Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Joshua 19

Introduction

1The lot of Simeon;
10of Zebulun;
17of Issachar;
24of Asher;
32of Naphtali;
40of Dan.
49The children of Israel give an inheritance to Joshua.

Verse 1

And the second lot came forth to Simeon, even for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families: and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Judah.
second lot
18:6-11
within the
9; Genesis 49:5-7
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:18 - Unto thy;  Genesis 49:7 - I will divide;  Numbers 26:55 - by lot;  Numbers 33:54 - give the less inheritance;  Numbers 34:17 - are the names;  Joshua 10:40 - all the country;  Joshua 18:5 - Judah shall;  Judges 1:3 - Simeon;  Ezekiel 48:24 - Simeon;  Revelation 7:7 - Simeon

Verse 2

And they had in their inheritance Beersheba, or Sheba, and Moladah,
Beer-sheba, Sheba, and Moladah
15:28; Genesis 21:31; 1 Chronicles 4:28-30
Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, Bethuel
Nehemiah 11:26-30

Verse 3

And Hazarshual, and Balah, and Azem,
Hazar-shual
15:28,29
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 13:17 - Shual;  1 Chronicles 4:28 - Beersheba;  1 Chronicles 4:29 - Bilhah;  Nehemiah 11:27 - General

Verse 4

And Eltolad, and Bethul, and Hormah,
Eltolad
15:30
Hormah
Judges 1:17
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 30:27 - Bethel;  1 Samuel 30:30 - Hormah;  1 Chronicles 4:29 - Tolad;  1 Chronicles 4:30 - Bethuel;  2 Chronicles 14:10 - Zephathah

Verse 5

And Ziklag, and Bethmarcaboth, and Hazarsusah,
Ziklag
15:31; 1 Samuel 27:6; 30:1
Hazar-susah
1 Chronicles 4:31
Hazar-susim
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:30 - Ziklag

Verse 6

And Bethlebaoth, and Sharuhen; thirteen cities and their villages:
Beth-lebaoth
15:32
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:31 - and Hazarsusim

Verse 7

Ain, Remmon, and Ether, and Ashan; four cities and their villages:
Ain
15:32
Remmon
Numbers 33:19,20; 1 Chronicles 4:32
Rimmon
Ether.
15:42
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 30:30 - Chorashan

Verse 8

And all the villages that were round about these cities to Baalathbeer, Ramath of the south. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families.
Baalath-beer
1 Chronicles 4:33
Ramath
1 Samuel 30:27
Ramoth
Reciprocal: Judges 9:21 - Beer

Verse 9

Out of the portion of the children of Judah was the inheritance of the children of Simeon: for the part of the children of Judah was too much for them: therefore the children of Simeon had their inheritance within the inheritance of them.
too much
Exodus 16:18; 2 Corinthians 8:14,15
therefore
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:28 - Beersheba;  Ezekiel 48:7 - Judah

Verse 10

And the third lot came up for the children of Zebulun according to their families: and the border of their inheritance was unto Sarid:
third
18:6,11
Zebulun
Genesis 49:13; Deuteronomy 33:18,19
Reciprocal: Numbers 26:55 - by lot;  Numbers 34:17 - are the names;  Ezekiel 48:26 - Zebulun;  Matthew 4:13 - Zabulon

Verse 11

And their border went up toward the sea, and Maralah, and reached to Dabbasheth, and reached to the river that is before Jokneam;
the river
The river Kishon, which empties itself into the Mediterranean near mount Carmel, in the vicinity of which Jokneam was situated.
Jokneam
12:22; 1 Kings 4:12; 1 Chronicles 6:68
Jokmeam
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 33:18 - GeneralJoshua 21:34 - Jokneam

Verse 12

And turned from Sarid eastward toward the sunrising unto the border of Chislothtabor, and then goeth out to Daberath, and goeth up to Japhia,
Chisloth-tabor
Called Chasalus by Eusebius and Jerome, and placed at the foot of mount Tabor, eight miles east of Diocæsarea.
22; Judges 4:6,12; Psalms 89:12
Daberath
Josephus, who calls this town Dabaritta, or Darabitta, places it in the plain of Jezreel, or Esdraelon, on the confines of Samaria and Galilee. It is probably the Dabira which Jerome place towards amount Tabor, in the district of Diocæsarea; and the Debora or Daboura, mentioned by travellers as a village at the foot of mount Tabor.
21:28
Dabareh
1 Chronicles 6:72
Japhia
Probably Japha, a city of Galilee, near Jotapata, mentioned by Josephus.
Reciprocal: Joshua 19:18 - Chesulloth;  Joshua 19:34 - Aznothtabor;  1 Samuel 10:3 - Tabor;  1 Chronicles 6:77 - Rimmon

