1 Samuel 15:23 - witchcraft 1 Samuel 28:7 - a familiar spirit 2 Kings 21:6 - familiar 2 Kings 23:24 - the workers 2 Chronicles 33:6 - dealt Psalms 33:10 - The Lord Psalms 58:5 - charming never so wisely Isaiah 29:14 - for the wisdom Isaiah 30:28 - causing Jeremiah 4:9 - that the heart Daniel 1:20 - the magicians Daniel 2:27 - cannot Daniel 4:18 - forasmuch Obadiah 1:8 - even Matthew 12:25 - Every kingdom Mark 3:24 - General Luke 11:17 - Every 1 Corinthians 1:19 - General

Verse 4

give over: or, shut up, 1 Samuel 23:7, Psalms 31:8

a cruel lord: Rather, "cruel lords," agreeable to the LXX, Syriac, Vulgate, and the original adonim kasheh. Nebuchadnezzar, who first conquered and ravaged Egypt, bc 573, and the following year; and then, not only his successors, but Cambyses (who invaded Egypt, bc 526) the son of Cyrus, and the whole succession of Persian kings till the time of Alexander, who were in general hard masters, and grievously oppressed the country. Isaiah 19:2, Isaiah 20:4, Jeremiah 46:26, Ezekiel 29:19

Reciprocal: Isaiah 19:20 - they shall Isaiah 30:6 - into the land Jeremiah 6:23 - cruel Jeremiah 52:3 - through Ezekiel 30:12 - I will make

Verse 5

Jeremiah 51:36, Ezekiel 30:12, Zechariah 10:11, Zechariah 14:18

Reciprocal: Genesis 41:1 - the river Job 8:11 - the rush Psalms 107:33 - turneth Isaiah 11:15 - shall smite Isaiah 18:2 - have spoiled Isaiah 32:20 - Blessed Nahum 1:4 - and drieth Nahum 3:8 - that had

Verse 6

and the: Isaiah 37:25, 2 Kings 19:24

the reeds: Isaiah 18:2, Exodus 2:3, Job 8:11

Reciprocal: Job 40:21 - the reed Isaiah 35:7 - grass with reeds

Verse 7

every: Isaiah 32:20, Jeremiah 14:4, Ezekiel 19:13, Joel 1:17, Joel 1:18

be no more: Heb. shall not be

Reciprocal: Job 40:21 - the reed

Verse 8

Exodus 7:21, Numbers 11:5, Ezekiel 47:10, Habakkuk 1:15

Verse 9

work: 1 Kings 10:28, Proverbs 7:16, Ezekiel 27:7, net works, or, white works

Verse 10

purposes: Heb. foundations

make: Exodus 7:19, Exodus 8:5, Deuteronomy 11:10

for fish: or, of living things

Verse 11

the princes: Isaiah 19:3, Isaiah 19:13, Isaiah 29:14, Isaiah 44:25, Job 5:12, Job 5:13, Job 12:17, Psalms 33:10, Jeremiah 49:7, Ezekiel 7:26, 1 Corinthians 1:19, 1 Corinthians 1:20

Zoan: Isaiah 30:4, Numbers 13:22, Psalms 78:12, Psalms 78:43, Ezekiel 30:14

brutish: Psalms 73:22, Psalms 92:6, Proverbs 30:2, Jeremiah 10:14, Jeremiah 10:21

I am: Genesis 41:38, Genesis 41:39, 1 Kings 4:30, Acts 7:22

Reciprocal: Genesis 41:8 - but there Exodus 7:11 - wise men Exodus 8:4 - General Deuteronomy 28:28 - General Joshua 8:14 - he wist not Joshua 8:17 - a man 2 Samuel 15:31 - turn the counsel 1 Kings 12:14 - the counsel 2 Kings 24:20 - through 2 Chronicles 10:10 - Thus shalt Job 39:17 - General Psalms 87:4 - this man Psalms 105:22 - teach Proverbs 11:14 - General Jeremiah 4:9 - that the heart Jeremiah 8:9 - The wise men are Jeremiah 46:17 - Pharaoh Jeremiah 50:35 - her wise men Ezekiel 28:17 - thou hast Obadiah 1:7 - there is 1 Corinthians 2:6 - of the 1 Corinthians 3:19 - the wisdom

Verse 12

where are thy: Isaiah 5:21, Isaiah 47:10-13, Judges 9:38, Jeremiah 2:28, 1 Corinthians 1:20

let them: Isaiah 40:13, Isaiah 40:14, Isaiah 41:22, Isaiah 41:23, Isaiah 44:7, Job 11:6, Job 11:7, Romans 11:33, Romans 11:34

