Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 17

Introduction

1Job appeals from men to God.
6The unmerciful dealing of men with the afflicted may astonish, but not discourage the righteous.
11His hope is not in life, but in death.

Verse 1

My breath is corrupt, my days are extinct, the graves are ready for me.
breath is corrupt
or, spirit is spent.
19:17
my days
6:11; 42:16; Isaiah 57:16
the graves
13,14; Psalms 88:3-5; Isaiah 38:10-14
Reciprocal: Job 33:22 - his soul;  Psalm 88:4 - counted;  Psalm 88:15 - afflicted;  Psalm 146:4 - His breath;  Isaiah 38:12 - he will cut

Verse 2

Are there not mockers with me? and doth not mine eye continue in their provocation?
mockers
12:4; 13:9; 16:20; 21:3; Psalms 35:14-16; Matthew 27:39-44
continue
Heb. lodge.
Psalms 25:13; 91:1; *marg:
provocation
1 Samuel 1:6,7
Reciprocal: Job 11:3 - mockest;  Job 15:12 - thy eyes;  Job 27:12 - altogether;  Luke 8:53 - laughed

Verse 3

Lay down now, put me in a surety with thee; who is he that will strike hands with me?
put me
9:33; Genesis 43:9; 44:32; Proverbs 11:15; 20:16; Hebrews 7:22
strike
Proverbs 6:11; 11:15; *marg:; Proverbs 17:18; 22:26
Reciprocal: Job 31:35 - Oh

Verse 4

For thou hast hid their heart from understanding: therefore shalt thou not exalt them.
2 Samuel 15:31; 17:14; 2 Chronicles 25:16; Isaiah 19:14; Matthew 11:25; 13:11; Romans 11:8; 1 Corinthians 1:20
Reciprocal: Job 12:2 - ye are the people;  Job 12:20 - taketh;  Job 12:24 - He taketh;  Job 17:10 - for I;  Job 18:3 - Wherefore;  Job 39:17 - General

Verse 5

He that speaketh flattery to his friends, even the eyes of his children shall fail.
He that
32:21,22; Psalms 12:2,3; Proverbs 20:19; 29:5; 1 Thessalonians 2:5
the eyes
Exodus 20:5; Deuteronomy 28:65; 1 Kings 11:12; Lamentations 4:17
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:32 - fail;  Job 13:7 - GeneralProverbs 19:22 - and

Verse 6

He hath made me also a byword of the people; and aforetime I was as a tabret.
a by-word
30:9; 1 Kings 9:7; Psalms 44:14
aforetime
or, before them. as a tabret.
Genesis 31:27; Isaiah 5:12
Reciprocal: Job 12:4 - one mocked

Verse 7

Mine eye also is dim by reason of sorrow, and all my members are as a shadow.
Mine eye
16:16; Psalms 6:7; 31:9,10; Lamentations 5:17
members
or, thoughts.
shadow
Psalms 109:23; Ecclesiastes 6:12
Reciprocal: Psalm 88:9 - Mine

Verse 8

Upright men shall be astonied at this, and the innocent shall stir up himself against the hypocrite.
astonied
Psalms 73:12-15; Ecclesiastes 5:8; Habakkuk 1:13; Romans 11:33
stir up
34:30; Acts 13:46
Reciprocal: Job 1:8 - upright;  Job 21:5 - be astonished;  Job 33:9 - innocent

