Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jeremiah 46

Introduction

1Jeremiah prophesies the overthrow of Pharaoh's army at Euphrates,
13and the conquest of Egypt by Nebuchadrezzar.
27He comforts Jacob in his chastisement.

Verse 1

The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah the prophet against the Gentiles;
The word
This is a general title to the prophecies contained in this and the following chapters, concerning different nations which had less or more connexion with the Jews, either as enemies, neighbours, or allies. They were not delivered at the same time: to some the date is annexed; in others it is left uncertain.
against
1:10; 4:7; 25:15-29; Genesis 10:5; Numbers 23:9; Zechariah 2:8; Romans 3:29
Reciprocal: Psalm 79:6 - upon;  Isaiah 19:1 - Egypt;  Jeremiah 9:26 - Egypt;  Jeremiah 25:17 - and made;  Jeremiah 43:11 - he shall smite;  Lamentations 1:21 - thou wilt;  Ezekiel 28:26 - when I;  Ezekiel 30:7 - GeneralEzekiel 30:22 - and that;  Habakkuk 1:17 - and

Verse 2

Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaohnecho king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon smote in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah.
Against Egypt
14; 25:9,19; Ezekiel 29:1-32
Pharaoh-necho
2 Kings 23:29
Pharaoh-nechoh
2 Chronicles 35:20,21
Necho
Carchemish
Isaiah 10:9
in the
25:1; 36:1
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 24:1 - his days;  2 Kings 24:7 - the king;  Jeremiah 35:1 - in the;  Jeremiah 46:10 - the north;  Ezekiel 29:2 - against all;  Zechariah 9:8 - because of him that passeth by

Verse 3

Order ye the buckler and shield, and draw near to battle.
51:11,12; Isaiah 8:9,10; 21:5; Joel 3:9; Nahum 2:1; 3:14
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 46:14 - Stand;  Ezekiel 38:7 - General

Verse 4

Harness the horses; and get up, ye horsemen, and stand forth with your helmets; furbish the spears, and put on the brigandines.
furbish
Ezekiel 21:9-11,28
brigandines
51:3
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 46:14 - Stand;  Jeremiah 51:11 - Make;  Ezekiel 21:10 - it is furbished;  Joel 3:9 - wake;  Nahum 3:14 - fortify

Verse 5

Wherefore have I seen them dismayed and turned away back? and their mighty ones are beaten down, and are fled apace, and look not back: for fear was round about, saith the LORD.
and their
Revelation 6:15
beaten down
Heb. broken in pieces. fled apace. Heb. fled a flight.
15; Genesis 19:17; 2 Kings 7:6,7; Nahum 2:8
fear
6:25; 20:3,4; *marg:; 10; 49:29; Isaiah 19:16; Ezekiel 32:10; Revelation 6:15-17
Reciprocal: Job 18:11 - Terrors;  Psalm 35:4 - turned;  Jeremiah 30:5 - GeneralJeremiah 38:22 - they are;  Jeremiah 46:21 - they did;  Jeremiah 49:5 - ye shall;  Lamentations 2:22 - my terrors;  Lamentations 5:17 - our heart;  Ezekiel 30:13 - put

Verse 6

Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates.
not
Judges 4:15-21; Psalms 33:16,17; 147:10,11; Ecclesiastes 9:11; Isaiah 30:16,17; Amos 2:14,15; 9:1-3
stumble
12; 20:11; 50:32; Psalms 27:2; Isaiah 8:15; Daniel 11:19,22
toward
10; 1:14; 4:6; 6:1; 25:9
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 46:20 - it cometh;  Jeremiah 47:2 - out of

Verse 7

Who is this that cometh up as a flood, whose waters are moved as the rivers?
Who
Song of Solomon 3:6; 8:5; Isaiah 63:1
as a flood
47:2; Isaiah 8:7,8; Daniel 9:26; 11:22; Amos 8:8; Revelation 12:15
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:5 - the floods;  Psalm 90:5 - Thou;  Psalm 93:3 - The floods;  Psalm 124:4 - the waters;  Daniel 11:10 - overflow

Verse 8

Egypt riseth up like a flood, and his waters are moved like the rivers; and he saith, I will go up, and will cover the earth; I will destroy the city and the inhabitants thereof.
riseth
Ezekiel 29:3; 32:2
I will go
Exodus 15:9,10; Isaiah 10:13-16; 37:24-26
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:5 - the floods;  Psalm 90:5 - Thou;  Psalm 93:3 - The floods;  Psalm 124:4 - the waters;  Isaiah 8:7 - the Lord bringeth;  Jeremiah 47:2 - waters;  Daniel 11:10 - overflow;  Amos 8:8 - rise

