Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 16

Introduction

1Job reproves his friends for unmercifulness.
17He maintains his innocency.

Verse 2

I have heard many such things: miserable comforters are ye all.
heard
6:6,25; 11:2,3; 13:5; 19:2,3; 26:2,3; James 1:19
miserable
or, troublesome.
13:4; Psalms 69:26; Philippians 1:16
Reciprocal: Esther 6:13 - but shalt surely;  Job 2:11 - to comfort;  Job 15:3 - he reason;  Job 18:2 - How long;  Job 21:2 - let this be;  Job 21:34 - comfort;  Psalm 69:20 - comforters;  Psalm 108:12 - for vain;  Matthew 27:4 - see

Verse 3

Shall vain words have an end? or what emboldeneth thee that thou answerest?
vain words
Heb. words of wind.
6:26; 8:2; 15:2
what emboldeneth
20:3; 32:3-6; Matthew 22:46; Titus 1:11; 2:8
Reciprocal: Exodus 5:9 - vain words;  Job 6:25 - what doth;  Job 11:2 - the multitude;  Job 13:5 - GeneralJob 15:3 - he reason;  Job 18:2 - How long;  Job 27:12 - altogether;  Romans 9:20 - repliest

Verse 4

I also could speak as ye do: if your soul were in my soul's stead, I could heap up words against you, and shake mine head at you.
if your soul
6:2-5,14; Matthew 7:12; Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 12:26
up words
11:2; 35:16; Proverbs 10:19; Ecclesiastes 10:14
shake mine
2 Kings 19:21; Psalms 22:7; 44:14; 109:25; Jeremiah 18:16; Lamentations 2:15; Matthew 27:39,40
Reciprocal: Job 6:25 - what doth;  Job 12:5 - of him;  Job 16:20 - scorn me;  Job 26:2 - helped;  Psalm 123:4 - with the scorning;  Ecclesiastes 4:1 - they had;  Isaiah 37:22 - shaken;  Philippians 1:16 - supposing

Verse 5

But I would strengthen you with my mouth, and the moving of my lips should asswage your grief.
But I would
4:3,4; 6:14; 29:25; Psalms 27:14; Proverbs 27:9,17; Isaiah 35:3,4; Galatians 6:1
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 23:16 - strengthened;  Job 6:25 - forcible;  Job 26:2 - helped;  Job 36:17 - fulfilled;  Job 42:11 - they bemoaned;  Ecclesiastes 10:12 - words;  Daniel 10:18 - he;  Revelation 3:2 - strengthen

Verse 6

Though I speak, my grief is not asswaged: and though I forbear, what am I eased?
my grief
10:1; Psalms 77:1-9; 88:15-18
what am I eased
Heb. what goeth from me.
Reciprocal: Job 7:11 - I will not

Verse 7

But now he hath made me weary: thou hast made desolate all my company.
he hath
3:17; 7:3,16; 10:1; Psalms 6:6,7; Proverbs 3:11,12; Isaiah 50:4; Micah 6:13
hast made
1:15-19; 29:5-25
Reciprocal: Job 37:23 - he will;  Lamentations 3:11 - he hath made

Verse 8

And thou hast filled me with wrinkles, which is a witness against me: and my leanness rising up in me beareth witness to my face.
And thou hast, etc
Some render, "thou has fettered me," as kamat signifies in Arabic; but as it signifies in Syriac to be wrinkled, the common version seems, from the connexion, to be more correct; and if Job's disease were the elephantiasis, these words would apply most forcibly to the wrinkled state of the skin in that disorder.
is a witness
10:17; Ruth 1:21; Ephesians 5:27
my leanness
Psalms 106:15; Isaiah 10:16; 24:16
Reciprocal: Lamentations 3:4 - My flesh;  James 5:3 - a witness

Verse 9

He teareth me in his wrath, who hateth me: he gnasheth upon me with his teeth; mine enemy sharpeneth his eyes upon me.
teareth me
10:16,17; 18:4; Psalms 50:22; Lamentations 3:10; Hosea 5:14
he gnasheth
Psalms 35:16; 37:12; Lamentations 2:16
mine
13:24,27; 19:11; Micah 7:8
Reciprocal: Job 30:21 - become cruel;  Job 33:10 - he counteth;  Psalm 18:17 - them;  Psalm 35:15 - they;  Isaiah 57:4 - draw;  Jeremiah 30:14 - I;  Lamentations 3:4 - My flesh;  Mark 9:18 - gnasheth;  Luke 22:63 - mocked;  Acts 7:54 - they gnashed

Verse 10

They have gaped upon me with their mouth; they have smitten me upon the cheek reproachfully; they have gathered themselves together against me.
gaped
Psalms 22:13,16,17; 35:21; Luke 23:35,36
they have smitten
1 Kings 22:24; 2 Chronicles 18:23; Isaiah 50:6; Lamentations 3:30; Micah 5:1; Matthew 26:67; John 18:22; Acts 23:2; 2 Corinthians 11:20
gathered
Psalms 35:15; 94:21; Acts 4:27
Reciprocal: Job 12:4 - one mocked;  Job 21:3 - mock on;  Psalm 3:7 - thou;  Psalm 22:7 - shoot out;  Isaiah 57:4 - draw;  Lamentations 2:16 - thine;  Matthew 5:39 - whosoever;  Luke 22:63 - mocked

Verse 11

God hath delivered me to the ungodly, and turned me over into the hands of the wicked.
delivered me
Heb. shut me up.
1 Samuel 24:18; *marg:; Psalms 31:8; Romans 11:32; *marg:
to the ungodly
1:13-19; 2:7; Psalms 7:14; John 19:16; 2 Corinthians 12:7
turned
Psalms 27:12
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:30 - shut them;  Job 10:17 - war;  Job 12:14 - he shutteth;  Job 19:6 - God;  Job 19:12 - His;  Job 20:22 - every hand;  Job 40:2 - he that reproveth;  Jeremiah 45:3 - added

