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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jeremiah 36

Introduction

Overview

Jeremiah 36:1, Jeremiah causes Baruch to write his prophesy, v.5, and publicly to read it; v.11, The princes, having intelligence thereof by Michaiah, send Jehudi to fetch the roll and read it; v.19, They will Baruch to hide himself and Jeremiah; v.20, The king, Jehoiakim, being certified thereof, hears part of it, and burns the roll; v.27, Jeremiah denounces his judgment; v.32, Baruch writes a new copy.

Verse 1

Jeremiah 25:1, Jeremiah 35:1, 2 Kings 24:1, 2 Kings 24:2

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 36:5 - Jehoiakim Jeremiah 26:1 - General Jeremiah 36:9 - in the fifth Jeremiah 39:15 - while Jeremiah 45:1 - when Jeremiah 46:2 - in the Ezekiel 19:6 - he went Zechariah 5:1 - roll

Verse 2

a roll: Jeremiah 36:6, Jeremiah 36:23, Jeremiah 36:29, Jeremiah 30:2, Jeremiah 45:1, Jeremiah 51:60, Exodus 17:14, Deuteronomy 31:24, Ezra 6:2, Job 31:35, Psalms 40:7, Isaiah 8:1, Isaiah 30:8, Isaiah 30:9, Ezekiel 2:9, Ezekiel 3:1-Leviticus :, Habakkuk 2:2, Habakkuk 2:3, Zechariah 5:1-Numbers :, Revelation 5:1-1 Samuel :

write: Jeremiah 30:2, Hosea 8:12

against Israel: Jeremiah 2:4, Jeremiah 3:3-2 Samuel :, Jeremiah 23:13, Jeremiah 23:14, Jeremiah 32:30-Habakkuk :, 2 Kings 17:18-Proverbs :

against all: Jeremiah 1:5, Jeremiah 1:10, Jeremiah 25:9-Joel :, Jeremiah 47:1 - Jeremiah 51:64

from the day: Jeremiah 1:2, Jeremiah 1:3, Jeremiah 25:3

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 21:12 - a writing Ezra 6:1 - rolls Jeremiah 36:14 - took Jeremiah 36:18 - He Ezekiel 2:3 - I send Zechariah 1:4 - unto Zechariah 7:7 - cried

Verse 3

may be: Jeremiah 36:7, Jeremiah 18:8, Jeremiah 26:3, Deuteronomy 5:29, Ezekiel 12:3, Zephaniah 2:3, Luke 20:13, 2 Timothy 2:25, 2 Timothy 2:26, 2 Peter 3:9

hear: Ezekiel 18:27, Ezekiel 18:28, Ezekiel 33:7-1 Samuel :, Ezekiel 33:14-Nehemiah :, Matthew 3:7-1 Samuel :, Luke 3:7-1 Samuel :

they may: Jeremiah 18:8, Jeremiah 18:11, Jeremiah 23:14, Jeremiah 24:7, Jeremiah 35:15, Deuteronomy 30:2, Deuteronomy 30:8, 1 Samuel 7:3, 1 Kings 8:48-Philippians :, 2 Chronicles 6:38, 2 Chronicles 6:39, Nehemiah 1:9, Isaiah 55:6, Isaiah 55:7, Ezekiel 18:23, Jonah 3:8-2 Samuel :, Acts 26:20

that I: Isaiah 6:10, Matthew 13:15, Mark 4:12, Acts 3:19, Acts 26:18, Acts 28:27

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 4:1 - then shalt Jeremiah 8:4 - turn Jeremiah 23:22 - then Jeremiah 26:13 - amend Zephaniah 3:7 - Surely Zechariah 1:4 - unto Zechariah 7:7 - cried Matthew 3:8 - meet Matthew 21:37 - They Revelation 2:22 - except

Verse 4

Baruch: Jeremiah 36:26, Jeremiah 32:12, Jeremiah 43:3

wrote: Baruch is supposed to have been a disciple of Jeremiah; and being a ready scribe, he was employed by the prophet as his amanuensis. Jeremiah 36:17, Jeremiah 36:18, Jeremiah 36:32, Jeremiah 45:1, Jeremiah 45:2, Romans 16:22

upon: Jeremiah 36:21, Jeremiah 36:23, Jeremiah 36:28, Jeremiah 36:32, Isaiah 8:1, Ezekiel 2:9, Zechariah 5:1

