Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 34

Introduction

1Elihu accuses Job for charging God with injustice.
10God omnipotent cannot be unjust.
31Man must humble himself unto God.
34Elihu reproves Job.

Verse 2

Hear my words, O ye wise men; and give ear unto me, ye that have knowledge.
Proverbs 1:5; 1 Corinthians 10:15; 14:20
Reciprocal: Job 13:6 - GeneralJob 15:17 - hear me;  Job 21:2 - Hear;  Job 33:1 - hear;  Job 34:10 - understanding;  Job 34:34 - understanding

Verse 3

For the ear trieth words, as the mouth tasteth meat.
the ear
6:30; 12:11; 1 Corinthians 2:15; Hebrews 5:14
mouth
Heb. palate.
31:30; 33:2; *marg:
Reciprocal: Job 6:6 - taste;  Job 6:26 - reprove;  Job 34:10 - understanding;  Isaiah 11:3 - understanding;  1 Corinthians 10:15 - GeneralPhilippians 1:10 - approve things that are excellent

Verse 4

Let us choose to us judgment: let us know among ourselves what is good.
choose
36; Judges 19:30; 20:7; 1 Corinthians 6:2-5; Galatians 2:11-14; 1 Thessalonians 5:21
know
Isaiah 11:2-5; John 7:24; Romans 12:2
Reciprocal: Job 34:34 - understanding;  Psalm 45:1 - a good;  Luke 9:55 - Ye know

Verse 5

For Job hath said, I am righteous: and God hath taken away my judgment.
I
10:7; 11:4; 16:17; 29:14; 32:1; 33:9
God
9:17; 27:2
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 15:20 - Yea;  Job 8:3 - God;  Job 9:2 - how;  Job 10:3 - Is it good;  Job 15:6 - thine own;  Job 19:7 - no judgment;  Job 32:2 - because;  Job 33:10 - he findeth;  Job 35:2 - My;  Job 36:3 - ascribe;  Job 40:8 - wilt thou condemn;  Isaiah 40:27 - my judgment;  Ezekiel 18:25 - way;  Malachi 2:17 - Every;  Acts 8:33 - judgment

Verse 6

Should I lie against my right? my wound is incurable without transgression.
I
27:4-6
wound
Heb. arrow.
6:4; 16:13
Reciprocal: Job 9:17 - without cause;  Job 11:4 - I am clean;  Job 32:2 - because;  Job 40:8 - wilt thou condemn;  Jeremiah 15:18 - my wound;  Jeremiah 30:15 - thy sorrow

Verse 7

What man is like Job, who drinketh up scorning like water?
15:16; Deuteronomy 29:19; Proverbs 1:22; 4:17
Reciprocal: Job 11:3 - mockest;  Job 36:21 - this;  Proverbs 14:9 - Fools;  Proverbs 19:28 - the;  Malachi 3:13 - Your

Verse 8

Which goeth in company with the workers of iniquity, and walketh with wicked men.
2:10; 11:3; 15:5; Psalms 1:1; 26:4; 50:18; 73:12-15; Proverbs 1:15; 2:12; 4:14; Proverbs 13:20; 1 Corinthians 15:33
Reciprocal: Job 34:36 - his answers;  Job 35:4 - thy;  Job 36:17 - fulfilled;  Malachi 3:13 - Your;  Matthew 20:13 - I do;  Romans 8:33 - Who

Verse 9

For he hath said, It profiteth a man nothing that he should delight himself with God.
It
9:22,23,30,31; 21:14-16,30; 22:17; 35:3; Malachi 3:14
delight
27:10; Psalms 37:4
Reciprocal: Genesis 25:32 - and what;  Job 21:15 - and what;  Job 22:26 - shalt thou;  Job 33:27 - it profited;  Job 34:36 - his answers;  Psalm 73:13 - Verily;  Isaiah 58:14 - delight;  Romans 8:33 - Who

Verse 10

Therefore hearken unto me, ye men of understanding: far be it from God, that he should do wickedness; and from the Almighty, that he should commit iniquity.
understanding
Heb. heart.
2,3,34; Proverbs 6:32; 15:32; *marg:
far
8:3; 36:23; 37:23; Genesis 18:25; Deuteronomy 32:4; 2 Chronicles 19:7; Psalms 92:15; Jeremiah 12:1; Romans 3:4,5; 9:14; James 1:13
Reciprocal: Job 1:22 - charged God foolishly;  Job 33:12 - thou;  Job 33:23 - to;  Job 34:23 - he will;  Job 36:3 - ascribe;  Proverbs 1:5 - wise;  Hosea 6:5 - and thy judgments are as;  Hosea 14:9 - for;  Zephaniah 3:5 - he will;  James 2:5 - Hearken

