Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 19

Introduction

1Job, complaining of his friends' cruelty, shews there is misery enough in him to feed their cruelty.
21He craves pity.
23He believes the resurrection.

Verse 2

How long will ye vex my soul, and break me in pieces with words?
How long
8:2; 18:2; Psalms 13:1; Revelation 6:10
vex
27:2; Judges 16:16; Psalms 6:2,3; 42:10; 2 Peter 2:7,8
break me
Psalms 55:21; 59:7; 64:3; Proverbs 12:18; 18:21; James 3:6-8
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 2:26 - how long;  Job 13:5 - GeneralJob 16:2 - heard;  Job 27:12 - altogether;  Job 34:24 - break;  Psalm 72:4 - break;  Psalm 109:16 - persecuted;  Psalm 119:22 - Remove

Verse 3

These ten times have ye reproached me: ye are not ashamed that ye make yourselves strange to me.
ten times
Genesis 31:7; Leviticus 26:26; Numbers 14:22; Nehemiah 4:12; Daniel 1:20
ye reproached
4:6-11; 5:3,4; 8:4-6; 11:3,14; 15:4-6,11,12; 18:4-21
make yourselves strange to me
or, harden yourselves against me.
17; Genesis 42:7; Psalms 69:8
Reciprocal: Job 8:2 - How long;  Job 16:2 - heard;  Job 27:12 - altogether;  Psalm 109:16 - persecuted;  Psalm 119:22 - Remove;  Amos 1:3 - For;  Zechariah 8:23 - ten men

Verse 4

And be it indeed that I have erred, mine error remaineth with myself.
I have erred
11:3-6
mine
2 Samuel 24:17; Proverbs 9:12; Ezekiel 18:4; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Galatians 6:5
Reciprocal: Job 10:1 - I will leave

Verse 5

If indeed ye will magnify yourselves against me, and plead against me my reproach:
magnify
Psalms 35:26; 38:16; 41:11; 55:12; Micah 7:8; Zephaniah 2:10; Zechariah 12:7
plead
1 Samuel 1:6; Nehemiah 1:3; Isaiah 4:1; Luke 1:25; 13:2-4; John 9:2,34
Reciprocal: Job 13:19 - that will plead

Verse 6

Know now that God hath overthrown me, and hath compassed me with his net.
God
7:20; 16:11-14; Psalms 44:9-14; 66:10-12
compassed
18:8-10; Lamentations 1:12,13; Ezekiel 12:13; 32:3; Hosea 7:12
Reciprocal: Ruth 1:20 - dealt;  Job 10:17 - war;  Job 22:10 - snares;  Job 30:21 - become cruel;  Job 32:13 - God;  Job 35:2 - My;  Job 36:8 - if;  Job 40:2 - he that reproveth;  Psalm 66:11 - broughtest

Verse 7

Behold, I cry out of wrong, but I am not heard: I cry aloud, but there is no judgment.
I cry
10:3,15-17; 16:17-19; 21:27; Psalms 22:2; Jeremiah 20:8; Lamentations 3:8; Habakkuk 1:2,3
wrong
or, violence. no judgment.
9:32; 13:15-23; 16:21; 23:3-7; 31:35,36; 34:5; 40:8
Reciprocal: Job 8:3 - God;  Job 30:20 - I cry;  Job 35:2 - My;  Job 35:14 - yet;  Psalm 55:17 - cry

Verse 8

He hath fenced up my way that I cannot pass, and he hath set darkness in my paths.
fenced
3:23; Psalms 88:8; Lamentations 3:7,9; Hosea 2:6
set
Joshua 24:7; Proverbs 4:19; Isaiah 50:10; Jeremiah 13:16; 23:12; John 8:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 31:7 - ten times;  Job 22:11 - darkness;  Job 23:17 - the darkness from;  Job 36:16 - a broad;  Psalm 107:14 - brought;  Lamentations 3:5 - builded

Verse 9

He hath stripped me of my glory, and taken the crown from my head.
stripped
29:7-14,20,21; 30:1; Psalms 49:16,17; 89:44; Isaiah 61:6; Hosea 9:11
Reciprocal: Job 1:18 - there came;  Lamentations 5:16 - The crown;  Colossians 2:19 - by

Verse 10

He hath destroyed me on every side, and I am gone: and mine hope hath he removed like a tree.
destroyed
1:13-19; 2:7; Psalms 88:13-18; Lamentations 2:5,6; 2 Corinthians 4:8,9
I am gone
17:11; Psalms 102:11
mine hope
6:11; 8:13-18; 17:15; 24:20; Psalms 37:35,36
Reciprocal: Joshua 10:35 - utterly;  Job 1:18 - there came;  Job 14:7 - that it will sprout;  Job 14:19 - destroyest