Verse 9

Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle and bend the bow.
rage
Nahum 2:3,4
Ethiopians
Heb. Cush and Put.
Genesis 10:6
Phut
1 Corinthians 1:8; Ezekiel 27:10
Phut
Nahum 3:9
Lubim
Acts 2:10
Lydians
Genesis 10:13; 1 Chronicles 1:11
Ludim
Isaiah 66:19; Ezekiel 27:10
Lud
30:5
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 12:8 - handle;  Isaiah 8:9 - Associate;  Jeremiah 46:21 - her hired;  Jeremiah 47:3 - the noise;  Jeremiah 50:14 - bend;  Jeremiah 51:11 - Make;  Ezekiel 30:5 - Ethiopia;  Ezekiel 38:4 - handling;  Daniel 11:43 - the Libyans;  Nahum 3:14 - fortify;  Zephaniah 2:12 - Ethiopians

Verse 10

For this is the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate and made drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.
the day
51:6; Isaiah 13:6; 34:6,8; 61:2; 63:4; Joel 1:15; 2:1; Zephaniah 1:14,15; Luke 21:22
the sword
Deuteronomy 32:42; Isaiah 34:5-8; Ezekiel 39:17-21; Zephaniah 1:7,8; Revelation 19:17-21
the north
2,6; 2 Kings 24:7
Reciprocal: Numbers 31:3 - avenge the Lord;  Joshua 6:17 - accursed;  2 Samuel 2:26 - sword;  Isaiah 2:12 - the day;  Jeremiah 25:27 - because;  Jeremiah 46:5 - fear;  Jeremiah 46:14 - the sword;  Jeremiah 46:20 - it cometh;  Jeremiah 47:4 - the day;  Jeremiah 50:15 - for it;  Daniel 11:43 - the Libyans;  Zephaniah 2:12 - Ethiopians;  Zechariah 6:6 - the north

Verse 11

Go up into Gilead, and take balm, O virgin, the daughter of Egypt: in vain shalt thou use many medicines; for thou shalt not be cured.
Gilead
8:22; 51:8; Genesis 37:25; 43:11; Ezekiel 27:17
O virgin
14:17; Isaiah 47:1
in vain
30:12-15; Ezekiel 30:21-25; Micah 1:9; Nahum 3:19; Matthew 5:26; Luke 8:43,44
thou shalt not be cured
Heb. no cure shall be unto thee.
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 19:21 - the daughter;  Job 13:4 - physicians;  Isaiah 23:12 - thou oppressed;  Jeremiah 30:15 - thy sorrow;  Jeremiah 46:24 - daughter

Verse 12

The nations have heard of thy shame, and thy cry hath filled the land: for the mighty man hath stumbled against the mighty, and they are fallen both together.
heard
Ezekiel 32:9-12; Nahum 3:8-10
thy cry
14:2; 48:34; 49:21; 51:54; 1 Samuel 5:12; Isaiah 15:5-8; Zephaniah 1:10
stumbled
6; Isaiah 10:4; 19:2
Reciprocal: Nahum 2:5 - they shall stumble

Verse 13

The word that the LORD spake to Jeremiah the prophet, how Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon should come and smite the land of Egypt.
Cir A
&M. 3398. B.C. 606. Nebuchadrezzar.
43:10-13; 44:30; Isaiah 19:1-25; 29:1-32
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 25:19 - Pharaoh;  Jeremiah 47:2 - then the;  Ezekiel 29:8 - I will;  Ezekiel 32:11 - The sword;  Zechariah 9:8 - because of him that passeth by

Verse 14

Declare ye in Egypt, and publish in Migdol, and publish in Noph and in Tahpanhes: say ye, Stand fast, and prepare thee; for the sword shall devour round about thee.
Migdol
43:9; 44:1; Exodus 14:2; Ezekiel 30:16-18
Stand
3,4; 6:1-5; Joel 3:9-12
the sword
10; 2:30; 12:12; 2 Samuel 2:26; Isaiah 1:20; 31:8; 34:6; Nahum 2:13
Reciprocal: Isaiah 19:13 - Noph;  Jeremiah 2:16 - Noph;  Jeremiah 25:27 - because;  Jeremiah 43:7 - Tahpanhes;  Jeremiah 46:2 - Against Egypt;  Jeremiah 50:2 - Declare;  Ezekiel 29:10 - from the tower of;  Ezekiel 30:13 - Noph;  Ezekiel 30:18 - Tehaphnehes;  Ezekiel 38:7 - GeneralAmos 3:9 - Publish

Verse 15

Why are thy valiant men swept away? they stood not, because the LORD did drive them.
thy
5,21; Judges 5:20,21; Isaiah 66:15,16
the Lord
Exodus 6:1; Deuteronomy 11:23; Psalms 18:14,39; 44:2; 68:2; 114:2-7
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 19:14 - they fled;  Isaiah 19:1 - the heart;  Isaiah 19:3 - the spirit