Verse 11

For the work of a man shall he render unto him, and cause every man to find according to his ways.
the work
33:26; Psalms 62:12; Proverbs 24:12; Jeremiah 32:19; Ezekiel 33:17-20; Matthew 16:27; Romans 2:6; 2 Corinthians 5:10; 1 Peter 1:17; Revelation 22:12
cause
Proverbs 1:31; Galatians 6:7,8
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 31:17 - befall them;  Job 34:33 - he will;  Isaiah 59:18 - According

Verse 12

Yea, surely God will not do wickedly, neither will the Almighty pervert judgment.
surely
Psalms 11:7; 145:17; Habakkuk 1:12,13
pervert
8:3
Reciprocal: Job 33:23 - to;  Proverbs 17:7 - much

Verse 13

Who hath given him a charge over the earth? or who hath disposed the whole world?
Who hath given
36:23; 38:4-41; 40:8-11; 1 Chronicles 29:11; Proverbs 8:23-30; Isaiah 40:13,14; Daniel 4:35; Romans 11:34-36
the whole world
Heb. the world, all of it.
Reciprocal: Job 37:15 - Dost

Verse 14

If he set his heart upon man, if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;
set
7:17; 9:4
upon man
Heb. upon him. he gather.
Psalms 104:29; Isaiah 24:22
Reciprocal: Exodus 9:21 - regarded not;  Numbers 17:13 - consumed;  1 Kings 17:17 - that there was;  2 Chronicles 11:16 - set;  Job 1:8 - considered;  Job 9:3 - he will contend;  Job 12:10 - the breath;  Psalm 90:3 - Thou;  Ecclesiastes 8:8 - is no;  Ecclesiastes 12:7 - dust;  Isaiah 40:15 - the nations;  Isaiah 42:5 - he that giveth;  Isaiah 43:13 - I will work;  Isaiah 57:16 - the souls;  Daniel 4:35 - all;  Daniel 5:23 - in whose;  Acts 17:25 - seeing;  James 2:26 - as

Verse 15

All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again unto dust.
30:23; Genesis 3:19; Psalms 90:3-10; Ecclesiastes 12:7; Isaiah 27:4; 57:16
Reciprocal: Numbers 17:13 - consumed;  2 Samuel 14:14 - we must;  Job 7:17 - set thine;  Job 9:3 - he will contend;  Job 12:10 - the breath;  Psalm 22:15 - into the;  Psalm 104:29 - thou takest;  Ecclesiastes 3:20 - all are;  Isaiah 40:15 - the nations;  Isaiah 43:13 - I will work;  Daniel 4:35 - all;  Daniel 5:23 - in whose;  James 2:26 - as

Verse 16

If now thou hast understanding, hear this: hearken to the voice of my words.
12:3; 13:2-6
Reciprocal: Job 34:34 - understanding;  Proverbs 1:5 - wise

Verse 17

Shall even he that hateth right govern? and wilt thou condemn him that is most just?
even
Genesis 18:25; 2 Samuel 23:3; Romans 3:5-7
govern
Heb. bind. wilt.
1:22; 40:8; 2 Samuel 19:21; Romans 9:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:23 - Wilt;  Job 8:3 - God;  Job 21:22 - he judgeth;  Job 32:2 - because;  Job 33:12 - thou;  Zephaniah 3:5 - he will;  Malachi 2:17 - Every;  Matthew 20:13 - I do;  Romans 2:2 - judgment;  Romans 3:6 - for then

Verse 18

Is it fit to say to a king, Thou art wicked? and to princes, Ye are ungodly?
Exodus 22:28; Proverbs 17:26; Acts 23:3,5; Romans 13:7; 1 Peter 2:17; 2 Peter 2:10; Jude 1:8
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 13:13 - Thou hast done;  2 Samuel 19:6 - thou regardest;  2 Chronicles 16:9 - Herein;  Job 1:22 - charged God foolishly;  Job 10:3 - Is it good;  Job 32:2 - because;  Ecclesiastes 8:4 - What;  Hosea 14:9 - for;  Matthew 20:13 - I do;  Romans 9:14 - Is there unrighteousness