Verse 9

The righteous also shall hold on his way, and he that hath clean hands shall be stronger and stronger.
hold on
Psalms 84:7,11; Proverbs 4:18; 14:16; Isaiah 35:8-10; 1 Peter 1:5; 1 John 2:19
clean
Genesis 20:5; Psalms 24:4; 26:6; 73:13; Isaiah 1:15,16; Mark 7:2
be stronger and stronger
Heb. add strength.
Isaiah 40:29-31; 2 Corinthians 12:9,10
Reciprocal: Genesis 32:10 - two bands;  2 Samuel 3:1 - David waxed;  2 Samuel 5:10 - General2 Samuel 22:21 - cleanness;  1 Chronicles 11:9 - waxed greater and greater;  1 Chronicles 12:22 - day by day;  Job 1:8 - upright;  Job 23:11 - his way;  Psalm 37:34 - keep;  Psalm 92:14 - in old age;  Psalm 94:15 - and all;  Psalm 119:157 - yet do I;  Isaiah 40:31 - renew;  Hosea 14:9 - and the;  Matthew 13:33 - till;  Luke 13:21 - till;  John 10:28 - they;  John 15:2 - and;  Acts 9:22 - increased;  Romans 2:7 - patient;  Philippians 1:9 - your;  Philippians 3:12 - already perfect;  1 Thessalonians 4:1 - so ye;  2 Thessalonians 1:3 - your;  James 1:4 - let;  James 4:8 - Cleanse;  1 Peter 2:2 - grow;  Revelation 2:19 - the last;  Revelation 22:11 - and he that

Verse 10

But as for you all, do ye return, and come now: for I cannot find one wise man among you.
do ye return
6:29; Malachi 3:18
for I
4; 15:9; 32:9; 42:7; 1 Corinthians 1:20; 6:5
Reciprocal: Job 15:27 - he covereth;  Job 18:3 - Wherefore;  Job 26:3 - counselled

Verse 11

My days are past, my purposes are broken off, even the thoughts of my heart.
My days
7:6; 9:25,26; Isaiah 38:10
purposes
Proverbs 16:9; 19:21; Ecclesiastes 9:10; Isaiah 8:10; Lamentations 3:37; Romans 1:13; 2 Corinthians 1:15-17; James 4:13-15
thoughts
Heb. possessions.
Reciprocal: Job 17:7 - members;  Job 19:10 - I am gone;  Job 33:17 - withdraw;  Psalm 88:15 - afflicted;  Psalm 146:4 - his thoughts;  Ecclesiastes 2:20 - GeneralLamentations 3:54 - I said

Verse 12

They change the night into day: the light is short because of darkness.
change
7:3,4,13,14; 24:14-16; Deuteronomy 28:67
short
Heb. near.

Verse 13

If I wait, the grave is mine house: I have made my bed in the darkness.
If I wait
14:14; Psalms 27:14; Lamentations 3:25,26
the grave
1; 10:21,22; 30:23
I have made
Psalms 139:8; Isaiah 57:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:19 - and;  Job 14:10 - man;  Job 33:22 - his soul;  Job 36:20 - Desire;  Psalm 49:14 - they;  Ecclesiastes 3:20 - go;  Ecclesiastes 12:5 - because;  Isaiah 14:11 - the worm

Verse 14

I have said to corruption, Thou art my father: to the worm, Thou art my mother, and my sister.
said
Heb. cried, or, called. corruption.
21:32,33; Psalms 16:10; 49:9; Acts 2:27-31; 13:34-37; 1 Corinthians 15:42,53,54
to the worm
19:26; 24:20; Isaiah 14:11
Reciprocal: Job 6:8 - the thing that I long for;  Job 6:11 - What;  Job 7:5 - flesh;  Job 7:21 - sleep;  Job 10:9 - into dust again;  Job 17:1 - the graves;  Job 21:26 - the worms;  Job 30:29 - a brother;  Job 36:20 - Desire;  Psalm 49:14 - they;  Proverbs 7:4 - Thou;  Acts 13:36 - and saw

Verse 15

And where is now my hope? as for my hope, who shall see it?
my hope
4:6; 6:11; 13:15; 19:10
Reciprocal: Job 7:6 - without hope;  Lamentations 3:18 - General

Verse 16

They shall go down to the bars of the pit, when our rest together is in the dust.
the bars of the pit
18:13,14; 33:18-28; Psalms 88:4-8; 143:7; Isaiah 38:17,18; Jonah 2:6
rest
3:17-19; Ezekiel 37:11; 2 Corinthians 1:9 Reciprocal: Job 33:28 - will deliver;  Ezekiel 28:8 - shall bring

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/job-17.html.