Verse 11

He hath also kindled his wrath against me, and he counteth me unto him as one of his enemies.
kindled
Deuteronomy 32:22; Psalms 89:46; 90:7
he counteth
13:24; 16:9; 33:10; Lamentations 2:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 42:14 - GeneralJob 31:35 - mine;  Jeremiah 30:14 - I

Verse 12

His troops come together, and raise up their way against me, and encamp round about my tabernacle.
His
16:11; Isaiah 10:5,6; 51:23
raise
30:12
Reciprocal: Psalm 88:18 - Lover

Verse 13

He hath put my brethren far from me, and mine acquaintance are verily estranged from me.
put my brethren
Psalms 31:11; 38:11; 69:8,20; 88:8,18; Matthew 26:56; 2 Timothy 4:16
estranged
6:21-23
Reciprocal: Job 18:20 - were affrighted;  Job 30:1 - they that are;  Job 30:10 - flee far;  Job 42:11 - all his brethren;  Psalm 54:3 - strangers;  Psalm 142:4 - but there was;  Proverbs 14:20 - poor;  Proverbs 19:4 - the poor;  Lamentations 1:2 - all her friends;  Lamentations 1:19 - for;  Matthew 10:36 - GeneralMatthew 26:31 - and the;  Mark 14:50 - GeneralLuke 23:49 - acquaintance

Verse 14

My kinsfolk have failed, and my familiar friends have forgotten me.
kinsfolk
Psalms 38:11; Proverbs 18:24; Micah 7:5,6; Matthew 10:21
familiar
2 Samuel 16:23; Psalms 55:12-14; Jeremiah 20:10; John 13:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 40:23 - but forgat him;  Job 2:8 - took him;  Job 2:12 - knew him;  Job 30:10 - flee far;  Job 42:11 - all his brethren;  Psalm 31:11 - especially;  Proverbs 14:20 - poor;  Lamentations 1:2 - all her friends;  Mark 14:50 - General

Verse 15

They that dwell in mine house, and my maids, count me for a stranger: I am an alien in their sight.
dwell
count me
31:31,32; Psalms 123:3

Verse 16

I called my servant, and he gave me no answer; I intreated him with my mouth.
my servant
1:15,16,17,19
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 19:18 - diligent;  2 Samuel 19:29 - Why speakest;  Job 19:15 - dwell;  Proverbs 29:19 - though

Verse 17

My breath is strange to my wife, though I intreated for the children's sake of mine own body.
breath
2:9,10; 17:1
body
Heb. belly.
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:11 - body;  2 Samuel 19:29 - Why speakest;  Job 19:3 - make yourselves strange to me

Verse 18

Yea, young children despised me; I arose, and they spake against me.
Yea
30:1,12; 2 Kings 2:23; Isaiah 3:5
young children
or, the wicked.

Verse 19

All my inward friends abhorred me: and they whom I loved are turned against me.
my inward friends
Heb. the men of my secret.
Psalms 41:9; 55:12-14,20
they whom
6:14,15; Psalms 109:4,5; Luke 22:48
Reciprocal: Job 2:11 - friends;  Job 30:10 - abhor me;  Jeremiah 20:10 - All my familiars;  Matthew 10:21 - the children;  Luke 22:21 - General

Verse 20

My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.
bone
30:30; 33:19-22; Psalms 22:14-17; 32:3,4; 38:3; 102:3,5; Lamentations 4:8
and to
or, as. and I am.
2:4-6; 7:5; Lamentations 3:4; 5:10
Reciprocal: Job 2:5 - put forth;  Job 14:22 - his flesh;  Job 20:11 - bones;  Job 21:5 - be astonished;  Job 30:18 - By the great;  Job 33:21 - His flesh;  Psalm 109:24 - my flesh

Verse 21

Have pity upon me, have pity upon me, O ye my friends; for the hand of God hath touched me.
have pity
6:14; Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 12:26; Hebrews 13:3
the hand
1:11; 2:5,10; 6:4; Psalms 38:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:3 - touch;  Ruth 1:13 - the hand;  Ruth 2:9 - touch thee;  Job 2:11 - friends;  Job 4:5 - it toucheth;  Job 6:9 - that he would;  Job 21:5 - be astonished;  Job 32:13 - God;  Psalm 6:2 - my;  Psalm 69:20 - comforters;  Psalm 69:26 - For;  Psalm 109:16 - persecuted;  Ecclesiastes 4:1 - they had;  Jeremiah 15:5 - For who;  Lamentations 3:1 - the man;  Acts 13:11 - hand

Verse 22

Why do ye persecute me as God, and are not satisfied with my flesh?
persecute
10:16; 16:13,14; Psalms 69:26
and are not
2:5; 31:31; Isaiah 51:23; Micah 3:3
Reciprocal: Job 14:22 - his flesh;  Job 19:28 - Why;  Psalm 27:2 - to;  Psalm 69:20 - comforters;  Psalm 109:16 - persecuted;  Ecclesiastes 4:1 - they had