Verse 13

And from thence passeth on along on the east to Gittahhepher, to Ittahkazin, and goeth out to Remmonmethoar to Neah;
Gittah-hepher
Placed by Jerome two miles from Sephoris, or Diocæsarea, towards Tiberias.
2 Kings 14:25
Gath-hepher
methoar. or, which is drawn.
Reciprocal: Joshua 12:17 - Hepher;  1 Chronicles 6:77 - Rimmon

Verse 15

And Kattath, and Nahallal, and Shimron, and Idalah, and Bethlehem: twelve cities with their villages.
Kattath, etc
21:34,35; Judges 1:30
Nahalol
Shimron.
11:1; 12:20
Beth-lehem
Ruth 1:19; 2 Samuel 23:15; 2 Chronicles 11:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 35:19 - Ephrath;  Judges 17:7 - GeneralMatthew 2:5 - General

Verse 18

And their border was toward Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,
Jezreel
1 Kings 21:1,15,16; 2 Kings 8:29; 9:15,30; Hosea 1:4,5
Chesulloth
Probably the same as Chisloth-tabor.
Shunem
1 Samuel 28:4; 1 Kings 1:3; 2:17,21; 2 Kings 4:8,12
Reciprocal: Joshua 17:16 - Jezreel;  Judges 6:33 - the valley;  1 Samuel 29:1 - Jezreel;  1 Samuel 29:11 - And the Philistines;  2 Samuel 2:9 - over Jezreel;  1 Kings 18:45 - Ahab

Verse 19

And Hapharaim, and Shion, and Anaharath,
Hapharaim
A town called Aiphraim, in the time of Eusebius, six miles north of Legio.
Shihon
A town called Seon by Eusebius, at the foot of mount Tabor.

Verse 21

And Remeth, and Engannim, and Enhaddah, and Bethpazzez;
En-gannim
21:29

Verse 22

And the coast reacheth to Tabor, and Shahazimah, and Bethshemesh; and the outgoings of their border were at Jordan: sixteen cities with their villages.
Tabor
12; Judges 4:6; 1 Chronicles 6:77; Jeremiah 46:18
Beth-shemesh
38; 21:16; 1 Samuel 6:9-19; 1 Kings 4:9; 2 Kings 14:11-13
Reciprocal: Joshua 19:34 - Aznothtabor;  1 Samuel 10:3 - Tabor;  Psalm 89:12 - Tabor

Verse 24

And the fifth lot came out for the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families.
Luke 2:26-38
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:20 - GeneralNumbers 26:55 - by lot;  Numbers 34:17 - are the names;  Judges 1:31 - Asher;  Judges 5:17 - Asher;  1 Kings 4:16 - Asher;  1 Chronicles 2:2 - Asher;  Ezekiel 48:2 - Asher

Verse 25

And their border was Helkath, and Hali, and Beten, and Achshaph,
Helkath
2 Samuel 2:16
Beten
Probably the same as Bebeten or Batnai, mentioned by Eusebius, eight miles east from Ptolemais; and perhaps the Ecbatana which Pliny places not far from Ptolemais.
Achshaph
11:1; 12:20
Reciprocal: Joshua 21:30 - Mishal;  1 Chronicles 6:75 - Hukok

Verse 26

And Alammelech, and Amad, and Misheal; and reacheth to Carmel westward, and to Shihorlibnath;
Misheal
Situated, according to Eusebius, near mount Carmel, on the sea coast.
21:30; 1 Chronicles 6:74
Marshal
Carmel.
1 Samuel 15:12; 1 Kings 18:20,42; Song of Solomon 7:5; Isaiah 33:9; 35:2; 37:24; Jeremiah 46:18
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 11:29 - General1 Kings 18:19 - mount Carmel;  1 Chronicles 6:75 - Hukok

Verse 27

And turneth toward the sunrising to Bethdagon, and reacheth to Zebulun, and to the valley of Jiphthahel toward the north side of Bethemek, and Neiel, and goeth out to Cabul on the left hand,
Beth-dagon
1 Samuel 5:2
Zebulun
Situated on the sea coast, near Ptolemais.
valley
Cabul
Supposed to be the same town which Josephus calls [Choboulo] and which he says was situated near the sea side, near Ptolemais.
1 Kings 9:13

