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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 7

Overview

Isaiah 7:1, Ahaz, being troubled with fear of Rezin and Pekah, is comforted by Isaiah; Isaiah 7:10, Ahaz, having liberty to choose a sign, and refusing it, hath for a sign, Christ promised; Isaiah 7:17, His judgment is prophesied to come by Assyria.

Verse 1

the days: 2 Kings 16:1, 2 Chronicles 28:1-6

Rezin: Isaiah 8:6, 2 Kings 15:37, Psalms 83:3-5

but could: Isaiah 7:4-9, Isaiah 8:9, Isaiah 8:10

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 20:13 - Hast thou 2 Kings 3:18 - he will 2 Kings 15:27 - Pekah 2 Kings 15:30 - in the twentieth 2 Kings 16:5 - Rezin 2 Chronicles 20:1 - the children of Moab 2 Chronicles 28:5 - delivered him 2 Chronicles 28:16 - did king Psalms 48:4 - General Isaiah 8:7 - the king Isaiah 11:13 - the envy Ezekiel 16:57 - reproach Amos 6:13 - Have Matthew 1:9 - Achaz

Verse 2

the house: Isaiah 7:13, Isaiah 6:13, Isaiah 37:35, 2 Samuel 7:16, 1 Kings 11:32, 1 Kings 12:16, 1 Kings 13:2, Jeremiah 21:12

is confederate with: Heb. resteth on, Isaiah 7:17, Isaiah 11:13, 2 Chronicles 25:10, 2 Chronicles 28:12, Ezekiel 37:16-19, Hosea 12:1

And his heart: Isaiah 8:12, Isaiah 37:27, Leviticus 26:36, Leviticus 26:37, Numbers 14:1-3, Deuteronomy 28:65, Deuteronomy 28:66, 2 Kings 7:6, 2 Kings 7:7, Psalms 11:1, Psalms 27:1, Psalms 27:2, Psalms 112:7, Psalms 112:8, Proverbs 28:1, Matthew 2:3

Reciprocal: Genesis 43:18 - the men Exodus 14:10 - sore afraid Leviticus 26:16 - terror 1 Samuel 17:24 - sore 1 Samuel 28:5 - he was afraid 2 Kings 16:5 - Rezin Psalms 83:5 - they are Isaiah 8:6 - rejoice Isaiah 8:9 - Associate Isaiah 33:14 - sinners Ezekiel 21:7 - For the Ezekiel 27:16 - Syria Matthew 1:20 - Joseph Acts 21:3 - Syria 2 Thessalonians 2:2 - shaken Revelation 6:13 - of a

Verse 3

Go forth: Exodus 7:15, Jeremiah 19:2, Jeremiah 19:3, Jeremiah 22:1

Shearjashub: that is, The remnant shall return, Isaiah 6:13, Isaiah 10:21, Isaiah 55:7, Romans 9:27

the end: Isaiah 36:2, 2 Kings 18:17, 2 Kings 20:20

highway: or, causeway

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 20:13 - the highway Nehemiah 3:16 - the pool Isaiah 8:18 - I and the

Verse 4

Take heed: Isaiah 30:7, Isaiah 30:15, Exodus 14:13, Exodus 14:14, 2 Chronicles 20:17, Lamentations 3:26

fear not: Isaiah 8:11-14, Isaiah 35:4, Isaiah 41:14, Isaiah 51:12, Isaiah 51:13, Matthew 10:28, Matthew 24:6

neither be fainthearted: Heb. let not they heart be tender, Deuteronomy 20:3, 1 Samuel 17:32

the two tails: Isaiah 7:8, Isaiah 8:4, 2 Kings 15:29, 2 Kings 15:30, Amos 4:11

Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:36 - I will send 2 Samuel 3:39 - weak 2 Kings 15:27 - Pekah 2 Kings 16:5 - but could not 2 Chronicles 28:6 - Pekah Isaiah 7:1 - but could Isaiah 8:12 - fear ye Isaiah 37:6 - Be not Amos 6:13 - Have

Verse 5

Syria: Psalms 2:2, Psalms 83:3, Psalms 83:4, Nahum 1:11, Zechariah 1:15

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 6:8 - took 2 Chronicles 28:6 - Pekah Psalms 33:10 - The Lord Psalms 83:5 - For Proverbs 16:3 - thy thoughts Proverbs 21:30 - General Isaiah 8:10 - counsel Hosea 5:3 - Ephraim Matthew 2:7 - General Acts 5:38 - for

Verse 6

vex: or, waken, lit, disgust, [Strong's H6973]

