Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 22

Introduction

1Eliphaz shews that man's goodness profits not God.
5He accuses Job of divers sins.
21He exhorts him to repentance, with promises of mercy.

Verse 2

Can a man be profitable unto God, as he that is wise may be profitable unto himself?
a man
35:6-8; Psalms 16:2; Luke 17:10
as he that, etc
or, if he may be profitable, doth his good success depend thereon?
21:15; Deuteronomy 10:13; Proverbs 3:13-18; 4:7-9; 9:12; Ecclesiastes 7:11,12; Matthew 5:29; Galatians 6:7,8
Reciprocal: Job 5:27 - for thy good;  Job 35:7 - GeneralJob 41:11 - Who;  Mark 8:36 - profit;  Acts 17:25 - is;  1 Corinthians 2:16 - who;  1 Timothy 4:8 - godliness;  Titus 3:8 - good

Verse 3

Is it any pleasure to the Almighty, that thou art righteous? or is it gain to him, that thou makest thy ways perfect?
any pleasure
1 Chronicles 29:17; Psalms 147:10,11; Proverbs 11:1,20; 12:22; 15:8; Malachi 2:17; Philippians 4:18
thou makest
23:10-12; Psalms 39:1; 119:3-6,59; Acts 24:16; 2 Corinthians 7:1
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:33 - perfect;  Job 35:7 - GeneralJob 41:11 - Who;  Psalm 16:2 - my goodness;  Proverbs 9:12 - GeneralLuke 17:10 - General

Verse 4

Will he reprove thee for fear of thee? will he enter with thee into judgment?
reprove
Psalms 39:11; 76:6; 80:16; Revelation 3:19
for fear
7:12
will he enter
9:19,32; 14:3; 16:21; 23:6,7; 34:23; Psalms 130:3,4; 143:2; Ecclesiastes 12:14; Isaiah 3:14,15

Verse 5

Is not thy wickedness great? and thine iniquities infinite?
not thy
4:7-11; 11:14; 15:5,6,31-34; 21:27; 32:3
thine
Psalms 19:12; 40:12
Reciprocal: Job 7:20 - I have sinned;  Job 9:29 - GeneralJob 13:23 - many;  Job 15:34 - the tabernacles;  Job 16:17 - Not for;  Job 29:12 - I delivered;  Job 33:32 - GeneralIsaiah 32:6 - empty;  Isaiah 54:17 - every;  Luke 13:2 - Suppose;  John 9:3 - Neither

Verse 6

For thou hast taken a pledge from thy brother for nought, and stripped the naked of their clothing.
For thou
24:3,9; Exodus 22:26; Deuteronomy 24:10-18; Ezekiel 18:7,12,16; Amos 2:8
stripped, etc
Heb. stripped the clothes of the naked.
24:10; 31:19,20
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:17 - ye shall hear;  Deuteronomy 24:12 - GeneralJob 13:4 - ye are forgers;  Job 20:19 - Because;  Job 24:7 - the naked;  Job 36:4 - my;  Ezekiel 33:15 - restore;  Habakkuk 2:6 - that increaseth;  John 21:7 - naked;  Romans 8:33 - Who;  1 Corinthians 4:11 - and are naked;  James 2:13 - he

Verse 7

Thou hast not given water to the weary to drink, and thou hast withholden bread from the hungry.
not given
31:17; Deuteronomy 15:7-11; Psalms 112:9; Proverbs 11:24,25; 19:17; Isaiah 58:7,10; Ezekiel 18:7,16; Matthew 25:42; Romans 12:20
Reciprocal: Job 31:16 - withheld;  James 2:16 - one

Verse 8

But as for the mighty man, he had the earth; and the honourable man dwelt in it.
But as
29:7-17; 31:34; 1 Kings 21:11-15; Psalms 12:8; Micah 7:3
mighty man
Heb. man of arm. honourable. Heb. eminent, or, accepted for countenance.
13:8
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 24:17 - pervert

