Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 10

Introduction

1Job, taking liberty of complaint, expostulates with God about his afflictions.
18He complains of life, and craves a little ease before death.

Verse 1

My soul is weary of my life; I will leave my complaint upon myself; I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.
My soul
3:20-23; 6:8,9; 5:15,16,20; 9:21; 14:13; Numbers 11:15; 1 Kings 19:4; Jonah 4:3,8
is weary of my life
or, cut off while I live. I will leave.
7:11; 19:4; 21:2-4
I will speak
15,16; 6:2-4,26; 7:11; 16:6-16; Psalms 32:3-5; Isaiah 38:15,17
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 1:10 - in bitterness of soul;  1 Samuel 1:16 - out of;  2 Kings 4:27 - vexed;  Job 3:10 - hid;  Job 7:16 - I loathe it;  Job 13:13 - let me;  Job 16:7 - he hath;  Job 21:4 - is my complaint;  Job 21:25 - in the bitterness;  Job 23:2 - my complaint;  Psalm 6:6 - I am;  Psalm 102:4 - heart;  Proverbs 14:10 - heart;  Ecclesiastes 7:14 - but;  Jeremiah 4:31 - for my

Verse 2

I will say unto God, Do not condemn me; shew me wherefore thou contendest with me.
Do not
Psalms 6:1-4; 25:7; 38:1-8; 109:21; 143:2; Romans 8:1
shew me
8:5,6; 34:31,32; Psalms 139:23,24; Lamentations 3:40-42; 5:16,17; 1 Corinthians 11:31,32
Reciprocal: Numbers 11:11 - wherefore have;  1 Samuel 1:16 - out of;  1 Samuel 6:3 - known;  2 Samuel 21:1 - of the Lord;  Job 6:24 - cause me;  Job 9:3 - he will contend;  Job 9:15 - I would;  Job 13:24 - hidest thou;  Job 21:4 - is my complaint;  Job 23:5 - know;  Job 31:14 - What then;  Job 32:1 - righteous;  Job 36:9 - he;  Psalm 77:6 - and;  Ecclesiastes 7:14 - but;  Jeremiah 8:6 - saying;  Jonah 1:7 - for;  Micah 6:9 - hear;  Haggai 1:9 - Why

Verse 3

Is it good unto thee that thou shouldest oppress, that thou shouldest despise the work of thine hands, and shine upon the counsel of the wicked?
Is it good
34:5-7,18,19; 36:7-9,17,18; 40:2,8; Lamentations 3:2-18
despise
Psalms 69:33
the work
Heb. the labour.
14:15; 34:19; Psalms 138:8; Isaiah 64:8; 1 Peter 4:19
shine upon
8:20; Jeremiah 12:1-3
Reciprocal: Job 8:3 - God;  Job 10:8 - yet thou;  Job 15:13 - and lettest;  Job 19:7 - I cry;  Job 27:2 - taken;  Job 32:2 - because;  Job 36:5 - despiseth;  Psalm 1:1 - counsel;  Psalm 73:14 - For all;  Psalm 80:1 - shine

Verse 4

Hast thou eyes of flesh? or seest thou as man seeth?
seest thou
9:32; 1 Samuel 16:7; Luke 16:15; Revelation 1:14

Verse 5

Are thy days as the days of man? are thy years as man's days,
Psalms 90:2-4; 102:12,24-27; Hebrews 1:12; 2 Peter 3:8

Verse 6

That thou enquirest after mine iniquity, and searchest after my sin?
14-17; Psalms 10:15; 44:21; Jeremiah 2:34; Zephaniah 1:12; John 2:24,25; 1 Corinthians 4:5
Reciprocal: Job 13:27 - and lookest;  Job 14:16 - thou numberest