Reciprocal: Genesis 3:22 - as one Exodus 7:11 - wise men Exodus 8:18 - they could 1 Kings 4:30 - the wisdom of Egypt Job 12:17 - General Isaiah 30:28 - to sift Jeremiah 4:9 - that the heart

Verse 13

princes of Zoan: Isaiah 19:11, Romans 1:22

Noph: Jeremiah 2:16, Jeremiah 46:14, Jeremiah 46:19, Ezekiel 30:13

stay: or, governors, Heb. corners, Numbers 24:17, 1 Samuel 14:38, *marg. Zechariah 10:4, 1 Peter 2:7

Reciprocal: Genesis 3:22 - as one Joshua 8:14 - he wist not Psalms 78:12 - Zoan Isaiah 19:2 - I will Isaiah 30:28 - causing Isaiah 40:23 - General Jeremiah 44:1 - Noph Obadiah 1:8 - even

Verse 14

hath mingled: Isaiah 19:2, Isaiah 29:10, Isaiah 29:14, Isaiah 47:10, Isaiah 47:11, 1 Kings 22:20-23, Job 12:16, Ezekiel 14:7-9, 2 Thessalonians 2:11

perverse spirit: Heb. spirit of perverseness

as a: Isaiah 28:7, Isaiah 28:8, Isaiah 29:9, Job 12:25, Jeremiah 25:15, Jeremiah 25:16, Jeremiah 25:27, Jeremiah 48:26

Reciprocal: Judges 9:23 - God 2 Chronicles 10:15 - the cause 2 Chronicles 18:22 - the lord hath Job 17:4 - General Psalms 99:1 - be moved Psalms 107:27 - stagger Isaiah 24:20 - reel Isaiah 30:28 - to sift Isaiah 40:23 - General Obadiah 1:8 - even

Verse 15

Isaiah 9:14, Isaiah 9:15, Psalms 128:2, Proverbs 14:23, Habakkuk 3:17, Haggai 1:11, 1 Thessalonians 4:11, 1 Thessalonians 4:12

Verse 16

like: Isaiah 30:17, Psalms 48:6, Jeremiah 30:5-7, Jeremiah 50:37, Jeremiah 51:30, Nahum 3:13

the shaking: Isaiah 10:32, Isaiah 11:15, Isaiah 30:30-32, Zechariah 2:9

Reciprocal: Isaiah 19:1 - the heart Isaiah 23:5 - at the Isaiah 30:32 - shaking Isaiah 37:27 - their inhabitants Jeremiah 4:9 - that the heart Jeremiah 46:5 - fear Ezekiel 30:4 - pain Ezekiel 30:13 - put Obadiah 1:9 - thy

Verse 17

the land: Isaiah 36:1, Jeremiah 25:19, Jeremiah 25:27-31, Jeremiah 43:8-13, Jeremiah 44:28-30, Ezekiel 29:6, Ezekiel 29:7

because: Isaiah 14:24, Isaiah 14:26, Isaiah 14:27, Isaiah 20:2-5, Isaiah 46:10, Isaiah 46:11, Daniel 4:35

Reciprocal: Isaiah 10:6 - against Ezekiel 29:2 - against all Ezekiel 30:4 - pain Ezekiel 30:9 - great Obadiah 1:9 - thy

Verse 18

that day: Isaiah 19:19, Isaiah 19:21, Isaiah 2:11, Zechariah 2:11

shall five: Isaiah 11:11, Isaiah 27:13, Psalms 68:31

speak: Zephaniah 3:9

language: Heb. lip, Genesis 11:1

and swear: Isaiah 45:23, Isaiah 45:24, Deuteronomy 10:20, Nehemiah 10:29, Jeremiah 12:16

destruction: Heb. Heres, or, the sun, Instead of heres "destruction," which is also the reading of Aquila, Theodotion, and the Syriac, fifteen manuscripts and seven editions have cheres "the sun;" agreeable to Symmachus, the Arabic, and Vulgate; while the Chaldee takes in both readings; and the LXX reads נןכיע בףוהוך, "the city of righteousness," a name apparently contrived by the party of Onias, to give credit to his temple. As, however, heres in Arabic signifies a lion, Conrad Ikenius is of opinion that the place here mentioned is not Heliopolis, as is commonly supposed, but Leontopolis in the Heliopolitan nome, as it is termed in the letter of Onias to Ptolemy. The whole passage, from this verse to the end, contains a general intimation of the propagation of the knowledge of the true God in Egypt and Syria, under the successors of Alexander, and the early reception of the gospel in the same countries.