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 12:16 - now see 2 Kings 11:2 - they hid him 2 Chronicles 13:8 - the kingdom 2 Chronicles 21:7 - Howbeit 2 Chronicles 28:5 - delivered him Psalms 21:11 - are not Psalms 83:3 - They Proverbs 19:21 - many Isaiah 8:6 - rejoice

Verse 7

Isaiah 8:10, Isaiah 10:6-12, Isaiah 37:29, Isaiah 46:10, Isaiah 46:11, Psalms 2:4-6, Psalms 33:11, Psalms 76:10, Proverbs 21:30, Lamentations 3:37, Daniel 4:35, Acts 4:25-28

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 12:16 - now see 2 Kings 11:2 - they hid him 2 Kings 17:3 - king of Assyria 2 Chronicles 13:8 - the kingdom 2 Chronicles 21:7 - Howbeit Psalms 21:11 - are not Psalms 83:3 - They Proverbs 19:21 - many Isaiah 9:8 - sent a word Isaiah 28:18 - your covenant

Verse 8

For the head: Dr. Jubb transposes the former part of Isaiah 7:9, and renders, "Though the head of Syria be Damascus; and the head of Damascus Retzin; and the head of Ephraim be Samaria; and the head of Samaria Remaliah's son; yet within threescore and five years Ephraim shall be broken, that he be no more a people." This renders the passage perfectly clear; and the prophecy received its full accomplishment when Esarhaddon carried away the remains of the ten tribes. 2 Samuel 8:6

within: Isaiah 8:4, Isaiah 17:1-3, 2 Kings 17:5-23, Ezra 4:2

that it be not a people: Heb. from a people, Hosea 1:6-10

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 8:5 - And when 2 Kings 8:7 - Damascus 2 Kings 15:37 - Rezin 2 Kings 17:3 - king of Assyria 2 Kings 18:11 - the king Psalms 60:2 - broken Isaiah 7:4 - the two tails Isaiah 9:8 - sent a word Isaiah 10:9 - Samaria Isaiah 17:3 - fortress Isaiah 28:1 - whose Jeremiah 48:42 - from Ezekiel 27:18 - Damascus Hosea 5:3 - Ephraim Hosea 13:16 - Samaria Amos 1:3 - Damascus

Verse 9

the head: 1 Kings 16:24-29, 2 Kings 15:27

If ye: etc. or, ye not believe, it is because ye are not stable, 2 Chronicles 20:20, Acts 27:11, Acts 27:25, Romans 11:20, Hebrews 11:6, 1 John 5:10

Reciprocal: Exodus 4:5 - That they Exodus 16:28 - General Exodus 19:9 - believe Numbers 20:12 - Because ye believed Deuteronomy 1:32 - General Deuteronomy 32:20 - children 1 Kings 12:26 - Now shall 2 Kings 7:2 - thou shalt see it 2 Kings 7:20 - General 2 Chronicles 28:6 - Pekah Psalms 78:22 - General Isaiah 7:8 - For the head Isaiah 9:9 - even Ephraim Isaiah 28:1 - whose Jeremiah 43:2 - Thou speakest Hosea 5:3 - Ephraim Hosea 13:16 - Samaria Mark 11:22 - Have Luke 1:20 - because Acts 16:5 - so Romans 4:20 - staggered

Verse 10

Moreover: etc. Heb. and the Lord added to speak, Isaiah 1:5, Isaiah 1:13, Isaiah 8:5, Isaiah 10:20, Hosea 13:2, *marg.

Verse 11

a sign: Isaiah 37:30, Isaiah 38:7, Isaiah 38:8, Isaiah 38:22, Judges 6:36-40, 2 Kings 20:8-11, Jeremiah 19:1, Jeremiah 19:10, Jeremiah 51:63, Jeremiah 51:64, Matthew 12:38-40, Matthew 16:1-4

ask it either in the depth: or, make thy petition deep

Reciprocal: Genesis 15:8 - General Genesis 24:14 - thereby Exodus 7:9 - Show Judges 6:17 - show 1 Samuel 14:10 - this shall be a sign 1 Kings 13:3 - General 2 Kings 19:29 - a sign Proverbs 25:3 - heaven John 6:30 - What

Verse 12

I will not ask: 2 Kings 16:15, 2 Chronicles 28:22

neither: Ezekiel 33:31

tempt: Deuteronomy 6:16, Malachi 3:15, Acts 5:9, 1 Corinthians 10:9

Reciprocal: Exodus 17:2 - wherefore Luke 8:49 - trouble Acts 15:10 - Why James 4:2 - because

