Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 29

Introduction

1Job bemoans his former prosperity.

Verse 1

Moreover Job continued his parable, and said,
continued
Heb. added to take up.
27:1
Reciprocal: Numbers 23:7 - he took;  Job 34:29 - When he giveth

Verse 2

Oh that I were as in months past, as in the days when God preserved me;
as in months
1:1-5; 7:3
God
1:10; Psalms 37:28; Jude 1:1
Reciprocal: Job 9:34 - let not;  Job 13:24 - hidest thou;  Psalm 42:4 - When;  Psalm 51:12 - Restore;  Lamentations 1:7 - remembered

Verse 3

When his candle shined upon my head, and when by his light I walked through darkness;
candle
or, lamp.
18:6; 21:17; Psalms 18:28; Proverbs 13:9; 20:20; 24:20
by his light
22:28; Psalms 4:6; 23:4; 27:1; 84:11; Isaiah 2:4; John 8:12; 12:46; Ephesians 5:8,14
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:29 - lamp;  Job 13:24 - hidest thou;  Job 16:12 - at ease;  Psalm 36:9 - in thy;  Psalm 51:12 - Restore;  Psalm 89:15 - in the light;  Psalm 119:105 - lamp;  Isaiah 50:10 - that walketh

Verse 4

As I was in the days of my youth, when the secret of God was upon my tabernacle;
the secret
1:10; 15:8; Psalms 25:14; 27:5; 91:1; Proverbs 3:32; Colossians 3:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:7 - be accepted

Verse 5

When the Almighty was yet with me, when my children were about me;
the Almighty
23:3,8-10; Deuteronomy 33:27-29; Joshua 1:9; Judges 6:12,13; Psalms 30:7; 43:2; 44:8,9; Song of Solomon 2:4; 3:1,2; Jeremiah 14:8; Matthew 9:15
my children
1:2-5; 42:13-16; Psalms 127:3-5; 128:3; Proverbs 17:6
Reciprocal: Job 16:7 - hast made

Verse 6

When I washed my steps with butter, and the rock poured me out rivers of oil;
I washed
20:17; Genesis 49:11; Deuteronomy 32:13; 33:24; Psalms 81:16
me out
Heb. with me.
Reciprocal: Psalm 58:10 - wash;  Joel 3:18 - the mountains;  Micah 6:7 - rivers

Verse 7

When I went out to the gate through the city, when I prepared my seat in the street!
Deuteronomy 16:18; 21:19; Ruth 4:1,2,11; Zechariah 8:16
Reciprocal: Genesis 23:10 - all that;  Genesis 34:20 - the gate;  Exodus 18:13 - GeneralDeuteronomy 25:1 - GeneralJoshua 20:4 - at the entering;  Judges 5:11 - go down;  Job 19:9 - stripped;  Job 22:8 - But as;  Proverbs 24:7 - openeth;  Proverbs 31:23 - in the;  Jeremiah 22:3 - Execute;  Jeremiah 38:7 - the king;  Lamentations 5:14 - elders;  Ezekiel 18:8 - hath executed;  Amos 5:12 - in the;  Luke 18:2 - which;  Romans 13:6 - attending

Verse 8

The young men saw me, and hid themselves: and the aged arose, and stood up.
young men
Leviticus 19:32; Proverbs 16:31; 20:8; Romans 13:3,4; Titus 3:1; 1 Peter 5:5
the aged
Romans 13:7; 1 Peter 2:17
Reciprocal: Job 30:1 - they that are;  Titus 2:6 - Young

Verse 9

The princes refrained talking, and laid their hand on their mouth.
refrained
4:2; 7:11; Proverbs 10:19; James 1:19
laid
21:5; 40:4; Judges 18:19; Proverbs 30:32
Reciprocal: Job 1:3 - greatest;  Job 29:21 - gave ear;  Proverbs 31:8 - Open;  Isaiah 52:15 - kings;  Micah 7:16 - lay

Verse 10

The nobles held their peace, and their tongue cleaved to the roof of their mouth.
nobles held their peace
Heb. voice of the nobles was hid. their tongue.
Psalms 137:6; Ezekiel 3:26
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 5:8 - held;  Job 1:3 - greatest;  Job 29:21 - gave ear;  Psalm 22:15 - tongue;  Isaiah 52:15 - kings;  Micah 7:16 - lay

