Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 33

Introduction

1God's judgments against the enemies of the church.
13The consternation of sinners, and privileges of the godly.

Verse 1

Woe to thee that spoilest, and thou wast not spoiled; and dealest treacherously, and they dealt not treacherously with thee! when thou shalt cease to spoil, thou shalt be spoiled; and when thou shalt make an end to deal treacherously, they shall deal treacherously with thee.
thee that
10:5,6; 17:14; 24:16; 2 Kings 18:13-17; 2 Chronicles 28:16-21; Habakkuk 2:5-8
when thou shalt cease
10:12; 21:2; 37:36-38; Judges 1:7; Jeremiah 25:12-14; Obadiah 1:10-16; Zechariah 14:1-3; Matthew 7:2; Revelation 13:10; 16:6; 17:12-14,17
Reciprocal: Exodus 3:22 - spoil;  Leviticus 6:2 - in fellowship;  Judges 5:12 - lead;  Judges 9:23 - dealt;  1 Samuel 4:9 - as they have;  2 Kings 7:16 - spoiled the tents;  2 Kings 8:15 - so that he died;  Proverbs 22:23 - spoil;  Isaiah 11:14 - spoil;  Isaiah 14:6 - who smote;  Isaiah 16:4 - for;  Isaiah 17:13 - but;  Isaiah 33:23 - then;  Jeremiah 25:34 - the days of your;  Jeremiah 30:16 - GeneralEzekiel 28:26 - despise;  Ezekiel 39:10 - shall spoil;  Micah 5:6 - they;  Nahum 2:9 - ye;  Nahum 2:13 - I will cut;  Habakkuk 1:13 - deal;  Habakkuk 2:8 - thou;  Zechariah 2:9 - and they;  Acts 9:16 - I will;  Revelation 11:9 - and shall not

Verse 2

O LORD, be gracious unto us; we have waited for thee: be thou their arm every morning, our salvation also in the time of trouble.
be gracious
25:9; 26:8; 30:18,19; Psalms 27:13,14; 62:1,5,8; 123:2; 130:4-8; Lamentations 3:25,26; Hosea 14:2
be thou
25:4; Exodus 14:27; Psalms 25:3; 143:8; Lamentations 3:23
our salvation
26:16; Psalms 37:39; 46:1,5; 50:15; 60:11; 90:15; 91:15; Jeremiah 2:27,28; Jeremiah 14:8; 2 Corinthians 1:3,4
Reciprocal: Genesis 43:29 - my son;  Genesis 49:18 - GeneralPsalm 79:11 - thy power;  Psalm 83:8 - holpen;  Isaiah 8:17 - I will;  Isaiah 37:3 - GeneralZephaniah 3:5 - every morning

Verse 3

At the noise of the tumult the people fled; at the lifting up of thyself the nations were scattered.
10:13,14,32-34; 17:12-14; 37:11-18,29-36; Psalms 46:6
Reciprocal: Numbers 16:34 - fled;  Psalm 68:1 - God arise

Verse 4

And your spoil shall be gathered like the gathering of the caterpiller: as the running to and fro of locusts shall he run upon them.
your spoil
23; 2 Kings 7:15,16; 2 Chronicles 14:13; 20:25
the running
Joel 2:9,25
Reciprocal: Psalm 78:46 - the caterpillar;  Jeremiah 50:10 - all that;  Joel 1:4 - the caterpillar;  Amos 7:1 - he;  Nahum 2:9 - ye;  Habakkuk 2:8 - thou;  Revelation 9:3 - locusts

Verse 5

The LORD is exalted; for he dwelleth on high: he hath filled Zion with judgment and righteousness.
The Lord
10; 2:11,17; 12:4; 37:20; Exodus 9:16,17; 15:1,6; 18:11; Job 40:9-14; Psalms 21:11-13; 46:9,10; 97:8,9; 115:1,2; 118:16; Daniel 4:37; Romans 3:26; Revelation 19:2-6
he dwelleth
57:15; 66:1; Psalms 113:5,6; 123:1; Ephesians 1:20,21
he hath
1:26,27; 4:2-4; 32:1,15-18; 52:1; 54:11-14; 60:21; 61:3,11; 62:1; 2 Chronicles 31:20,21; Romans 11:26
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 7:2 - feared God;  Psalm 148:13 - excellent;  Isaiah 30:18 - for the Lord

