Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jeremiah 28

Introduction

1Hananiah prophesies falsely the return of the vessels, and of Jeconiah.
5Jeremiah, wishing it to be true, shews that the event will declare the true prophets.
10Hananiah breaks Jeremiah's yoke.
12Jeremiah tells of an iron yoke;
15and foretells Hananiah's death.

Verse 1

And it came to pass the same year, in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the fourth year, and in the fifth month, that Hananiah the son of Azur the prophet, which was of Gibeon, spake unto me in the house of the LORD, in the presence of the priests and of all the people, saying,
the same
27:1
Hananiah
11; 36:12; 37:13
the prophet
23:28; Isaiah 9:15; Zechariah 13:2-4
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 18:22 - speaketh;  1 Kings 22:6 - Go up;  2 Chronicles 18:5 - Go up;  2 Chronicles 36:12 - before Jeremiah;  Nehemiah 6:14 - on the prophetess;  Jeremiah 1:3 - unto the end;  Jeremiah 27:12 - Zedekiah;  Jeremiah 28:5 - the house;  Jeremiah 29:15 - GeneralJeremiah 37:19 - your;  Ezekiel 13:16 - see visions;  Hosea 7:3 - GeneralActs 13:8 - withstood;  Romans 16:18 - by;  2 Timothy 3:8 - resist

Verse 2

Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying, I have broken the yoke of the king of Babylon.
I
27:2-12; Ezekiel 13:5-16; Micah 3:11
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:5 - God;  1 Samuel 18:10 - and he prophesied;  1 Kings 22:11 - Thus saith;  2 Chronicles 18:10 - Thus;  Proverbs 27:14 - He that;  Jeremiah 14:13 - behold;  Jeremiah 28:4 - I will break;  Jeremiah 28:10 - took;  Jeremiah 28:11 - Even;  Ezekiel 13:6 - saying;  Ezekiel 22:28 - Thus saith the Lord;  Micah 2:11 - a man

Verse 3

Within two full years will I bring again into this place all the vessels of the LORD'S house, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took away from this place, and carried them to Babylon:
two full years
Heb. two years of days.
Genesis 47:9,28; Psalms 90:10
all the
27:16-22
that
2 Kings 24:13; 2 Chronicles 36:10; Daniel 1:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:5 - God;  1 Kings 22:11 - Thus saith;  2 Chronicles 4:19 - all the vessels;  2 Chronicles 18:10 - Thus;  2 Chronicles 36:7 - the vessels;  Ezra 1:7 - Nebuchadnezzar;  Jeremiah 5:13 - the prophets;  Jeremiah 6:14 - Peace;  Jeremiah 8:11 - they;  Jeremiah 23:17 - Ye;  Jeremiah 28:6 - the Lord perform;  Jeremiah 28:16 - this year;  Micah 2:11 - a man

Verse 4

And I will bring again to this place Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah, with all the captives of Judah, that went into Babylon, saith the LORD: for I will break the yoke of the king of Babylon.
I will bring
This was doubtless grateful news to the people, who looked upon Zedekiah only as Nebuchadnezzar's deputy. Hananiah seems to have been more desirous of popular than regal favour; for this prediction could not be altogether agreeable to Zedekiah. But he was evidently a weak as well as a wicked prince, and very generally despised.
Jeconiah
22:24,28; 24:1; 52:31-34; 2 Kings 25:27-30
Jehoiachin
captives. Heb. captivity.
24:5; *marg:
I will break
2,10; 2:20; 30:8; Genesis 27:40; Isaiah 9:4; Nahum 1:13
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 24:13 - and cut;  Jeremiah 5:12 - neither;  Jeremiah 29:1 - the elders;  Jeremiah 29:2 - Jeconiah;  Zechariah 10:2 - they comfort

Verse 5

Then the prophet Jeremiah said unto the prophet Hananiah in the presence of the priests, and in the presence of all the people that stood in the house of the LORD,
the house
1; 7:2; 19:14; 26:2

Verse 6

Even the prophet Jeremiah said, Amen: the LORD do so: the LORD perform thy words which thou hast prophesied, to bring again the vessels of the LORD'S house, and all that is carried away captive, from Babylon into this place.
Amen
Numbers 5:22; Deuteronomy 27:15-26; 1 Kings 1:36; 1 Chronicles 16:36; Psalms 41:13; 72:19; 89:52; Psalms 106:48; Matthew 6:13; 28:20; 1 Corinthians 14:16; 2 Corinthians 1:20; Revelation 1:18; 3:14; 5:14; Revelation 19:4; 22:20,21
the Lord perform
3; 11:5; 17:16; 18:20
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 18:29 - prophesied;  2 Kings 24:13 - and cut;  Nehemiah 8:6 - Amen;  Romans 9:5 - Amen;  1 Corinthians 4:8 - ye did

