Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jeremiah 36

Introduction

1Jeremiah causes Baruch to write his prophesy,
5and publicly to read it.
11The princes, having intelligence thereof by Michaiah, send Jehudi to fetch the roll and read it.
19They will Baruch to hide himself and Jeremiah.
20The king, Jehoiakim, being certified thereof, hears part of it, and burns the roll.
27Jeremiah denounces his judgment.
32Baruch writes a new copy.

Verse 1

And it came to pass in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that this word came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, saying,
25:1; 35:1; 2 Kings 24:1,2
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 36:5 - Jehoiakim;  Jeremiah 26:1 - GeneralJeremiah 36:9 - in the fifth;  Jeremiah 39:15 - while;  Jeremiah 45:1 - when;  Jeremiah 46:2 - in the;  Ezekiel 19:6 - he went;  Zechariah 5:1 - roll

Verse 2

Take thee a roll of a book, and write therein all the words that I have spoken unto thee against Israel, and against Judah, and against all the nations, from the day I spake unto thee, from the days of Josiah, even unto this day.
a roll
6,23,29; 30:2; 45:1; 51:60; Exodus 17:14; Deuteronomy 31:24; Ezra 6:2; Job 31:35; Psalms 40:7; Isaiah 8:1; 30:8,9; Ezekiel 2:9; 3:1-3; Habakkuk 2:2,3; Zechariah 5:1-4; Revelation 5:1-9
write
30:2; Hosea 8:12
against Israel
2:4; 3:3-10; 23:13,14; 32:30-35; 2 Kings 17:18-20
against all
1:5,10; 25:9-29; 47:1-51
from the days
1:2,3; 25:3
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 21:12 - a writing;  Ezra 6:1 - rolls;  Jeremiah 36:14 - took;  Jeremiah 36:18 - He;  Ezekiel 2:3 - I send;  Zechariah 1:4 - unto;  Zechariah 7:7 - cried

Verse 3

It may be that the house of Judah will hear all the evil which I purpose to do unto them; that they may return every man from his evil way; that I may forgive their iniquity and their sin.
may be
7; 18:8; 26:3; Deuteronomy 5:29; Ezekiel 12:3; Zephaniah 2:3; Luke 20:13; 2 Timothy 2:25,26; 2 Peter 3:9
hear
Ezekiel 18:27,28; 33:7-9,14-16; Matthew 3:7-9; Luke 3:7-9
they may
18:8,11; 23:14; 24:7; 35:15; Deuteronomy 30:2,8; 1 Samuel 7:3; 1 Kings 8:48-50; 2 Chronicles 6:38,39; Nehemiah 1:9; Isaiah 55:6,7; Ezekiel 18:23; Jonah 3:8-10; Acts 26:20
that I
Isaiah 6:10; Matthew 13:15; Mark 4:12; Acts 3:19; 26:18; 28:27
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 4:1 - then shalt;  Jeremiah 8:4 - turn;  Jeremiah 23:22 - then;  Jeremiah 26:13 - amend;  Zephaniah 3:7 - Surely;  Zechariah 1:4 - unto;  Zechariah 7:7 - cried;  Matthew 3:8 - meet;  Matthew 21:37 - They;  Revelation 2:22 - except

Verse 4

Then Jeremiah called Baruch the son of Neriah: and Baruch wrote from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the LORD, which he had spoken unto him, upon a roll of a book.
Baruch
26; 32:12; 43:3
wrote
Baruch is supposed to have been a disciple of Jeremiah; and being a ready scribe, he was employed by the prophet as his amanuensis.
17,18,32; 45:1,2; Romans 16:22
upon
21,23,28,32; Isaiah 8:1; Ezekiel 2:9; Zechariah 5:1
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 36:8 - did;  Jeremiah 51:59 - Neriah

Verse 5

And Jeremiah commanded Baruch, saying, I am shut up; I cannot go into the house of the LORD:
20:2; 32:2; 33:1; 37:15; 38:6,28; 40:4; 2 Corinthians 11:23; Ephesians 3:1; 6:20; 2 Timothy 2:9; Hebrews 11:36
Reciprocal: Numbers 11:25 - they prophesied;  Numbers 11:26 - went not out;  Nehemiah 6:10 - shut up;  Jeremiah 32:12 - Baruch;  Jeremiah 36:26 - but