Verse 19

How much less to him that accepteth not the persons of princes, nor regardeth the rich more than the poor? for they all are the work of his hands.
accepteth
13:8; Deuteronomy 10:17; 2 Chronicles 19:7; Acts 10:34; Romans 2:11; Galatians 2:6; Ephesians 6:9; Colossians 3:25; 1 Peter 1:17; Hebrews 12:28
princes
12:19,21; Psalms 2:2-4; Ecclesiastes 5:8; Isaiah 3:14
regardeth
36:19; Psalms 49:6,7; James 2:5
they
31:15; Proverbs 14:31; 22:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 12:17 - GeneralGenesis 20:7 - surely;  Genesis 50:19 - for am I;  Exodus 30:15 - rich;  Leviticus 14:21 - poor;  Judges 8:12 - took;  1 Samuel 25:35 - accepted;  2 Samuel 14:14 - neither;  2 Kings 15:5 - the Lord;  2 Chronicles 15:13 - whether small;  2 Chronicles 16:9 - Herein;  Nehemiah 7:71 - chief;  Job 1:22 - charged God foolishly;  Job 10:3 - Is it good;  Job 31:34 - the contempt;  Job 32:21 - accept;  Psalm 49:2 - GeneralPsalm 72:2 - thy poor;  Psalm 82:2 - accept;  Proverbs 17:26 - to strike;  Proverbs 18:5 - not;  Ecclesiastes 8:4 - What;  Isaiah 40:23 - GeneralDaniel 4:35 - all;  Hosea 14:9 - for;  Luke 20:21 - acceptest;  Romans 9:14 - Is there unrighteousness;  1 Corinthians 1:28 - to bring;  James 2:4 - partial;  Revelation 6:15 - the kings;  Revelation 13:16 - rich

Verse 20

In a moment shall they die, and the people shall be troubled at midnight, and pass away: and the mighty shall be taken away without hand.
a moment
Psalms 73:19; Isaiah 30:13; 37:38; Daniel 5:30; Luke 12:20; Acts 12:23; 1 Thessalonians 5:2; 2 Peter 2:3
troubled
Exodus 12:29,30; Isaiah 37:36; Matthew 25:6; Luke 17:26-29
the mighty shall be taken away
Heb. they shall take away the mighty. without.
1 Samuel 25:37-39; 26:10; Isaiah 10:16-19; 30:30-33; Daniel 2:34,44,45; Zechariah 4:6
Reciprocal: Exodus 11:4 - About;  Exodus 14:24 - and troubled;  Exodus 33:5 - in a moment;  Job 34:25 - in the;  Job 36:19 - nor all;  Isaiah 40:23 - GeneralDaniel 8:25 - but;  1 Corinthians 1:28 - to bring;  Revelation 6:15 - the kings

Verse 21

For his eyes are upon the ways of man, and he seeth all his goings.
31:4; Genesis 16:13; 2 Chronicles 16:9; Psalms 34:15; 139:23; Proverbs 5:21; 15:3; Jeremiah 16:17; Jeremiah 17:10; 32:19; Amos 9:8
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:8 - cool of the day;  Job 14:16 - thou numberest;  Job 34:30 - GeneralPsalm 33:15 - considereth;  Psalm 44:21 - Shall;  Psalm 90:8 - Thou;  Psalm 119:168 - for all my;  Psalm 139:8 - in hell;  Hosea 7:2 - are before;  Hebrews 4:13 - naked

Verse 22

There is no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.
no
Psalms 139:11,12; Isaiah 29:15; Jeremiah 23:24; Amos 9:2,3; 1 Corinthians 4:5; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 6:15,16
nor
3:5; 24:17; Isaiah 9:2
the
31:3; Psalms 5:5; Proverbs 10:29; Matthew 7:23; Luke 13:27
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:8 - cool of the day;  Genesis 18:21 - see;  Job 10:22 - the shadow of death;  Job 12:22 - bringeth;  Job 22:14 - GeneralPsalm 33:15 - considereth;  Psalm 44:21 - Shall;  Psalm 139:8 - in hell;  Proverbs 15:3 - GeneralJeremiah 16:17 - GeneralJeremiah 44:25 - ye will;  Ezekiel 8:8 - GeneralMatthew 4:16 - shadow

Verse 23

For he will not lay upon man more than right; that he should enter into judgment with God.
he will
10-12; 11:6; Ezra 9:13; Psalms 119:137; Isaiah 42:3; Daniel 9:7-9
that he
9:32,33; 16:21; 23:7; Jeremiah 2:5; Romans 9:20
enter
Heb. go.
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 9:33 - Howbeit;  Job 22:4 - will he enter;  Job 33:12 - thou;  Psalm 119:75 - I know;  Isaiah 3:14 - enter;  Romans 2:2 - judgment