Verse 7

Nevertheless hear thou now this word that I speak in thine ears, and in the ears of all the people;
1 Kings 22:28

Verse 8

The prophets that have been before me and before thee of old prophesied both against many countries, and against great kingdoms, of war, and of evil, and of pestilence.
The prophets
As Hosea, Joel, Amos, Isaiah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, and others, all of whom had denounced similar evils against a corrupt people. So that they who opposed Jeremiah also opposed those who preceded him; and it was altogether unprecedented for a true prophet to promise deliverance to a guilty nation, without calling them to repentance.
prophesied
Leviticus 26:14-46; Deuteronomy 4:26,27; 28:15-68; 29:18-28; 31:16,17; 32:15-44; 1 Samuel 2:27-32; 3:11-14; 1 Kings 14:7-15; 17:1; 21:18-24; 22:8; Isaiah 5:1-8; Isaiah 6:9-12; 13:18; 24:1-23; Joel 1:2-20; 3:1-11; Micah 3:8-12; Nahum 1:1-3; Amos 1:2
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 22:28 - If thou return;  Jeremiah 20:8 - I cried;  Jeremiah 36:29 - The king

Verse 9

The prophet which prophesieth of peace, when the word of the prophet shall come to pass, then shall the prophet be known, that the LORD hath truly sent him.
which
4:10; 6:14; 8:11; 14:13; Ezekiel 13:10,16
then
Deuteronomy 18:22; Ezekiel 13:10-16
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 13:2 - General1 Kings 22:28 - If thou return;  Isaiah 44:25 - frustrateth;  Ezekiel 33:33 - when;  Zechariah 2:9 - and ye;  Malachi 2:4 - ye

Verse 10

Then Hananiah the prophet took the yoke from off the prophet Jeremiah's neck, and brake it.
took
2,4; 27:2; 36:23,24; 1 Kings 22:11,24,25; Malachi 3:13
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 18:10 - horns of iron;  Nehemiah 6:14 - on the prophetess;  Jeremiah 30:8 - I;  Jeremiah 37:19 - your;  Amos 7:11 - thus;  Acts 13:8 - withstood

Verse 11

And Hananiah spake in the presence of all the people, saying, Thus saith the LORD; Even so will I break the yoke of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon from the neck of all nations within the space of two full years. And the prophet Jeremiah went his way.
Thus
23:17; 29:9; 1 Kings 13:18; 22:6,11,12; 2 Chronicles 18:10,22,23; Proverbs 14:7; Ezekiel 13:7
Even
2-4; 27:2-12
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 18:10 - and he prophesied;  1 Kings 22:24 - Which way;  Jeremiah 28:1 - Hananiah;  Jeremiah 28:15 - The Lord;  Amos 7:11 - thus;  Acts 13:8 - withstood

Verse 12

Then the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah the prophet, after that Hananiah the prophet had broken the yoke from off the neck of the prophet Jeremiah, saying,
1:2; 29:30; 2 Kings 20:4; 1 Chronicles 17:3; Daniel 9:2
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 13:2 - prophesy against;  Amos 7:17 - Thy wife

Verse 13

Go and tell Hananiah, saying, Thus saith the LORD; Thou hast broken the yokes of wood; but thou shalt make for them yokes of iron.
Thou hast
27:15; Psalms 149:8; Lamentations 2:14
thou shalt
By encouraging an unavailing resistance to Nebuchadnezzar.
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:48 - a yoke;  1 Kings 12:11 - I will add;  2 Chronicles 10:11 - I will put;  Jeremiah 14:14 - The prophets;  Jeremiah 30:8 - I;  Jeremiah 36:28 - General

Verse 14

For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; I have put a yoke of iron upon the neck of all these nations, that they may serve Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; and they shall serve him: and I have given him the beasts of the field also.
I have put
27:4,7; 40:4; Deuteronomy 4:20; 28:48; Isaiah 14:4-6
that they
25:9-26; Revelation 17:12,13
and I
27:6,7; Daniel 2:38
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 12:11 - I will add;  2 Chronicles 10:11 - I will put;  Jeremiah 36:28 - GeneralJeremiah 37:13 - Thou;  Lamentations 1:14 - yoke;  Lamentations 5:5 - Our necks are under persecution;  Daniel 2:37 - the God

