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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

John 20

Introduction

1Mary comes to the sepulchre;
3so do Peter and John, ignorant of the resurrection.
11Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene,
19and to his disciples.
24The incredulity and confession of Thomas.
30The Scripture is sufficient to salvation.

Verse 1

The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.
first
19,26; Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 16:2; Revelation 1:10
cometh
Mary Magdalene, as well as Peter, was evidently at the sepulchre twice on that morning of the resurrection. The first time of her going was some short time before her companions, the other Mary and Salome (Mt 28:1); and observing that the stone had been removed, she returned to inform Peter and John. In the meantime, the other Mary and Salome came to the sepulchre, and saw the angel, as recorded by Matthew and Mark. While these women returned to the city, Peter and John went to the sepulchre, passing them at some distance, or going another way, followed by Mary Magdalene, who stayed after their return. This was her second journey; when she saw two angels, and then Jesus himself, as here related; and immediately after Jesus appeared to the other women, as they returned to the city. (Mt 28:9, 10.) In the meantime Joanna and her company arrived at the sepulchre, when two angels appeared to them, and addressed them as the one angel had done the other women, (Lu 24:1-10.) They immediately returned to the city, and by some means found the apostles before the others arrived, and informed them of what they had seen; upon which Peter went a second time to the sepulchre, but saw only the linen clothes lying. (Lu 24:12.)
Matthew 28:1-10; Mark 16:1,2,9; Luke 24:1-10
the stone
Matthew 27:60,64-66; 28:2; Mark 15:46; 16:3,4
Reciprocal: Joshua 22:11 - heard; Matthew 27:56 - Mary Magdalene; Luke 2:15 - Let; Luke 24:2 - General; Luke 24:22 - General; Luke 24:24 - went; John 19:25 - and Mary; Acts 1:3 - he showed; Acts 10:41 - Not; 1 Corinthians 15:4 - he rose

Verses 1-18

The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.
first
19,26; Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 16:2; Revelation 1:10
cometh
Mary Magdalene, as well as Peter, was evidently at the sepulchre twice on that morning of the resurrection. The first time of her going was some short time before her companions, the other Mary and Salome (Mt 28:1); and observing that the stone had been removed, she returned to inform Peter and John. In the meantime, the other Mary and Salome came to the sepulchre, and saw the angel, as recorded by Matthew and Mark. While these women returned to the city, Peter and John went to the sepulchre, passing them at some distance, or going another way, followed by Mary Magdalene, who stayed after their return. This was her second journey; when she saw two angels, and then Jesus himself, as here related; and immediately after Jesus appeared to the other women, as they returned to the city. (Mt 28:9, 10.) In the meantime Joanna and her company arrived at the sepulchre, when two angels appeared to them, and addressed them as the one angel had done the other women, (Lu 24:1-10.) They immediately returned to the city, and by some means found the apostles before the others arrived, and informed them of what they had seen; upon which Peter went a second time to the sepulchre, but saw only the linen clothes lying. (Lu 24:12.)
Matthew 28:1-10; Mark 16:1,2,9; Luke 24:1-10
the stone
Matthew 27:60,64-66; 28:2; Mark 15:46; 16:3,4

Verse 2

Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him.
to the
13:23; 19:26; 21:7,20,24
They have taken
9,13,15; Matthew 27:63,64
Reciprocal: Matthew 10:2 - John; Mark 10:17 - running; Luke 24:1 - upon; Luke 24:2 - General; Luke 24:22 - General; John 11:34 - General; Acts 3:1 - Peter

Verse 3

Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre.
Luke 24:12

Verse 4

So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre.
outrun
2 Samuel 18:23; Leviticus 13:30; 1 Corinthians 9:24; 2 Corinthians 8:12
Reciprocal: Matthew 28:6 - Come

Verse 5

And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in.
saw
11:44; 19:40

Verse 6

Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie,
6:67-69; 18:17,25-27; 21:7,15-17; Matthew 16:15,16; Luke 22:31,32
Reciprocal: Luke 24:3 - General

Verse 7

And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself.
11:44
Reciprocal: Luke 24:3 - General

Verse 8

Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed.
and he
25,29; 1:50
Reciprocal: Mark 16:5 - entering; Mark 16:13 - neither; John 2:22 - and they