Verse 7

Thou knowest that I am not wicked; and there is none that can deliver out of thine hand.
Thou knowest
Heb. It is upon thy knowledge.
23:10; 31:6,14,35; 42:7; Psalms 1:6; 7:3,8,9; 17:3; 26:1-5; Psalms 139:1,2,21-24; John 21:17; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 1 Thessalonians 2:10
and there
23:13,14; Deuteronomy 32:39; Psalms 50:22; Daniel 3:15; Hosea 2:10; John 10:28-30
Reciprocal: Joshua 22:22 - he knoweth;  Job 5:4 - neither;  Job 9:29 - GeneralJob 10:15 - If I be wicked;  Job 11:4 - For thou;  Job 13:15 - but I will;  Job 32:1 - righteous;  Job 33:9 - clean;  Job 34:5 - I;  Job 35:2 - My;  Psalm 7:2 - while;  Jeremiah 15:15 - thou;  Lamentations 5:8 - there;  Daniel 8:4 - neither;  Hosea 5:14 - none

Verse 8

Thine hands have made me and fashioned me together round about; yet thou dost destroy me.
hands
Psalms 119:73; Isaiah 43:7
have made me
Heb. took pains about me. yet thou.
3; Genesis 6:6,7; Jeremiah 18:3-10
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:6 - made thee;  Job 14:15 - thou wilt have;  Job 31:15 - did not one fashion us in the womb;  Psalm 100:3 - it is he;  Psalm 138:8 - forsake;  Isaiah 64:8 - all are

Verse 9

Remember, I beseech thee, that thou hast made me as the clay; and wilt thou bring me into dust again?
Remember
7:7; Psalms 25:6,7,18; 89:47; 106:4
thou hast
Genesis 2:7; 3:19; Isaiah 45:9; 64:8; Jeremiah 18:6
into dust again
17:14; Psalms 22:15; 90:3; Ecclesiastes 12:7; Romans 9:21
Reciprocal: Job 4:19 - dwell;  Job 33:6 - I also;  Psalm 31:7 - for;  Psalm 103:14 - we are dust;  Psalm 139:13 - For thou;  Psalm 139:15 - when I;  Ecclesiastes 3:20 - all are;  Lamentations 5:1 - Remember

Verse 10

Hast thou not poured me out as milk, and curdled me like cheese?
poured
Psalms 139:14-16
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 17:18 - cheeses;  Ecclesiastes 3:20 - all are;  Ephesians 4:16 - fitly

Verse 11

Thou hast clothed me with skin and flesh, and hast fenced me with bones and sinews.
clothed
2 Corinthians 5:2,3
fenced
Heb. hedged.
40:17,18; Ezekiel 37:4-8; Ephesians 4:16

Verse 12

Thou hast granted me life and favour, and thy visitation hath preserved my spirit.
life and favour
Genesis 19:19; Matthew 6:25; Acts 17:25,28
Reciprocal: Job 33:4 - GeneralPsalm 30:7 - by thy

Verse 13

And these things hast thou hid in thine heart: I know that this is with thee.
hid
23:9; Ecclesiastes 8:6,7; Isaiah 45:15; Romans 11:33
I know
23:13; Deuteronomy 32:39; Isaiah 45:7; 46:9-11; Lamentations 3:37; Ephesians 3:11

Verse 14

If I sin, then thou markest me, and thou wilt not acquit me from mine iniquity.
then
13:26,27; 14:16; Psalms 130:3; 139:1
thou wilt
7:21; Exodus 34:7; Numbers 14:18
Reciprocal: Job 9:29 - GeneralJob 10:6 - GeneralJob 30:21 - become cruel;  Job 40:2 - he that reproveth;  Nahum 1:3 - and will;  Philippians 3:9 - not

Verse 15

If I be wicked, woe unto me; and if I be righteous, yet will I not lift up my head. I am full of confusion; therefore see thou mine affliction;
If I be wicked
7; 9:29; 27:7; Psalms 9:17; Isaiah 3:11; 6:5; Malachi 3:18; Romans 2:8,9
righteous
9:12,15,20,21; Isaiah 64:5,6; Luke 17:10
I am full
21:6; 23:15
see
Exodus 3:7; Psalms 25:18; 119:153; Lamentations 1:20; 5:1-22
Reciprocal: Job 7:11 - the bitterness;  Job 10:1 - I will speak;  Job 11:15 - lift up;  Job 19:7 - I cry;  Job 33:10 - he findeth;  Job 35:3 - what advantage;  Psalm 13:2 - take;  Proverbs 18:14 - but;  Philippians 3:9 - not