Verse 11

When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; and when the eye saw me, it gave witness to me:
the ear
31:20; Proverbs 29:2; Luke 4:22; 11:27
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:17 - ye shall hear;  Deuteronomy 24:13 - deliver;  Deuteronomy 24:17 - pervert;  2 Samuel 14:22 - thanked;  Job 32:1 - righteous;  Proverbs 28:12 - righteous;  Proverbs 29:14 - king;  Matthew 25:17 - he also;  1 Corinthians 12:21 - General1 Thessalonians 2:10 - how

Verse 12

Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help him.
I delivered
22:5-9; Nehemiah 5:2-13; Psalms 72:12; 82:2-4; Proverbs 21:13; 24:11,12; Jeremiah 22:16
the fatherless
Exodus 22:22-24; Deuteronomy 10:18; Psalms 68:5; James 1:27
Reciprocal: Ruth 2:20 - Blessed;  2 Samuel 14:4 - Help;  Job 4:6 - the uprightness;  Job 6:27 - the fatherless;  Job 15:34 - the tabernacles;  Job 16:17 - Not for;  Job 22:9 - widows;  Job 31:21 - lifted;  Job 34:28 - they;  Job 36:6 - giveth;  Psalm 41:1 - Blessed;  Psalm 82:4 - Deliver;  Proverbs 21:15 - joy;  Proverbs 22:22 - oppress;  Proverbs 31:9 - GeneralJeremiah 5:28 - judge;  Jeremiah 22:3 - do no violence;  Amos 5:24 - let

Verse 13

The blessing of him that was ready to perish came upon me: and I caused the widow's heart to sing for joy.
The blessing
Deuteronomy 24:13; Acts 9:39-41; 2 Corinthians 9:12-14; 2 Timothy 1:16-18
ready
31:19; Deuteronomy 26:5; Proverbs 31:6-9; Isaiah 27:13
I caused
Deuteronomy 16:11; Nehemiah 8:10-12; Philemon 1:7
sing
Psalms 67:4; Isaiah 65:14
Reciprocal: Ruth 2:20 - Blessed;  Nehemiah 11:2 - blessed;  Job 22:9 - widows;  Job 24:21 - doeth not;  Job 31:17 - the fatherless;  Job 34:28 - they;  Psalm 68:5 - a judge;  Proverbs 10:6 - Blessings;  Proverbs 11:25 - liberal soul;  Proverbs 11:26 - blessing;  Matthew 25:35 - I was an;  Luke 7:12 - a widow;  Luke 14:13 - call;  Luke 18:3 - a widow;  Acts 6:1 - their;  Acts 9:41 - widows;  1 Timothy 5:3 - widows;  James 1:27 - To visit

Verse 14

I put on righteousness, and it clothed me: my judgment was as a robe and a diadem.
I put
Deuteronomy 24:13; Psalms 132:9; Isaiah 59:17; 61:10; Romans 13:14; 2 Corinthians 6:7; Ephesians 6:14; 1 Thessalonians 5:8; Revelation 19:8
a diadem
Isaiah 28:5; 62:3
Reciprocal: Job 27:5 - I will not;  Job 29:20 - glory;  Job 31:36 - a crown;  Job 33:9 - clean;  Job 34:5 - I;  Psalm 109:18 - As he;  Proverbs 31:25 - Strength;  Acts 24:25 - righteousness;  Galatians 3:27 - put;  Ephesians 4:24 - put;  Colossians 3:10 - put;  1 Peter 5:5 - be clothed

Verse 15

I was eyes to the blind, and feet was I to the lame.
eyes
Numbers 10:31; Matthew 11:5; 1 Corinthians 12:12-31
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 27:18 - GeneralProverbs 31:9 - GeneralLuke 7:22 - how;  Luke 14:13 - call

