Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 33

Introduction

1Elihu offers himself instead of God to reason with Job.
8He excuses God from giving man an account of his ways, by his greatness.
14God calls man to repentance by visions, by afflictions, and by his ministry.
31He incites Job to attention.

Verse 1

Wherefore, Job, I pray thee, hear my speeches, and hearken to all my words.
hear
13:6; 34:2; Psalms 49:1-3; Mark 4:9
Reciprocal: Job 6:24 - Teach me;  Job 13:17 - GeneralJob 15:17 - hear me;  Job 18:2 - mark;  Job 21:2 - Hear;  Proverbs 8:6 - the opening;  Proverbs 23:31 - General

Verse 2

Behold, now I have opened my mouth, my tongue hath spoken in my mouth.
I
3:1; Psalms 78:2; Matthew 5:2
mouth
Heb. palate.
31:30; *marg:
Reciprocal: Job 34:3 - mouth;  Job 35:16 - General2 Corinthians 6:11 - our mouth

Verse 3

My words shall be of the uprightness of my heart: and my lips shall utter knowledge clearly.
the
27:4; Proverbs 8:7,8; 1 Thessalonians 2:3,4
my lips
15:2; 36:3,4; 38:2; Psalms 37:30,31; Proverbs 15:2,7; 20:15
Reciprocal: Job 20:3 - the spirit;  Job 26:3 - plentifully;  Job 33:33 - I;  Psalm 45:1 - a good;  Psalm 49:3 - mouth;  Proverbs 4:2 - good;  2 Corinthians 6:11 - our mouth

Verse 4

The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.
10:12; 32:8; Genesis 2:7; Psalms 33:6; Romans 8:2; 1 Corinthians 15:45
Reciprocal: Psalm 104:30 - sendest;  Isaiah 42:5 - he that giveth;  John 20:22 - he breathed;  Acts 17:25 - seeing

Verse 5

If thou canst answer me, set thy words in order before me, stand up.
If
32,33; 32:1,12
set
23:4,5; 32:14; Psalms 50:21
stand
Acts 10:26
Reciprocal: Job 9:14 - choose;  Job 9:19 - who shall;  Job 13:19 - that will plead;  Job 34:33 - what

Verse 6

Behold, I am according to thy wish in God's stead: I also am formed out of the clay.
I am
9:32-35; 13:3; 20:22; 23:3,4; 31:35
wish
Heb. mouth. in.
Genesis 30:2; Exodus 4:16; 2 Corinthians 5:20
I also
4:19; 10:9; 13:12; Genesis 2:7; 3:19; 2 Corinthians 5:1
formed
Heb. cut.
Reciprocal: Job 11:5 - GeneralJob 36:2 - I have yet to speak

Verse 7

Behold, my terror shall not make thee afraid, neither shall my hand be heavy upon thee.
my terror
9:34; 13:21; Psalms 88:16
my hand
Psalms 32:4
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 19:12 - a still

Verse 8

Surely thou hast spoken in mine hearing, and I have heard the voice of thy words, saying,
hearing
Heb. ears.
Deuteronomy 13:14; Jeremiah 29:23
Reciprocal: Job 6:30 - iniquity;  Job 9:20 - it shall;  Job 15:6 - thine own;  Job 35:16 - General

Verse 9

I am clean without transgression, I am innocent; neither is there iniquity in me.
clean
9:17; 10:7; 11:4; 16:17; 23:11,12; 27:5,6; 29:14
innocent
9:23,28; 17:8; Jeremiah 2:35
Reciprocal: Genesis 20:5 - and innocency;  1 Samuel 15:20 - Yea;  Job 7:20 - I have sinned;  Job 32:1 - righteous;  Job 34:5 - I;  Proverbs 30:12 - that are

Verse 10

Behold, he findeth occasions against me, he counteth me for his enemy,
he findeth
9:30,31; 10:15-17; 13:25; 14:16; 34:5
he counteth
13:24; 16:9; 19:11; 30:21; 31:35