Verse 23

Oh that my words were now written! oh that they were printed in a book!
Oh
Heb. Who will give, etc. my words.
31:35; Isaiah 8:1; 30:8
oh that they were
Rather, "Oh that they were described yuchakoo in a book, with an iron stile and lead! Were graven on a rock for ever!" Pliny observes, "At first men wrote on palm leaves, and afterwards on the bark or rind of other trees. In process of time, public monuments were written on rolls of lead (plumbeis voluminibus); and those of a private nature on linen books, or tables covered with wax."
Reciprocal: Exodus 17:14 - memorial;  Deuteronomy 6:9 - GeneralPsalm 102:18 - This;  Jeremiah 17:1 - written;  Jeremiah 30:2 - GeneralMalachi 3:16 - a book;  1 Thessalonians 5:8 - the hope

Verse 24

That they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever!
graven
Exodus 28:11,12,21; 32:16; Deuteronomy 27:2,3,8; Jeremiah 17:1
Reciprocal: Job 31:35 - mine;  Psalm 102:18 - This;  Isaiah 8:1 - write;  Isaiah 30:8 - write;  Jeremiah 30:2 - General

Verse 25

For I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth:
I know
33:23,24; Psalms 19:14; Isaiah 54:5; 59:20,21; Ephesians 1:7
he shall
Genesis 3:15; 22:18; John 5:22-29; Jude 1:14
Reciprocal: Numbers 24:17 - I shall see him;  Deuteronomy 31:29 - the latter days;  Joshua 2:9 - I know;  Ruth 2:20 - one of our;  2 Samuel 22:47 - Lord;  Job 13:15 - he slay me;  Job 14:12 - till the heavens;  Job 14:14 - shall he live;  Psalm 138:7 - Though I walk;  Proverbs 14:32 - the righteous;  Isaiah 2:2 - in the last;  Isaiah 30:8 - the time to come;  Isaiah 41:14 - saith;  Jeremiah 48:47 - in the latter;  Daniel 12:2 - many;  Hosea 13:14 - ransom;  Matthew 22:29 - not;  Mark 12:24 - because;  John 5:28 - for;  John 11:25 - he that;  Acts 2:27 - to see;  Acts 24:15 - that;  Acts 26:6 - the promise;  Romans 5:2 - and rejoice;  2 Corinthians 5:1 - we know;  1 Thessalonians 1:10 - wait;  1 Thessalonians 4:13 - which have;  Titus 2:13 - the glorious;  Hebrews 9:27 - but;  Hebrews 11:13 - but;  1 Peter 1:5 - in;  Revelation 1:18 - that liveth

Verse 26

And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God:
And though, etc
Or, After I shall awake, though this body be destroyed, yet out of my flesh shall I see God.
Psalms 17:15
in my flesh
Psalms 16:9,11; Matthew 5:8; 1 Corinthians 13:12; 15:53; Philippians 3:21; 1 John 3:2; Revelation 1:7
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:19 - and;  Job 7:5 - flesh;  Job 14:10 - where is he;  Job 14:14 - shall he live;  Job 14:22 - his flesh;  Job 17:14 - to the worm;  Job 21:26 - the worms;  Job 24:20 - the worm;  Psalm 138:7 - Though I walk;  John 5:28 - for;  Acts 12:23 - and he;  Acts 13:36 - and saw;  Acts 24:15 - that;  2 Corinthians 4:16 - though;  2 Corinthians 5:1 - we know;  Philippians 1:23 - with;  Hebrews 12:14 - no man

Verse 27

Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another; though my reins be consumed within me.
I shall
Numbers 24:17; Isaiah 26:19
another
Heb. a stranger. though my reins, etc. or, my reins within me are consumed with earnest desire [for that day.] # Ps 119:81 Php 1:23
within me
Heb. in my bosom.
Reciprocal: Job 16:13 - he cleaveth;  Psalm 16:9 - my flesh;  Psalm 17:15 - I will;  Matthew 5:8 - for;  Acts 13:36 - and saw;  2 Corinthians 4:16 - though;  Revelation 1:7 - and every

Verse 28

But ye should say, Why persecute we him, seeing the root of the matter is found in me?
Why
22; Psalms 69:26
seeing, etc
or, and what root of matter is found in me? the root.
1 Kings 14:13
in me
Instead of bee, "in me," bo, "in him," is the reading of more than 100 MSS.
Reciprocal: Job 6:13 - Is not my;  Matthew 13:21 - root;  Mark 4:17 - have;  Luke 8:13 - and these;  1 John 3:9 - for

Verse 29

Be ye afraid of the sword: for wrath bringeth the punishments of the sword, that ye may know there is a judgment.
ye afraid
13:7-11; Romans 13:1-4
that ye may
Psalms 58:10,11; Ecclesiastes 11:9; Matthew 7:1,2; James 4:11,12 Reciprocal: Job 20:3 - the check

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/job-19.html.