Verse 28

And Hebron, and Rehob, and Hammon, and Kanah, even unto great Zidon;
Rehob
Kanah
This seems a different Cana from that in Lower Galilee; and to be that which is placed in some maps east of Tyre, between Libanus and Antilibanus, and south of the river Cassimer, or Leitani.
John 2:1,11; 4:46
Cana
great.
11:8; Judges 1:31; Isaiah 23:2,4,12
Reciprocal: Numbers 13:21 - Rehob;  Joshua 16:8 - river Kanah;  Judges 3:3 - Sidonians;  2 Samuel 10:8 - Rehob;  2 Samuel 24:6 - Zidon;  Matthew 15:21 - Tyre;  Mark 3:8 - Tyre;  Mark 7:24 - Tyre;  John 21:2 - Cana

Verse 29

And then the coast turneth to Ramah, and to the strong city Tyre; and the coast turneth to Hosah; and the outgoings thereof are at the sea from the coast to Achzib:
Ramah
Probably the Rama mentioned by Theodoret as a city of Syria; and placed in some maps between Sarepta and Sidon, eastward, near Lebanon.
Tyre
Heb. Tzor.
2 Samuel 5:11; Isaiah 23:1-18; Ezekiel 26:1-28
Achzib
Genesis 38:5; Judges 1:31; Micah 1:14
Reciprocal: Joshua 11:1 - Achshaph;  Joshua 17:9 - the outgoings;  2 Samuel 24:7 - Tyre;  Isaiah 23:7 - whose;  Ezekiel 26:2 - Tyrus;  Ezekiel 26:17 - strong;  Zechariah 9:3 - build;  Matthew 15:21 - Tyre;  Mark 3:8 - Tyre;  Mark 7:24 - Tyre;  Acts 12:20 - Tyre

Verse 30

Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages.
Aphek
12:18; 13:4; 1 Samuel 4:1; 1 Kings 20:30
Rehob
28; 21:31; Numbers 13:11
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 29:1 - Aphek;  1 Kings 20:26 - Aphek

Verse 31

This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families, these cities with their villages.
Genesis 49:20; Deuteronomy 33:24,25

Verse 33

And their coast was from Heleph, from Allon to Zaanannim, and Adami, Nekeb, and Jabneel, unto Lakum; and the outgoings thereof were at Jordan:
Zaanannim
Judges 4:11
Zaanaim

Verse 34

And then the coast turneth westward to Aznothtabor, and goeth out from thence to Hukkok, and reacheth to Zebulun on the south side, and reacheth to Asher on the west side, and to Judah upon Jordan toward the sunrising.
turneth
Deuteronomy 33:23
Aznoth-tabor
Apparently the same as Azanoth, which Eusebius places in the plain not far from Diocæsarea or Sephoris.
12,22
Judah
As it is certain that the tribe of Naphtali did not border upon that of Judah, there being several tribes between, we should probably omit Judah, with the Septuagint; though it may have been a town so called.
Reciprocal: Judges 4:12 - mount Tabor;  1 Chronicles 6:75 - Hukok

Verse 35

And the fenced cities are Ziddim, Zer, and Hammath, Rakkath, and Chinnereth,
Hammath
Genesis 10:18; Numbers 13:21; 34:8; 34:8; 1 Kings 8:65
Hamath
Chinnereth.
11:2
Chinneroth
13:27; Mark 6:53
Gennesaret
Reciprocal: Numbers 34:11 - sea of Chinnereth;  Joshua 21:32 - Hammothdor;  1 Chronicles 6:76 - Hammon

Verse 36

And Adamah, and Ramah, and Hazor,
Hazor
11:1,20; 12:19
Reciprocal: Judges 4:2 - Hazor;  1 Kings 9:15 - Hazor

Verse 37

And Kedesh, and Edrei, and Enhazor,
Kedesh
12:22; 20:7
Reciprocal: Joshua 21:32 - Kedesh;  Judges 4:6 - Kedeshnaphtali;  Judges 4:11 - Zaanaim;  2 Kings 15:29 - Kedesh;  1 Chronicles 6:72 - Kedesh;  1 Chronicles 6:76 - Kedesh

Verse 38

And Iron, and Migdalel, Horem, and Bethanath, and Bethshemesh; nineteen cities with their villages.
Beth-anath
Eusebius mentions a town of the name of [Batanaian] fifteen miles from Cæsarea. (Diocæsarea or Sephoris probably.)
Beth-shemesh
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 14:11 - Bethshemesh