Verse 11

He putteth my feet in the stocks, he marketh all my paths.
putteth
13:27; Psalms 105:18; Jeremiah 20:2; Acts 16:24
marketh
31:4; Daniel 4:35
Reciprocal: Job 14:16 - thou numberest;  Job 31:35 - mine;  Romans 4:12 - in the steps

Verse 12

Behold, in this thou art not just: I will answer thee, that God is greater than man.
thou
1:22; 34:10-12,17-19,23; 35:2; 36:22,23; Ezekiel 18:25; Romans 9:19-21
I will
32:17; 35:4
God
9:4; 26:14; 36:5; 40:2,8,9; Jeremiah 18:6
Reciprocal: Job 9:32 - not a man;  Ecclesiastes 8:4 - What;  Daniel 4:35 - What;  1 John 3:20 - God

Verse 13

Why dost thou strive against him? for he giveth not account of any of his matters.
strive
9:14; 15:25,26; Isaiah 45:9; Jeremiah 50:24; Ezekiel 22:14; Acts 5:39; 9:4,5; 1 Corinthians 10:22
giveth not account
Heb. answereth not.
40:2; Deuteronomy 29:29; Psalms 62:11; Isaiah 46:10; Daniel 4:35; Matthew 20:15; Acts 1:7; Romans 11:34
Reciprocal: Job 9:3 - he will contend;  Job 9:12 - What;  Job 40:9 - Hast;  Ecclesiastes 6:10 - neither;  Ecclesiastes 8:4 - What;  Matthew 11:26 - for;  Luke 4:27 - Naaman;  John 21:23 - what;  Acts 11:17 - what;  Romans 9:20 - who art;  Romans 11:33 - how

Verse 14

For God speaketh once, yea twice, yet man perceiveth it not.
God
40:5; Psalms 62:11
perceiveth
2 Chronicles 33:10; Proverbs 1:24,29; Isaiah 6:9; Matthew 13:14; Mark 8:17,18; Luke 24:25; John 3:19
Reciprocal: Genesis 28:16 - and I;  Genesis 41:32 - doubled;  Genesis 46:2 - in the visions;  1 Samuel 3:8 - the third;  1 Samuel 28:6 - by dreams;  1 Kings 3:5 - in a dream;  Job 4:13 - thoughts;  Job 33:29 - all;  Daniel 7:1 - Daniel;  Matthew 27:19 - his;  1 Thessalonians 2:18 - once

Verse 15

In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed;
a dream
4:13; Genesis 20:3; 31:24; Numbers 12:6; Jeremiah 23:28; Daniel 4:5; Hebrews 1:1
deep
Genesis 15:12; Daniel 8:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 2:21 - GeneralGenesis 28:12 - he dreamed;  Genesis 40:5 - GeneralGenesis 40:8 - Do not;  Genesis 41:1 - that Pharaoh;  Genesis 41:32 - doubled;  Genesis 46:2 - in the visions;  Numbers 22:12 - Thou shalt;  Judges 7:9 - the same;  1 Samuel 3:8 - the third;  1 Kings 3:5 - in a dream;  Daniel 2:1 - Nebuchadnezzar;  Daniel 2:19 - in;  Daniel 10:9 - was I;  Matthew 1:20 - in;  Matthew 2:12 - warned;  Matthew 2:13 - for;  1 Thessalonians 5:7 - they that sleep

Verse 16

Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their instruction,
openeth
Heb. revealeth. or, uncovereth.
36:10,15; 2 Samuel 7:27; Psalms 40:6; Isaiah 6:10; 48:8; 50:5; Luke 24:45; Acts 16:14
sealeth
Nehemiah 9:38; Romans 15:28
Reciprocal: Genesis 28:12 - he dreamed;  Genesis 40:8 - Do not;  Genesis 41:1 - that Pharaoh;  Judges 7:9 - the same;  1 Samuel 9:15 - told Samuel in his ear;  1 Samuel 22:8 - showeth me;  2 Chronicles 33:13 - he was entreated;  Job 32:8 - the inspiration;  Job 42:5 - heard;  Psalm 94:12 - teachest;  Psalm 118:18 - chastened;  Isaiah 35:5 - the ears;  Daniel 2:19 - in