Verse 6

Therefore go thou, and read in the roll, which thou hast written from my mouth, the words of the LORD in the ears of the people in the LORD'S house upon the fasting day: and also thou shalt read them in the ears of all Judah that come out of their cities.
and read
8; Ezekiel 2:3-7
the words
7:2; 18:11; 19:14; 22:2; 26:2
upon
9; Leviticus 16:29-31; 23:27-32; Acts 27:9
Reciprocal: Numbers 11:25 - they prophesied;  2 Kings 22:10 - Shaphan;  Jeremiah 17:19 - GeneralJeremiah 22:19 - GeneralJeremiah 36:2 - a roll;  Jeremiah 36:10 - Then;  Hebrews 11:36 - bonds

Verse 7

It may be they will present their supplication before the LORD, and will return every one from his evil way: for great is the anger and the fury that the LORD hath pronounced against this people.
It may
3; 1 Kings 8:33-36; 2 Chronicles 33:12,13; Daniel 9:13; Hosea 5:15; 6:1; 14:1-3
they will present their supplication
Heb. their supplication shall fall. and will.
1:3; 25:5; Jonah 3:8; Zechariah 1:4
for
4:4; 16:10; 19:15; 21:5; Deuteronomy 28:15-68; 29:18-28; 2 Kings 22:13,17; 2 Chronicles 34:21; Lamentations 4:11; Ezekiel 5:13; 8:18; 13:13; 20:33; 22:20; 24:8-13
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 11:17 - pronounced;  Jeremiah 18:11 - return;  Jeremiah 21:12 - lest;  Jeremiah 37:20 - be accepted before;  Jeremiah 42:2 - be accepted before thee;  Jeremiah 44:6 - my fury;  Lamentations 2:4 - he poured;  Ezekiel 12:3 - it may;  Daniel 9:18 - present;  Nahum 1:2 - is furious;  Luke 20:13 - it may

Verse 8

And Baruch the son of Neriah did according to all that Jeremiah the prophet commanded him, reading in the book the words of the LORD in the LORD'S house.
did
4; 1:17; Matthew 16:24; 1 Corinthians 16:10; Philippians 2:19-22
in the
Nehemiah 8:3; Luke 4:16-30
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 15:1 - GeneralJeremiah 36:6 - and read;  Jeremiah 36:10 - Then;  Jeremiah 45:1 - when

Verse 9

And it came to pass in the fifth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, in the ninth month, that they proclaimed a fast before the LORD to all the people in Jerusalem, and to all the people that came from the cities of Judah unto Jerusalem.
A. M. 3398. B.C. 606. in the fifth
they
Leviticus 23:27; 2 Chronicles 20:3; Nehemiah 9:1; Esther 4:16; Isaiah 58:1-3; Joel 1:13; 2:12-17; Jonah 3:5; Zechariah 7:5,6; 8:19
came
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 35:1 - in the;  Jeremiah 45:1 - in the;  Joel 2:15 - sanctify

Verse 10

Then read Baruch in the book the words of Jeremiah in the house of the LORD, in the chamber of Gemariah the son of Shaphan the scribe, in the higher court, at the entry of the new gate of the LORD'S house, in the ears of all the people.
Then
6,8
in the chamber
35:4
Gemariah
11,25
Shaphan
11; 26:24; 29:3
the scribe
52:25; 2 Samuel 8:17; 20:25; 2 Kings 18:37
entry
or, door.
26:10; 2 Kings 15:35
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 22:9 - Shaphan;  2 Chronicles 34:8 - sent Shaphan;  Jeremiah 7:2 - Stand;  Jeremiah 17:19 - GeneralJeremiah 36:12 - Gemariah;  Jeremiah 43:3 - Baruch;  Ezekiel 8:11 - Shaphan;  Ezekiel 40:29 - the little;  Acts 5:20 - stand

Verse 11

When Michaiah the son of Gemariah, the son of Shaphan, had heard out of the book all the words of the LORD,
Shaphan
10; 2 Kings 22:12-14; 25:22; 2 Chronicles 34:20
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 36:12 - Gemariah