Verse 9

Thou hast sent widows away empty, and the arms of the fatherless have been broken.
widows
24:3,21; 29:12,13; 31:16-18,21; Exodus 22:21-24; Deuteronomy 27:19; Psalms 94:6; Isaiah 1:17,23; 10:2; Ezekiel 22:7; Malachi 3:5; Luke 18:3-5
arms
Psalms 10:15; 37:17; Ezekiel 30:22
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 24:17 - pervert;  1 Samuel 2:31 - I will cut;  Job 6:27 - the fatherless;  Job 34:28 - they;  Proverbs 23:10 - fatherless;  Jeremiah 22:3 - do no violence;  Jeremiah 48:25 - and his;  Ezekiel 45:9 - exactions;  Matthew 23:14 - for ye

Verse 10

Therefore snares are round about thee, and sudden fear troubleth thee;
snares
18:8-10; 19:6; Psalms 11:6
sudden
6:4; 13:21; Proverbs 1:27; 3:25,26; 1 Thessalonians 5:3
Reciprocal: Job 34:28 - they

Verse 11

Or darkness, that thou canst not see; and abundance of waters cover thee.
darkness
18:6,18; 19:8; Proverbs 4:19; Isaiah 8:22; Lamentations 3:2; Joel 2:2,3; Matthew 8:12
abundance
Psalms 42:7; 69:1,2; 124:4; Lamentations 3:54; Jonah 2:3
Reciprocal: Job 23:17 - the darkness from

Verse 12

Is not God in the height of heaven? and behold the height of the stars, how high they are!
not God
Psalms 115:3,16; Ecclesiastes 5:2; Isaiah 57:15; 66:1
height
Heb. head. the stars.
Psalms 8:3,4
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 6:21 - thy dwelling place;  Job 11:8 - It is as high as heaven;  Job 35:5 - Look;  Psalm 59:7 - who;  Psalm 94:7 - they say;  Psalm 102:19 - the height;  Psalm 103:11 - as the;  Psalm 139:11 - Surely;  Ezekiel 8:12 - The Lord seeth

Verse 13

And thou sayest, How doth God know? can he judge through the dark cloud?
How
or, What. doth God know.
Psalms 10:11; 59:7; 73:11; 94:7-9; Ezekiel 8:12; 9:9; Zephaniah 1:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:9 - I know;  Exodus 14:24 - and troubled;  2 Chronicles 18:12 - Behold;  Job 11:11 - he seeth;  Job 24:15 - No eye;  Psalm 14:1 - no;  Isaiah 29:15 - seek;  Isaiah 47:10 - thou hast said;  Jeremiah 23:24 - hide;  Acts 5:3 - lie to;  1 Corinthians 15:35 - How

Verse 14

Thick clouds are a covering to him, that he seeth not; and he walketh in the circuit of heaven.
34:22; Psalms 33:14; 97:2; 139:1,2,11,12; Jeremiah 23:24; Luke 12:2,3
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:8 - hid;  Genesis 4:9 - I know;  Job 11:11 - he seeth;  Job 24:15 - No eye;  Psalm 10:11 - God;  Psalm 19:6 - circuit;  Psalm 73:11 - How;  Isaiah 29:15 - seek;  Isaiah 47:10 - thou hast said

Verse 15

Hast thou marked the old way which wicked men have trodden?
the old way
Genesis 6:5,11-13; Luke 17:26,27
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:12 - for all;  Genesis 7:21 - GeneralGenesis 7:23 - every living substance;  Job 13:21 - Withdraw;  Job 15:29 - neither shall;  Proverbs 10:27 - the years;  Matthew 24:37 - General2 Peter 2:5 - spared

Verse 16

Which were cut down out of time, whose foundation was overflown with a flood:
cut down
15:32; Psalms 55:23; 102:24; Ecclesiastes 7:17
whose foundation was overflown with a flood
Heb. a flood was poured upon their foundation.
Genesis 7:11,17-24; Matthew 24:37-39; 1 Peter 3:19,20; 2 Peter 2:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:17 - bring;  Genesis 7:4 - destroy;  Genesis 7:10 - waters;  Genesis 7:18 - waters prevailed;  Job 27:20 - Terrors;  Job 30:14 - as a wide;  Job 36:14 - They die;  Psalm 90:5 - Thou;  Proverbs 10:27 - the years;  Isaiah 28:17 - and the waters