Verse 16

For it increaseth. Thou huntest me as a fierce lion: and again thou shewest thyself marvellous upon me.
Thou huntest
Isaiah 38:13; Lamentations 3:10; Hosea 13:7,8; Amos 3:8
marvellous
Numbers 16:29,30; Deuteronomy 28:59
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 24:11 - thou huntest;  Job 10:1 - I will speak;  Job 16:9 - teareth me;  Job 19:22 - persecute;  Job 30:15 - Terrors;  Psalm 88:7 - Thy wrath;  Lamentations 4:18 - hunt;  Ezekiel 17:20 - I will spread;  Hosea 5:14 - as a lion

Verse 17

Thou renewest thy witnesses against me, and increasest thine indignation upon me; changes and war are against me.
witnesses
that is, plagues.
16:8; Ruth 1:21
changes
I am as if attacked by successive troops; if one company be wearied, another succeeds to the attack.
Psalms 55:19; Jeremiah 48:11; Zephaniah 1:12
war
16:11-16; 19:6-11
Reciprocal: Exodus 11:1 - Yet will;  Job 16:9 - teareth me;  Psalm 42:7 - Deep calleth;  Psalm 73:14 - For all;  Isaiah 38:13 - as a lion

Verse 18

Wherefore then hast thou brought me forth out of the womb? Oh that I had given up the ghost, and no eye had seen me!
hast thou
3:10,11; Jeremiah 15:10; 20:14-18; Matthew 26:24
given up
11:20; 14:10
Reciprocal: Job 3:3 - Let the day;  Ecclesiastes 4:3 - better;  Jeremiah 20:17 - he slew

Verse 19

I should have been as though I had not been; I should have been carried from the womb to the grave.
Psalms 58:8
Reciprocal: Job 3:3 - Let the day;  Job 3:10 - it shut not;  Ecclesiastes 4:3 - better;  Jeremiah 20:17 - he slew

Verse 20

Are not my days few? cease then, and let me alone, that I may take comfort a little,
my days few
7:6,7,16; 8:9; 9:25,26; 14:1; Psalms 39:5; 103:15,16
cease
7:17-21; 13:21; Psalms 39:13
Reciprocal: Job 6:11 - What;  Job 14:6 - Turn

Verse 21

Before I go whence I shall not return, even to the land of darkness and the shadow of death;
I go whence
7:8-10; 14:10-14; 2 Samuel 12:23; 14:14; Isaiah 38:11
the land
3:5; Psalms 88:6,11,12
the shadow
3:5; Psalms 23:4; Jeremiah 2:6
Reciprocal: Job 7:7 - no more see;  Job 7:9 - he;  Job 14:12 - So man;  Job 15:30 - depart;  Job 17:13 - the grave;  Job 28:3 - the stones;  Psalm 39:13 - spare;  Psalm 44:19 - with the;  Psalm 107:14 - brought;  Isaiah 9:2 - in the land;  Amos 5:20 - darkness

Verse 22

A land of darkness, as darkness itself; and of the shadow of death, without any order, and where the light is as darkness.
the shadow of death
Where death projects his shadow, intercepting the light of life: without any order, having no arrangement, no distinction of inhabitants; the poor and the rich are there, the king and the beggar, their bodies in equal corruption and disgrace: where the light is as darkness, a palpable obscure, space and place, with only such a light or capability of distinction, as renders "darkness visible."
3:5; 34:22; 38:17; Psalms 23:4; 44:19; 88:12; Jeremiah 2:6; 13:16; Luke 16:26 Reciprocal: Job 7:7 - no more see;  Job 14:12 - So man;  Job 15:30 - depart;  Job 17:13 - the grave;  Job 18:18 - He shall be driven;  Job 28:3 - the stones;  Psalm 107:14 - brought;  Ecclesiastes 11:8 - yet;  Amos 5:20 - darkness;  Matthew 4:16 - shadow;  Luke 1:79 - and

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 10". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/job-10.html.