Verse 6

And wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times, and strength of salvation: the fear of the LORD is his treasure.
wisdom
11:2-5; 38:5,6; 2 Chronicles 32:27-29; Psalms 45:4; Proverbs 14:27; 24:3-7; 28:2,15,16; Proverbs 29:4; Ecclesiastes 7:12,19; 9:14-18; Jeremiah 22:15-17
strength
Psalms 27:1,2; 28:8; 140:7
salvation
Heb. salvations. fear.
2 Chronicles 32:20,21; Psalms 112:1-3; Proverbs 15:16; 19:23; Matthew 6:33; 2 Corinthians 6:10; 1 Timothy 4:8; 6:6
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 12:32 - understanding of the times;  Nehemiah 7:2 - feared God;  Job 22:25 - defence;  Psalm 112:3 - Wealth;  Proverbs 14:24 - crown;  Proverbs 22:4 - By;  Isaiah 11:3 - shall make him;  Matthew 6:20 - GeneralMatthew 6:21 - where;  Matthew 13:46 - one;  Acts 9:31 - and walking

Verse 7

Behold, their valiant ones shall cry without: the ambassadors of peace shall weep bitterly.
valiant ones
or, messengers. the ambassadors.
36:3,22; 2 Kings 18:18,37; 19:1-3
Reciprocal: Isaiah 22:4 - Weep bitterly;  Isaiah 28:19 - and it;  Isaiah 29:2 - I will;  Isaiah 36:1 - that Sennacherib;  Zephaniah 1:14 - the mighty;  Ephesians 6:20 - I am

Verse 8

The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: he hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth no man.
highways
10:29-31; Judges 5:6; Lamentations 1:4
he hath broken
2 Kings 18:14-17
he hath despised
10:9-11; 36:1; 2 Kings 18:13
he regardeth
10:13,14; 1 Samuel 17:10,26; 2 Kings 18:20,21; Psalms 10:5; Luke 18:2-4
Reciprocal: Genesis 17:14 - broken;  Leviticus 26:22 - your high;  Jeremiah 4:28 - the earth;  Romans 1:31 - covenantbreakers

Verse 9

The earth mourneth and languisheth: Lebanon is ashamed and hewn down: Sharon is like a wilderness; and Bashan and Carmel shake off their fruits.
earth
1:7,8; 24:1,4-6,19,20; Jeremiah 4:20-26
Lebanon
14:8; 37:24; Zechariah 11:1-3
hewn down
or, withered away. Sharon.
35:2; 65:10; Song of Solomon 2:1
Bashan
Deuteronomy 3:4; Jeremiah 50:19; Micah 7:14; Nahum 1:4
Reciprocal: Numbers 21:33 - Bashan;  Joshua 12:18 - Lasharon;  Joshua 19:26 - Carmel;  Job 15:33 - shake off;  Isaiah 17:13 - but;  Jeremiah 4:28 - the earth;  Jeremiah 14:2 - the gates;  Hosea 2:3 - as;  Amos 1:2 - the habitations;  2 Timothy 4:3 - they will;  Revelation 6:13 - of a

Verse 10

Now will I rise, saith the LORD; now will I be exalted; now will I lift up myself.
Now will I rise
10:16,33; 42:13,14; 59:16,17; Deuteronomy 32:36-43; Psalms 12:5; 78:65; Psalms 102:13-18; Zephaniah 3:8
now will I be exalted
30:17,18; Exodus 14:18; 15:9-12; Psalms 46:10; Amos 6:1
will I lift
Psalms 7:6
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 32:21 - the leaders;  Psalm 10:12 - lift;  Isaiah 30:28 - to sift;  Isaiah 33:5 - The Lord;  Isaiah 37:7 - I will;  Isaiah 37:36 - the angel;  Ezekiel 39:8 - it is come;  Daniel 5:23 - lifted;  Micah 5:9 - hand

Verse 11

Ye shall conceive chaff, ye shall bring forth stubble: your breath, as fire, shall devour you.
conceive
8:9,10; 10:7-14; 17:13; 29:5-8; 59:4; Job 15:35; Psalms 2:1; 7:14; Psalms 83:5-18; Acts 5:4; James 1:15
your
5:24; 30:30-33; 31:8,9; 37:23-29; Nahum 1:5-10
Reciprocal: Psalm 83:14 - As the fire;  Isaiah 29:6 - GeneralHabakkuk 2:10 - sinned