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 36:8 - did Jeremiah 51:59 - Neriah

Verse 5

Jeremiah 20:2, Jeremiah 32:2, Jeremiah 33:1, Jeremiah 37:15, Jeremiah 38:6, Jeremiah 38:28, Jeremiah 40:4, 2 Corinthians 11:23, Ephesians 3:1, Ephesians 6:20, 2 Timothy 2:9, Hebrews 11:36

Reciprocal: Numbers 11:25 - they prophesied Numbers 11:26 - went not out Nehemiah 6:10 - shut up Jeremiah 32:12 - Baruch Jeremiah 36:26 - but

Verse 6

and read: Jeremiah 36:8, Ezekiel 2:3-Judges :

the words: Jeremiah 7:2, Jeremiah 18:11, Jeremiah 19:14, Jeremiah 22:2, Jeremiah 26:2

upon: Jeremiah 36:9, Leviticus 16:29-Obadiah :, Leviticus 23:27-Jonah :, Acts 27:9

Reciprocal: Numbers 11:25 - they prophesied 2 Kings 22:10 - Shaphan Jeremiah 17:19 - General Jeremiah 22:19 - General Jeremiah 36:2 - a roll Jeremiah 36:10 - Then Hebrews 11:36 - bonds

Verse 7

It may: Jeremiah 36:3, 1 Kings 8:33-Zephaniah :, 2 Chronicles 33:12, 2 Chronicles 33:13, Daniel 9:13, Hosea 5:15, Hosea 6:1, Hosea 14:1-Leviticus :

they will present their supplication: Heb. their supplication shall fall

and will: Jeremiah 1:3, Jeremiah 25:5, Jonah 3:8, Zechariah 1:4

for: Jeremiah 4:4, Jeremiah 16:10, Jeremiah 19:15, Jeremiah 21:5, Deuteronomy 28:15-Judith :, Deuteronomy 29:18-Hosea :, 2 Kings 22:13, 2 Kings 22:17, 2 Chronicles 34:21, Lamentations 4:11, Ezekiel 5:13, Ezekiel 8:18, Ezekiel 13:13, Ezekiel 20:33, Ezekiel 22:20, Ezekiel 24:8-1 Chronicles :

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 11:17 - pronounced Jeremiah 18:11 - return Jeremiah 21:12 - lest Jeremiah 37:20 - be accepted before Jeremiah 42:2 - be accepted before thee Jeremiah 44:6 - my fury Lamentations 2:4 - he poured Ezekiel 12:3 - it may Daniel 9:18 - present Nahum 1:2 - is furious Luke 20:13 - it may

Verse 8

did: Jeremiah 36:4, Jeremiah 1:17, Matthew 16:24, 1 Corinthians 16:10, Philippians 2:19-Song of Solomon :

in the: Nehemiah 8:3, Luke 4:16-Amos :

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 15:1 - General Jeremiah 36:6 - and read Jeremiah 36:10 - Then Jeremiah 45:1 - when

Verse 9

am 3398, bc 606

in the fifth: Jeremiah 36:1

they: Leviticus 23:27, 2 Chronicles 20:3, Nehemiah 9:1, Esther 4:16, Isaiah 58:1-Leviticus :, Joel 1:13, Joel 2:12-Esther :, Jonah 3:5, Zechariah 7:5, Zechariah 7:6, Zechariah 8:19

came: Jeremiah 36:6

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 35:1 - in the Jeremiah 45:1 - in the Joel 2:15 - sanctify

Verse 10

Then: Jeremiah 36:6, Jeremiah 36:8

in the chamber: Jeremiah 35:4

Gemariah: Jeremiah 36:11, Jeremiah 36:25

Shaphan: Jeremiah 36:11, Jeremiah 26:24, Jeremiah 29:3

the scribe: Jeremiah 52:25, 2 Samuel 8:17, 2 Samuel 20:25, 2 Kings 18:37

entry: or, door, Jeremiah 26:10, 2 Kings 15:35

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 22:9 - Shaphan 2 Chronicles 34:8 - sent Shaphan Jeremiah 7:2 - Stand Jeremiah 17:19 - General Jeremiah 36:12 - Gemariah Jeremiah 43:3 - Baruch Ezekiel 8:11 - Shaphan Ezekiel 40:29 - the little Acts 5:20 - stand