Verse 24

He shall break in pieces mighty men without number, and set others in their stead.
break
19:2; Psalms 2:9; 72:4; 94:5; Jeremiah 51:20-23; Daniel 2:21,34,35,44,45
number
Heb. searching out. set.
1 Samuel 2:30-36; 15:28; 1 Kings 14:7,8,14; Psalms 113:7,8; Daniel 5:28-31
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 2:35 - in his room;  Luke 1:52 - put;  1 Corinthians 1:28 - to bring

Verse 25

Therefore he knoweth their works, and he overturneth them in the night, so that they are destroyed.
he knoweth
Psalms 33:15; Isaiah 66:18; Hosea 7:2; Amos 8:7; Revelation 20:12
in the
20; Song of Solomon 3:8; Isaiah 15:1; 1 Thessalonians 5:2
destroyed
Heb. crushed.
Reciprocal: Obadiah 1:2 - General

Verse 26

He striketh them as wicked men in the open sight of others;
in
Exodus 14:30; Deuteronomy 13:9-11; 21:21; 2 Samuel 12:11,12; Psalms 58:10,11; Isaiah 66:24; 1 Timothy 5:20,24; Revelation 18:9,10,20
open sight of others
Heb. place of beholders.
Reciprocal: Psalm 28:5 - Because;  Ezekiel 16:41 - and execute

Verse 27

Because they turned back from him, and would not consider any of his ways:
turned
1 Samuel 15:11; Psalms 125:5; Zephaniah 1:6; Luke 17:31,32; Acts 15:38; 2 Timothy 4:10; Hebrews 10:39
from him
Heb. from after him. would.
Psalms 28:5; 107:43; Proverbs 1:29,30; Isaiah 1:3; 5:12; Haggai 2:15-19
Reciprocal: Psalm 44:18 - heart;  Isaiah 26:11 - will

Verse 28

So that they cause the cry of the poor to come unto him, and he heareth the cry of the afflicted.
they
22:9,10; 24:12; 29:12,13; 31:19,20; 35:9; Exodus 2:23,24; 3:7,9; Psalms 12:5; Isaiah 5:7; James 5:4
and he
Exodus 22:23-27
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 15:9 - he cry;  Deuteronomy 24:15 - lest he;  Nehemiah 5:1 - a great cry;  Jeremiah 14:2 - the cry;  Lamentations 3:56 - hast;  1 John 5:14 - he

Verse 29

When he giveth quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hideth his face, who then can behold him? whether it be done against a nation, or against a man only:
When he giveth
29:1-3; 2 Samuel 7:1; Isaiah 14:3-8; 26:3; 32:17; John 14:27; Romans 8:31-34; Philippians 4:7
when he hideth
23:8,9; Psalms 13:1; 27:9; 30:7; 143:7
who then can behold
12:14; 23:13
whether
2 Kings 18:9-12; 2 Chronicles 36:14-17; Jeremiah 27:8
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:24 - and troubled;  Deuteronomy 32:20 - I will hide;  2 Samuel 7:11 - have caused;  1 Kings 17:4 - I have commanded;  1 Chronicles 22:9 - I will give peace;  2 Chronicles 14:6 - the Lord;  2 Chronicles 15:15 - the Lord;  2 Chronicles 20:30 - his God;  Nehemiah 12:43 - God;  Job 5:6 - trouble;  Job 9:12 - he taketh;  Job 11:10 - If he cut off;  Psalm 10:1 - hidest;  Psalm 23:2 - still waters;  Psalm 102:2 - Hide;  Psalm 104:29 - hidest;  Psalm 147:15 - sendeth;  Ecclesiastes 1:15 - crooked;  Ecclesiastes 7:13 - who;  Ecclesiastes 9:11 - but;  Isaiah 43:13 - I will work;  Isaiah 45:7 - I make Peace;  Jeremiah 30:13 - hast;  Jeremiah 30:15 - thy sorrow;  Daniel 3:17 - our God;  Daniel 4:35 - none;  Hosea 6:1 - he hath torn;  Jonah 1:13 - but;  Haggai 1:11 - I called;  Zechariah 6:1 - and the;  Malachi 1:4 - They shall build;  John 16:22 - and your;  Acts 5:39 - if;  Romans 8:34 - Who