Verse 12

And the people shall be as the burnings of lime: as thorns cut up shall they be burned in the fire.
the burnings
Amos 2:1
thorns
9:18; 27:4; 37:36; 2 Samuel 23:6,7
Reciprocal: Psalm 83:14 - As the fire;  Isaiah 30:27 - burning;  2 Corinthians 7:5 - our

Verse 13

Hear, ye that are far off, what I have done; and, ye that are near, acknowledge my might.
Hear
18:3; 37:20; 49:1; 57:19; Exodus 15:14; Joshua 2:9-11; 9:9,10; 1 Samuel 17:46; Psalms 46:6-11; 48:10; 98:1,2; Daniel 3:27-30; 4:1-3; 6:25-27; Acts 2:5-11; Ephesians 2:11-18
ye that are near
Psalms 97:8; 99:2,3; 147:12-14; 148:14
Reciprocal: Isaiah 29:9 - and wonder;  Isaiah 34:1 - Come;  Nahum 1:14 - given

Verse 14

The sinners in Zion are afraid; fearfulness hath surprised the hypocrites. Who among us shall dwell with the devouring fire? who among us shall dwell with everlasting burnings?
sinners
7:2; 28:14,15,17-22; 29:13; 30:8-11; Numbers 17:12,13; Job 15:21,22; Job 18:11; Psalms 53:5; Proverbs 28:1; Revelation 6:15-17
the hypocrites
9:17; 10:6; Matthew 22:12; 24:51
Who among us shall dwell with the
5:24; 29:6; 30:27-33; Deuteronomy 5:24,25; 32:21-24; Psalms 11:6; 21:9; 50:3; Nahum 1:6; Hebrews 12:29
everlasting
34:9; 66:24; Matthew 18:8; 25:41,46; Mark 9:43-49; Luke 16:23-26; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; Revelation 14:10; 20:10
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:10 - and I was;  Leviticus 13:57 - shalt burn;  Leviticus 21:9 - she shall be burnt;  Numbers 11:1 - and the fire;  Deuteronomy 4:24 - thy God;  Deuteronomy 9:3 - a consuming fire;  Deuteronomy 28:34 - GeneralJudges 20:41 - were amazed;  2 Kings 22:17 - shall not be;  Job 8:13 - the hypocrite's;  Job 13:16 - for an hypocrite;  Job 15:34 - the congregation;  Job 27:8 - GeneralPsalm 90:11 - GeneralIsaiah 10:3 - And what;  Isaiah 10:17 - for a flame;  Isaiah 10:24 - be not afraid;  Isaiah 29:9 - and wonder;  Isaiah 32:11 - be troubled;  Jeremiah 4:30 - And when;  Jeremiah 5:31 - and what;  Hosea 10:14 - shall a;  Amos 6:1 - to them;  Amos 9:10 - the sinners;  Matthew 23:13 - woe;  Mark 9:44 - the fire;  Luke 12:1 - which;  Acts 5:13 - of;  2 Corinthians 5:11 - the terror;  2 Thessalonians 1:9 - be;  Hebrews 10:27 - a certain;  Hebrews 10:31 - a fearful;  Revelation 14:11 - smoke