Verse 9

For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.
they
Matthew 16:21,22; Mark 8:31-33; 9:9,10,31,32; Luke 9:45; 18:33,34; 24:26; Luke 24:44-46
that
Psalms 16:10; 22:15,22-31; Isaiah 25:8; 26:19; 53:10-12; Hosea 13:14; Acts 2:25-32; 13:29-37; 1 Corinthians 15:4
Reciprocal: Matthew 22:29 - not; Mark 12:24 - Do; John 2:22 - and they; John 20:2 - They have taken

Verse 10

Then the disciples went away again unto their own home.
went
7:53; 16:32

Verse 12

And seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.
seeth
Matthew 28:3-5; Mark 16:5,6; Luke 24:3-7,22,23
in
2 Chronicles 5:12; Daniel 7:9; Matthew 17:2; Acts 1:10; Revelation 3:4; 7:14
Reciprocal: Joshua 22:11 - heard; Matthew 28:2 - for; Luke 24:4 - two men; 1 Timothy 3:16 - seen

Verse 13

And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She saith unto them, Because they have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid him.
Woman
2:4; 19:26
why
15; 14:27,28; 16:6,7,20-22; 1 Samuel 1:8; Psalms 43:3-5; Ecclesiastes 3:4; Jeremiah 31:16; Luke 24:17; Acts 21:13
Because
Reciprocal: Matthew 28:2 - for; Matthew 28:5 - ye seek; Luke 7:13 - Weep not; Luke 24:31 - their eyes; Philippians 3:8 - my; Hebrews 7:14 - Our Lord; Revelation 5:5 - Weep

Verse 14

And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus.
and saw
Song of Solomon 3:3,4; Matthew 28:9; Mark 16:9
and knew
8:59; 21:4; Mark 16:12; Luke 4:30; 24:16,31
Reciprocal: Genesis 42:8 - but they knew; John 20:25 - We

Verse 15

Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away.
whom
1:38; 18:4,7; Song of Solomon 3:2; 6:1; Matthew 28:5; Mark 16:6; Luke 24:5
if
1 Samuel 1:16; Matthew 12:34
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:15 - What; 1 Samuel 1:8 - why weepest; Song of Solomon 3:3 - Saw; Ezekiel 34:31 - ye my; Luke 7:13 - Weep not; John 2:4 - Woman; John 6:24 - seeking; John 19:41 - and in; John 20:2 - They have taken; John 20:13 - why

Verse 16

Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.
Mary
10:3; Genesis 22:1,11; Exodus 3:4; 33:17; 1 Samuel 3:6,10; Isaiah 43:1; Luke 10:41; Acts 9:4; 10:3
She
Genesis 45:12; Song of Solomon 2:8-17; 3:4; 5:2; Matthew 14:27
Rabboni
28; 1:38,49; 3:2; 6:25; 11:28; 13:13; Matthew 23:8-10
Reciprocal: Matthew 23:7 - Rabbi; Matthew 26:18 - The Master; Mark 14:45 - Master

Verse 17

Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.
Touch
Or rather, "embrace me not," or, "cling not to me," [me mou
27; 2 Kings 4:29; 7:9; Matthew 28:7,9; Luke 10:4
my brethren
Psalms 22:22; Matthew 12:50; 25:40; 28:10; Romans 8:29; Hebrews 2:11-13
I ascend
13:1,3; 14:2,6,28; 16:28; 17:5,11,25; Psalms 68:18; 89:26; Luke 24:49-51; Ephesians 1:17-23; 4:8-10; 1 Peter 1:3
your Father
1:12,13; Romans 8:14-17; 2 Corinthians 6:18; Galatians 3:26; 4:6,7; 1 John 3:2; Revelation 21:7
your God
Genesis 17:7,8; Psalms 43:4; 48:14; Isaiah 41:10; Jeremiah 31:33; 32:38; Ezekiel 36:28; Ezekiel 37:27; Zechariah 13:7-9; Hebrews 8:10; 11:16; Revelation 21:3
Reciprocal: Psalm 16:6 - I have; Psalm 22:10 - thou; Psalm 24:3 - Who; Psalm 31:14 - Thou; Psalm 45:7 - thy God; Psalm 63:1 - thou; Psalm 103:13 - Like; Song of Solomon 3:4 - I held; Jeremiah 31:1 - will; Daniel 6:22 - My God; Hosea 9:17 - My God; Micah 5:4 - the Lord; Zechariah 11:4 - Lord; Matthew 6:6 - pray; Matthew 6:9 - Our; Matthew 12:49 - his disciples; Mark 3:34 - Behold; Luke 8:21 - My mother; Luke 12:30 - your; Luke 24:51 - he was; John 2:16 - my; John 15:15 - I call; John 18:11 - my; Acts 1:2 - the day; Romans 1:7 - God; Romans 8:15 - Abba; Romans 15:6 - the; 1 Corinthians 8:6 - one God; 2 Corinthians 1:3 - the Father of our; 2 Corinthians 11:31 - God; Ephesians 1:3 - God; Ephesians 1:5 - by; Ephesians 4:6 - God; Ephesians 4:9 - he ascended; Philippians 4:19 - God; Colossians 1:12 - the Father; 1 Thessalonians 3:11 - God; Hebrews 1:9 - thy God; 2 Peter 1:17 - God