Verse 12

Then he went down into the king's house, into the scribe's chamber: and, lo, all the princes sat there, even Elishama the scribe, and Delaiah the son of Shemaiah, and Elnathan the son of Achbor, and Gemariah the son of Shaphan, and Zedekiah the son of Hananiah, and all the princes.
Elishama
20,21; 41:1
Elnathan
25; 26:22; 2 Kings 22:12,14; 24:8
Gemariah
10,11; 2 Kings 22:3,12
Hananiah
28:1-17
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 26:10 - the princes;  Jeremiah 34:10 - when;  Jeremiah 37:13 - Hananiah;  Jeremiah 38:4 - the princes

Verse 13

Then Michaiah declared unto them all the words that he had heard, when Baruch read the book in the ears of the people.
2 Kings 22:10,19; 2 Chronicles 34:16-18,24; Jonah 3:6

Verse 14

Therefore all the princes sent Jehudi the son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi, unto Baruch, saying, Take in thine hand the roll wherein thou hast read in the ears of the people, and come. So Baruch the son of Neriah took the roll in his hand, and came unto them.
Nethaniah
40:8; 41:1,2,16,18; 2 Kings 25:23
Cushi
Zephaniah 1:1
took
2; Ezekiel 2:6,7; Matthew 10:16,28
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 36:21 - Jehudi;  Jeremiah 45:1 - when

Verse 15

And they said unto him, Sit down now, and read it in our ears. So Baruch read it in their ears.
and read
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 22:10 - Shaphan

Verse 16

Now it came to pass, when they had heard all the words, they were afraid both one and other, and said unto Baruch, We will surely tell the king of all these words.
they were
24; Acts 24:25,26
We
13:18; 38:1-4; Amos 7:10,11
Reciprocal: Isaiah 66:5 - ye that;  Jeremiah 32:12 - Baruch

Verse 17

And they asked Baruch, saying, Tell us now, How didst thou write all these words at his mouth?
Tell
John 9:10,11,15,26,27
Reciprocal: Proverbs 26:5 - a fool;  Jeremiah 36:4 - wrote

Verse 18

Then Baruch answered them, He pronounced all these words unto me with his mouth, and I wrote them with ink in the book.
He
2,4; 43:2,3; Proverbs 26:4,5
with ink
Baddeyo is rendered by some, after him; but deyo (in Chaldee and Syriac deyootha, and in Welsh du,) certainly denotes ink; whence are derived the Arabic dawat and deweet, and Persian deeveet, an ink-holder; the Syriac dayowo, and Persian div, the devil. So the Alexandrian copy of the LXX. has [en melani] and Vulgate atramento, "with ink." Perhaps the princes supposed that Baruch had written this roll from memory; and that it was rather to be considered as his composition, than the substance of Jeremiah's prophecies; and they might ask this apparently frivolous question in order to allay the alarms excited by considering it as the word of God. But Baruch, with great simplicity, so answered their question, as to shew that he only acted as Jeremiah's amanuensis, and wrote verbatim what he had dictated.
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 36:32 - who

Verse 19

Then said the princes unto Baruch, Go, hide thee, thou and Jeremiah; and let no man know where ye be.
26; 26:20-24; 1 Kings 17:3; 18:4,10; 2 Chronicles 25:15; Proverbs 28:12; Amos 7:12; Luke 13:31; Acts 5:40; 23:16-22
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 26:16 - GeneralZechariah 7:14 - scattered

Verse 20

And they went in to the king into the court, but they laid up the roll in the chamber of Elishama the scribe, and told all the words in the ears of the king.
12,21
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 9:37 - the carcase;  2 Chronicles 34:16 - Shaphan;  2 Chronicles 34:18 - And Shaphan read;  Ezra 6:1 - rolls;  Jeremiah 41:1 - Elishama;  Zechariah 5:1 - roll

Verse 21

So the king sent Jehudi to fetch the roll: and he took it out of Elishama the scribe's chamber. And Jehudi read it in the ears of the king, and in the ears of all the princes which stood beside the king.
Jehudi
And Jehudi
15; 23:28; 26:2; 2 Kings 22:10; 2 Chronicles 34:18; Ezekiel 2:4,5
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 34:16 - Shaphan;  Jeremiah 22:21 - I spake;  Jeremiah 34:14 - but;  Jeremiah 36:4 - upon;  Jeremiah 36:12 - Elishama;  Jeremiah 36:20 - GeneralJeremiah 52:2 - according;  Habakkuk 3:2 - I have

Verse 22

Now the king sat in the winterhouse in the ninth month: and there was a fire on the hearth burning before him.
22:14-16; 3:20; Amos 3:15
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 34:19 - that he rent