Verse 17

That he may withdraw man from his purpose, and hide pride from man.
withdraw
17:11; Genesis 20:6; Isaiah 23:9; Hosea 2:6; Matthew 27:19; Acts 9:2-6
purpose
Heb. work. hide.
Deuteronomy 8:16; 2 Chronicles 32:25; Isaiah 2:11; Daniel 4:30-37; 2 Corinthians 12:7; James 4:10
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 8:2 - to humble;  Matthew 2:13 - for;  Mark 2:5 - sins

Verse 18

He keepeth back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.
keepeth
Acts 16:27-33; Romans 2:4; 2 Peter 3:9,15
perishing
Heb. passing.
Reciprocal: Job 17:16 - the bars of the pit;  Job 33:24 - Then;  Job 33:28 - will deliver;  Job 36:8 - if;  Psalm 86:13 - and thou;  Ezekiel 28:8 - shall bring;  Joel 2:8 - sword;  Acts 9:11 - for;  1 Corinthians 11:32 - we are

Verse 19

He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, and the multitude of his bones with strong pain:
chastened
5:17,18; Deuteronomy 8:5; Psalms 94:12; 119:67,71; Isaiah 27:9; 1 Corinthians 11:32; Revelation 3:19
pain
7:4; 20:11; 30:17; 2 Chronicles 16:10,12; Psalms 38:1-8; Isaiah 37:12,13
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 20:5 - I will heal;  Job 4:14 - all my bones;  Job 14:22 - his flesh;  Job 19:20 - bone;  Job 36:8 - if;  Psalm 6:2 - my;  Psalm 30:3 - brought;  Psalm 31:9 - my soul;  Psalm 35:10 - All;  Psalm 38:3 - soundness;  Psalm 103:4 - redeemeth;  Psalm 107:18 - abhorreth;  Isaiah 38:16 - GeneralMicah 6:13 - I make

Verse 20

So that his life abhorreth bread, and his soul dainty meat.
his life
Psalms 107:17,18
dainty meat
Heb. meat of desire.
Genesis 3:6; Jeremiah 3:19; Amos 5:11; *marg:
Reciprocal: Job 33:28 - see;  Daniel 10:3 - pleasant bread

Verse 21

His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; and his bones that were not seen stick out.
His flesh
7:5; 13:28; 14:20,22; 19:20; Psalms 32:3,4; 39:11; 102:3-5; Proverbs 5:11
his bones
Psalms 22:15-17
Reciprocal: Psalm 22:17 - I may;  Lamentations 4:8 - their skin;  Hebrews 2:15 - deliver

Verse 22

Yea, his soul draweth near unto the grave, and his life to the destroyers.
his soul
7:7; 17:1,13-16; 1 Samuel 2:6; Psalms 30:3; 88:3-5; Isaiah 38:10
his life
15:21; Exodus 12:23; 2 Samuel 24:16; Psalms 17:4; Acts 12:23; 1 Corinthians 10:10; Revelation 9:11
Reciprocal: Job 33:28 - see;  Psalm 86:13 - and thou

Verse 23

If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man his uprightness:
a messenger
Judges 2:1; 2 Chronicles 36:15,16; Haggai 1:13; Malachi 2:7; 3:1; 2 Corinthians 5:20
an interpreter
34:32; Psalms 94:12; Isaiah 61:1-3; Acts 8:30; 1 Corinthians 11:30-32; Hebrews 12:5-12
one
9:3; Ecclesiastes 7:28; Romans 11:13
to
11:6; 34:10,12; 35:14; 36:3,8-13; 37:23; Nehemiah 9:33; Psalms 119:75; Lamentations 3:22,23,32,39-41; Ezekiel 18:25-28; Daniel 9:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:32 - I will not;  Job 19:25 - I know;  Psalm 107:20 - healed;  Ecclesiastes 8:1 - who knoweth;  Joel 2:23 - the former