Verse 11

Shaphan: Jeremiah 36:10, 2 Kings 22:12-2 Chronicles :, 2 Kings 25:22, 2 Chronicles 34:20

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 36:12 - Gemariah

Verse 12

Elishama: Jeremiah 36:20, Jeremiah 36:21, Jeremiah 41:1

Elnathan: Jeremiah 36:25, Jeremiah 26:22, 2 Kings 22:12, 2 Kings 22:14, 2 Kings 24:8

Gemariah: Jeremiah 36:10, Jeremiah 36:11, 2 Kings 22:3, 2 Kings 22:12

Hananiah: Jeremiah 28:1-Esther :

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 26:10 - the princes Jeremiah 34:10 - when Jeremiah 37:13 - Hananiah Jeremiah 38:4 - the princes

Verse 13

2 Kings 22:10, 2 Kings 22:19, 2 Chronicles 34:16-Job :, 2 Chronicles 34:24, Jonah 3:6

Verse 14

Nethaniah: Jeremiah 40:8, Jeremiah 41:1, Jeremiah 41:2, Jeremiah 41:16, Jeremiah 41:18, 2 Kings 25:23

Cushi: Zephaniah 1:1

took: Jeremiah 36:2, Ezekiel 2:6, Ezekiel 2:7, Matthew 10:16, Matthew 10:28

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 36:21 - Jehudi Jeremiah 45:1 - when

Verse 15

and read: Jeremiah 36:21

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 22:10 - Shaphan

Verse 16

they were: Jeremiah 36:24, Acts 24:25, Acts 24:26

We: Jeremiah 13:18, Jeremiah 38:1-Numbers :, Amos 7:10, Amos 7:11

Reciprocal: Isaiah 66:5 - ye that Jeremiah 32:12 - Baruch

Verse 17

Tell: John 9:10, John 9:11, John 9:15, John 9:26, John 9:27

Reciprocal: Proverbs 26:5 - a fool Jeremiah 36:4 - wrote

Verse 18

He: Jeremiah 36:2, Jeremiah 36:4, Jeremiah 43:2, Jeremiah 43:3, Proverbs 26:4, Proverbs 26:5

with ink: Baddeyo is rendered by some, after him; but deyo (in Chaldee and Syriac deyootha and in Welsh du) certainly denotes ink; whence are derived the Arabic dawat and deweet and Persian deeveet an ink-holder; the Syriac dayowo, and Persian div the devil. So the Alexandrian copy of the LXX has ום לוכבםי, and Vulgate atramento "with ink." Perhaps the princes supposed that Baruch had written this roll from memory; and that it was rather to be considered as his composition, than the substance of Jeremiah's prophecies; and they might ask this apparently frivolous question in order to allay the alarms excited by considering it as the word of God. But Baruch, with great simplicity, so answered their question, as to shew that he only acted as Jeremiah's amanuensis, and wrote verbatim what he had dictated.

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 36:32 - who

Verse 19

Jeremiah 36:26, Jeremiah 26:20-:, 1 Kings 17:3, 1 Kings 18:4, 1 Kings 18:10, 2 Chronicles 25:15, Proverbs 28:12, Amos 7:12, Luke 13:31, Acts 5:40, Acts 23:16-Song of Solomon :

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 26:16 - General Zechariah 7:14 - scattered

Verse 20

Jeremiah 36:12, Jeremiah 36:21

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 9:37 - the carcase 2 Chronicles 34:16 - Shaphan 2 Chronicles 34:18 - And Shaphan read Ezra 6:1 - rolls Jeremiah 41:1 - Elishama Zechariah 5:1 - roll

Verse 21

Jehudi: Jeremiah 36:14

And Jehudi: Jeremiah 36:15, Jeremiah 23:28, Jeremiah 26:2, 2 Kings 22:10, 2 Chronicles 34:18, Ezekiel 2:4, Ezekiel 2:5

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 34:16 - Shaphan Jeremiah 22:21 - I spake Jeremiah 34:14 - but Jeremiah 36:4 - upon Jeremiah 36:12 - Elishama Jeremiah 36:20 - General Jeremiah 52:2 - according Habakkuk 3:2 - I have