Verse 16

He made many to fall, yea, one fell upon another: and they said, Arise, and let us go again to our own people, and to the land of our nativity, from the oppressing sword.
made many to fall
Heb. multiplied the faller. one.
Leviticus 26:36,37
they said
21; 51:9
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 19:14 - they fled;  Isaiah 19:1 - the heart;  Jeremiah 50:16 - they shall turn every one

Verse 17

They did cry there, Pharaoh king of Egypt is but a noise; he hath passed the time appointed.
Pharaoh
Exodus 15:9; 1 Kings 20:10,18; Isaiah 19:11-16; 31:3; 37:27-29; Ezekiel 29:3; Ezekiel 31:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 12:15 - princes;  2 Kings 18:21 - so is Pharaoh

Verse 18

As I live, saith the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts, Surely as Tabor is among the mountains, and as Carmel by the sea, so shall he come.
saith
10:10; 44:26; 48:15; 51:17; Isaiah 47:4; 48:2; Malachi 1:14; Matthew 5:35; 1 Timothy 1:17
Tabor
Joshua 19:22; Judges 4:6; Psalms 89:12
Carmel
1 Kings 18:42,43
Reciprocal: Joshua 19:26 - Carmel;  Judges 4:12 - mount Tabor;  1 Kings 18:19 - mount Carmel;  Psalm 95:3 - a great;  Jeremiah 31:35 - The Lord;  Jeremiah 48:18 - daughter;  Jeremiah 51:57 - the king;  Ezekiel 33:11 - As I live;  Hosea 5:1 - Tabor;  Zephaniah 2:9 - as I;  Zechariah 14:16 - the King;  1 Timothy 6:15 - who

Verse 19

O thou daughter dwelling in Egypt, furnish thyself to go into captivity: for Noph shall be waste and desolate without an inhabitant.
thou
48:18
furnish thyself to go into captivity
Heb. make thee instruments of captivity.
Isaiah 20:4; Ezekiel 12:3; *marg:; Ezekiel 12:4-12
Noph
Noph, or Moph, is the celebrated city of Memphis, as the Chaldee and LXX. render; long the residence of the ancient Egyptian kings, and situated fifteen miles above where the Delta begins, on the western side of the Nile. It was in the neighbourhood of Memphis that the famous pyramids were erected, whose grandeur and beauty still astonish the modern traveller: they are about twenty in number; the largest of which is 481 feet perpendicular height, and the area of its basis is on 480,249 square feet, or something more than eleven acres, being exactly the size of Lincoln's Inn Fields in London. The immense ruins between the northern and southern pyramids, and about fourteen miles from Cairo, still called Memf, Menf, or Menouf, seem to mark the site of this city.
44:1; Ezekiel 30:13
waste
26:9; 34:22; 51:29,30; Zephaniah 2:5
Reciprocal: Isaiah 19:13 - Noph;  Jeremiah 2:16 - Noph;  Jeremiah 46:24 - daughter;  Jeremiah 48:9 - the cities;  Ezekiel 29:12 - and I will scatter

Verse 20

Egypt is like a very fair heifer, but destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north.
a very
50:11; Hosea 10:11
it cometh
6,10; 1:14; 25:9; 47:2
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 46:24 - she shall;  Ezekiel 30:18 - the pomp

Verse 21

Also her hired men are in the midst of her like fatted bullocks; for they also are turned back, and are fled away together: they did not stand, because the day of their calamity was come upon them, and the time of their visitation.
her hired
9,16; 2 Samuel 10:6; 2 Kings 7:6; Ezekiel 27:10,11; 30:4-6
like
50:11,27; Isaiah 34:7
fatted bullocks
Heb. bullocks of the stall.
Proverbs 15:17; Amos 6:4
they did
5,15,16
the day
18:17; Deuteronomy 32:15; Psalms 37:13; Isaiah 10:3; Ezekiel 35:5; Hosea 9:7; Obadiah 1:13; Micah 7:4
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 11:23 - the year;  Jeremiah 38:22 - they are;  Jeremiah 48:44 - the year;  Jeremiah 49:8 - for;  Jeremiah 51:9 - forsake;  Ezekiel 30:22 - I will

Verse 22

The voice thereof shall go like a serpent; for they shall march with an army, and come against her with axes, as hewers of wood.
voice
Isaiah 29:4; Micah 1:8; 7:16
and come
51:20-23; Isaiah 10:15,33,34; 14:8; 37:24; Zechariah 11:2
Reciprocal: Psalm 74:5 - General

Verse 23

They shall cut down her forest, saith the LORD, though it cannot be searched; because they are more than the grasshoppers, and are innumerable.
cut
Isaiah 10:18; Ezekiel 20:46
because
Judges 6:5; 7:12; Joel 2:25; Revelation 9:2-10
Reciprocal: Psalm 74:5 - GeneralIsaiah 10:34 - cut down;  Jeremiah 51:14 - as with;  Jeremiah 51:27 - cause