Verse 30

That the hypocrite reign not, lest the people be ensnared.
21; 1 Kings 12:28-30; 2 Kings 21:9; Psalms 12:8; Ecclesiastes 9:18; Hosea 5:11; 13:11; Micah 6:16; 2 Thessalonians 2:4-11; Revelation 13:3,4,11-14
Reciprocal: Job 17:8 - stir up;  Proverbs 11:9 - An hypocrite;  Luke 13:15 - Thou hypocrite

Verse 31

Surely it is meet to be said unto God, I have borne chastisement, I will not offend any more:
33:27; 40:3-5; 42:6; Leviticus 26:41; Ezra 9:13,14; Nehemiah 9:33-38; Jeremiah 31:18,19; Daniel 9:7-14; Micah 7:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 38:26 - And he knew;  Genesis 42:21 - they said;  Exodus 10:16 - I have;  Leviticus 13:23 - GeneralLeviticus 26:43 - and they;  Numbers 22:34 - I Have sinned;  Judges 10:15 - deliver;  1 Samuel 6:3 - known;  Job 9:15 - I would;  Job 10:2 - show me;  Job 40:5 - but I will not;  Job 42:9 - did;  Lamentations 3:40 - search;  Daniel 4:27 - break;  Hosea 14:2 - GeneralJohn 8:11 - go;  1 Corinthians 11:32 - we are;  Hebrews 12:5 - despise;  Hebrews 12:7 - endure

Verse 32

That which I see not teach thou me: if I have done iniquity, I will do no more.
which
10:2; Psalms 19:12; 25:4,5; 32:8; 139:23,24; 143:8-10
if
Proverbs 28:13; Luke 3:8-14; Ephesians 4:22,25-28
Reciprocal: Genesis 38:26 - And he knew;  Genesis 42:21 - they said;  Exodus 10:16 - I have;  Leviticus 13:23 - GeneralLeviticus 26:43 - and they;  Numbers 22:34 - I Have sinned;  Judges 10:15 - deliver;  Judges 13:8 - teach us;  1 Samuel 6:3 - known;  Job 6:24 - Teach me;  Job 9:15 - I would;  Job 11:14 - put it far;  Job 33:23 - an interpreter;  Job 40:5 - but I will not;  Job 42:9 - did;  Psalm 86:11 - Teach;  Psalm 119:135 - and teach;  Lamentations 3:40 - search;  Daniel 4:27 - break;  Hosea 14:2 - GeneralHosea 14:8 - What;  Micah 7:9 - bear;  Acts 16:30 - brought;  1 Corinthians 11:32 - we are;  Ephesians 4:28 - steal no more;  Hebrews 12:7 - endure

Verse 33

Should it be according to thy mind? he will recompense it, whether thou refuse, or whether thou choose; and not I: therefore speak what thou knowest.
Should
9:12; 18:4; Isaiah 45:9; Romans 9:20; 11:35
according to thy mind
Heb. from with thee. he will.
11; 15:31; Psalms 89:30-32; Proverbs 11:31; 2 Thessalonians 1:6,7; Hebrews 2:2; 11:26
whether thou refuse
Psalms 135:6; Matthew 20:12-15
what
33:5,32
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 25:28 - if;  Jeremiah 38:21 - if thou

Verse 34

Let men of understanding tell me, and let a wise man hearken unto me.
understanding
Heb. heart.
2,4,10,16; 1 Corinthians 10:15
Reciprocal: Proverbs 1:5 - wise

Verse 35

Job hath spoken without knowledge, and his words were without wisdom.
13:2; 15:2; 35:16; 38:2; 42:3
Reciprocal: Job 9:20 - mine

Verse 36

My desire is that Job may be tried unto the end because of his answers for wicked men.
My desire is that Job may be tried
or, My father, let Job be tried.
23:16; Psalms 17:3; 26:2; James 5:11
his answers
8,9; 12:6; 21:7; 24:1
Reciprocal: Job 13:9 - search;  Job 34:4 - choose;  Job 36:17 - fulfilled;  Malachi 2:17 - Every

Verse 37

For he addeth rebellion unto his sin, he clappeth his hands among us, and multiplieth his words against God.
rebellion
1 Samuel 15:23; Isaiah 1:19,20
he clappeth
27:23
multiplieth
8:2,3; 11:2,3; 35:2,3,16; 42:7 Reciprocal: Psalm 78:19 - Yea;  Ecclesiastes 10:14 - is full of words;  Ezekiel 25:6 - thou hast;  Ezekiel 35:13 - have multiplied

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 34". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/job-34.html.