Verse 16

I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched out.
a father
31:18; Esther 2:7; Psalms 68:5; Ephesians 5:1; James 1:27
the cause
Exodus 18:26; Deuteronomy 13:14; 17:8-10; 1 Kings 3:16-28; Proverbs 25:2; 29:7
Reciprocal: Genesis 39:19 - heard;  Genesis 45:8 - father;  Exodus 18:21 - men;  Judges 17:10 - a father;  2 Samuel 14:8 - I will give;  Ezra 6:1 - and search;  Ezra 10:16 - to examine the matter;  Psalm 82:4 - Deliver;  Proverbs 18:13 - that;  Proverbs 24:25 - them;  Proverbs 31:9 - GeneralEzekiel 18:17 - hath taken;  Luke 14:13 - call

Verse 17

And I brake the jaws of the wicked, and plucked the spoil out of his teeth.
I brake
Psalms 3:7; 58:8; Proverbs 30:14
jaws
Heb. jaw teeth, or grinders. and plucked. Heb. and cast.
1 Samuel 17:35; Psalms 124:3,6
Reciprocal: Job 4:10 - the teeth;  Psalm 58:6 - Break their;  Psalm 82:4 - Deliver;  Proverbs 24:11 - GeneralProverbs 31:8 - Open;  Jeremiah 21:12 - deliver

Verse 18

Then I said, I shall die in my nest, and I shall multiply my days as the sand.
I shall die
Psalms 30:6,7; Jeremiah 22:23; 49:16; Obadiah 1:4; Habakkuk 2:9
multiply
5:26; 42:16,17; Psalms 91:16
as the sand
Genesis 32:12; 41:49
Reciprocal: Numbers 24:21 - the Kenites;  Job 16:12 - at ease;  Job 30:26 - When I looked;  Isaiah 38:17 - for peace I had great bitterness;  Habakkuk 1:9 - they shall gather

Verse 19

My root was spread out by the waters, and the dew lay all night upon my branch.
root
18:16; Psalms 1:3; Jeremiah 17:8; Hosea 14:5-7
spread out
Heb. opened.
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 33:13 - the dew;  Job 8:17 - roots;  Job 16:12 - at ease;  Job 38:28 - dew;  Isaiah 26:19 - thy dew

Verse 20

My glory was fresh in me, and my bow was renewed in my hand.
glory
14; 19:9; Genesis 45:13; Psalms 3:3
fresh
Heb. new. my bow.
Genesis 49:24
renewed
Heb. changed.
Psalms 103:5; Isaiah 40:31; 2 Corinthians 4:16

Verse 21

Unto me men gave ear, and waited, and kept silence at my counsel.
gave ear
9,10; 32:11,12
Reciprocal: Job 19:9 - stripped;  Proverbs 10:21 - feed

Verse 22

After my words they spake not again; and my speech dropped upon them.
After my
32:15,16; 33:31-33; Isaiah 52:15; Matthew 22:46
speech
Deuteronomy 32:2; Song of Solomon 4:11; Ezekiel 20:46; Amos 7:16; Micah 2:6; *marg:
Reciprocal: Proverbs 10:21 - feed

Verse 23

And they waited for me as for the rain; and they opened their mouth wide as for the latter rain.
as for the rain
Psalms 72:6
the latter rain
Hosea 6:3; Zechariah 10:1
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:2 - drop;  Job 32:11 - I waited for;  Proverbs 16:15 - the light

Verse 24

If I laughed on them, they believed it not; and the light of my countenance they cast not down.
they believed
Genesis 45:26; Psalms 126:1; Luke 24:41
the light
Psalms 4:6; 89:15
Reciprocal: Job 9:16 - would I;  Job 39:24 - neither;  Proverbs 16:15 - the light;  Proverbs 19:6 - will

Verse 25

I chose out their way, and sat chief, and dwelt as a king in the army, as one that comforteth the mourners.
chose out
Genesis 41:40; Judges 11:8; 2 Samuel 5:2; 1 Chronicles 13:1-4
dwelt
Genesis 14:14-17; Deuteronomy 33:5
one that
4:3,4; Isaiah 35:3,4; 61:1-3; 2 Corinthians 1:3,4; 7:5-7; 1 Thessalonians 3:2,3 Reciprocal: Job 1:3 - greatest;  Job 16:5 - But I would;  Proverbs 19:6 - will

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 29". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/job-29.html.