Verse 15

He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil;
that walketh
56:1,2; Psalms 1:1-3; 15:1,2; 24:4,5; 26:1,2; 106:3; Ezekiel 18:15-17; Malachi 2:6; Luke 1:6; Romans 2:7; Titus 2:11,12; 1 John 3:7
righteously
Heb. in righteousnesses. uprightly. Heb. in uprightnesses. despiseth.
Nehemiah 5:7-13; Job 31:13-25; Luke 3:12-14; 19:8; James 5:4
oppressions
or, deceits. shaketh.
Exodus 23:6-9; Numbers 16:15; Deuteronomy 16:19; 1 Samuel 12:3; Jeremiah 5:26-28; Micah 7:3,4; Matthew 26:15; Acts 8:18-23; 2 Peter 2:14-16
stoppeth
1 Samuel 24:4-7; 26:8-11; Job 31:29-31; Psalms 26:4-6,9-11; Jeremiah 40:15,16; Ephesians 5:11-13
blood
Heb. bloods. shutteth.
Psalms 119:37
Reciprocal: Exodus 18:21 - hating;  Exodus 20:17 - thy neighbour's house;  Exodus 23:7 - far from;  Leviticus 25:14 - GeneralDeuteronomy 24:17 - pervert;  1 Samuel 8:3 - but turned;  1 Kings 21:16 - Ahab rose up;  2 Chronicles 19:7 - taking of gifts;  Job 15:34 - the congregation;  Job 22:23 - thou shalt;  Job 27:8 - GeneralJob 31:7 - cleaved;  Psalm 15:5 - nor taketh;  Psalm 26:10 - bribes;  Psalm 101:3 - set;  Proverbs 4:15 - GeneralProverbs 10:9 - that walketh;  Proverbs 15:27 - but;  Proverbs 20:7 - just;  Proverbs 28:16 - he that;  Ecclesiastes 7:7 - a gift;  Isaiah 1:23 - every;  Jeremiah 33:6 - and will;  Ezekiel 14:3 - should;  Ezekiel 18:7 - hath not;  Ezekiel 18:8 - hath withdrawn;  Ezekiel 22:13 - thy dishonest;  Amos 5:12 - take;  Acts 24:26 - hoped;  1 Thessalonians 5:22 - General

Verse 16

He shall dwell on high: his place of defence shall be the munitions of rocks: bread shall be given him; his waters shall be sure.
shall dwell
32:18; Psalms 15:1; 90:1; 91:1-10,14; 107:41; Proverbs 1:33; 18:10; Habakkuk 3:19
high
Heb. heights, or high places. his place.
26:1-5; Psalms 18:33
bread
Psalms 33:18; 34:10; 37:3; 111:5; Luke 12:29-31
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:29 - to you;  Genesis 47:15 - Give us bread;  Genesis 48:15 - fed me;  Exodus 23:25 - he shall;  2 Samuel 22:34 - setteth;  1 Kings 17:6 - the ravens;  1 Kings 19:6 - cake;  Job 5:20 - famine;  Psalm 24:4 - He that;  Psalm 31:2 - an house;  Psalm 33:19 - to keep;  Psalm 37:19 - days;  Psalm 59:1 - defend me;  Psalm 71:3 - my strong habitation;  Psalm 94:22 - the rock;  Psalm 132:15 - I will satisfy;  Proverbs 10:3 - will;  Proverbs 10:9 - that walketh;  Proverbs 15:27 - but;  Proverbs 28:16 - he that;  Isaiah 14:30 - the poor;  Isaiah 58:11 - and satisfy;  Isaiah 58:14 - to ride;  Jeremiah 22:15 - eat;  Jeremiah 37:21 - and that;  Joel 3:16 - hope;  Matthew 6:11 - GeneralLuke 11:3 - Give;  Luke 12:31 - General1 Timothy 4:8 - having

Verse 17

Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty: they shall behold the land that is very far off.
eyes
32:1,2; 37:1; 2 Chronicles 32:23; Psalms 45:2; Song of Solomon 5:10; Zechariah 9:17; Matthew 17:2; John 1:14; 14:21; 17:24; 1 John 3:2
that is very far off
Heb. of far distances.
Psalms 31:8; 2 Corinthians 4:18; Hebrews 11:13-15
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:49 - and behold;  Isaiah 6:5 - mine eyes;  Matthew 17:4 - it is;  Mark 9:2 - transfigured;  Luke 9:29 - GeneralRevelation 22:4 - they

Verse 18

Thine heart shall meditate terror. Where is the scribe? where is the receiver? where is he that counted the towers?
heart
38:9-22; 1 Samuel 25:33-36; 30:6; Psalms 31:7,8,22; 71:20; 2 Corinthians 1:8-10; 2 Timothy 3:11
Where is the scribe
1 Corinthians 1:20
receiver
Heb. weigher.
Genesis 23:16; 2 Kings 15:19; 18:14,31
where is he
10:16-19
Reciprocal: Psalm 48:12 - tell;  Isaiah 51:13 - where is;  Daniel 4:9 - no secret

Verse 19

Thou shalt not see a fierce people, a people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive; of a stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand.
shall not
Exodus 14:13; Deuteronomy 28:49,50; 2 Kings 19:32
deeper
28:11; Jeremiah 5:15; Ezekiel 3:5,6; 1 Corinthians 14:21
stammering
or, ridiculous.
Reciprocal: Isaiah 51:13 - where is