Verse 22

A warm apartment suited to the season of the year (December, when snow is often upon the ground in Palestine), in which was a pan or brazier (ach or ikhkh as it is pronounced in Arabic) of burning charcoal; for we learn from Bp. Pococke, and Dr. Russel, that this was the mode in which the Orientals warmed their apartments. Jeremiah 22:14-Nehemiah :, Jeremiah 3:20, Amos 3:15

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 34:19 - that he rent

Verse 23

he cut: Jeremiah 36:29-Obadiah :, Deuteronomy 29:19-Ecclesiastes :, 1 Kings 22:8, 1 Kings 22:27, Psalms 50:17, Proverbs 1:30, Proverbs 5:12, Proverbs 13:13, Proverbs 19:21, Proverbs 21:30, Proverbs 29:1, Isaiah 5:18, Isaiah 5:19, Isaiah 28:14, Isaiah 28:15, Isaiah 28:17-Song of Solomon :, Revelation 22:19

Reciprocal: Numbers 25:6 - in the sight of Moses 2 Kings 23:37 - he did 2 Chronicles 21:12 - a writing 2 Chronicles 34:27 - didst rend Psalms 119:161 - my heart Isaiah 66:5 - ye that Jeremiah 2:19 - and that my Jeremiah 28:10 - took Jeremiah 36:4 - upon Jeremiah 36:27 - General Micah 2:3 - go Zechariah 1:4 - but Mark 14:63 - his

Verse 24

they: Jeremiah 36:16, Job 15:4, Psalms 36:1, Psalms 64:5, Isaiah 26:11, Romans 3:18

nor rent: Jeremiah 5:3, 1 Kings 21:27, 2 Kings 19:1, 2 Kings 19:2, 2 Kings 22:11-Psalms :, 2 Chronicles 34:19-Obadiah :, Isaiah 36:22, Isaiah 37:1, Jonah 3:6, Matthew 12:41

Reciprocal: Genesis 37:34 - General Exodus 7:23 - neither Leviticus 13:45 - his clothes 2 Kings 5:7 - that he rent 2 Kings 18:37 - with their clothes rent 2 Kings 22:19 - thine heart 2 Chronicles 34:27 - didst rend Ezra 9:3 - rent Ecclesiastes 3:7 - time to rend Jeremiah 2:19 - and that my Jeremiah 28:10 - took Jeremiah 34:10 - when Jeremiah 44:10 - neither Zechariah 1:4 - but Matthew 26:65 - the high priest Mark 14:63 - his Acts 14:14 - they

Verse 25

Elnathan: Jeremiah 36:12, Jeremiah 26:22

made: Jeremiah 13:15-Esther :, Genesis 37:22, Genesis 37:26-Hosea :, Matthew 27:4, Matthew 27:24, Matthew 27:25, Acts 5:34-Malachi :

but: Proverbs 21:29

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 26:10 - the princes Jeremiah 26:16 - General Jeremiah 29:3 - Gemariah Jeremiah 34:10 - when Jeremiah 36:10 - Gemariah

Verse 26

Hammelech: or, the king

to take: Jeremiah 2:30, Jeremiah 26:21-Isaiah :, 1 Kings 19:1-Leviticus :, 1 Kings 19:10, 1 Kings 19:14, Matthew 23:34-Haggai :, Matthew 26:47-Philippians :, John 7:32, John 8:20, John 11:57

but: Jeremiah 36:5, Jeremiah 36:19, Jeremiah 1:19, Jeremiah 15:20, Jeremiah 15:21, 1 Kings 17:3, 1 Kings 17:9, 1 Kings 18:4, 1 Kings 18:10-2 Kings :, 2 Kings 6:18-Proverbs :, Psalms 27:5, Psalms 32:7, Psalms 57:1, Psalms 64:2, Psalms 91:1, Psalms 121:8, Isaiah 26:20, John 8:59, Acts 12:11

Reciprocal: Joshua 2:6 - hid them 1 Samuel 23:14 - but God 2 Kings 6:13 - spy where Proverbs 28:12 - but Jeremiah 12:5 - canst Jeremiah 20:2 - smote Jeremiah 32:12 - Baruch Jeremiah 36:4 - Baruch Jeremiah 38:6 - Hammelech Jeremiah 43:3 - Baruch Jeremiah 45:1 - when Acts 12:19 - sought for him Hebrews 11:5 - and was