Verse 24

The daughter of Egypt shall be confounded; she shall be delivered into the hand of the people of the north.
daughter
11,19; Psalms 137:8
she shall
20; 1:15; Ezekiel 29:1-32
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 32:11 - The sword

Verse 25

The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saith; Behold, I will punish the multitude of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with their gods, and their kings; even Pharaoh, and all them that trust in him:
multitude
or, nourisher. Heb. Amon. No.
Ezekiel 30:14; Nahum 3:8
with their
43:12,13; Exodus 12:12; Isaiah 19:1; Ezekiel 30:13; Zephaniah 2:11
and their
Ezekiel 32:9-12; Nahum 3:9
and all
17:5,6; 42:14-16; Isaiah 20:5,6; 30:2,3; 31:1-3; Ezekiel 39:6,7
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 5:7 - upon Dagon our god;  Jeremiah 49:3 - shall go;  Jeremiah 51:18 - in the;  Ezekiel 30:22 - I am;  Daniel 11:8 - their gods

Verse 26

And I will deliver them into the hand of those that seek their lives, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of his servants: and afterward it shall be inhabited, as in the days of old, saith the LORD.
I will
44:30; Ezekiel 32:11
and afterward
48:47; 49:39; Ezekiel 29:8-14
Reciprocal: Isaiah 19:4 - a cruel lord;  Isaiah 20:4 - shall;  Jeremiah 19:7 - I will cause;  Jeremiah 49:6 - GeneralEzekiel 29:13 - At the;  Amos 9:11 - as in;  Nahum 3:8 - populous No

Verse 27

But fear not thou, O my servant Jacob, and be not dismayed, O Israel: for, behold, I will save thee from afar off, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and be in rest and at ease, and none shall make him afraid.
fear
30:10,11; Isaiah 41:13,14; 43:1,5; 44:2
I will save
23:3,4; 29:14; 31:8-11; 32:37; Isaiah 11:11-16; Ezekiel 34:10-14; 36:24; Ezekiel 37:21,22; 39:25; Amos 9:14; Micah 7:11-16
and be
23:6; 33:16; 50:19; Ezekiel 34:25,26
Reciprocal: Joshua 8:1 - Fear not;  Isaiah 14:3 - GeneralIsaiah 44:1 - O Jacob;  Jeremiah 30:18 - Behold;  Jeremiah 31:17 - GeneralJeremiah 43:10 - my servant;  Jeremiah 49:12 - they whose;  Lamentations 4:22 - The punishment of thine iniquity;  Ezekiel 34:28 - neither;  Zephaniah 3:16 - be said

Verse 28

Fear thou not, O Jacob my servant, saith the LORD: for I am with thee; for I will make a full end of all the nations whither I have driven thee: but I will not make a full end of thee, but correct thee in measure; yet will I not leave thee wholly unpunished.
for I am
1:19; 15:20; 30:11; Joshua 1:5,9; Psalms 46:7,11; Isaiah 8:9,10; 41:10; 43:2; Matthew 1:23; 28:20; Acts 18:10; 2 Timothy 4:17
make
25:9; Isaiah 45:23; Daniel 2:35
but I will not
4:27; 5:10,18; 30:11; 32:42-44; 33:24-26; Amos 9:8,9; Romans 11:15-17
correct
10:24; Habakkuk 3:2; 1 Corinthians 11:32
will I
Isaiah 27:7,9; Hebrews 12:5-10; Revelation 3:19
not leave thee wholly unpunished
or, not utterly cut thee off. Reciprocal: Numbers 23:9 - shall not;  2 Kings 17:20 - all the seed;  Ezra 9:14 - no remnant;  Esther 4:14 - then shall;  Psalm 6:1 - rebuke;  Psalm 99:8 - thou wast;  Isaiah 14:3 - GeneralIsaiah 27:8 - measure;  Isaiah 28:27 - the fitches;  Isaiah 43:5 - Fear not;  Isaiah 44:1 - O Jacob;  Jeremiah 25:29 - Ye shall;  Jeremiah 29:14 - and I will turn;  Jeremiah 30:10 - fear;  Jeremiah 31:17 - GeneralJeremiah 31:36 - cease;  Jeremiah 31:37 - I;  Jeremiah 43:10 - my servant;  Jeremiah 48:2 - come;  Jeremiah 48:42 - Moab;  Jeremiah 51:5 - Israel;  Lamentations 4:22 - The punishment of thine iniquity;  Ezekiel 6:8 - GeneralObadiah 1:17 - shall be;  Habakkuk 1:12 - we;  Zephaniah 3:16 - be said;  Zephaniah 3:19 - I will undo

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/jeremiah-46.html.