Verse 18

Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had spoken these things unto her.
came
Matthew 28:10; Mark 16:10-13; Luke 24:10
Reciprocal: Daniel 6:22 - My God; Matthew 27:56 - Mary Magdalene; Matthew 28:7 - go; Luke 24:22 - General

Verse 19

Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
the same
Mark 16:14; Luke 24:36-49; 1 Corinthians 15:5
when
26; Nehemiah 6:10,11
came
14:19-23; 16:22; Matthew 18:20
Peace
21; 14:27; 16:33; Psalms 85:8-10; Isaiah 57:18,19; Matthew 10:13; Luke 24:36; Romans 15:33; Ephesians 2:14; 6:23; Philippians 1:2; 2 Thessalonians 3:16; Hebrews 7:2; Revelation 1:4
Reciprocal: Genesis 43:23 - Peace; Judges 6:23 - Peace be; Psalm 118:24 - the day; Proverbs 16:24 - Pleasant; Isaiah 42:3 - bruised; Matthew 28:9 - All hail; Mark 6:50 - it is I; Mark 16:9 - the first; Luke 24:33 - and found; John 7:13 - spake; John 9:22 - because; John 16:16 - a little while; John 20:1 - first; John 21:1 - these; John 21:14 - the third time; Acts 12:10 - which; Acts 13:31 - he was; Acts 20:7 - the first; 1 Corinthians 15:44 - there is a spiritual; 1 Corinthians 16:2 - the first; Hebrews 10:25 - forsaking; 1 Peter 5:14 - Peace; Revelation 1:10 - on the

Verses 19-23

Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
the same
Mark 16:14; Luke 24:36-49; 1 Corinthians 15:5
when
26; Nehemiah 6:10,11
came
14:19-23; 16:22; Matthew 18:20
Peace
21; 14:27; 16:33; Psalms 85:8-10; Isaiah 57:18,19; Matthew 10:13; Luke 24:36; Romans 15:33; Ephesians 2:14; 6:23; Philippians 1:2; 2 Thessalonians 3:16; Hebrews 7:2; Revelation 1:4

Verse 20

And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord.
he shewed
27; Luke 24:39,40; 1 John 1:1
Then
16:22; Isaiah 25:8,9; Matthew 28:8; Luke 24:41
Reciprocal: Psalm 69:32 - The humble; Psalm 118:24 - the day; Matthew 27:35 - they crucified; Mark 2:7 - who; Mark 6:50 - it is I; Mark 16:14 - he appeared; John 20:25 - Except; John 21:7 - It is

Verse 21

Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you.
Peace
14:27
as
13:20; 17:18,19; 21:15-17; Isaiah 63:1-3; Matthew 10:16,40; 28:18-20; Mark 16:15-18; Luke 24:47-49; Acts 1:8; 2 Timothy 2:2; Hebrews 3:1
Reciprocal: Genesis 43:23 - Peace; Numbers 6:26 - give thee; Isaiah 22:24 - hang; Isaiah 48:16 - the Lord God; Jeremiah 23:21 - General; Ezekiel 2:3 - I send; Malachi 2:7 - the messenger; Matthew 9:6 - that the; Matthew 9:38 - the Lord; Matthew 10:5 - sent; Matthew 13:37 - is; Matthew 23:34 - I send; Matthew 28:8 - with; Luke 4:43 - therefore; John 14:28 - Father; John 15:16 - ordained; John 17:22 - the glory; John 20:19 - Peace; Acts 1:2 - the apostles; Acts 5:31 - forgiveness; Romans 10:15 - And how; 1 Corinthians 1:1 - an; 2 Corinthians 5:20 - ambassadors; Galatians 1:1 - and; 2 Peter 1:1 - an apostle; 1 John 4:6 - he that knoweth