Verse 13

O house: Isaiah 7:2, 2 Chronicles 21:7, Jeremiah 21:12, Luke 1:69

Is it a small: Genesis 30:15, Numbers 16:9, Numbers 16:13, Ezekiel 16:20, Ezekiel 16:47, Ezekiel 34:18

to weary: 2 Chronicles 36:15, 2 Chronicles 36:16, Jeremiah 6:11

will ye: Isaiah 1:24, Isaiah 43:24, Isaiah 63:10, Isaiah 65:3-5, Amos 3:13, Malachi 2:17, Acts 7:51, Hebrews 3:10

Reciprocal: Exodus 16:28 - General 1 Kings 16:31 - as if it had been a light thing 2 Kings 3:18 - a light 2 Chronicles 15:2 - Hear ye me Psalms 78:40 - grieve Isaiah 8:3 - Call his name Isaiah 38:5 - God Jeremiah 44:22 - could Ezekiel 6:9 - I am Hosea 9:17 - My God Amos 2:13 - Behold Zechariah 12:8 - the house Matthew 1:20 - Joseph Matthew 22:42 - The Son Acts 13:23 - this Ephesians 4:30 - grieve

Verse 14

Behold: Genesis 3:15, Jeremiah 31:22, Matthew 1:23, Luke 1:35

shall call: or, thou, O virgin

shall call: Genesis 4:1, Genesis 4:2, Genesis 4:25, Genesis 16:11, Genesis 29:32, Genesis 30:6, Genesis 30:8, 1 Samuel 1:20, 1 Samuel 4:21

Immanuel: Isaiah 8:8, Isaiah 9:6, John 1:1, John 1:2, John 1:14, Romans 9:5, 1 Timothy 3:16

Reciprocal: Genesis 28:15 - I am Exodus 3:12 - token Exodus 3:13 - What is his name Exodus 23:21 - my name Exodus 33:19 - proclaim Leviticus 4:28 - a kid Deuteronomy 20:1 - the Lord Joshua 3:10 - Hereby ye Judges 1:19 - the Lord 1 Samuel 10:7 - God 2 Samuel 23:5 - to grow 1 Kings 11:39 - not for ever 2 Kings 8:19 - for David 2 Kings 16:5 - but could not 2 Kings 20:8 - What shall be Psalms 22:9 - thou didst Psalms 72:17 - His name Proverbs 30:4 - and what Song of Solomon 8:1 - that thou Isaiah 8:3 - Call his name Isaiah 8:10 - for God Isaiah 12:2 - God Isaiah 32:2 - a man Isaiah 37:30 - this shall Isaiah 38:5 - God Jeremiah 15:20 - for Jeremiah 23:6 - and this Jeremiah 33:14 - General Hosea 1:4 - Call Hosea 1:7 - will save Micah 5:5 - when the Zechariah 12:8 - the house Malachi 3:1 - and Matthew 11:3 - Art Matthew 12:42 - behold Matthew 22:42 - The Son Luke 1:27 - General Luke 1:31 - thou Luke 2:7 - she Luke 7:19 - Art Luke 20:44 - how Luke 24:27 - and all Luke 24:44 - in the prophets John 1:45 - and the John 19:5 - Behold John 20:28 - My Lord Acts 2:30 - he Acts 10:36 - he is Acts 13:32 - how Acts 26:6 - the promise 2 Corinthians 1:20 - all Galatians 4:4 - of a Philippians 2:6 - in Colossians 2:9 - in 1 Timothy 2:15 - she Hebrews 1:8 - O God Hebrews 2:9 - Jesus Hebrews 2:14 - he also Hebrews 10:5 - but James 2:7 - worthy Revelation 12:5 - she

Verse 15

Butter: Connecting this verse with the preceding and following, we may render with Dr. Jubb and Lowth, "Behold the virgin (haalmah as the word uniformly signifies, Genesis 24:43, Exodus 2:8, Psalms 68:26, Proverbs 30:19, Song of Solomon 1:3, Song of Solomon 6:8) shall conceive and bear a son, and thou shalt call his name Immanuel; butter and honey shall he eat when he shall know to refuse the evil and choose the good. For," etc. Isaiah 7:22, Matthew 3:4

know: Psalms 51:5, Amos 5:15, Luke 1:35, Luke 2:40, Luke 2:52, Romans 12:9, Philippians 1:9, Philippians 1:10

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:39 - which in Deuteronomy 32:14 - Butter Job 20:17 - of honey Psalms 22:9 - thou didst Proverbs 24:13 - eat Proverbs 25:16 - Hast Song of Solomon 4:11 - honey Isaiah 8:4 - before Hebrews 5:14 - to discern