Verse 27

Jeremiah 36:23

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 36:5 - Jehoiakim Jeremiah 1:18 - against Amos 7:17 - and Israel Habakkuk 2:2 - Write Zechariah 5:1 - roll

Verse 28

Jeremiah 28:13, Jeremiah 28:14, Jeremiah 44:28, Job 23:13, Zechariah 1:5, Zechariah 1:6, Matthew 24:35, 2 Timothy 2:13

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 21:12 - a writing Isaiah 8:1 - Take thee Isaiah 30:8 - write Jeremiah 36:4 - upon Jeremiah 36:32 - took

Verse 29

Thou hast: Deuteronomy 29:19, Job 15:24, Job 40:8, Isaiah 45:9, Acts 5:39, 1 Corinthians 10:22

Why: Jeremiah 26:9, Jeremiah 32:3, Isaiah 29:21, Isaiah 30:10, Acts 5:28

The king: Jeremiah 21:4-Judges :, Jeremiah 21:10, Jeremiah 28:8, Jeremiah 32:28-Amos :, Jeremiah 34:21, Jeremiah 34:22

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 22:19 - thine heart Ezra 6:1 - rolls Jeremiah 21:6 - I will Jeremiah 33:12 - without Jeremiah 35:1 - in the Jeremiah 36:2 - a roll Jeremiah 36:23 - he cut Jeremiah 52:2 - according Ezekiel 2:10 - lamentations Ezekiel 14:13 - and will cut Zephaniah 1:2 - I will

Verse 30

He shall: Jeremiah 22:30, 2 Kings 24:12-Ezra :

and his: Jeremiah 22:18, Genesis 31:40

in the: Sir J. Chardin observes, "In the Lower Asia, in particular, the day is always hot; and as soon as the sun is fifteen degrees above the horizon, no cold is felt in the depth of winter itself. On the contrary, in the height of summer the nights are as cold as at Paris in the month of March. It is for this reason that in Persia and Turkey they always make use of furred habits in the country, such only being sufficient to resist the cold of the nights. I have travelled in Arabia, and in Mesopotamia - the theatre of the adventures of Jacob both in winter and in summer, and have found the truth of what the Patriarch said, "That he was scorched with the heat in the day, and stiffened with cold in the night" - Genesis 31:40. This contrariety in the qualities of the air in twenty-four hours is extremely great in some places, and not conceivable by those that have not felt it; one would imagine that he had passed in a moment from the violent heats of summer to the depth of winter. Thus it had pleased God to temper the heat of the sun by the coldness of night, without which the greatest part of the East would be barren, and a desert.

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 9:35 - but they found 2 Kings 24:6 - slept Ecclesiastes 6:3 - and also Jeremiah 8:2 - they shall be Jeremiah 16:4 - neither Jeremiah 22:2 - that sittest Jeremiah 22:19 - General Jeremiah 26:23 - and cast Ezekiel 19:9 - and brought

Verse 31

punish: Heb. visit upon, Jeremiah 23:34, *marg.

will bring: Jeremiah 11:8, Jeremiah 17:18, Jeremiah 19:15, Jeremiah 29:17-Psalms :, Jeremiah 35:17, Jeremiah 44:4-2 Chronicles :, Leviticus 26:14, Deuteronomy 28:15-Judith :, Proverbs 29:1

but: Matthew 23:37

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 23:37 - he did 2 Chronicles 34:24 - I will bring Jeremiah 11:11 - I will bring Jeremiah 23:39 - and I Jeremiah 25:4 - ye Jeremiah 39:16 - Behold Ezekiel 19:9 - and brought Habakkuk 2:10 - consulted Zechariah 7:11 - they refused

Verse 32

took: Jeremiah 36:28-Amos :

who: Jeremiah 36:4, Jeremiah 36:18, Exodus 4:15, Exodus 4:16, Romans 16:22

there: Leviticus 26:18, Leviticus 26:21, Leviticus 26:24, Leviticus 26:28, Daniel 3:19, Revelation 22:18

like words: Heb. words as they

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 24:5 - the rest Ezra 6:1 - rolls Isaiah 8:1 - Take thee Isaiah 31:2 - will not Jeremiah 1:3 - It came also Jeremiah 30:2 - General Jeremiah 45:1 - when Jeremiah 51:60 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 36". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/jeremiah-36.html.