Verse 17

Which said unto God, Depart from us: and what can the Almighty do for them?
Depart
21:10,14,15; Isaiah 30:11; Matthew 8:29,34; Romans 1:28
and what
Psalms 4:6; Malachi 3:14
for them
or, to them.
Reciprocal: Genesis 25:32 - and what;  Job 34:9 - It;  Psalm 10:4 - will not;  Hosea 7:13 - fled;  Luke 15:13 - and took;  2 Thessalonians 1:9 - from the presence;  Hebrews 3:12 - in;  Hebrews 7:25 - come;  James 3:5 - so

Verse 18

Yet he filled their houses with good things: but the counsel of the wicked is far from me.
he filled
12:6; 1 Samuel 2:7; Psalms 17:14; Jeremiah 12:2; Acts 14:17; 15:16
the counsel
21:16; Psalms 1:1
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 20:20 - Far be it;  Job 12:9 - the hand;  Luke 15:13 - and took;  Luke 16:25 - thy good

Verse 19

The righteous see it, and are glad: and the innocent laugh them to scorn.
righteous
Psalms 48:11; 58:10; 97:8; 107:42; Proverbs 11:10; Revelation 18:20; 19:1-3
innocent
9:23; Psalms 52:6

Verse 20

Whereas our substance is not cut down, but the remnant of them the fire consumeth.
our substance
or, our estate.
4:7; 8:3,4; 15:5,6; 20:18,19; 21:27,28; Luke 13:1-5
the remnant
or, their excellency. the fire.
1:16; 20:26; Genesis 19:24; Luke 17:29,30; 2 Peter 2:6,7
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 14:16 - they shall

Verse 21

Acquaint now thyself with him, and be at peace: thereby good shall come unto thee.
Acquaint
1 Chronicles 28:9; John 17:3; 2 Corinthians 4:6
him
that is, God. be at peace.
Isaiah 27:5; 57:19-21; Matthew 5:25; Acts 10:36; 2 Corinthians 5:20; Philippians 4:7; Ephesians 2:14-17
Reciprocal: Genesis 13:2 - GeneralJob 5:8 - seek;  Job 8:5 - thou wouldest;  Job 11:13 - prepare;  Job 33:24 - Then;  Job 36:11 - If;  Proverbs 9:12 - GeneralEcclesiastes 7:12 - wisdom;  Isaiah 48:17 - which teacheth;  Luke 12:58 - give;  Romans 2:10 - and peace

Verse 22

Receive, I pray thee, the law from his mouth, and lay up his words in thine heart.
receive
Deuteronomy 4:1,2; Proverbs 2:1-9; 1 Thessalonians 4:1,2
lay up
23:12; Deuteronomy 6:6-9; Psalms 119:11; Proverbs 4:4,21; Jeremiah 15:16; Matthew 12:35; 13:52; Luke 2:19,51
Reciprocal: Job 11:13 - prepare;  Job 35:13 - God;  Proverbs 1:3 - receive;  Proverbs 4:10 - my;  Proverbs 7:1 - lay;  Isaiah 48:17 - which teacheth;  Jeremiah 9:20 - receive;  Ezekiel 3:10 - receive

Verse 23

If thou return to the Almighty, thou shalt be built up, thou shalt put away iniquity far from thy tabernacles.
return
8:5,6; 11:13,14; Isaiah 55:6,7; Hosea 14:1,2; Zechariah 1:3; Acts 26:20
built up
12:14; Jeremiah 31:4; Colossians 2:7; Jude 1:20
thou shalt
11:14; 18:15; Joshua 7:13-16; Isaiah 33:15; Zechariah 5:3,4
put
2 Timothy 2:19
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:7 - far from;  Exodus 38:21 - tabernacle of testimony;  Judges 6:25 - Take thy father's;  1 Samuel 1:14 - put away;  2 Chronicles 33:13 - he was entreated;  Job 36:11 - spend;  Proverbs 4:15 - GeneralMalachi 3:15 - set;  Ephesians 4:22 - ye