Verse 16

before: Deuteronomy 1:39, Jonah 4:11

the land: Isaiah 8:4, Isaiah 9:11, Isaiah 17:1-3, 2 Kings 15:29, 2 Kings 15:30, 2 Kings 16:9

Reciprocal: Isaiah 8:18 - I and the Isaiah 16:14 - three Isaiah 17:3 - fortress Isaiah 17:9 - General Philippians 1:10 - ye

Verse 17

bring upon: Isaiah 8:7, Isaiah 8:8, Isaiah 10:5, Isaiah 10:6, Isaiah 36:1 - Isaiah 37:38, 2 Kings 18:1 - 2 Kings 19:37, 2 Chronicles 28:19-21, 2 Chronicles 32:1-33, 2 Chronicles 33:11, 2 Chronicles 36:6-20, Nehemiah 9:32

the day: 1 Kings 12:16-19, 2 Chronicles 10:16-19

Reciprocal: Genesis 48:19 - I know it 1 Kings 12:19 - Israel 2 Kings 16:8 - to the king 2 Kings 17:21 - For he rent 2 Kings 18:13 - come up 2 Kings 19:17 - the kings 2 Kings 24:2 - the Lord 2 Chronicles 28:16 - did king Isaiah 7:2 - is confederate with Isaiah 7:18 - bee Isaiah 24:1 - maketh the Jeremiah 50:17 - first Hosea 5:3 - Ephraim Joel 1:2 - Hath Amos 3:11 - General Micah 1:15 - will

Verse 18

hiss: Isaiah 5:26

fly: Isaiah 30:1, Isaiah 30:2, Isaiah 31:1, Exodus 8:21, Exodus 8:24, Deuteronomy 1:44, Deuteronomy 7:20, Joshua 24:12, Psalms 118:12

bee: Isaiah 7:17, 2 Kings 23:33, 2 Kings 23:34

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 19:17 - the kings 2 Chronicles 32:1 - king of Assyria 2 Chronicles 33:11 - of the king Nehemiah 9:32 - since the time Psalms 105:31 - there Isaiah 18:3 - see ye Ezekiel 27:23 - Asshur Joel 2:11 - utter Zechariah 10:8 - hiss

Verse 19

in the holes: Isaiah 2:19, Isaiah 2:21, 2 Chronicles 33:11, Jeremiah 16:16, Micah 7:17

bushes: or, commendable trees

Verse 20

shave: Isaiah 10:6, 2 Kings 16:7, 2 Kings 16:8, 2 Chronicles 28:20, 2 Chronicles 28:21, Jeremiah 27:6, Jeremiah 27:7, Ezekiel 5:1-4, Ezekiel 29:18, Ezekiel 29:20

head: Isaiah 1:5, Isaiah 9:14-17, Isaiah 24:2

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 15:29 - carried them Jeremiah 4:26 - the fruitful Ezekiel 27:23 - Asshur Amos 6:14 - I will Nahum 1:12 - cut down

Verse 21

a man: Isaiah 7:25, Isaiah 5:17, Isaiah 17:2, Isaiah 37:30, Jeremiah 39:10

Reciprocal: Isaiah 14:30 - the poor Hosea 4:16 - as a lamb

Verse 22

butter and honey: Isaiah 7:15, 2 Samuel 17:29, Matthew 3:4

land: Heb. midst of the land

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:14 - Butter Job 20:17 - of honey Proverbs 25:16 - Hast Isaiah 5:17 - shall the lambs Isaiah 7:25 - but it Isaiah 14:30 - the poor 1 Corinthians 9:7 - eateth not of the milk

Verse 23

a thousand vines: Song of Solomon 8:11, Song of Solomon 8:12, Matthew 21:33

be for briers: Isaiah 5:6, Isaiah 32:12-14, Jeremiah 4:26, Hebrews 6:8

Reciprocal: Genesis 3:18 - Thorns Deuteronomy 8:8 - vines Job 31:40 - thistles Isaiah 17:2 - they shall Isaiah 32:10 - for Isaiah 32:13 - come Jeremiah 48:33 - caused Ezekiel 12:20 - General Hosea 2:12 - I will Hosea 9:6 - nettles Mark 12:1 - and let

Verse 24

Genesis 27:3

Reciprocal: Ezekiel 12:20 - General

Verse 25

but it: Isaiah 7:21, Isaiah 7:22, Isaiah 13:20-22, Isaiah 17:2, Zephaniah 2:6

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 34:6 - mattocks Isaiah 5:17 - shall the lambs Isaiah 27:10 - there shall the

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 7". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/isaiah-7.html.