Verse 23

And it came to pass, that when Jehudi had read three or four leaves, he cut it with the penknife, and cast it into the fire that was on the hearth, until all the roll was consumed in the fire that was on the hearth.
he cut
29-31; Deuteronomy 29:19-21; 1 Kings 22:8,27; Psalms 50:17; Proverbs 1:30; 5:12; 13:13; Proverbs 19:21; 21:30; 29:1; Isaiah 5:18,19; 28:14,15,17-22; Revelation 22:19
Reciprocal: Numbers 25:6 - in the sight of Moses;  2 Kings 23:37 - he did;  2 Chronicles 21:12 - a writing;  2 Chronicles 34:27 - didst rend;  Psalm 119:161 - my heart;  Isaiah 66:5 - ye that;  Jeremiah 2:19 - and that my;  Jeremiah 28:10 - took;  Jeremiah 36:4 - upon;  Jeremiah 36:27 - GeneralMicah 2:3 - go;  Zechariah 1:4 - but;  Mark 14:63 - his

Verse 24

Yet they were not afraid, nor rent their garments, neither the king, nor any of his servants that heard all these words.
they
16; Job 15:4; Psalms 36:1; 64:5; Isaiah 26:11; Romans 3:18
nor rent
5:3; 1 Kings 21:27; 2 Kings 19:1,2; 22:11-19; 2 Chronicles 34:19-31; Isaiah 36:22; 37:1; Jonah 3:6; Matthew 12:41
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:34 - GeneralExodus 7:23 - neither;  Leviticus 13:45 - his clothes;  2 Kings 5:7 - that he rent;  2 Kings 18:37 - with their clothes rent;  2 Kings 22:19 - thine heart;  2 Chronicles 34:27 - didst rend;  Ezra 9:3 - rent;  Ecclesiastes 3:7 - time to rend;  Jeremiah 2:19 - and that my;  Jeremiah 28:10 - took;  Jeremiah 34:10 - when;  Jeremiah 44:10 - neither;  Zechariah 1:4 - but;  Matthew 26:65 - the high priest;  Mark 14:63 - his;  Acts 14:14 - they

Verse 25

Nevertheless Elnathan and Delaiah and Gemariah had made intercession to the king that he would not burn the roll: but he would not hear them.
Elnathan
12; 26:22
made
13:15-17; Genesis 37:22,26-28; Matthew 27:4,24,25; Acts 5:34-39
but
Proverbs 21:29
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 26:10 - the princes;  Jeremiah 26:16 - GeneralJeremiah 29:3 - Gemariah;  Jeremiah 34:10 - when;  Jeremiah 36:10 - Gemariah

Verse 26

But the king commanded Jerahmeel the son of Hammelech, and Seraiah the son of Azriel, and Shelemiah the son of Abdeel, to take Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet: but the LORD hid them.
Hammelech
or, the king. to take.
2:30; 26:21-23; 1 Kings 19:1-3,10,14; Matthew 23:34-37; 26:47-50; John 7:32; 8:20; 11:57
but
5,19; 1:19; 15:20,21; 1 Kings 17:3,9; 18:4,10-12; 2 Kings 6:18-20; Psalms 27:5; 32:7; 57:1; 64:2; 91:1; 121:8; Isaiah 26:20; John 8:59; Acts 12:11
Reciprocal: Joshua 2:6 - hid them;  1 Samuel 23:14 - but God;  2 Kings 6:13 - spy where;  Proverbs 28:12 - but;  Jeremiah 12:5 - canst;  Jeremiah 20:2 - smote;  Jeremiah 32:12 - Baruch;  Jeremiah 36:4 - Baruch;  Jeremiah 38:6 - Hammelech;  Jeremiah 43:3 - Baruch;  Jeremiah 45:1 - when;  Acts 12:19 - sought for him;  Hebrews 11:5 - and was

Verse 27

Jeremiah href="/desk/?q=jer+36:23&sr=1">Jeremiah 36:23

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 36:5 - Jehoiakim;  Jeremiah 1:18 - against;  Amos 7:17 - and Israel;  Habakkuk 2:2 - Write;  Zechariah 5:1 - roll