Verse 24

<I>Then he is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom.
Then
18; 22:21; Exodus 33:19; 34:6,7; Psalms 86:5,15; Hosea 14:2,4; Micah 7:18-20; Romans 5:20,21
Deliver
36:10,11; Psalms 22:4; 30:9-12; 40:2; 71:3; 86:13; Isaiah 38:17-19; Jeremiah 31:20; Zechariah 9:11
I
33:24; Psalms 49:7,8; Matthew 20:28; Romans 3:24-26; 1 Timothy 2:6; 1 Peter 1:18,19
a ransom
or, an atonement.
Reciprocal: Exodus 30:12 - a ransom;  1 Chronicles 6:49 - make an atonement;  Job 19:25 - I know;  Job 33:28 - will deliver;  Job 33:30 - To bring;  Job 36:18 - then;  Isaiah 40:31 - renew;  Hosea 13:14 - ransom;  Jonah 2:6 - corruption;  Mark 5:29 - straightway;  Romans 8:34 - It is Christ;  Ephesians 1:7 - whom

Verse 25

His flesh shall be fresher than a child's: he shall return to the days of his youth:
His flesh
2 Kings 5:14
a child's
Heb. childhood. return.
42:16; Deuteronomy 34:7; Joshua 14:10,11; Psalms 103:5; Hosea 2:15
Reciprocal: Genesis 31:24 - dream;  Mark 5:29 - straightway

Verse 26

He shall pray unto God, and he will be favourable unto him: and he shall see his face with joy: for he will render unto man his righteousness.
pray
2 Kings 20:2-5; 2 Chronicles 33:12,13,19; Psalms 6:1-9; 28:1,2,6; 30:7-11; 41:8-11; Psalms 50:15; 91:15; 116:1-6; Isaiah 30:19; Jeremiah 33:3; Jonah 2:2-7; Acts 9:11
and he shall
42:8,9; Numbers 6:25,26; Psalms 4:6,7; 16:11; 30:5; 67:1; Acts 2:28; Jude 1:24
he will
34:11; 1 Samuel 26:23; Psalms 18:20; 62:12; Proverbs 24:12; Matthew 10:41,42; Hebrews 11:26
Reciprocal: Genesis 33:10 - I have seen;  Psalm 119:135 - Make;  John 14:8 - show;  Hebrews 12:14 - no man;  James 5:13 - any among;  Revelation 1:7 - and every;  Revelation 22:4 - they

Verse 27

He looketh upon men, and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, and it profited me not;
looketh, etc
or, shall look upon men, and say, I have sinned, etc.
Genesis 16:13; 2 Chronicles 16:9; Psalms 11:4; 14:2; 139:1-4; Proverbs 5:21; 15:3; Jeremiah 23:24
I
7:20; Numbers 12:11; 2 Samuel 12:13; Proverbs 28:13; Jeremiah 3:13; 31:18,19; Luke 15:18-22; 18:13; 1 John 1:8-10
perverted
Ecclesiastes 5:8
right
Psalms 19:7,8; 119:128; Romans 7:12-14,16,22
it profited
34:9; Jeremiah 2:8; Matthew 16:26; Romans 6:21
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:12 - God;  Genesis 42:21 - they said;  Genesis 50:17 - they did;  Exodus 2:25 - looked;  Leviticus 5:5 - confess;  Leviticus 26:40 - confess;  Numbers 5:7 - confess;  Joshua 7:20 - Indeed;  Judges 10:15 - We have sinned;  1 Samuel 7:6 - We have sinned;  2 Samuel 24:10 - I have sinned;  1 Kings 8:47 - done perversely;  2 Kings 18:3 - right in the sight;  2 Chronicles 6:37 - We have sinned;  2 Chronicles 12:6 - the Lord;  Nehemiah 9:33 - but we;  Job 34:31 - GeneralPsalm 32:5 - acknowledged;  Psalm 38:18 - For;  Psalm 51:3 - For I;  Jeremiah 3:21 - for they have;  Jeremiah 8:6 - hearkened;  Jeremiah 14:20 - for;  Jeremiah 24:6 - For I will;  Lamentations 1:20 - for;  Lamentations 3:42 - transgressed;  Ezekiel 18:23 - not that;  Hosea 5:15 - till;  Hosea 14:8 - I have;  Jonah 3:10 - God saw;  Matthew 3:6 - confessing;  Luke 15:20 - But;  Luke 22:61 - looked;  Luke 23:43 - To day;  Acts 19:18 - confessed;  Romans 2:4 - goodness;  Romans 10:3 - submitted;  2 Corinthians 7:10 - repentance;  Ephesians 6:1 - for;  1 John 1:9 - we confess