Verse 20

Look upon Zion, the city of our solemnities: thine eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down; not one of the stakes thereof shall ever be removed, neither shall any of the cords thereof be broken.
Look
Psalms 48:12,13
the city
Deuteronomy 12:5; Psalms 78:68,69
thine eyes
Psalms 46:5; 125:1; 128:5
not one
37:33; 54:2; Ezekiel 48:35; Matthew 16:18; Revelation 3:12
Reciprocal: Exodus 27:19 - all the pins thereof;  Exodus 38:20 - the pins;  Leviticus 23:2 - the feasts;  Isaiah 4:5 - upon every;  Isaiah 32:18 - GeneralJeremiah 4:20 - suddenly;  Ezekiel 48:8 - the sanctuary;  Joel 3:20 - Judah;  Zechariah 2:4 - Jerusalem;  Zechariah 9:8 - I will

Verse 21

But there the glorious LORD will be unto us a place of broad rivers and streams; wherein shall go no galley with oars, neither shall gallant ship pass thereby.
the glorious
Psalms 29:3; Acts 7:2; 2 Corinthians 4:4-6
a place
Psalms 46:4,5
broad rivers and streams
Heb. broad of spaces, or hands.
Reciprocal: Psalm 145:11 - the glory;  Isaiah 33:23 - Thy tacklings are loosed;  Joel 3:16 - hope;  Zechariah 2:5 - a wall

Verse 22

For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our lawgiver, the LORD is our king; he will save us.
the Lord is our judge
Genesis 18:25; Psalms 50:6; 75:7; 98:9; 2 Corinthians 5:10
lawgiver
Heb. statute-maker.
Deuteronomy 33:2; Nehemiah 10:14; Psalms 147:19,20; James 4:12
the Lord is our king
Psalms 44:4; 74:12; 89:18; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 21:5; 25:34; Revelation 19:16
he will
12:2; 25:9; Zephaniah 3:15-17; Matthew 1:21-23; Luke 2:11; Acts 5:31; Titus 3:4-6; Hebrews 5:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:10 - lawgiver;  Numbers 21:18 - the lawgiver;  Numbers 23:21 - the shout;  Joshua 10:6 - from thy;  Judges 8:23 - the Lord;  1 Samuel 12:10 - deliver;  1 Samuel 12:12 - when the Lord;  1 Chronicles 16:31 - The Lord;  2 Chronicles 32:22 - Lord;  Psalm 5:2 - my King;  Psalm 10:16 - The Lord;  Psalm 47:6 - our King;  Psalm 80:2 - come and save us;  Psalm 145:1 - my God;  Psalm 145:11 - the glory;  Isaiah 43:15 - the creator;  Isaiah 44:6 - the King;  Isaiah 52:7 - Thy God;  Jeremiah 8:19 - her king;  Hosea 13:10 - I will be thy king;  Micah 5:1 - judge;  Revelation 15:3 - thou

Verse 23

Thy tacklings are loosed; they could not well strengthen their mast, they could not spread the sail: then is the prey of a great spoil divided; the lame take the prey.
Thy tacklings are loosed
or, they have forsaken thy tacklings.
21; Ezekiel 27:26-34; Acts 27:19,30-32,40,41
then
1,4; 2 Chronicles 20:25
the lame
1 Samuel 30:10,22-24; 2 Kings 7:8; Psalms 68:12; 1 Corinthians 1:27
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 7:16 - spoiled the tents;  2 Chronicles 14:14 - exceeding;  Jeremiah 50:10 - all that;  Zechariah 2:9 - and they;  Luke 14:21 - the halt

Verse 24

And the inhabitant shall not say, I am sick: the people that dwell therein shall be forgiven their iniquity.
the inhabitant
58:8; Exodus 15:26; Deuteronomy 7:15; 28:27; 2 Chronicles 30:20; Jeremiah 33:6-8; James 5:14; Revelation 21:4; 22:2
shall be forgiven
44:22; Jeremiah 50:20; Micah 7:18,19; 1 John 1:7-9 Reciprocal: Exodus 23:25 - I will take;  Exodus 40:18 - and fastened;  Psalm 103:3 - healeth;  Isaiah 12:6 - thou;  Isaiah 40:2 - that her iniquity;  Jeremiah 31:34 - for I;  James 5:15 - if he

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 33". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/isaiah-33.html.