Reciprocal: Psalms 63:11 - sweareth Isaiah 65:16 - he that Jeremiah 43:13 - Bethshemesh Jeremiah 48:47 - Yet will I bring Jeremiah 49:6 - General

Verse 19

Isaiah 66:23, Genesis 12:7, Genesis 28:18, Exodus 24:4, Joshua 22:10, Joshua 22:26, Zechariah 6:15, Hebrews 13:10

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 7:12 - took a stone Isaiah 19:18 - that day Hosea 3:4 - an image

Verse 20

for a: Isaiah 55:13, Joshua 4:20, Joshua 4:21, Joshua 22:27, Joshua 22:28, Joshua 22:34, Joshua 24:26, Joshua 24:27

they shall: Isaiah 19:4, Isaiah 20:4, Isaiah 52:5, Exodus 2:23, Exodus 3:7, 2 Kings 13:4, 2 Kings 13:5, Psalms 50:15, James 5:4

he shall send: Isaiah 37:36, Isaiah 45:21, Isaiah 45:22, Luke 2:11, Titus 2:13

Reciprocal: Exodus 22:27 - when he crieth Psalms 12:5 - oppression Psalms 115:14 - Lord Hosea 3:4 - an image Obadiah 1:21 - saviours

Verse 21

Lord shall: Isaiah 11:9, Isaiah 37:20, Isaiah 55:5, 1 Samuel 17:46, 1 Kings 8:43, Psalms 67:2, Psalms 98:2, Psalms 98:3, Habakkuk 2:14, John 17:3, Galatians 4:8, Galatians 4:9

and shall: Zephaniah 3:10, Malachi 1:11, John 4:21-24, Romans 15:27, Romans 15:28, 1 Peter 2:5, 1 Peter 2:9

shall vow: Isaiah 44:5, Ecclesiastes 5:4, Jonah 1:16

Reciprocal: Genesis 28:20 - vowed Psalms 115:14 - Lord Isaiah 19:18 - that day

Verse 22

he shall smite: Isaiah 19:1-15, Deuteronomy 32:39, Job 5:18, Hosea 5:15, Hosea 6:2, Hebrews 12:11

they shall: Isaiah 6:10, Isaiah 55:7, Hosea 14:1, Amos 4:6-12, Acts 26:17-20, Acts 28:26, Acts 28:27

Reciprocal: Exodus 3:20 - smite Exodus 8:4 - General Ezra 8:23 - and he was entreated Isaiah 10:21 - return Isaiah 17:7 - General Ezekiel 29:13 - At the

Verse 23

Isaiah 11:16, Isaiah 35:8-10, Isaiah 40:3-5, Ephesians 2:18-22, Ephesians 3:6-8

Reciprocal: Genesis 25:18 - toward Deuteronomy 32:43 - Rejoice Psalms 87:4 - this man Psalms 96:3 - General Isaiah 11:11 - Egypt Isaiah 27:13 - and they Isaiah 45:14 - The labour Isaiah 60:3 - the Gentiles Jeremiah 12:16 - built Micah 7:12 - also Zechariah 9:7 - he that Zechariah 10:10 - out of the Acts 2:10 - Egypt Acts 10:11 - and a Acts 15:17 - the residue Romans 3:29 - General Colossians 3:11 - there

Verse 24

shall: Isaiah 6:13, Isaiah 49:6, Isaiah 49:22, Isaiah 65:8, Isaiah 65:22, Isaiah 66:12, Isaiah 66:19-21, Deuteronomy 32:43, Psalms 117:1, Psalms 117:2, Zechariah 2:10, Zechariah 2:11, Zechariah 8:20-23, Luke 2:32, Romans 10:11-13, Romans 15:9-12, Romans 15:27

a blessing: Isaiah 65:8, Genesis 12:2, Ezekiel 34:26, Zechariah 8:13, Galatians 3:14

Reciprocal: Genesis 18:26 - General Genesis 25:18 - toward Psalms 24:8 - The Lord strong Isaiah 14:1 - the strangers Jeremiah 9:26 - Judah Ezekiel 16:53 - in the midst Luke 14:23 - Go Ephesians 2:14 - both

Verse 25

the Lord: Isaiah 61:9, Isaiah 65:23, Numbers 6:24, Numbers 6:27, Numbers 24:1, Psalms 67:6, Psalms 67:7, Psalms 115:15, Ephesians 1:3

Blessed: Isaiah 29:23, Psalms 100:3, Psalms 138:8, Hosea 2:23, Romans 3:29, Romans 9:24, Romans 9:25, Galatians 6:15, Ephesians 2:10, Philippians 1:6, Colossians 3:10, Colossians 3:11, 1 Peter 2:10

and Israel: Deuteronomy 32:9

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:43 - Rejoice Isaiah 14:1 - the strangers Jeremiah 9:26 - Judah Ezekiel 16:53 - in the midst Zechariah 2:11 - many Zechariah 8:13 - ye shall Luke 14:23 - Go Ephesians 2:14 - both

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 19". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/isaiah-19.html.