Verse 15

Then said the prophet Jeremiah unto Hananiah the prophet, Hear now, Hananiah; The LORD hath not sent thee; but thou makest this people to trust in a lie.
The Lord
This was a bold speech, in the presence of those priests and people who were prejudiced in favour of the false prophets, who prophesied to them smooth things.
11; 14:14,15; 23:21; 27:15; 29:23,31,32; 1 Kings 22:23; Ezekiel 13:2,3,22; Ezekiel 22:28; Lamentations 2:14; Zechariah 13:3
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 13:5 - prophet;  Deuteronomy 18:20 - in the name;  Deuteronomy 18:22 - presumptuously;  Deuteronomy 29:19 - that he bless;  1 Kings 13:18 - But;  Nehemiah 6:12 - God had;  Nehemiah 6:14 - on the prophetess;  Proverbs 19:9 - and;  Isaiah 5:18 - draw;  Isaiah 9:15 - the prophet;  Isaiah 28:15 - we have made;  Jeremiah 5:12 - have belied;  Jeremiah 5:14 - I will make;  Jeremiah 7:4 - Trust;  Jeremiah 20:6 - Pashur;  Jeremiah 23:32 - to err;  Jeremiah 27:14 - they;  Jeremiah 29:8 - Let;  Ezekiel 11:13 - when;  Ezekiel 13:6 - saying;  Ezekiel 13:9 - mine;  Amos 2:4 - and their;  Amos 7:16 - hear;  Amos 8:4 - Hear;  Micah 2:11 - a man;  Micah 3:5 - concerning;  Zechariah 10:2 - they comfort;  Malachi 2:9 - before;  Matthew 7:15 - false;  John 10:1 - He;  Romans 16:18 - by;  2 Corinthians 11:15 - whose;  2 Timothy 3:9 - their;  2 Peter 2:1 - there were

Verse 16

Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will cast thee from off the face of the earth: this year thou shalt die, because thou hast taught rebellion against the LORD.
I will
Genesis 7:4; Exodus 32:12; Deuteronomy 6:15; 1 Kings 13:34; Amos 9:8
this year
3; 20:6; Numbers 14:37; 16:28-35; 29:32; Deuteronomy 13:5-11
because
Ezekiel 13:11,12; Acts 13:8-11
rebellion
Heb. revolt.
29:32; Deuteronomy 13:5; *margins
Reciprocal: Genesis 39:9 - sin;  Exodus 9:5 - a set time;  1 Samuel 15:23 - rebellion;  1 Samuel 28:19 - and to morrow;  1 Kings 13:5 - General1 Kings 13:18 - But;  1 Kings 22:25 - Behold;  2 Kings 2:24 - cursed them;  2 Chronicles 6:23 - requiting;  2 Chronicles 18:24 - Behold;  Isaiah 5:18 - draw;  Isaiah 9:15 - the prophet;  Jeremiah 27:10 - they;  Jeremiah 27:15 - ye;  Ezekiel 13:22 - and strengthened;  Amos 2:4 - and their;  Amos 7:17 - Thy wife;  Malachi 2:9 - before;  James 3:6 - a world

Verse 17

So Hananiah the prophet died the same year in the seventh month.
Hananiah
Isaiah 44:25,26; Zechariah 1:6
the seventh month
The prophecy was delivered in the fifth month, (ver. 1,) and Hananiah died in the seventh month; exactly two months after he had delivered his false prophecy, which he declared, in the name of God, would be fulfilled in two years. Here then the true prophet was demonstrated, and the false prophet detected. The death of Hananiah, thus predicted, was God's seal to the words of His prophet, and must have gained his other predictions great credit among the people; though it is evident that it did not induce them to forsake their sins and return to the God of Israel. Reciprocal: Exodus 9:5 - a set time;  Numbers 14:37 - died;  1 Samuel 28:19 - and to morrow;  1 Kings 13:5 - General1 Kings 22:25 - Behold;  2 Chronicles 6:23 - requiting;  2 Chronicles 18:24 - Behold;  Jeremiah 27:15 - ye

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 28". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/jeremiah-28.html.