Verse 28

He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light.
will deliver, etc
or, hath delivered my soul, etc. and my life.
18,24; 17:16; Psalms 55:23; 69:15; Isaiah 38:17,18; Revelation 20:1-3
see
20,22; 3:9,16,20; Psalms 49:19; Isaiah 9:2; John 11:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 42:21 - they said;  Genesis 50:17 - they did;  Leviticus 26:40 - confess;  Numbers 5:7 - confess;  2 Samuel 24:10 - I have sinned;  1 Kings 8:47 - done perversely;  2 Chronicles 6:37 - We have sinned;  Job 33:30 - To bring;  Psalm 28:1 - I become;  Psalm 30:3 - brought;  Psalm 86:13 - and thou;  Psalm 107:20 - delivered;  Ecclesiastes 11:7 - the light;  Jeremiah 3:13 - acknowledge;  Jeremiah 8:6 - hearkened;  Jeremiah 24:6 - For I will;  Jeremiah 31:18 - surely;  Lamentations 3:42 - transgressed;  Ezekiel 18:23 - not that;  Ezekiel 28:8 - shall bring;  Jonah 2:6 - corruption;  Jonah 3:10 - God saw;  Matthew 3:6 - confessing;  Luke 15:18 - I have;  Luke 15:20 - But;  John 3:36 - see;  John 8:12 - shall have;  Acts 19:18 - confessed;  2 Corinthians 7:10 - repentance;  1 Peter 3:10 - see;  1 John 1:9 - we confess

Verse 29

Lo, all these things worketh God oftentimes with man,
all
14-17; 1 Corinthians 12:6; 2 Corinthians 5:5; Ephesians 1:11; Philippians 2:13; Colossians 1:29; Hebrews 13:21
oftentimes
Heb. twice and thrice.
14; 40:5; 2 Kings 6:10; 2 Corinthians 12:8

Verse 30

To bring back his soul from the pit, to be enlightened with the light of the living.
To bring
24,28; Psalms 40:1,2; 118:17,18
enlightened
Psalms 56:13; Isaiah 2:5; 38:17; John 8:12; Acts 26:18
Reciprocal: Ezra 9:8 - lighten;  Job 3:20 - light;  Psalm 23:3 - restoreth;  Psalm 27:13 - in the;  Psalm 49:19 - never;  Psalm 107:14 - brought;  Ecclesiastes 11:7 - the light

Verse 31

Mark well, O Job, hearken unto me: hold thy peace, and I will speak.
13:6; 18:2; 21:2; 32:11
Reciprocal: Genesis 44:18 - let thy;  Job 6:24 - Teach me;  Job 21:3 - that I may;  Job 29:22 - After my;  Job 36:2 - Suffer;  1 Corinthians 14:30 - let

Verse 32

If thou hast any thing to say, answer me: speak, for I desire to justify thee.
15:4,5; 21:27; 22:5-9; 27:5
Reciprocal: Job 13:19 - that will plead;  Job 33:5 - If;  Job 34:33 - what

Verse 33

If not, <I>hearken unto me: hold thy peace, and I shall teach thee wisdom.
hearken
Psalms 34:11; Proverbs 4:1,2; 5:1,2
I
3; Psalms 49:3; Proverbs 8:5 Reciprocal: Job 26:3 - plentifully;  Job 33:5 - If

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 33". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/job-33.html.