Verse 41

And the coast of their inheritance was Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Irshemesh,
Zorah
Situated on the frontiers of Dan and Judah, tens miles north from Eleutheropolis, towards Nicoplis, according to Eusebius, not far from Caphar Sorek.
15:33
Zoreah
Judges 13:2,25; 16:31; 18:2; 1 Chronicles 2:53; 2 Chronicles 11:10
Irshemesh
Supposed by some to be the same as Beth-shemesh in the tribe of Judah; but this latter city is evidently distinguished from it by being assigned by the tribe of Judah to the Levites. (ch. 21:16.) Ir-shemesh rendered [polis Sammaus] by the LXX., seems to be the same as Emmaus or Nicopolis, 22 miles south-east from Lydda, according to the Old Jerusalem Itinerary.
Reciprocal: Numbers 34:17 - are the names;  Nehemiah 11:29 - Zareah

Verse 42

And Shaalabbin, and Ajalon, and Jethlah,
Shaalabbin
Eusebius calls it [Salaba] and places it in Samaria: and Jerome calls it Salebi, (Eze 48,) and joins it to Ajalon and Emmaus.
Judges 1:35
Shaalbim
Ajalon. This appears to be the Ajalon which Jerome places two miles from Nicopolis or Emmaus, in the road to Jerusalem.
10:12; 21:24; 1 Samuel 14:31
Reciprocal: Judges 12:12 - Aijalon;  1 Kings 4:9 - Shaalbim;  1 Chronicles 8:13 - Aijalon;  2 Chronicles 11:10 - Zorah

Verse 43

And Elon, and Thimnathah, and Ekron,
Thimnathah
Genesis 38:12; Judges 14:1,2
Timnath
Ekron. Ekron is placed by Eusebius between Ashdod and Jamnia, eastward; and probably the ruined village of Tookrair, mentioned by Dr. Richarson, situated on the top of a hill, and which he says seems to have been a place of considerable consequence, occupies its site.
15:45; 1 Samuel 5:10; Amos 1:8
Reciprocal: Joshua 15:11 - Ekron

Verse 44

And Eltekeh, and Gibbethon, and Baalath,
Gibbethon
21:23; 1 Kings 15:27; 16:15
Baalath
1 Kings 9:18
Reciprocal: Joshua 15:11 - mount Baalah;  1 Kings 9:17 - Bethhoron;  2 Chronicles 8:6 - Baalath

Verse 45

And Jehud, and Beneberak, and Gathrimmon,
Gath-rimmon
21:24
Reciprocal: Joshua 21:23 - Eltekeh

Verse 46

And Mejarkon, and Rakkon, with the border before Japho.
before
or, over against. Japho. or, Joppa.
Jonah 1:3; Acts 9:36,43; 10:8
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 2:16 - as much as thou shalt need

Verse 47

And the coast of the children of Dan went out too little for them: therefore the children of Dan went up to fight against Leshem, and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and possessed it, and dwelt therein, and called Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their father.
the coast
Judges 1:34,35; 18:1-29
called Leshem
Judges 18:7,27,29
Laish
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 33:22 - GeneralDeuteronomy 34:1 - Dan;  2 Samuel 24:6 - land of Tahtimhodshi;  2 Kings 6:1 - too strait for us

Verse 49

When they had made an end of dividing the land for inheritance by their coasts, the children of Israel gave an inheritance to Joshua the son of Nun among them:
gave
Ezekiel 45:7,8

Verse 50

According to the word of the LORD they gave him the city which he asked, even Timnathserah in mount Ephraim: and he built the city, and dwelt therein.
Timnath-serah
24:30; Judges 2:9
Timnath-heres
1 Chronicles 7:24

Verse 51

These are the inheritances, which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, divided for an inheritance by lot in Shiloh before the LORD, at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. So they made an end of dividing the country.
These are
14:1; Numbers 34:17-29; Psalms 47:3,4; Matthew 20:23; 25:34; John 14:2,3; 17:2; Hebrews 4:8,9
in Shiloh
18:1,10; Genesis 49:10; Judges 21:19,21; 1 Samuel 1:3; Psalms 78:60; Jeremiah 7:12-14 Reciprocal: Exodus 6:14 - the heads;  Numbers 34:29 - GeneralJoshua 11:23 - according to their;  Joshua 12:7 - Joshua gave;  Joshua 21:1 - the heads;  Psalm 78:55 - divided

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/joshua-19.html.