Verse 24

Then shalt thou lay up gold as dust, and the gold of Ophir as the stones of the brooks.
lay up
1 Kings 10:21; 2 Chronicles 1:5; 9:10,27
as dust
or, on the dust. Ophir.
Genesis 10:29; 1 Kings 9:28; 22:48; Psalms 45:9; Isaiah 13:12
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 10:27 - the king;  1 Chronicles 1:23 - Ophir;  2 Chronicles 1:15 - the king;  Job 8:5 - thou wouldest;  Job 21:19 - layeth;  Job 27:16 - heap up;  Job 42:10 - the Lord;  Zechariah 9:3 - heaped

Verse 25

Yea, the Almighty shall be thy defence, and thou shalt have plenty of silver.
the Almighty
Genesis 15:1; Psalms 18:2; 84:11; Isaiah 41:10; Romans 8:31
defence
or, gold.
Psalms 16:5,6; Isaiah 33:6; 2 Corinthians 6:10; James 2:5
plenty of silver
Heb. silver of strength.
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 10:27 - the king;  2 Chronicles 1:15 - the king;  2 Chronicles 9:27 - the king;  Job 3:15 - who filled their houses;  Job 42:10 - the Lord

Verse 26

For then shalt thou have thy delight in the Almighty, and shalt lift up thy face unto God.
shalt thou
27:10; 34:9; Psalms 37:4; Song of Solomon 2:3; Isaiah 58:14; Romans 7:22
lift up
11:15; Psalms 25:1; 86:4; 143:8; 1 John 3:20,21
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 17:6 - his heart;  Psalm 119:6 - shall I;  John 15:7 - ye shall;  Philippians 3:1 - rejoice

Verse 27

Thou shalt make thy prayer unto him, and he shall hear thee, and thou shalt pay thy vows.
make thy
Psalms 50:14,15; 66:17,18-20; 91:15; 116:1; Isaiah 58:9; 1 John 5:14,15
pay thy
Psalms 56:12; 66:13,14; 116:14; Ecclesiastes 5:4; Jonah 2:9
Reciprocal: Numbers 30:2 - he shall do;  2 Kings 19:20 - I have heard;  1 Chronicles 4:10 - God granted;  2 Chronicles 33:13 - he was entreated;  Job 5:8 - seek;  Job 9:15 - I would;  Job 11:18 - because;  Job 27:10 - delight;  Job 42:9 - Job;  Isaiah 37:21 - Whereas

Verse 28

Thou shalt also decree a thing, and it shall be established unto thee: and the light shall shine upon thy ways.
decree
Psalms 20:4; 90:17; Lamentations 3:37; Matthew 21:22; James 4:15
the light
29:3; Psalms 97:11; 112:4; Proverbs 4:18; Isaiah 30:21; Malachi 4:2; John 8:12
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:10 - God granted;  Psalm 37:5 - and;  Proverbs 16:3 - thy thoughts;  Proverbs 28:2 - but

Verse 29

When men are cast down, then thou shalt say, There is lifting up; and he shall save the humble person.
men
5:19-27; Psalms 9:2,3; 91:14-16; 92:9-11
he shall
Proverbs 29:23; Isaiah 57:15; Luke 14:11; 18:9-14; James 4:6; 1 Peter 5:5
the humble person
Heb. him that hath low eyes.
Psalms 138:6; Isaiah 66:2; Ezekiel 21:26,27; Luke 1:52
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 40:5 - gave him;  Jeremiah 52:31 - lifted up;  Matthew 23:12 - GeneralLuke 18:14 - every;  Acts 27:22 - I exhort;  2 Corinthians 4:9 - cast;  James 4:10 - he

Verse 30

He shall deliver the island of the innocent: and it is delivered by the pureness of thine hands.
He shall deliver the island of the innocent
or, The innocent shall deliver the island.
42:8; Genesis 18:26-32; Isaiah 58:12; Jeremiah 5:1; Acts 27:24
pureness
Isaiah 1:15; Malachi 1:9; Matthew 17:19,20; Acts 19:15,16; 1 Timothy 2:8; James 5:15,16 Reciprocal: 2 Kings 2:12 - My father;  Proverbs 11:11 - the blessing;  Isaiah 20:6 - isle;  Acts 27:22 - I exhort

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 22". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/job-22.html.