Verse 12

I was at ease, but he hath broken me asunder: he hath also taken me by my neck, and shaken me to pieces, and set me up for his mark.
at ease
1:2,3; 3:26; 29:3,18,19
broken me
4:10; Psalms 44:19; Lamentations 3:4; Matthew 21:44
by my neck
15:26; Romans 16:4
shaken
Lamentations 3:11; Ezekiel 29:7
set me up
7:12,20; Lamentations 3:12
Reciprocal: Job 6:4 - the arrows;  Psalm 21:12 - make;  Psalm 88:17 - They;  Isaiah 30:32 - shaking;  Isaiah 38:13 - as a lion;  Lamentations 2:4 - bent

Verse 13

His archers compass me round about, he cleaveth my reins asunder, and doth not spare; he poureth out my gall upon the ground.
archers
6:4; Genesis 49:23; Psalms 7:12,13
he cleaveth
19:27; Lamentations 3:13
doth
6:10; Deuteronomy 29:20; Ezekiel 5:11; Romans 8:32; 2 Peter 2:5
poureth
20:25; Lamentations 2:11
Reciprocal: Job 19:22 - persecute;  Job 34:6 - wound;  Psalm 21:12 - make;  Psalm 73:21 - in my;  Psalm 88:17 - They;  Lamentations 3:11 - pulled;  Lamentations 3:12 - bent

Verse 14

He breaketh me with breach upon breach, he runneth upon me like a giant.
breaketh
Lamentations 3:3-5
runneth
Judges 15:8; Psalms 42:7
Reciprocal: Job 1:18 - there came;  Job 9:17 - For he;  Job 19:22 - persecute;  Jeremiah 17:18 - destroy them with double destruction

Verse 15

I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and defiled my horn in the dust.
sewed
1 Kings 21:27; Isaiah 22:12
defiled my horn
30:19; 1 Samuel 2:10; Psalms 7:5; 75:5,10
Reciprocal: Isaiah 3:24 - a girding;  Lamentations 2:3 - the horn;  Revelation 11:3 - clothed

Verse 16

My face is foul with weeping, and on my eyelids is the shadow of death;
face
Psalms 6:6,7; 31:9; 32:3; 69:3; 102:3-5,9; Isaiah 52:14; Lamentations 1:16
on my eyelids
17:7; Psalms 116:3; Jonah 2:1-10; Mark 14:34
Reciprocal: Job 3:5 - the shadow

Verse 17

Not for any injustice in mine hands: also my prayer is pure.
Not for
11:14; 15:20,34; 21:27,28; 22:5-9; 27:6,7; 29:12-17; 31:1-40; Psalms 7:3-5; 44:17-21
my prayer
8:5,6; Psalms 66:18,19; Proverbs 15:8; 1 Timothy 2:8
Reciprocal: Job 4:6 - the uprightness;  Job 9:17 - without cause;  Job 13:15 - but I will;  Job 19:7 - I cry;  Job 33:9 - clean;  Job 34:5 - I;  Job 35:2 - My;  James 4:8 - Cleanse

Verse 18

O earth, cover not thou my blood, and let my cry have no place.
O earth
Jeremiah 22:29
cover not
Genesis 4:11; Nehemiah 4:5; Isaiah 26:21; Ezekiel 24:7
let my cry
27:9; Psalms 66:18,19; Isaiah 1:15; 58:9,10; James 4:3,4
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:10 - crieth;  Genesis 37:26 - conceal;  Leviticus 17:13 - pour out;  Job 20:27 - earth

Verse 19

Also now, behold, my witness is in heaven, and my record is on high.
my witness
1 Samuel 12:5; Romans 1:9; 9:1; 2 Corinthians 1:23; 11:31; 1 Thessalonians 2:10
on high
Heb. in the high places.
25:2; Psalms 113:5
Reciprocal: Acts 20:26 - I take

Verse 20

My friends scorn me: but mine eye poureth out tears unto God.
scorn me
Heb. are my scorners.
4; 12:4,5; 17:2
poureth
Psalms 109:4; 142:2; Hosea 12:4,5; Luke 6:11,12; Hebrews 5:7
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 7:6 - drew water;  Job 2:11 - friends;  Job 21:3 - mock on;  Psalm 6:6 - I water;  Psalm 39:12 - hold;  Psalm 56:8 - put;  Psalm 88:9 - Mine;  Psalm 119:22 - Remove

Verse 21

O that one might plead for a man with God, as a man pleadeth for his neighbour!
plead
9:34,35; 13:3,22; 23:3-7; 31:35; 40:1-5; Ecclesiastes 6:10; Isaiah 45:9; Romans 9:20
neighbour
or, friend.
Reciprocal: Exodus 33:11 - his friend;  Job 13:15 - but I will;  Job 13:18 - I have ordered;  Job 19:7 - no judgment;  Job 22:4 - will he enter;  Job 34:23 - that he;  Job 40:4 - what;  Psalm 32:4 - hand;  Isaiah 43:26 - Put;  James 2:23 - the Friend

Verse 22

When a few years are come, then I shall go the way whence I shall not return.
a few years
Heb. years of number.
14:5,14
whence
7:9,10; 14:10; Ecclesiastes 12:5 Reciprocal: 1 Kings 2:2 - I go;  Job 4:20 - they perish;  Job 7:6 - swifter

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 16". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/job-16.html.