Verse 22

And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:
he breathed
Genesis 2:7; Job 33:4; Psalms 33:6; Ezekiel 37:9
Receive
14:16; 15:26; 16:7; Acts 2:4,38; 4:8; 8:15; 10:47; 19:2; Galatians 3:2
Reciprocal: Isaiah 48:16 - the Lord God; Ezekiel 2:3 - I send; Ezekiel 37:5 - I will; Malachi 2:15 - the spirit; Luke 5:24 - power; John 14:26 - Holy Ghost; Acts 1:4 - the promise; Revelation 3:1 - he that

Verse 23

Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.
Matthew 16:19; 18:18; Mark 2:5-10; Acts 2:38; 10:43; 13:38,39; 1 Corinthians 5:4; 2 Corinthians 2:6-10; Ephesians 2:20; 1 Timothy 1:20
Reciprocal: Leviticus 13:3 - pronounce; Deuteronomy 17:12 - the priest; Luke 5:24 - power; 2 Corinthians 2:10 - whom ye; Ephesians 1:7 - the forgiveness

Verse 24

But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.
Thomas
11:16; 14:5; 21:2; Matthew 10:3
was
6:66,67; Matthew 18:20; Hebrews 10:25
Reciprocal: Mark 3:18 - Thomas; Luke 6:15 - Thomas; John 20:26 - Thomas

Verse 25

The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.
We
14-20; 1:41; 21:7; Mark 16:11; Luke 24:34-40; Acts 5:30-32; 10:40,41; 1 Corinthians 15:5-8
Except
20; 6:30; Job 9:16; Psalms 78:11-22,32; 95:8-10; 106:21-24; Matthew 16:1-4; Matthew 27:42; Luke 24:25,39-41; Hebrews 3:12,18,19; 4:1,2; 10:38,39
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 10:7 - I believed; 2 Chronicles 9:6 - I believed; Psalm 22:16 - they pierced; Daniel 11:35 - some; Matthew 27:35 - they crucified; Mark 15:32 - Christ; Mark 16:13 - neither; John 14:5 - Thomas; John 20:8 - and he; John 20:27 - Reach hither thy finger

Verse 26

And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you.
eight
19; Matthew 17:1; Luke 9:28
Thomas
Peace
19; Isaiah 26:12; 27:5; 54:10
Reciprocal: Genesis 43:23 - Peace; Numbers 6:26 - give thee; Judges 6:23 - Peace be; Psalm 85:8 - for he; Matthew 18:20 - two; Luke 24:36 - Peace; John 14:27 - Peace I leave; John 21:14 - the third time; Acts 1:13 - Thomas; Acts 2:32 - whereof; Acts 12:10 - which; Acts 20:7 - the first; Romans 10:9 - and shalt; 1 Corinthians 15:44 - there is a spiritual; 1 Corinthians 16:2 - the first; 1 Peter 5:14 - Peace; Revelation 1:10 - on the

Verse 27

Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.
Reach hither thy finger
25; Psalms 78:38; 103:13,14; Romans 5:20; 1 Timothy 1:14-16; 1 John 1:1,2
reach hither thy hand
1 John 1:1
and be
Matthew 17:17; Mark 9:19; Luke 9:41; 1 Timothy 1:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 45:12 - your eyes; Exodus 4:5 - That they; Psalm 22:16 - they pierced; Isaiah 42:3 - bruised; Matthew 6:30 - O ye; Matthew 27:35 - they crucified; Mark 16:14 - and upbraided; Luke 24:39 - my hands; John 20:17 - Touch; John 20:20 - he showed; Romans 4:19 - being; Philippians 4:19 - God; Hebrews 3:1 - consider