Verse 28

Take thee again another roll, and write in it all the former words that were in the first roll, which Jehoiakim the king of Judah hath burned.
28:13,14; 44:28; Job 23:13; Zechariah 1:5,6; Matthew 24:35; 2 Timothy 2:13
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 21:12 - a writing;  Isaiah 8:1 - Take thee;  Isaiah 30:8 - write;  Jeremiah 36:4 - upon;  Jeremiah 36:32 - took

Verse 29

And thou shalt say to Jehoiakim king of Judah, Thus saith the LORD; Thou hast burned this roll, saying, Why hast thou written therein, saying, The king of Babylon shall certainly come and destroy this land, and shall cause to cease from thence man and beast?
Thou hast
Deuteronomy 29:19; Job 15:24; 40:8; Isaiah 45:9; Acts 5:39; 1 Corinthians 10:22
Why
26:9; 32:3; Isaiah 29:21; 30:10; Acts 5:28
The king
21:4-7,10; 28:8; 32:28-30; 34:21,22
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 22:19 - thine heart;  Ezra 6:1 - rolls;  Jeremiah 21:6 - I will;  Jeremiah 33:12 - without;  Jeremiah 35:1 - in the;  Jeremiah 36:2 - a roll;  Jeremiah 36:23 - he cut;  Jeremiah 52:2 - according;  Ezekiel 2:10 - lamentations;  Ezekiel 14:13 - and will cut;  Zephaniah 1:2 - I will

Verse 30

Therefore thus saith the LORD of Jehoiakim king of Judah; He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David: and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the frost.
He shall
22:30; 2 Kings 24:12-15
and his
22:18; Genesis 31:40
in the
Sir J. Chardin observes, "In the Lower Asia, in particular, the day is always hot; and as soon as the sun is fifteen degrees above the horizon, no cold is felt in the depth of winter itself. On the contrary, in the height of summer the nights are as cold as at Paris in the month of March. It is for this reason that in Persia and Turkey they always make use of furred habits in the country, such only being sufficient to resist the cold of the nights. I have travelled in Arabia, and in Mesopotamia, (the theatre of the adventures of Jacob,) both in winter and in summer, and have found the truth of what the Patriarch said, "That he was scorched with the heat in the day, and stiffened with cold in the night." (Ge 31:40.) This contrariety in the qualities of the air in twenty-four hours is extremely great in some places, and not conceivable by those that have not felt it; one would imagine that he had passed in a moment from the violent heats of summer to the depth of winter. Thus it had pleased God to temper the heat of the sun by the coldness of night, without which the greatest part of the East would be barren, and a desert."
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 9:35 - but they found;  2 Kings 24:6 - slept;  Ecclesiastes 6:3 - and also;  Jeremiah 8:2 - they shall be;  Jeremiah 16:4 - neither;  Jeremiah 22:2 - that sittest;  Jeremiah 22:19 - GeneralJeremiah 26:23 - and cast;  Ezekiel 19:9 - and brought

Verse 31

And I will punish him and his seed and his servants for their iniquity; and I will bring upon them, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and upon the men of Judah, all the evil that I have pronounced against them; but they hearkened not.
punish
Heb. visit upon.
23:34; *marg:
will bring
11:8; 17:18; 19:15; 29:17-19; 35:17; 44:4-14; Leviticus 26:14; Deuteronomy 28:15-68; Proverbs 29:1
but
Matthew 23:37
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 23:37 - he did;  2 Chronicles 34:24 - I will bring;  Jeremiah 11:11 - I will bring;  Jeremiah 23:39 - and I;  Jeremiah 25:4 - ye;  Jeremiah 39:16 - Behold;  Ezekiel 19:9 - and brought;  Habakkuk 2:10 - consulted;  Zechariah 7:11 - they refused

Verse 32

Then took Jeremiah another roll, and gave it to Baruch the scribe, the son of Neriah; who wrote therein from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the book which Jehoiakim king of Judah had burned in the fire: and there were added besides unto them many like words.
took
who
4,18; Exodus 4:15,16; Romans 16:22
there
Leviticus 26:18,21,24,28; Daniel 3:19; Revelation 22:18
like words
Heb. words as they. Reciprocal: 2 Kings 24:5 - the rest;  Ezra 6:1 - rolls;  Isaiah 8:1 - Take thee;  Isaiah 31:2 - will not;  Jeremiah 1:3 - It came also;  Jeremiah 30:2 - GeneralJeremiah 45:1 - when;  Jeremiah 51:60 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 36". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/jeremiah-36.html.