Verse 28

And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.
My Lord
The disbelief of the apostle is the means of furnishing us with a full and satisfactory demonstration of the resurrection of our Lord. Throughout the divine dispensations every doctrine and ever important truth is gradually revealed; and here we have a conspicuous instance of the progressive system. An angel first declares the glorious event; the empty sepulchre confirms the women's report. Christ's appearance to Mary Magdalene shewed that he was alive; that to the disciples at Emmaus proved that it was at the least the spirit of Christ; that to the eleven shewed the reality of his body; and the conviction given to Thomas proved it the self-same body that had been crucified. Incredulity itself is satisfied; and the convinced apostle exclaims, in the joy of his heart, "My Lord and my God!"
16,31; 5:23; 9:35-38; Psalms 45:6,11; 102:24-28; 118:24-28; Isaiah 7:14; 9:6; Isaiah 25:9; 40:9-11; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Malachi 3:1; Matthew 14:33; Luke 24:52; Acts 7:59,60; 1 Timothy 3:16; Revelation 5:9-14
Reciprocal: Joshua 5:14 - my lord; Psalm 8:1 - our; Psalm 16:2 - thou hast; Psalm 35:23 - my God; Psalm 97:10 - preserveth; Daniel 10:16 - my Lord; Hosea 9:17 - My God; Matthew 2:2 - worship; Matthew 22:42 - What; Matthew 22:44 - my Lord; Matthew 28:9 - worshipped; Luke 1:43 - my; Luke 23:42 - Lord; John 1:1 - the Word was; John 1:34 - this; John 1:49 - thou; John 6:69 - we believe; John 9:38 - Lord; John 10:36 - I am; John 11:27 - Yea; John 21:2 - Thomas; John 21:7 - It is; Acts 9:20 - that; Romans 1:3 - his Son; Romans 4:19 - being; 2 Corinthians 1:19 - the Son; Philippians 2:6 - thought; Philippians 2:11 - is Lord; Philippians 3:8 - my; Hebrews 1:8 - O God; Hebrews 7:14 - Our Lord; 1 John 5:20 - This is

Verse 29

Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.
blessed
8; 4:48; Luke 1:45; 2 Corinthians 5:7; Hebrews 11:1,27,39; 1 Peter 1:8
Reciprocal: Psalm 1:1 - Blessed; Matthew 5:3 - Blessed; Matthew 13:16 - General; John 1:49 - thou; John 1:50 - Because

Verse 30

And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book:
21:25; Luke 1:3,4; Romans 15:4; 1 Corinthians 10:11; 2 Timothy 3:15-17; 2 Peter 3:1,2; 1 John 1:3,4; 5:13
Reciprocal: John 2:11 - and his; John 10:25 - the works

Verse 31

But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.
these
28; 1:49; 6:69,70; 9:35-38; Psalms 2:7,12; Matthew 16:16; 27:54; Luke 1:4; Acts 8:37; 9:20; Romans 1:3,4; 1 John 4:15; 5:1,10,20; 2 John 1:9; Revelation 2:18
believing
3:15,16,18,36; 5:24,39,40; 6:40; 10:10; Mark 16:16; 1 Peter 1:9; 1 John 2:23-25; 5:10-13
through
Luke 24:47; Acts 3:16; 10:43; 13:38,39 Reciprocal: Exodus 4:5 - That they; Deuteronomy 29:29 - revealed; Psalm 102:18 - This; Proverbs 22:21 - I; Ecclesiastes 12:12 - by these; Isaiah 43:10 - that ye; Matthew 16:20 - Jesus; Matthew 26:63 - the Christ; Mark 1:1 - Christ; Mark 5:7 - Son; Mark 9:7 - This; Luke 1:1 - those; Luke 1:35 - the Son of God; Luke 2:11 - which; Luke 2:26 - the Lord's; Luke 4:41 - Thou; Luke 9:20 - The; John 1:12 - even; John 1:34 - this; John 2:11 - and his; John 5:34 - that; John 10:36 - I am; John 11:42 - that they; John 12:50 - his; John 19:35 - that ye; John 21:25 - there; Acts 11:14 - words; Acts 16:31 - Believe; Acts 20:21 - faith; Romans 5:1 - through; Romans 6:11 - through; Romans 10:14 - and how shall; 2 Corinthians 1:19 - the Son; Galatians 2:16 - we have; Galatians 3:22 - to; Colossians 3:4 - our; 1 Timothy 1:16 - believe; 2 Timothy 1:10 - and hath; Hebrews 10:39 - but; 1 John 5:13 - have I

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 20". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/john-20.html.